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by Ken M. Penner
May 20th, 2020, 11:11 am
Forum: Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha
Topic: κατέχω ("repair") in LXX 2 Esdras 13:4-32 (Nehemiah 3)
Replies: 15
Views: 503

Re: κατέχω ("repair") in LXX 2 Esdras 13:4-32 (Nehemiah 3)

FWIW, the usual Hebrew root translated as a form of κατέχω is אחז, which has a silent first radical, and the other two radicals appear (in that order) in חָזַק. So I'm thinking we should consider visual and phonetic mistakes on the part of the translator (or copyist). Would you draw that conclusion...
by Ken M. Penner
May 17th, 2020, 5:35 pm
Forum: Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha
Topic: κατέχω ("repair") in LXX 2 Esdras 13:4-32 (Nehemiah 3)
Replies: 15
Views: 503

Re: κατέχω ("repair") in LXX 2 Esdras 13:4-32 (Nehemiah 3)

Stephen Nelson wrote:
May 17th, 2020, 4:16 pm
Was there a typo in that citation by chance?
Yes! Mea culpa! 3 Kgdms 2:28.
by Ken M. Penner
May 17th, 2020, 3:49 pm
Forum: Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha
Topic: κατέχω ("repair") in LXX 2 Esdras 13:4-32 (Nehemiah 3)
Replies: 15
Views: 503

Re: κατέχω ("repair") in LXX 2 Esdras 13:4-32 (Nehemiah 3)

The verb "κατέχω" is used in 2 LXX Esdras 13:4-32 (Nehemiah 3:4-32), presumably, to render the Hebrew “חָזַק” (chazaq) - strength. ... Given that description, it's hard to wrap my head around how the translator got "κατέχω" from “חָזַק” (chazaq). ... Can anyone shed any light on this? FWIW, the usu...
by Ken M. Penner
March 23rd, 2020, 8:01 am
Forum: Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha
Topic: Who was loathed in Exodus 1:12?
Replies: 4
Views: 276

Re: Who was loathed in Exodus 1:12?

Exactly; thanks, Barry.
Phillip, if you want to retain the passive-looking form, you can think of βδελύσσομαι as "I am disgusted". Εβδελύσσοντο would correspond to "the Egyptians were disgusted by the sons of Israel."
by Ken M. Penner
March 21st, 2020, 3:56 pm
Forum: Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha
Topic: Who was loathed in Exodus 1:12?
Replies: 4
Views: 276

Re: Who was loathed in Exodus 1:12?

Εβδελύσσοντο is middle/passive. And I understand the ἀπὸ + genitive construction can be interpreted as cause (because of) or agency (by) (Wallace, GGBB, 368). The NETS translation translates it as follows: "and the Egyptians were disgusted with the sons of Israel." This would, I'm guessing, be simi...
by Ken M. Penner
March 19th, 2020, 2:39 pm
Forum: Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha
Topic: Translating a Second Temple Aramaic text into Greek
Replies: 19
Views: 1101

Re: Translating a Second Temple Aramaic text into Greek

For those interested, a transcription of the Aramaic of Enoch from among the Dead Sea Scrolls manuscripts is available on Google books (at least for a few of the manuscripts anyway): I was using the transcription from Pseudepigrapha.org (of which I am co-director). At https://pseudepigrapha.org/doc...
by Ken M. Penner
March 19th, 2020, 2:03 pm
Forum: Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha
Topic: Translating a Second Temple Aramaic text into Greek
Replies: 19
Views: 1101

Re: Translating a Second Temple Aramaic text into Greek

S Walch wrote:
March 19th, 2020, 1:50 pm
Guess the only thing missing from this is a translation for the Aramaic כויתא/burn.
To keep with the verb κατακαίω, would the participle καιομένην work?
καὶ ὑμεῖς σκιάν καὶ ἀπόκρυφα ἐρωτᾶτε ἐνώπιον αὐτοῦ ἐπὶ τὴν καιομένην γῆν.
Perfect! Thanks.
by Ken M. Penner
March 19th, 2020, 1:25 pm
Forum: Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha
Topic: Translating a Second Temple Aramaic text into Greek
Replies: 19
Views: 1101

Re: Translating a Second Temple Aramaic text into Greek

Ken, maybe you are including some vocabulary as used in the LXX, but from my sense of the Greek: 1) ζητεῖτε rather than ἐρωτᾶτε. ἐρωτάω normally means "seek" in the sense of asking for information. 2) δύνασθε instead of καταλήψεσθε, which I have trouble seeing in the sense of "be able." 3) θυμοῦ --...
by Ken M. Penner
March 19th, 2020, 9:33 am
Forum: Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha
Topic: Translating a Second Temple Aramaic text into Greek
Replies: 19
Views: 1101

Re: Translating a Second Temple Aramaic text into Greek

Would someone please share advice on my translation of 1 Enoch 4:1? Again, I translated it from the Aramaic, as 4:1 is not extant in the Greek witnesses of 1 Enoch. Is it good Greek? Any suggestions? I have translated it as follows: ιδετε την θερειαν πως καυματιζεν και διεθέρμαινεν ο ηλιος και ζητε...

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