ITW:3 οὐ μόνον ... ἀλλὰ καὶ ... (1 verb c. 2 diff. obj.s)

How can I learn to express my ideas in clear and intelligible Greek?

ITW:3 οὐ μόνον ... ἀλλὰ καὶ ... (1 verb c. 2 diff. obj.s)

Postby Stephen Hughes » January 20th, 2014, 3:08 pm

In this third Inviation to Write, we could try using οὐ μόνον ... ἀλλὰ καὶ ... with a single verbs followed by two different objects, this will be a good stepping-stone to further more complex constructions. The first object is the more reasonable or expected one.

Here are three sentences that I have made with some variations to them.
  • ὁ λύκος τρώγει οὐ μόνον τὸ κρέας ἀλλὰ καὶ τὰ ὀστέα.
    "The wolf eats not only the flesh but also the bones."
    οἱ λύκοι ἔφαγον οὐ μόνον τὰ πρόβατα ἀλλὰ καὶ τοὺς ποιμένας
    "The wolves ate not only the livestock but also the graziers"
  • ὁ ἀμελὴς μισθωτὸς ἑκριζοῖ οὐ μόνον τὰ ζιζάνια ἁλλὰ καὶ τὸν σῖτον.
    "The carless farm-hand uproots not only the weeds, but also the grain."
    ὁ ἀμελὴς μισθωτὸς κατακαίει οὐ μόνον τὰ ζιζάνια ἁλλὰ καὶ τὸν σῖτον.
    "The carless farm-hand incinerates not only the weeds, but also the grain."
    ὁ ἀμελὴς μισθωτὸς κατακαίει οὐ μόνον τὸ ἄχυρον ἀλλὰ καὶ τὰ σπέρματα.
    "The careless farm-hand incinerates not only the chaff, but also the grain (seeds)."
    ὁ ἀμελὴς μισθωτὸς θερίζει οὐ μόνον τὸν σῖτον ἀλλὰ καὶ τὸ ἕρκος.
    "The careless farm-hand harvests (mows down) not only the crop, but also the fence."
  • οἱ στρατιῶται ἐσκύλευσαν οὐ μόνον τὰ ἱερὰ ἀλλὰ καὶ τοὺς οἵκους.
    "The soldiers plundered not only the temples, but also the houses."
    οἱ στρατιῶται κατέσκαψαν οὐ μόνον τὸ ἱερὸν ἀλλὰ καὶ τὸ πραιτώριον.
    "The soldiers razed not only the temple, but also the praetorium."
    οἱ στρατιῶται ὑπέμεινάν οὐ μόνον τὴν ἡλιοκαΐαν ἀλλὰ καὶ τὸ κρῦος.
    "The soldiers endured not only sunburn, but also extreme cold."

I hope that others could append their attempts or comments below. Most of the benefit of this exercise comes from re-working and re-expressing.
Stephen Hughes
"If you can't explain it to a six year old, you don't understand it yourself."
(Attributed to Albert Einstein)
Stephen Hughes
 
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