Aorists in Matt 25:35
Posted: January 23rd, 2013, 4:40 pm
Fanning, Verbal Aspect, pp. 137-138, notes that state verbs in the aorist tend to get two main interpretations: (a) entry into the state (ingressive) or (b) summary view of the whole situation (usually called constative or complexive). So far so good. This is a pretty standard grammatical analysis.Matt 25:35 wrote:ἐπείνασα γὰρ καὶ ἐδώκατέ μοι φαγεῖν, ἐδίψησα καὶ ἐποτίσατέ με, ξένος ἤμην καὶ συνηγάγετέ με,
for I was hungry and you gave me food, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, (NRSV)
However, he goes on to classify the two aorist state verbs ἐπείνασα and ἐδίψησα in Matt 25:35 as constative but the parataxis with a following aorist suggests to me an ingressive interpretation: I got hungry and you fed me (when I was still hungry), not I was hungry for a while and after that you fed me.