Anyway, from what I can tell (and from others have told me on this forum), γένος (genos), γίνομαι (ginomai), and the suffix —γενής (among other Greek words) all share a common Greek root stem (γιν/ γεν), which itself is derived from a common Proto-Indo-European root stem shared among many languages. Did I miss anything there?
In the compound word μονογενής, one of the individual words is μόνος (monos), meaning "alone, only." However, I've seen a lot of debate concerning the latter word, which has resulted in different English translations for μονογενής, including "only," "one and only," and of course, "only begotten." Then, we have the Vulgate which as unicus and unigenitus.
From the paper I wrote:
The English word "begotten," from the supposed translation "only-begotten," is a passive participle. This would likely be translated into Greek as a perfect passive participle such as γεγεννημένον (gegennēmenon), such as that which occurs in 1 John 5:1. Because the participle functions as an adjective, it must agree in gender with the noun it modifies. The Greek noun υἱός (huios), meaning "son," is masculine-gendered; therefore, the perfect passive participial conjugation of γίνομαι must also be masculine-gendered. Thus, the conjugation would be γεγεννημένος (gegennēmenos), and combined with μονος, the compound word would be μονογεγεννημένος (monogegennēmenos). Another alternative besides the attributive perfect participle μονογεγεννημένος may be the adjective γεννητός (ho gennētos). Combined with μονος, the compound word would be μονογεννητός (monogennētos).
Based on this, I concluded that μονογενής does contain a conjugation of the verb γίνομαι itself. However, that does mean it does not contain a word based on the same root that γίνομαι is based on, i.e. γιν/ γεν.
I believe some suggest that the latter word of the compound word μονογενής is γένος. Based on the inflection of γένος and the inflection of μονογενής, I concluded that this is unlikely.
Inflection of γένος
Inflection of μονογενής\
Finally, I examined the suffix —γενής found in many Greek words, including εὐηγενής ("well born"), ἀγενής ("low born"), ἀλλογενής ("other born"), πατρογενής ("father born"), πυριγενής/ πυρογενής ("fire born"), γηγενής ("earth born") and θεογενής ("God born").
Inflection of —γενής
I concluded that the latter word/ component in the compound word μονογενής is indeed the suffix —γενής as they share the same inflection.
Now, I would translate it as "only born" except for the fact that τῷ τὸ μὲν θῆλυ τίκτειν, τὸ δὲ ἄρρεν ὀχεύειν ("the female is to bear, but the male is to beget/ copulate.") (Plato, Republic, Book V, §454d-e). Since the Son is called μονογενοῦς παρὰ πατρός, it would be more proper to translate μονογενής as "only-begotten" rather than "only-born." This, I'd say, is not unorthodox considering that γεννάω (which shares the same root) can be translated as "to bear" or "to beget" according to the subject of the verb.
I concluded that the translation of the AV in such verses as John 1:14. 1:18, 3:16, etc. is correct. Can someone critique this argument for me? (This is not intended to be "journal-worthy" or scholastic, but something that the average individual can understand with moderate study of Greek.)