Can someone help me with how to express thoughts such as these:
(1) The room is big.
(2) The room is too big.
(3) The room is really too big.
(4) The room is not big enough.
(5) The room is really not big enough.
Is there are simple transformation with an antonym such as; the room is not big enough / the room is too small?
The positive, used to imply that something is not suited or inadequate for the purpose in question, is especially common before an infinitive with or without ὥστε (ὡς): (τὸ ὕδωρ) ψῡχρόν ἐστιν ὥστε λούσασθαι the water is too cold for bathing X. M. 3. 13. 3, νῆες ὀλίγαι ἀμῡ́νειν ships too few to defend T. 1. 50, μακρὸν ἂν εἴη μοι λέγειν it would take too long for me to state And. 2. 15.
1073. Instead of the genitive or ἤ, the prepositions ἀντί, πρό (w. gen.) or πρός, παρά (w. accus.) are sometimes used with the comparative: κατεργάσασθαι αἱρετώτερον εἶναι τὸν καλὸν θάνατον ἀντὶ τοῦ αἰσχροῦ βίου to make a noble death more desirable than (instead of) a shameful life X. R. L. 9. 1, μὴ παῖδας περὶ πλείονος ποιοῦ πρὸ τοῦ δικαίου do not consider children of more account than (before) justice P. Cr. 54 b, χειμὼν μείζων παρὰ τὴν καθεστηκυῖαν ὥρᾱν a cold too severe for (in comparison with) the actual time of year T. 4. 6.
1079. Proportional Comparison.—After a comparative, ἢ κατά with the accusative (1690. 2 c), or ἢ ὥστε, ἢ ὡς, rarely ἤ alone, with the infinitive (not with the indicative), denote too high or too low a degree: ὅπλα ἔτι πλείω ἢ κατὰ τοὺς νεκροὺς ἐλήφθη more arms were taken than there were men slain T. 7. 45, φοβοῦμαι μή τι μεῖζον ἢ ὥστε φέρειν δύνασθαι κακὸν τῇ πόλει συμβῇ I fear lest there should befall the State an evil too great for it to be able to bear X. M. 3.5.17 (2264).
d. The comparative is used to soften an expression (rather, somewhat): ἀγροικότερον somewhat boorishly P. G. 486 c, ἀμελέστερον ἐπορεύετο he proceeded rather carelessly X. H. 4. 8.36. Here the quality is compared with its absence or with its opposite.
1431. Comparison (1402).—Adjectives of the comparative degree or implying comparison take the genitive. The genitive denotes the standard or point of departure from which the comparison is made, and often expresses a condensed comparison when actions are compared. Thus, ἥττων ἀμαθὴς σοφοῦ, δειλὸς ἀνδρείου an ignorant man is inferior to a wise man, a coward to a brave man P. Phae. 239 a, κρεῖττόν ἐστι λόγου τὸ κάλλος τῆς γυναικός the beauty of the woman is too great for description X. M. 3. 11. 1, Ἐπύαξα προτέρᾱ Κῡ́ρου πέντε ἡμέραις ἀφῑ́κετο Epyaxa arrived five days before Cyrus X. A. 1. 2. 25, καταδεεστέρᾱν τὴν δόξαν τῆς ἐλπίδος ἔλαβεν the reputation he acquired fell short of his expectation I. 2. 7. So with δεύτερος, ὑστεραῖος, περιττός. Comparatives with ἤ, 1069.
2007. The infinitive, with or without ὥστε or ὡς, may be used with ἤ than after comparatives, depending on an (implied) idea of ability or inability. ἢ ὥστε is more common than ἤ or ἢ ὡς. Cp. 2264.
τὸ γὰρ νόσημα μεῖζον ἢ φέρειν for the disease is too great to be borne S. O. T. 1293, φοβοῦμαι μή τι μεῖζον ἢ ὥστε φέρειν δύνασθαι κακὸν τῇ πόλει συμβῇ I fear lest some calamity befall the State greater than it can bear X. M. 3. 5. 17, βραχύτερα ἢ ὡς ἐξικνεῖσθαι too short to reach X. A. 3. 3. 7.
a. The force of ἢ ὥστε may be expressed by the genitive; as, κρεῖσσον λόγου (T. 2. 50) = κρεῖσσον ἢ ὥστε λέγεσθαι. Cp. 1077.
b. Words implying a comparison may take the infinitive with ὥστε or ὡς (1063).
2264. (II) After a comparative with ἤ than.
ᾔσθοντο αὐτὸν ἐλᾱ́ττω ἔχοντα δύναμιν ἢ ὥστε τοὺς φίλους ὠφελεῖν they perceived that he possessed too little power to benefit his friends X. H. 4. 8. 23, οἱ ἀκοντισταὶ βραχύτερα ἠκόντιζον ἢ ὡς ἐξικνεῖσθαι τῶν σφενδονητῶν the javelin throwers hurled their javelins too short a distance to reach the stingers X. A. 3. 3. 7. After a comparative, ὡς is as common as ὥστε.
a. ὥστε may here be omitted: κρείσσονʼ ἢ φέρειν κακά evils too great to be endured E. Hec. 1107.
b. On positive adjectives with a comparative force, see 1063.
εἰ καί τῳ σμῑκρότερον δοκεῖ εἶναι although it seems too unimportant to some P. Lach. 182 c.
οὐ τοῦτο δέδοικα μὴ οὐκ ἔχω ὅ τι δῶ ἑκάστῳ τῶν φίλων …, ἀλλὰ μὴ οὐκ ἔχω ἱκανοὺς οἷς δῶ I do not fear that I shall not have something to give to each of my friends, but that I shall not have enough friends to give to X. A. 1. 7. 7,
ἐπεί γʼ ἀρκοῦνθʼ ἱκανὰ τοῖς γε σώφροσιν since indeed that which suffices their wants is enough for the wise E. Phoen. 545
ὅσον μόνον γεύσασθαι ἑαυτῷ καταλιπών leaving himself only enough to taste X. A. 7. 3. 22.
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