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by Alan Bunning
February 23rd, 2014, 7:23 pm
Forum: Syntax and Grammar
Topic: Why are there 6 principal parts instead of only 5?
Replies: 43
Views: 9581

Re: Why are there 6 principal parts instead of only 5?

Just to clear up some confusion about principal parts. We don’t have a separate principal part for the imperfect tense, because it is predictable based on the “root” of the 1st PP. It certainly appears different after it is augmented and contracted in predictable ways, but it does not get to have it...
by Alan Bunning
February 23rd, 2014, 12:20 pm
Forum: Syntax and Grammar
Topic: Why are there 6 principal parts instead of only 5?
Replies: 43
Views: 9581

Re: Why are there 6 principal parts instead of only 5?

If you can supply such evidence or can give an example where the underlying “stem” of the 5th principal part is different than the 6th principal part, then I would be inclined to agree with you. Uh, what's wrong with the examples that have already been cited??? They have different stems, though bas...
by Alan Bunning
February 23rd, 2014, 10:13 am
Forum: Syntax and Grammar
Topic: Why are there 6 principal parts instead of only 5?
Replies: 43
Views: 9581

Re: Why are there 6 principal parts instead of only 5?

At the time the language was spoken, speakers (and learners) would just have known that the forms of the six principal parts were what they were and they were used as they stood without explanation or choice. Of course, students today are taught that there are 6 principal parts. Do you have any evi...
by Alan Bunning
February 23rd, 2014, 10:03 am
Forum: Syntax and Grammar
Topic: Why are there 6 principal parts instead of only 5?
Replies: 43
Views: 9581

Re: Why are there 6 principal parts instead of only 5?

For γράφω, the perfect middle is γέγραμμαι, while the aorist passive is ἐγράφην. I don't know what you mean by "different" but the stems end with different consonants. I tried to post a reply, but it apparently did not go through so here is a second try: I probably should have tried to be clearer i...
by Alan Bunning
February 22nd, 2014, 12:25 pm
Forum: New Testament
Topic: Why three different forms of the same word?
Replies: 12
Views: 1846

Re: Why three different forms of the same word?

Since there are variant readings, as noted above in BDAG and BDF (but unfortunately not in NA27), it could still be text-critical issue. That the NA27 agrees with P66 does not settle it. I notice that there is a different persona in each verse. In John 9:14 is in the speech of the narrator; in v.17...
by Alan Bunning
February 20th, 2014, 8:29 pm
Forum: New Testament
Topic: Why three different forms of the same word?
Replies: 12
Views: 1846

Re: Why three different forms of the same word?

My apologies for failing to identify myself. I hadn't used B-Greek since it left the listserve format and I did not take the time to familiarize myself with the new forum very well.

Alan Bunning
by Alan Bunning
February 20th, 2014, 10:35 am
Forum: New Testament
Topic: Why three different forms of the same word?
Replies: 12
Views: 1846

Why three different forms of the same word?

In John 9:14 we have the word “ANEWXEN” which is 1st person singular aorist indicative of anoigw. In John 9:17 we have the word “HNEWXEN” which is also 1st person singular aorist indicative of anoigw. In John 9:21 we have the word “HNOIXEN” which is also 1st person singular aorist indicative of anoi...
by Alan Bunning
February 20th, 2014, 10:27 am
Forum: Syntax and Grammar
Topic: Why are there 6 principal parts instead of only 5?
Replies: 43
Views: 9581

Why are there 6 principal parts instead of only 5?

Why are there 6 principal parts instead of only 5? It seems that in every example I can find in the New Testament, the stem of the perfect middle (fifth principal part) is the same as the stem as the aorist passive (sixth principal part). Obviously, augmentation/reduplication/lengthening of the stem...

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