So if I am understanding this correctly:Jonathan Robie wrote:With meaning (1), the thing that is boasted against or exulted over is in the genitive, not the nominative.κατα-καυχάομαι, -ῶμαι [in LXX: Za 10:12 (הָלַךְ hith.), Je 50:11 (עָלַז), Je 50:38 (הָלַל)* ;]
1. to boast against, exult over: c. gen., Ro 11:18, Ja 2:13; seq. κατά, c. gen., Ja 3:14 (T, om. κατά).
2. seq. ἐν, to glory in (Za., l.c., Je 27:38).†
- 1. If κατακαυχᾶται is to be understood as definition #1, then the meaning of κατακαυχᾶται ἔλεος κρίσεως must be "mercy boasts against judgment", because #1 requires that we are boasting against a genitive, and κρίσεως is the only genitive.
2. If κατακαυχᾶται is to be understood as definition #2, then the meaning of κατακαυχᾶται changes to "to glory in" and does not have to be used on a genitive.
Therefore, we might look at Romans 11:18 a little differently with this in mind?
κατακαυχῶ refers to a genitive, therefore it is meaning #1, "to boast against".μὴ κατακαυχῶ τῶν κλάδων εἰ δὲ κατακαυχᾶσαι οὐ σὺ τὴν ῥίζαν βαστάζεις ἀλλ᾽ ἡ ῥίζα σέ
Do not boast against the branches, but if you glory not in the root, you bear not the root.
κατακαυχᾶσαι does not refer to a genitive, therefore it is meaning #2, "to glory in"
Isn't this a good translation according to the lexicon?
τίς (nominative)Jonathan Robie wrote:Perhaps this is a better way to ask that last question ...
τίς κατακαυχᾶται τίνος; κατακαυχᾶται ἔλεος κρίσεως ἤ κατακαυχᾶται ἐλέους κρίσις;
If I made any mistakes in that, I hope someone will correct me. If not, perhaps working through that question will help you understand how cases work in Greek. What is the case of τίς? τίνος? ἔλεος? ἐλέους? κρίσις? κρίσεως? Can you puzzle out what the entire question means? Extra credit if you can write out an answer.
Answer:Which boasts against which: 1) κατακαυχᾶται ἔλεος κρίσεως or 2) κατακαυχᾶται ἐλέους κρίσις?
- 1) Mercy boasts against judgment
2) Judgment boasts against mercy