Well it turns out that there are three cognates that seem to be handled as synonyms. Since I'm focusing on Paul's usage here I was wondering if the prefixes would supply some nuance that might indicate whether or not Paul expected the rising dead to "sweep up" himself and the rest of the living saints or whether he expected them to rise as a separate group with himself (and others) following suit at perhaps a distant time.
Or, to put it another way (and this could be found in the grammar of the larger context) is the last trumpet when Paul expected to go or just the dead?:
* the trumpet blows the the dead rise, then later Paul and the others left behind rise, or:
* the trumpet blows and the dead rise and Paul and the other living are swept up together
(trumpet and dead rise) + (later Paul and remnant rise)
or (trumpet and dead rise and Paul and remnant rise "like Jacob grabbing Esau's heel")
Also, are the ones "remaining" (περιλειπόμενοι) the ones not asleep? Or the ones "left behind"?
Are the answers in the word choices? The prefixes? Or the wider grammar? Or is it ambivalent?
Thanks.mGNT 1 Thess 4:17 ἔπειτα ἡμεῖς οἱ ζῶντες οἱ περιλειπόμενοι ἅμα σὺν αὐτοῖς ἁρπαγησόμεθα ἐν νεφέλαις εἰς ἀπάντησιν τοῦ κυρίου εἰς ἀέρα καὶ οὕτως πάντοτε σὺν κυρίῳ ἐσόμεθα