ινα clauses Result or Purpose

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Victor George
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Joined: March 22nd, 2016, 11:55 pm

ινα clauses Result or Purpose

Post by Victor George » April 6th, 2016, 12:58 am

Hi,

I learnt that the difference between an ινα of purpose and an ινα of result is intentionality.

So does it follow that:
1. an ινα followed by a passive subjunctive is usually an ινα of result?
2, an ινα followed by an active subjunctive is usually an ινα of purpose?

Can anyone confirm this hypothesis?

Thanks,
0 x



cwconrad
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Re: ινα clauses Result or Purpose

Post by cwconrad » April 6th, 2016, 8:53 am

Victor George wrote:Hi,

I learnt that the difference between an ινα of purpose and an ινα of result is intentionality.

So does it follow that:
1. an ινα followed by a passive subjunctive is usually an ινα of result?
2, an ινα followed by an active subjunctive is usually an ινα of purpose?

Can anyone confirm this hypothesis?

Thanks,
Ι don't know where you read this, but it's much too simplistic. Consider this verse:
Mt 4:14 ἵνα πληρωθῇ τὸ ῥηθὲν διὰ Ἠσαΐου τοῦ προφήτου λέγοντος·
This is a typical "fulfillment of prophecy" formula in Matthew's gospel, ordinarily following upon a statement that such-and-such event occurred. These are generally understood as purpose clauses. You'll note that the subjunctive verb in these clauses is passive: πληρωθῇ. In earlier Greek ἵνα clauses tended to indicate purpose more generally, but in NT Koine we find more or less equivalence in the usage of ἵνα + subjunctive, εἰς + articular infinitive phrase, and ὥστε + infinitive phrase as alternative ways of indicating either purpose or result. It's better to examine each construction individually rather than try to generalize with the kind of rule you've cited.
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οὔτοι ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς πάντα θεοὶ θνητοῖς ὑπέδειξαν,
ἀλλὰ χρόνῳ ζητέοντες ἐφευρίσκουσιν ἄμεινον. (Xenophanes, Fragment 16)

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)

Barry Hofstetter
Posts: 1600
Joined: May 6th, 2011, 1:48 pm

Re: ινα clauses Result or Purpose

Post by Barry Hofstetter » April 7th, 2016, 5:46 am

To follow up on Carl's excellent response, that's not a rule at all -- it's simply wrong. Purpose or result has nothing to do with the active or passive nature of the verb, everything to do with context.
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N.E. Barry Hofstetter
Instructor of Latin
Jack M. Barrack Hebrew Academy
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