I'm just wondering how to best translate the highlighted word into English. I understand that perfect imperatives are usually constructed periphrastically, but apparently this word is one of the few exceptions. I also understand that in the imperative there is no time component to the construction, rather the aspect is most significant.Mark 4:39 ... ἐπετίμησεν τῷ ἀνέμῳ καὶ εἶπεν τῇ θαλάσσῃ, Σιώπα, πεφίμωσο.
Since it is perfect, then, is it best to try to bring across the permanent result of the command? Would a valid loose translation be, "Be silent/calm, and stay that way".
As a side question, can somebody comment on the switch from σιωπαω to φιμοω? Is there a nuance to the meaning of these words, because I understand them to basically mean "to be quiet, to silence".
Thank you for your help.