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by Stephen Carlson
December 7th, 2017, 4:55 pm
Forum: Word Meanings
Topic: ἐν: distinguishing agency from instrumentality
Replies: 6
Views: 216

Re: ἐν: distinguishing agency from instrumentality

I don't understand the appeal of construing animates as "instruments," especially in regard to Christ. With regard to animates, how about 'he ploughed with oxen'? Could not the oxen be considered instruments in the hand of the ploughman? Good point. I'll have to amend to something like "persons" to...
by Stephen Carlson
December 6th, 2017, 6:30 pm
Forum: Word Meanings
Topic: ἐν: distinguishing agency from instrumentality
Replies: 6
Views: 216

Re: ἐν: distinguishing agency from instrumentality

I agree with Stirling. I don't understand the appeal of construing animates as "instruments," especially in regard to Christ.
by Stephen Carlson
December 6th, 2017, 6:27 pm
Forum: Syntax and Grammar
Topic: σεσωσμενοι
Replies: 1
Views: 68

Re: σεσωσμενοι

No. The source of the participial ending -μενος was already present in the language ancestral to Greek (Proto-Indo-European) and it had a different phonetic shape than the PIE source for μένω (i.e., the former has a laryngeal and the latter does not).
by Stephen Carlson
December 6th, 2017, 6:18 pm
Forum: Other
Topic: Expertise in Greek
Replies: 23
Views: 677

Re: Expertise in Greek

At this point, maybe one should post directions for the B-Hebrew forum (assuming it's still active).
by Stephen Carlson
December 6th, 2017, 6:17 pm
Forum: Word Meanings
Topic: Metaphorical extensions of spatial concepts
Replies: 11
Views: 288

Re: Metaphorical extensions of spatial concepts

Yes, metaphorical extension of spatial concepts is extremely common throughout the world languages, but each language does it (somewhat) differently. That's what makes learning languages fun.
by Stephen Carlson
December 6th, 2017, 6:14 pm
Forum: Grammar Questions
Topic: Verb transitivity
Replies: 5
Views: 213

Re: Verb transitivity

In traditional grammars, this αὐτόν in Mark 12:34 has been analyzed as an instance of prolepsis; see e.g. A. M. Buscemi, "La prolessi nel NT," LA 35 (1985): 37-68 at 51. In prolepsis, a constituent of an embedded clause is raised (or whatever your theory calls it) into the matrix clause for some kin...
by Stephen Carlson
December 5th, 2017, 5:59 pm
Forum: Syntax and Grammar
Topic: syntax of disjunctive phrase (Matt. 5:36)
Replies: 34
Views: 1029

Re: syntax of disjunctive phrase (Matt. 5:36)

It's quite possible that topic vs. focus is key here. I should be able to do queries involving information structure soonish, I'm in the process of setting up an environment to do various kinds of queries. When I can, I'll do those queries and post the results. I'm looking forward to it. Whose anal...
by Stephen Carlson
December 5th, 2017, 5:34 pm
Forum: Syntax and Grammar
Topic: syntax of disjunctive phrase (Matt. 5:36)
Replies: 34
Views: 1029

Re: syntax of disjunctive phrase (Matt. 5:36)

While different theorists may have different explanations, it does appear that Greek speakers had a preference for putting only one phonological word of a larger constituent in the pre-verbal focus slot (or initial position in a prosodic domain, depending on your theory). Hmmm. An awful lot of mult...
by Stephen Carlson
December 5th, 2017, 5:01 pm
Forum: Beginners Forum
Topic: Question about the consonant "γ"
Replies: 10
Views: 333

Re: Question about the consonant "γ"

Jason Hare wrote:
December 5th, 2017, 3:22 pm
Why would τ be pronounced as [d]?
In Modern Greek, τ is pronounced as [d] after a v. There is some evidence, I believe (Horrocks?), that it may have already happened in Koine times, as with παντα /panda/.
by Stephen Carlson
December 5th, 2017, 4:59 pm
Forum: Syntax and Grammar
Topic: syntax of disjunctive phrase (Matt. 5:36)
Replies: 34
Views: 1029

Re: syntax of disjunctive phrase (Matt. 5:36)

But there's at least one other explanation that might explain the three examples above that use ποιῆσαι: it might actually be an indicator of an implied verb that is not explicitly repeated. You mean like this? ὅτι οὐ δύνασαι μίαν τρίχα λευκὴν ποιῆσαι ἢ μέλαιναν [ποιῆσαι] or even: ὅτι οὐ δύνασαι μί...