ποδήρη (Revelation 1:13)

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Tim Evans
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ποδήρη (Revelation 1:13)

Post by Tim Evans » October 30th, 2015, 7:22 pm

Accordance says it is singular accusative. BDAG tells me its from ποδήρης
Rev. 1:13 καὶ ἐν μέσῳ τῶν λυχνιῶν ὅμοιον υἱὸν ἀνθρώπου ἐνδεδυμένον ποδήρη καὶ περιεζωσμένον πρὸς τοῖς μαστοῖς ζώνην χρυσᾶν.
Im not terribly good at understanding these entries:
ποδήρης, ες (πούς + -ήρης ‘fit’) reaching to the feet (Aeschyl. et al.; LXX; EpArist 96; Philo, Fuga 185) subst. ὁ ποδ. (sc. χιτών; used w. χιτών X., Cyr. 6, 4, 2; Paus. 5, 19, 6; Ex 29:5; Jos., Ant. 3, 153. Without χιτ. Appian, Liby. 66 §296; Ex 25:7; 28:4; Ezk 9:3; EpArist 96; Philo, Leg. All. 2, 56; Jos., Bell. 5, 231; TestLevi 8:2) a robe reaching to the feet Rv 1:13; B 7:9.—DELG s.v. πούς and -ηρης. M-M.
How does this decline? I don't quite understand how it becomes ποδήρη. (Normally I just search for all occurrences of a word to see how it declines, but I can't in this case because this is the only occurrence of this word).
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Stephen Carlson
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Re: ποδήρη (Revelation 1:13)

Post by Stephen Carlson » October 30th, 2015, 7:53 pm

ποδήρης is declined in the third declension like ἀληθής and πλήρης. See Smyth § 292 for the chart: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/tex ... ction%3D22
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Stephen C. Carlson, Ph.D.
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Jonathan Robie
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Re: ποδήρη (Revelation 1:13)

Post by Jonathan Robie » October 31st, 2015, 11:24 am

Tim Evans wrote:(Normally I just search for all occurrences of a word to see how it declines, but I can't in this case because this is the only occurrence of this word).
Don't forget to search the Septuagint, where you will find another 12. But in only two inflections.
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ἐξίσταντο δὲ πάντες καὶ διηποροῦντο, ἄλλος πρὸς ἄλλον λέγοντες, τί θέλει τοῦτο εἶναι;
http://jonathanrobie.biblicalhumanities.org/

Louis L Sorenson
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Re: ποδήρη (Revelation 1:13)

Post by Louis L Sorenson » October 31st, 2015, 11:39 am

The η is a contraction of ε-α. Note: the α is found in the singular m/f accusative, and also the neuter plural vocative, nominative, and accusative, and that gives that form several possible parsings. Look at this link: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/mor ... h&la=greek. Note the top five entries (there is no dual in Koine).
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Shirley Rollinson
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Re: ποδήρη (Revelation 1:13)

Post by Shirley Rollinson » November 5th, 2015, 6:30 pm

Tim Evans wrote: - - - snip snip - - -
How does this decline? I don't quite understand how it becomes ποδήρη. (Normally I just search for all occurrences of a word to see how it declines, but I can't in this case because this is the only occurrence of this word).
Dear Tim
if you want to see how words decline or conjugate, you're welcome to look at the initial paragraphs of the chapters in the Online Textbook at
http://www.drshirley.org/greek/textbook02/contents.html

Shirley Rollinson
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