In this example, the crowd expected that their rebukes would shut them up - expressed with an aorist active subjunctive, and then their expectation is contrasted with their further crying out.Matthew 20:31 wrote:Ὁ δὲ ὄχλος ἐπετίμησεν αὐτοῖς ἵνα σιωπήσωσιν. Οἱ δὲ μεῖζον ἔκραζον (ἔκραξαν in the NA-UBS text), λέγοντες, Ἐλέησον ἡμᾶς, κύριε, υἱὸς Δαυίδ.
Is there something in the Greek that actually expresses their expectation - perhaps the voice or aspect of σιωπήσωσιν - or is it just left up to context?
Here our Lord says that they should keep a boat handy, because there was a possibility that the crowd might press on him. It seems that it is not expected, but it is still possible. This is a present active subjunctive.Mark 3:9 wrote:Καὶ εἶπεν τοῖς μαθηταῖς αὐτοῦ ἵνα πλοιάριον προσκαρτερῇ αὐτῷ διὰ τὸν ὄχλον, ἵνα μὴ θλίβωσιν αὐτόν.
Here the aorist active after the ἵνα is used for something that is expected.Luke 6:34 wrote:Καὶ γὰρ ἁμαρτωλοὶ ἁμαρτωλοῖς δανείζουσιν, ἵνα ἀπολάβωσιν τὰ ἴσα.
Here they have no idea, and it is in the present.John 6:28 wrote:Εἶπον οὖν πρὸς αὐτόν, Τί ποιῶμεν, ἵνα ἐργαζώμεθα τὰ ἔργα τοῦ θεοῦ;
Is there really a pattern in this?