Jason Hare wrote:My question has to do with nomenclature. It is clear that use b listed above is a sort of personal pronoun. What about the other two uses, especially the first? Would you call this a "pronoun" or a "pronominal adjective"? Additionally, would you say that αὐτός in the noun phase αὐτὸς ὁ ἀνήρ has ἀνήρ as an antecedent or that it simply modifies it (as all other adjectives do)?
The question is: What is a part-of-speech and by what criteria is a part-of-speech established?
Only after you answer the first question can you get on to your question of nomenclature.
As for my own categorization...
Smyth wrote:328. αὐτός is a definite adjective and a pronoun. It has three meanings:
a. self: standing by itself in the nominative, αὐτὸς ὁ ἀνήρ or ὁ ἀνὴρ αὐτός the man himself, or (without the article) in agreement with a substantive or pronoun; as ἀνδρὸς αὐτοῦ of the man himself.
b. him, her, it, them, etc.: standing by itself in an oblique case (never in the nominative). The oblique cases of αὐτός are generally used instead of οὗ, οἷ, ἕ, etc., as ὁ πατὴρ αὐτοῦ his father, οἱ παῖδες αὐτῶν their children.
c. same: when it is preceded by the article in any case: ὁ αὐτὸς ἀνήρ the same man, τοῦ αὐτοῦ ἀνδρός of the same man.
Part of the challenge here in (c) is that we have the same (sorry) problem with same
in English, which may function as adjectivally, pronominally, or adverbially according to the Oxford English Dictionary.
Jason Hare wrote:Additionally, would you say that αὐτός in the noun phase αὐτὸς ὁ ἀνήρ has ἀνήρ as an antecedent or that it simply modifies it (as all other adjectives do)?
This is question is easier to answer. In such cases, αὐτός cannot be viewed as a adjective because it violates the syntactic requirements of an adjective by appearing outside the determiner. Only pronouns (e.g. οὗτος) and quantifiers (πάς) can occur in such a position. Different syntactic distribution necessitates it being a different part-of-speech.
David Lim wrote:
(a) I consider it to function as an adverb in rather than a pronoun. Here is one example where it does not behave like an adjective or personal pronoun:
[Heb 4:10] ο γαρ εισελθων εις την καταπαυσιν αυτου και αυτος κατεπαυσεν απο των εργων αυτου ωσπερ απο των ιδιων ο θεος