Merism ? Metonymy ? Synedoche ?

Biblical Greek morphology and syntax, aspect, linguistics, discourse analysis, and related topics
Post Reply
Daniel Semler
Posts: 74
Joined: February 18th, 2019, 7:45 pm

Merism ? Metonymy ? Synedoche ?

Post by Daniel Semler » June 14th, 2019, 10:40 am

Hi ya,

In this sentence in Josephus, in a bit which I found a bit of a challenge, one finds this:
“πρῶτον τῆς ἐπιστολῆς τοὺς περὶ τὸν Ἰωνάθην ὑπεμίμνησκον, ὃν τρόπον γράψειαν ὑπὸ τοῦ κοινοῦ τῶν Ἱεροσολυμιτῶν πεπέμφθαι διαλύσοντές μου τὰς πρὸς τὸν Ἰωάννην φιλονεικίας, ὡς παρακαλέσειάν τέ με πρὸς αὐτοὺς ἀφικέσθαι. καὶ ταῦτα διεξιὼν τὴν ἐπιστολὴν εἰς μέσους προύτεινον, ἵνα μηδὲν ἀρνήσασθαι δυνηθῶσιν ἐλεγχόντων αὐτοὺς τῶν γραμμάτων.”
(Life 1:253-255 JOSEPH-T)
https://accordance.bible/link/read/JOSEPH-T#Life_253
Would γραμμάτων in this usage be considered a merism for ἐπιστολῆ ? Perhaps it's more synedoche ? But broadly metonymy ? I guess synedoche is the most precise term here.

Thoughts anyone ?

Thx
D
0 x



Stephen Carlson
Posts: 2809
Joined: May 11th, 2011, 10:51 am
Location: Melbourne
Contact:

Re: Merism ? Metonymy ? Synedoche ?

Post by Stephen Carlson » June 14th, 2019, 11:08 am

Daniel Semler wrote:
June 14th, 2019, 10:40 am
Would γραμμάτων in this usage be considered a merism for ἐπιστολῆ ? Perhaps it's more synedoche ? But broadly metonymy ? I guess synedoche is the most precise term here.
It may have originally been a kind of synecdoche, but in this case the usage is so conventional that it's actually become lexicalized as a sense of γράμματα. Here's the relevant part of the LSJ entry:
III in pl., set of written characters, piece of writing, Hdt. 1.124: hence, letter, Id. 5.14, IG 22.103.8, etc.; γραμμάτων πτυχαί S. Fr. 144, cf. E. IT 594, al., Pl. Ep. 347c; inscription, epitaph, etc., ἐκόλαψε ἐς τὸν τάφον γράμματα λέγοντα τάδε Hdt. 1.187, cf. 4.91, And. 3.12, Theoc. 18.47, IG 3.751.
1 x
Stephen C. Carlson, Ph.D.
Melbourne, Australia

Daniel Semler
Posts: 74
Joined: February 18th, 2019, 7:45 pm

Re: Merism ? Metonymy ? Synedoche ?

Post by Daniel Semler » June 14th, 2019, 12:16 pm

Thanx Stephen. I had read that LSJ section before I posted actually, but I get what you're saying. Makes sense.

Thx
D
0 x

Post Reply