Stephen Carlson wrote:The verb is not technically "deponent" since the active ἐντέλλω exists, though it is usually found as a middle that can take the same complements (objects, infinitives) as the active.
The reason why this verb is usually found in the middle is for the same reason that many speech act verbs like ἀπολογοῦμαι ("to defend oneself"), ψεῦδομαι ("to lie") are found in the middle. With speech acts, the speaker is felt to be so involved in the action that Greek speakers thought the middle was appropriate. This usage is a little strange to English speaker because it is not a passive or reflexive usage, but something else.
Barry Hofstetter wrote:I think you are right, Stephen, but I wonder if a Koine speaker from our period would have "felt" that he was involved in the speech act, or if for him this was simply the normal way of expressing the concept?
Stephen Carlson wrote:I don't really see the difference in that. I suspect analogy to other speech acts in the middle is a major factor.
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