Matt 5:37

How do I work out the meaning of a Greek text? How can I best understand the forms and vocabulary in this particular text?
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RussellAllen
Posts: 1
Joined: June 11th, 2011, 3:54 am

Matt 5:37

Post by RussellAllen » June 11th, 2011, 4:32 am

Matt. 5:37 ἔστω δὲ ὁ λόγος ὑμῶν ναὶ ναί, οὒ οὔ· τὸ δὲ περισσὸν τούτων ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῦ ἐστίν.

Hi guys,

What is it that leads some translations to translate the last part of this verse as "comes from the evil one", rather than "comes from evil"?

Thanks
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Barry Hofstetter
Posts: 1628
Joined: May 6th, 2011, 1:48 pm

Re: Matt 5:37

Post by Barry Hofstetter » June 11th, 2011, 8:18 am

RussellAllen wrote:Matt. 5:37 ἔστω δὲ ὁ λόγος ὑμῶν ναὶ ναί, οὒ οὔ· τὸ δὲ περισσὸν τούτων ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῦ ἐστίν.

Hi guys,

What is it that leads some translations to translate the last part of this verse as "comes from the evil one", rather than "comes from evil"?

Thanks
It's the substantive use of τοῦ πονηροῦ. The genitive singular ending here can be either masculine or or neuter. If masculine, it refers to "the evil one." If neuter, to "evil." Which is best must be determined from context, parallel usages, and the history of interpretation.
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N.E. Barry Hofstetter
Instructor of Latin
Jack M. Barrack Hebrew Academy
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