Future Perfects in the GNT

Future Perfects in the GNT

Postby Shirley Rollinson » June 29th, 2013, 9:38 pm

Can anyone help with examples of Furute Perfects in the GNT please.
Failing that, the LXX
Thanks,
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Re: Future Perfects in the GNT

Postby Stephen Carlson » June 30th, 2013, 8:04 am

In the GNT, future perfects are expressed periphrastically. For synthetic future perfects in the LXX, see this thread from last year: viewtopic.php?f=7&t=1115&start=10
Stephen C. Carlson, Ph.D. (Duke, New Testament)
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Re: Future Perfects in the GNT

Postby Stirling Bartholomew » June 30th, 2013, 8:20 pm

The periphrastic examples typically cited are

Matt. 16:19 δώσω σοι τὰς κλεῖδας τῆς βασιλείας τῶν οὐρανῶν, καὶ ὃ ἐὰν δήσῃς ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἔσται δεδεμένον ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς, καὶ ὃ ἐὰν λύσῃς ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἔσται λελυμένον ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς.

Matt. 18:18 Ἀμὴν λέγω ὑμῖν· ὅσα ἐὰν δήσητε ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἔσται δεδεμένα ἐν οὐρανῷ, καὶ ὅσα ἐὰν λύσητε ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς ἔσται λελυμένα ἐν οὐρανῷ.

Luke 12:52 ἔσονται γὰρ ἀπὸ τοῦ νῦν πέντε ἐν ἑνὶ οἴκῳ διαμεμερισμένοι, τρεῖς ἐπὶ δυσὶν καὶ δύο ἐπὶ τρισίν,

Heb. 2:13 καὶ πάλιν· ἐγὼ ἔσομαι πεποιθὼς ἐπ᾿ αὐτῷ, καὶ πάλιν· ἰδοὺ ἐγὼ καὶ τὰ παιδία ἅ μοι ἔδωκεν ὁ θεός.

In Soph. Ajax we find non-periphrastic examples:

S.Ai 577,
τὰ δ' ἄλλα τεύχη κοίν' ἐμοὶ τεθάψεται.
But my other armor will be buried with me.


S.Ai 1141
Ἀλλ' ἀντακούσῃ τοῦτον ὡς τεθάψεται.

τεθάψεται buried he shall be "implying greater finality than the future." W.B. Stanford Ajax, p 203


Basil Lanneau Gildersleeve
282
Future perfect in an imperative sense.
The future perfect, like the future, may be used in a quasi-imperative sense.

τὰ δ' ἄλλα τεύχη κοίν' ἐμοὶ τεθάψεται, SOPH. Ai. 577; My other arms shall in a common tomb with me lie buried (281).

DIN.1.10: εἰρήσεται γὰρ ἃ γιγνώσκω, I must say what I think.

DEM. [44]DEM., 4: εἰρήσεται γάρ, It shall be said (the truth must out).

ISOC.7.76: εἰρήσεται γὰρ τἀληθές, and similarly 12.225; 15.177 and ibid. 243.

ANDOC.1.72: ἀλλὰ γὰρ τἀληθῆ εἰρήσεται.

PLATO, Rpb. 457B: κάλλιστα γὰρ δὴ τοῦτο καὶ λέγεται καὶ λελέξεται ὅτι τὸ μὲν ὠφέλιμον καλόν, τὸ δὲ βλαβερὸν αἰσχρόν.

EUR. I. T. 1464: οὗ καὶ τεθάψῃ κατθανοῦσα. Ion, 760: εἰρήσεταί τοι κεὶ θανεῖν μέλλω διπλῇ.

SOPH. Ai. 577 (see above). 1140-1
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