In 1 John 4:8 what is the role of ἐστίν?

How do I work out the meaning of a Greek text? How can I best understand the forms and vocabulary in this particular text?
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Bill Ross
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Joined: August 12th, 2012, 6:26 pm

In 1 John 4:8 what is the role of ἐστίν?

Post by Bill Ross » August 2nd, 2019, 11:25 am

This question arose here: https://hermeneutics.stackexchange.com/ ... r-god-is-l

While I have an intuitive sense of what this might mean I am wondering how it would be explained using a proper linguistic analysis:

[1Jo 4:8 MGNT] (8) ὁ μὴ ἀγαπῶν οὐκ ἔγνω τὸν θεόν ὅτι ὁ θεὸς ἀγάπη [b]ἐστίν[/b]
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Barry Hofstetter
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Re: In 1 John 4:8 what is the role of ἐστίν?

Post by Barry Hofstetter » August 2nd, 2019, 1:04 pm

It's simply the man verb in the ὅτι clause. The use is copulative, equating θεός with ἀγάπη.
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N.E. Barry Hofstetter
Instructor of Latin
Jack M. Barrack Hebrew Academy
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Bill Ross
Posts: 102
Joined: August 12th, 2012, 6:26 pm

Re: In 1 John 4:8 what is the role of ἐστίν?

Post by Bill Ross » August 2nd, 2019, 2:20 pm

Thanks Barry. So would you say that ἐστίν indicates that "love" is just another name for God? IE: There is no other way to read this other than a marker of identity?
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