αἴσθημα

Semantic Range, Lexicography, and other approaches to word meaning - in general, or for particular words.

αἴσθημα

Postby Scott Lawson » June 4th, 2012, 8:19 pm

αἴσθ-ημα , ατος, τό,
A. object of sensation, Arist. APo.99b37, Metaph.1010b32, Plot.4.3.25 and 29; “τὸ νοεῖν γέγονεν αἰσθήμασι μόνοις” Phld.D.1.13, etc.
II. sense or perception of a thing, “κακῶν” E.IA1243.

Does αἴσθημα correspond to the word "sentiment" (as in "a kind sentiment") or would διάνοια fit better?
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Re: αἴσθημα

Postby Stephen Carlson » June 4th, 2012, 10:44 pm

Scott Lawson wrote:Does αἴσθημα correspond to the word "sentiment" (as in "a kind sentiment") or would διάνοια fit better?


Are you trying to translate the word "sentiment" into Greek?
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Re: αἴσθημα

Postby Scott Lawson » June 5th, 2012, 12:40 am

Yes I am. I am also trying to build up my vocabulary of ancient Greek. I note that αἴσθημα can be used that way in modern Greek and find the definition in LSJ puzzling. Perhaps you could offer clarification.
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Re: αἴσθημα

Postby Stephen Carlson » June 5th, 2012, 7:37 am

OK. It may be the case that English "sentiment" and Greek αἴσθημα have gone through similar sense developments and metaphorical extensions. I'd have to research this noun.

I would recommend the Louw-Nida lexicon for your effort. It groups words by their similar semantics, so you can get a good sense of how various similar words cover a particular semantic space.
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Re: αἴσθημα

Postby Scott Lawson » June 11th, 2012, 6:57 pm

Stephen Carlson wrote:I would recommend the Louw-Nida lexicon for your effort.


I've put Louw-Nida at the top of my wish-list.

Scott Lawson wrote:αἴσθ-ημα , ατος, τό,
A. object of sensation, Arist. APo.99b37, Metaph.1010b32, Plot.4.3.25 and 29; “τὸ νοεῖν γέγονεν αἰσθήμασι μόνοις” Phld.D.1.13, etc.
II. sense or perception of a thing, “κακῶν” E.IA1243.


I note that the suffix "μα" is an indicator of - object / often a result of action [drama, enigma]..."something + past participle" thus, "enigma" would be something obscurely spoken. I suppose that is what LSJ means by "object of sensation." So, something felt/sensed might well be "sentiment."

ἁμαρτάνω;
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Re: αἴσθημα

Postby Louis L Sorenson » June 11th, 2012, 8:44 pm

αἰσθημα / ἐπαισθημα occur 117 times [TLGe], so the word gets used. Here's a search of LSJ retrieving some words to match up against. T

1. ἐμπαθής (page 542).
τὰ θεῖα Id.2.1125d; ἐ. φιλία passionate affection, Alciphr.2.4.12; τὸ ἐ. sentiment, emotion, Plu.2.25d. Adv. -θῶς with deep emotion, [ τὴν δεξιὰν] πιέσας

2. μεγαλογνωμοσύνη (page 1086).
μεγαλογνωμοσύνη , ἡ, loftiness of sentiment, X.Ages.8.3.

3. παρένθυρσος (page 1336).
παρένθυρσος , ὁ, false sentiment or affectation of style, Theod. ap.Longin.3.

4. ἐπαίσθ-ημα, ατος, τό,
perception, Epicur.Fr.36, Placit.4.8.2, Phld. Mus.p.66K.

There are also words like νόημα, φρόνημα, πνευμα, γνῶμα, If you want to search for this type of word, go to http://perseus.uchicago.edu/Reference/LSJ.html and in the Greek field type in μα$, and you will get a return of all words ending in -μα.

A search for sentiment in Luow-Nida came back with nothing. Here is how LN organizes

DomainID Description
23 Physiological Processes and States
24 Sensory Events and States
25 Attitudes and Emotions
26 Psychological Faculties
27 Learn
28 Know
29 Memory and Recall
30 Think
31 Hold a View, Believe, Trust
32 Understand
33 Communication

The subcategories under those headings are further broken down as follows.

ID DomainID SubCategory Description CATID
169 23 A Eat, Drink (23.1-23.39) 23A
170 23 B Processes Involving the Mouth, Other Than Eating and Drinking (23.40-23.45) 23B
171 23 C Birth, Procreation (23.46-23.60) 23C
172 23 D Sexual Relations (23.61-23.65) 23D
173 23 E Sleep, Waking (23.66-23.77) 23E
174 23 F Tire, Rest (23.78-23.87) 23F
175 23 G Live, Die (23.88-23.128) 23G
176 23 H Health, Vigor, Strength (23.129-23.141) 23H
177 23 I Sickness, Disease, Weakness (23.142-23.184) 23I
178 23 J Breathe, Breath (23.185-23.187) 23J
179 23 K Grow, Growth (23.188-23.196) 23K
180 23 L Ripen, Produce Fruit, Bear Seed (23.197-23.204) 23L
181 23 M Rot, Decay (23.205) 23M
182 24 A See (24.1-24.51) 24A
183 24 B Hear (24.52-24.70) 24B
184 24 C Smell (24.71) 24C
185 24 D Taste (24.72) 24D
186 24 E Touch, Feel (24.73-24.76) 24E
187 24 F Pain, Suffering (24.77-24.94) 24F
188 24 G General Sensory Perception (24.95) 24G
189 25 A Desire, Want, Wish (25.1-25.11) 25A
190 25 B Desire Strongly (25.12-25.32) 25B
191 25 C Love, Affection, Compassion (25.33-25.58) 25C
192 25 D Hope, Look Forward To (25.59-25.64) 25D
193 25 E Be Willing (25.65-25.67) 25E
194 25 F Be Eager, Be Earnest, In a Devoted Manner (25.68-25.79) 25F
195 25 G Content, Satisfied (25.80-25.84) 25G
196 25 H Acceptable To, To Be Pleased With (25.85-25.98) 25H
197 25 I Thankful, Grateful (25.99-25.101) 25I
198 25 J Enjoy, Take Pleasure In, Be Fond of Doing (25.102-25.115) 25J
199 25 K Happy, Glad, Joyful (25.116-25.134) 25K
200 25 L Laugh, Cry, Groan (25.135-25.145) 25L
201 25 M Encouragement, Consolation (25.146-25.155) 25M
202 25 N Courage, Boldness (25.156-25.166) 25N
203 25 O Patience, Endurance, Perseverance (25.167-25.178) 25O
204 25 P Offend, Be Offended (25.179-25.185) 25P
205 25 Q Abhor (25.186-25.188) 25Q
206 25 R Shame, Disgrace, Humiliation (25.189-25.202) 25R
207 25 S Pride [legitimate] (25.203-25.205) 25S
208 25 T Surprise, Astonish (25.206-25.222) 25T
209 25 U Worry, Anxiety, Distress, Peace (25.223-25.250) 25U
210 25 V Fear, Terror, Alarm (25.251-25.269) 25V
211 25 W Sorrow, Regret (25.270-25.287) 25W
212 25 X Discouragement (25.288-25.296) 25X
213 27 A Learn (27.1-27.26) 27A
214 27 B Learn the Location of Something (27.27-27.29) 27B
215 27 C Learn Something Against Someone (27.30-27.33) 27C
216 27 D Try To Learn (27.34-27.47) 27D
217 27 E Be Willing To Learn (27.48-27.54) 27E
218 27 F Be Ready To Learn, Pay Attention (27.55-27.60) 27F
219 27 G Recognize (27.61-27.62) 27G
220 28 A Know (28.1-28.16) 28A
221 28 B Known [the content of knowledge] (28.17-28.27) 28B
222 28 C Well Known, Clearly Shown, Revealed (28.28-28.56) 28C
223 28 D Able To Be Known (28.57-28.67) 28D
224 28 E Not Able To Be Known, Secret (28.68-28.83) 28E
225 29 A Storing of Information (29.1-29.5) 29A
226 29 B Recalling from Memory (29.6-29.12) 29B
227 29 C Not Remembering, Forgetting (29.13-29.15) 29C
228 29 D Recalling and Responding with Appropriate Action (29.16-29.18) 29D
229 30 A To Think, Thought (30.1-30.38) 30A
230 30 B To Think About, with the Implied Purpose of Responding Appropriately (30.39-30.52) 30B
231 30 C To Think Concerning Future Contingencies (30.53-30.55) 30C
232 30 D To Intend, To Purpose, To Plan (30.56-30.74) 30D
233 30 E To Decide, To Conclude (30.75-30.85) 30E
234 30 F To Choose, To Select, To Prefer (30.86-30.107) 30F
235 30 G To Distinguish, To Evaluate, To Judge (30.108-30.122), 30G
236 31 A Have an Opinion, Hold a View (31.1-31.7) 31A
237 31 B Hold a Wrong View, Be Mistaken (31.8-31.13) 31B
238 31 C Agree, Consent (31.14-31.25) 31C
239 31 D Acknowledge (31.26-31.28) 31D
240 31 E Suppose, Think Possible (31.29-31.34) 31E
241 31 F Believe To Be True (31.35-31.49) 31F
242 31 G Accept As True (31.50-31.57) 31G
243 31 H Change an Opinion Concerning Truth (31.58-31.81) 31H
244 31 I Trust, Rely (31.82-31.101) 31I
245 31 J Be a Believer, Christian Faith (31.102-31.107) 31J
246 32 A Understand (32.1-32.10) 32A
247 32 B Come To Understand (32.11-32.18) 32B
248 32 C Ease or Difficulty in Understanding (32.19-32.23) 32C
249 32 D Capacity for Understanding (32.24-32.41) 32D
250 32 E Lack of Capacity for Understanding (32.42-32.61) 32E
251 33 A Language (33.1-33.8) 33A
252 33 B Word, Passage (33.9-33.10) 33B
253 33 C Discourse Types (33.11-33.25) 33C
254 33 D Language Levels (33.26-33.34) 33D
255 33 E Written Language (33.35-33.68) 33E
256 33 F Speak, Talk (33.69-33.108) 33F
257 33 G Sing, Lament (33.109-33.116) 33G
258 33 H Keep Silent (33.117-33.125) 33H
259 33 I Name (33.126-33.133) 33I
260 33 J Interpret, Mean, Explain (33.134-33.155) 33J
261 33 K Converse, Discuss (33.156-33.160) 33K
262 33 L Ask For, Request (33.161-33.177) 33L
263 33 M Pray (33.178-33.179) 33M
264 33 N Question, Answer (33.180-33.188) 33N
265 33 O Inform, Announce (33.189-33.217) 33O
266 33 P Assert, Declare (33.218-33.223) 33P
267 33 Q Teach (33.224-33.250) 33Q
268 33 R Speak Truth, Speak Falsehood (33.251-33.255) 33R
269 33 S Preach, Proclaim (33.256-33.261) 33S
270 33 T Witness, Testify (33.262-33.273) 33T
271 33 U Profess Allegiance (33.274) 33U
272 33 V Admit, Confess, Deny (33.275-33.277) 33V
273 33 W Agree (33.278-33.280) 33W
274 33 X Foretell, Tell Fortunes (33.281-33.285) 33X
275 33 Y Promise (33.286-33.290) 33Y
276 33 Z Threaten (633.291-33.293) 33Z
277 33 A' Advise (33.294-33.298) 33A'
278 33 B' Urge, Persuade (33.299-33.306) 33B'
279 33 C' Call (33.307-33.314) 33C'
280 33 D' Invite (33.315-33.318) 33D'
281 33 E' Insist (33.319-33.322) 33E'
282 33 F' Command, Order (33.323-33.332) 33F'
283 33 G' Law, Regulation, Ordinance (33.333-33.342) 33G'
284 33 H' Recommend, Propose (33.343-33.346) 33H'
285 33 I' Intercede (33.347-33.348) 33I'
286 33 J' Thanks (33.349-33.353) 33J'
287 33 K' Praise (33.354-33.364) 33K'
288 33 L' Flatter (33.365-33.367) 33L'
289 33 M' Boast (33.368-33.373) 33M'
290 33 N' Foolish Talk (33.374-33.381) 33N'
291 33 O' Complain (33.382-33.386) 33O'
292 33 P' Insult, Slander (33.387-33.403) 33P'
293 33 Q' Gossip (33.404-33.405) 33Q'
294 33 R' Mock, Ridicule (33.406-33.411) 33R'
295 33 S' Criticize (33.412-33.416) 33S'
296 33 T' Rebuke (33.417-33.422) 33T'
297 33 U' Warn (33.423-33.425) 33U'
298 33 V' Accuse, Blame (33.426-33.434) 33V'
299 33 W' Defend, Excuse (33.435-33.438) 33W'
300 33 X' Dispute, Debate (33.439-33.445) 33X'
301 33 Y' Argue, Quarrel (33.446-33.454) 33Y'
302 33 Z' Oppose, Contradict (33.455-33.458) 33Z'
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Re: αἴσθημα

Postby Scott Lawson » June 11th, 2012, 9:34 pm

ὦ πόποι!!!

εὐχαριστῶ σοι, Louis!
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