Εἰ δὲ αὐτὸς ἑαυτῷ τὸ εἶναι μὴ παρέσχεν, οὐ διὰ τὸ ἀσθενὲς τῆς φύσεως, ἀλλὰ διὰ τὸ ὑπερβεβηκέναι πᾶσαν αἰτίαν, πόθεν ἄν τις τὴν ὑποστᾶσαν πρὸς τὴν ὑποστήσασαν φύσιν τὸ ἀπαράλλακτον εἰς οὐσίαν ἔχειν συγχωρήσειεν, οὐ προσιεμένης τῆς τοιαύτης ὑποστάσεως.
I think I've got it, just looking for a little reassurance regarding the participles:
ὑποστᾶσαν - second aorist participle, so intransitive
ὑποστήσασαν - first aorist participle, so transitive
I'd say that ὑποστᾶσαν is the 2nd aor. ptc. of ὑφίσταμαι, while ὑποστήσασαν is the 1st aor. ptc. of ὑφίστημι
James Ernest wrote:Thanks, Carl, but now I might need a little more help here . . .I'd say that ὑποστᾶσαν is the 2nd aor. ptc. of ὑφίσταμαι, while ὑποστήσασαν is the 1st aor. ptc. of ὑφίστημι
I believe ὑφίσταμαι is the middle/passive form of ὑφίστημι--right? So is ὑποστᾶσαν a middle/passive participle?
Do we label these forms in terms of their semantic force or in terms of their morphology?
James Ernest wrote:OK, thanks. This makes sense to me. My initial doubletake in this passage was caused by my sense that what was wanted where I saw ὑποστᾶσαν was a passive form (υποσταθεντα, I guess).
Pass., with aor. 2 and pf. Act. (Hom. uses only aor. 2):— stand under as a support, ὑπεστᾶσι κολοσσοὶ . . τῇ αὐλῇ Hdt.2.153; τοὺς σταυροὺς τοὺς ὑπεστεῶτας τοῖσι ἰκρίοισι Id.5.16; τὸ ὑφεστὸς τῷ βάρει Arist.IA708b31; v. supr. A. 1.1.
2. to become a reality, take (structured) shape mid., of a thousand-year reign of Christ on earth: σωματικῶς τῆς Χριστοῦ βασιλείας . . . ὑποστησομένης the kingdom of Christ assuming physical presence/structure (on this earth) Papias (2:12).—Sv.
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