ἐκ ... εἰς, ἀπὸ ... εἰς

Re: ἐκ ... εἰς, ἀπὸ ... εἰς

Postby Bryant J. Williams III » June 15th, 2011, 2:58 pm

The narrative portions do indicate the movement "out of the midst or middle" of a geographical location "toward" or "into" another lcoation. There is specificity or exactness of the location or peoples. This would apply even with the second example below where Jacob is sent to Haran and obtain a wife from the daughters of Laban, Rebecca's brother.

Genesis 2:9 καὶ ἐξανέτειλεν ὁ θεὸς ἔτι ἐκ τῆς γῆς πᾶν ξύλον ὡραῖον
εἰς ὅρασιν καὶ καλὸν
εἰς βρῶσιν



Genesis 28:1-2 Οὐ λήμψῃ γυναῖκα ἐκ τῶν θυγατέρων Χανααν, ἀναστὰς ἀπόδραθι
εἰς τὴν Μεσοποταμίαν
εἰς τὸν οἶκον Βαθουηλ τοῦ πατρὸς τῆς μητρός σου καὶ λαβὲ σεαυτῷ ἐκεῖθεν γυναῖκα
ἐκ τῶν θυγατέρων Λαβαν τοῦ ἀδελφοῦ τῆς μητρός σου.

Genesis 50:24 ἐκ τῆς γῆς ταύτης εἰς τὴν γῆν,

Exodus 3:17 ἐκ τῆς κακώσεως τῶν Αἰγυπτίων
εἰς τὴν γῆν τῶν Χαναναίων καὶ Χετταίων καὶ Αμορραίων καὶ Φερεζαίων καὶ Γεργεσαίων καὶ Ευαίων καὶ Ιεβουσαίων,
εἰς γῆν ῥέουσαν γάλα καὶ μέλι.

Exodus 19:1 ἐκ γῆς Αἰγύπτου τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ταύτῃ ἤλθοσαν εἰς τὴν ἔρημον τοῦ Σινα.

Exodus 26:4 ἐκ τοῦ ἑνὸς μέρους εἰς τὴν συμβολὴν

Exodus 33:1 ἐκ γῆς Αἰγύπτου, εἰς τὴν γῆν, ἣν ὤμοσα τῷ Αβρααμ καὶ Ισαακ καὶ Ιακωβ

Judg 20:32 ἐκ τῆς πόλεως εἰς τὰς ὁδούς.

I Sam 5:1 ἐξ Αβεννεζερ εἰς Ἄζωτον

It would seem that this would correspond to the underlying Hebrew.

2. The poetry of Psalms indicates more of a metaphorical use or where the concepts are more in the abstract.

Psalm 72:7 ἐξελεύσεται ὡς ἐκ στέατος ἡ ἀδικία αὐτῶν διήλθοσαν εἰς διάθεσιν καρδίας

Psalm 83:8 πορεύσονται ἐκ δυνάμεως εἰς δύναμιν

Lam. 2:1 ἐξ οὐρανοῦ εἰς γῆν δόξασμα Ισραηλ (This would be like the prophetic literature usage below).


The Prophetic Literature has both uses

Isaiah 36:2 ἐκ Λαχις εἰς Ιερουσαλημ

Jer. 9:2 ὅτι ἐκ κακῶν εἰς κακὰ ἐξήλθοσαν καὶ ἐμὲ οὐκ ἔγνωσαν.

Jer. 27:28 ἐκ γῆς Βαβυλῶνος τοῦ ἀναγγεῖλαι εἰς Σιων τὴν ἐκδίκησιν

Jer. 30:13 ἐκ μέσου τοῦ Ιορδάνου εἰς τόπον Αιθαμ,

Jer. 35:6 ἐκ Βαβυλῶνος εἰς τὸν τόπον τοῦτον.

Ezek. 42:14 οὐκ ἐξελεύσονται ἐκ τοῦ ἁγίου εἰς τὴν αὐλὴν τὴν ἐξωτέραν,

Ezek. 45:2 ἐκ τούτου εἰς ἁγίασμα πεντακόσιοι

Ezek. 45:15 ἐκ πασῶν τῶν πατριῶν τοῦ Ισραηλ
εἰς θυσίας καὶ
εἰς ὁλοκαυτώματα καὶ
εἰς σωτηρίου τοῦ ἐξιλάσκεσθαι περὶ ὑμῶν,

Dan. 11:20 καὶ ἀναστήσεται ἐκ τῆς ῥίζης αὐτοῦ φυτὸν βασιλείας εἰς ἀνάστασιν,

Micah 5:1 ἐκ σοῦ μοι ἐξελεύσεται τοῦ εἶναι εἰς ἄρχοντα ἐν τῷ Ισραηλ

The Apocrypha follows the usage above. This would make sense since it closer to the writings of the NT.

In the verses mentioned in the other posts and this one there are several instances where it matches the exact format of Romans 1:17 and II Corinthians 2:16. Others would have EK with several additional words without intervening prepositions the EIS with several additional words including EIS several times.

APO...EIS seems to indicate more a generalized location "from" to a generalized location "toward." This would indicate locations and concepts are less specific.

Gen 6:19 δύο δύο ἀπὸ πάντων εἰσάξεις εἰς τὴν κιβωτόν,

Exod 13:10 ἀφ̓ ἡμερῶν εἰς ἡμέρας.

Exod 16:19 εἶπεν δὲ Μωυσῆς πρὸς αὐτούς
Μηδεὶς καταλιπέτω ἀπ̓ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸ πρωί.

Exod 16:20 καὶ οὐκ εἰσήκουσαν Μωυσῆ,
ἀλλὰ κατέλιπόν τινες ἀπ̓ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸ πρωί,

Exod 17:16 ὅτι ἐν χειρὶ κρυφαίᾳ πολεμεῖ κύριος ἐπὶ Αμαληκ ἀπὸ γενεῶν εἰς γενεάς.

Exod 26:28 διικνείσθω ἀπὸ τοῦ ἑνὸς κλίτους εἰς τὸ ἕτερον κλίτος.

Lev 22:30 οὐκ ἀπολείψετε ἀπὸ τῶν κρεῶν εἰς τὸ πρωί, ἐγώ εἰμι κύριος.

Num 9:12 οὐ καταλείψουσιν ἀπ̓ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸ πρωὶ καὶ ὀστοῦν οὐ συντρίψουσιν ἀπ̓ αὐτοῦ,

Deut 10:7 ἐκεῖθεν ἀπῆραν εἰς Γαδγαδ καὶ ἀπὸ Γαδγαδ εἰς Ετεβαθα,

Deut 20:19 μὴ ἄνθρωπος τὸ ξύλον τὸ ἐν τῷ ἀγρῷ εἰσελθεῖν ἀπὸ προσώπου σου εἰς τὸν χάρακα;

Josh 1:7 καὶ οὐκ ἐκκλινεῖς ἀπ̓ αὐτῶν εἰς δεξιὰ οὐδὲ εἰς ἀριστερά,

Josh 16:1 καὶ ἀναβήσεται ἀπὸ Ιεριχω εἰς τὴν ὀρεινὴν τὴν ἔρημον εἰς Βαιθηλ Λουζα

Judge 1:14 καὶ ἔκραξεν ἀπὸ τοῦ ὑποζυγίου Εἰς γῆν νότου ἐκδέδοσαί με. …
καὶ ἔκραξεν ἀπὸ τοῦ ὑποζυγίου Εἰς γῆν νότου ἐκδέδοσαί με.

Judg 4:14 ἀπὸ Αρισωθ τῶν ἐθνῶν εἰς τὸν χειμάρρουν Κισων…
ἀπὸ Αρισωθ τῶν ἐθνῶν εἰς τὸν χειμάρρουν Κισων.

Judg 11:29 ἀπὸ σκοπιᾶς Γαλααδ εἰς τὸ πέραν υἱῶν Αμμων.

Judg 19:2 καὶ ἀπῆλθεν ἀπ̓ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸν οἶκον τοῦ πατρὸς αὐτῆς εἰς Βηθλεεμ Ιουδα

Judg 20:32 ἀπὸ τῆς πόλεως εἰς τὰς ὁδούς,
ἀπὸ τῆς πόλεως εἰς τὰς ὁδούς,

Judg 21:8 καὶ ἰδοὺ οὐκ ἦλθεν ἀνὴρ εἰς τὴν παρεμβολὴν ἀπὸ Ιαβις Γαλααδ εἰς τὴν ἐκκλησίαν.
καὶ ἰδοὺ οὐκ ἦλθεν ἀνὴρ εἰς τὴν παρεμβολὴν ἀπὸ Ιαβις Γαλααδ εἰς τὴν ἐκκλησίαν.

The Poetic Literature follows the same usage as found in the Narrative literature.

Ps 9:7 ἀπὸ γενεᾶς εἰς γενεὰν ἄνευ κακοῦ.

Ps 29:4 ἔσωσάς με ἀπὸ τῶν καταβαινόντων εἰς λάκκον.

Ps 56:1 ἀπὸ προσώπου Σαουλ εἰς τὸ σπήλαιον.

Ps 76:9 ἢ εἰς τέλος τὸ ἔλεος αὐτοῦ ἀποκόψει ἀπὸ γενεᾶς εἰς γενεάν;

Ps 77:4 ἀπὸ τῶν τέκνων αὐτῶν εἰς γενεὰν ἑτέραν

Ps 84:6 ἀπὸ γενεᾶς εἰς γενεάν;

The Prophetic Literature and Apocrypha has the same usage as the Narrative and Poetic Literatures.

Now, is the usage found for EK...EIS and APO...EIS the same in Classical Greek and the Papyri as found in the LXX and the Apocrypha? This would go a long way in understanding the usages found in the NT.
Bryant J. Williams III
 
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