1 Corinthians 12:11 wrote:πάντα δὲ ταῦτα ἐνεργεῖ τὸ ἓν καὶ τὸ αὐτὸ πνεῦμα, διαιροῦν ἰδίᾳ ἑκάστῳ καθὼς βούλεται.
Mike Burke wrote:I understand that βούλεται is a third person singular pronoun, but is it masculine or neuter?
Stephen Hughes wrote:I'm sorry Mike, there is one glaring omission from my list:
Neuter - referring to things that are naturally objectsIt is much easier - probably uses a different mental process - to learn the natural gender (sex) of something than to learn the coventional (grammatical) gender of something. Using more and more diminutives leads to an increased use of the neuter for things that are not sexually gendered.
I hope that my answers help you consider the genders of verbs per se. As Heffin suggested, when there is an external pronoun in either of the 3 gender forms, then you only need to consider a sub-set of possible genders.
Mike Burke wrote:So is βούλεται
Masculine - grammatically masculine
Masculine - refering to things that are either masculine or feminine
Masculine - referring to things that are naturally male
Feminine - grammatically feminine
Feminine - referring to things that are naturally female
Masculine - common gender (in the plural)
Neuter - grammatically neuter
Impesonal - the form is neuter, but is actually makes no reference to anything
Neuter - referring to things that are naturally objects?
Mike Burke wrote:And what is it's antecedent?
Stephen Hughes wrote:I agree with TPM, it is "Neuter - grammatically neuter", but in English, we have the habit of referring to God's Spirit as "He". Part of translating is choosing the correct gender for words and pronouns in the target language.
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