Μονογενης

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Alan Patterson
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Μονογενης

Post by Alan Patterson » August 26th, 2015, 12:43 pm

It appears to me that this word never meant "only BEGOTTEN." (per BDAG) Does this word have any meaning I'm not aware of that allows it to be translated, "only BEGOTTEN"?
χαρις υμιν και ειρηνη,
Alan Patterson

Eeli Kaikkonen
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Re: Μονογενης

Post by Eeli Kaikkonen » August 27th, 2015, 5:03 am

See also http://www.ibiblio.org/bgreek/forum/vie ... tten#p6141.

Yes, you're right. In the original situation it meant either "the only" (son) or "the very special one" amongst several, "the only one of its kind".
NIDNTT Abridged wrote:It reflects what the OT says of Isaac (Gen. 22:2, 12, 16; cf. Heb. 11:17, where monogenes is used).

Alan Patterson
Posts: 158
Joined: September 3rd, 2011, 7:21 pm
Location: Emory University

Re: Μονογενης

Post by Alan Patterson » August 27th, 2015, 7:43 am

Eeli,

I followed your link to a previous discussion of this word and found a paragraph that caught my attention.
Finally, I examined the suffix —γενής found in many Greek words, including εὐηγενής ("well born"), ἀγενής ("low born"), ἀλλογενής ("other born"), πατρογενής ("father born"), πυριγενής/ πυρογενής ("fire born"), γηγενής ("earth born") and θεογενής ("God born").
Here, he argues that all these words with -γενής have the idea of "born." If so, this does seem to imply that our word could mean 'only born.'

I do not really have a preference which way to translate it, but I really do like to be very accurate and precise. Any thoughts?
χαρις υμιν και ειρηνη,
Alan Patterson

Seumas Macdonald
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Re: Μονογενης

Post by Seumas Macdonald » August 27th, 2015, 7:32 pm

The later church fathers almost certainly use it to mean 'only-begotten', even if the very likely meaning in the NT context is something closer to 'unique in kind'.

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