Μονογενης

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Alan Patterson
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Μονογενης

Post by Alan Patterson » August 26th, 2015, 12:43 pm

It appears to me that this word never meant "only BEGOTTEN." (per BDAG) Does this word have any meaning I'm not aware of that allows it to be translated, "only BEGOTTEN"?
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Alan Patterson

Eeli Kaikkonen
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Re: Μονογενης

Post by Eeli Kaikkonen » August 27th, 2015, 5:03 am

See also http://www.ibiblio.org/bgreek/forum/vie ... tten#p6141.

Yes, you're right. In the original situation it meant either "the only" (son) or "the very special one" amongst several, "the only one of its kind".
NIDNTT Abridged wrote:It reflects what the OT says of Isaac (Gen. 22:2, 12, 16; cf. Heb. 11:17, where monogenes is used).
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Alan Patterson
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Re: Μονογενης

Post by Alan Patterson » August 27th, 2015, 7:43 am

Eeli,

I followed your link to a previous discussion of this word and found a paragraph that caught my attention.
Finally, I examined the suffix —γενής found in many Greek words, including εὐηγενής ("well born"), ἀγενής ("low born"), ἀλλογενής ("other born"), πατρογενής ("father born"), πυριγενής/ πυρογενής ("fire born"), γηγενής ("earth born") and θεογενής ("God born").
Here, he argues that all these words with -γενής have the idea of "born." If so, this does seem to imply that our word could mean 'only born.'

I do not really have a preference which way to translate it, but I really do like to be very accurate and precise. Any thoughts?
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Alan Patterson

Seumas Macdonald
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Re: Μονογενης

Post by Seumas Macdonald » August 27th, 2015, 7:32 pm

The later church fathers almost certainly use it to mean 'only-begotten', even if the very likely meaning in the NT context is something closer to 'unique in kind'.
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