Semantic range of καθώς / ὡς

Semantic Range, Lexicography, and other approaches to word meaning - in general, or for particular words.

Semantic range of καθώς / ὡς

Postby Jonathan Robie » August 26th, 2013, 8:58 am

I am trying to determine to what extent the semantic ranges of καθώς / ὡς differ.

What clear distinctions can be made?
ἐξίσταντο δὲ πάντες καὶ διηποροῦντο, ἄλλος πρὸς ἄλλον λέγοντες, τί θέλει τοῦτο εἶναι;
Jonathan Robie
 
Posts: 1456
Joined: May 5th, 2011, 5:34 pm

Re: Semantic range of καθώς / ὡς

Postby Barry Hofstetter » August 26th, 2013, 10:31 am

Well, the short answer is that καθώς is used mostly for comparison sorts of statements, and ὡς not only for comparison, but a whole host of other things. Really, the lexicons should be of great help here.
N.E. Barry Hofstetter
Instructor of Latin
Jack M. Barrack Hebrew Academy
Barry Hofstetter
 
Posts: 570
Joined: May 6th, 2011, 1:48 pm

Re: Semantic range of καθώς / ὡς

Postby Jonathan Robie » August 26th, 2013, 10:59 am

Barry Hofstetter wrote:Well, the short answer is that καθώς is used mostly for comparison sorts of statements, and ὡς not only for comparison, but a whole host of other things. Really, the lexicons should be of great help here.


Thanks - I should have turned to the lexicons first.

I'm not interested in the non-comparison meanings of ὡς here, I'm mostly interested in how the two words differ when used for comparisons.
ἐξίσταντο δὲ πάντες καὶ διηποροῦντο, ἄλλος πρὸς ἄλλον λέγοντες, τί θέλει τοῦτο εἶναι;
Jonathan Robie
 
Posts: 1456
Joined: May 5th, 2011, 5:34 pm

Re: Semantic range of καθώς / ὡς

Postby David Lim » August 27th, 2013, 8:01 am

Jonathan Robie wrote:I'm not interested in the non-comparison meanings of ὡς here, I'm mostly interested in how the two words differ when used for comparisons.

Roughly "ως X" specifies "similarity to X", whereas "καθως" specifies "same as X in some aspect". This explains why it is typically "καθως" that is used with "ουτως" or "ωστε". In cases without negation it is approximately "as" and "just as" respectively. The usual inadequacies of glosses apply. :)
δαυιδ λιμ
David Lim
 
Posts: 880
Joined: June 6th, 2011, 6:55 am


Return to Word Meanings

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 1 guest

cron