ParticiplesI'm really struggling to understand participles. alanmacall » 01 Feb 2017 21:02
ἠ μετοχή ἔγκλισις
Used as a Noun (Substantive Participle)
The Greek Participle can be like a verb turned into a noun:
ὁ ἄνθρωπος ποιεῖ τι. The man does something.
ὁ πέμψας με ἀληθής ἐστιν The one sending me is true. Jn 8:26
The Greek Participle can be like an adjective:
ἐκεῖνος ἦν ὁ ἀνήρ ὁ πλούσιος. That one was a rich man.
ἐκεῖνος ἦν ὁ λύχνος ὁ φαίνων That one was the shining lamp. Jn 5:35
The Greek Participle can describe an action that is taking place alongside the main verb.
μὴ ἔχων σπέρμα ἀφῆκεν τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ τῷ ἀδελφῷ αὐτοῦ. Not having offspring he left his wife to his brother. Mt 22:25.
ἀκούσαντες ἐθαύμασαν When they heard, they marveled. Mt 22:22
κρούσαντος δὲ αὐτοῦ τὴν θύραν τοῦ πυλῶνος προσῆλθεν παιδίσκη ὑπακοῦσαι. After he knocked on the door, a servant girl went to answer. Ac 12:13 (Genitive Absolute Participle)
The Greek Participle can complete the meaning of some verbs than need help, like “stop, begin, continue” and others.
- ἐπαύσαντο τύπτοντες τὸν Παῦλον They stopped beating Paul. Ac 21:32
οὐ παύομαι εὐχαριστῶν ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν I do not cease giving thanks for you. Eph 1:16