Verbs with D.O. in Genitive

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Alan Patterson
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Verbs with D.O. in Genitive

Post by Alan Patterson » December 31st, 2015, 5:32 pm

Is there anyway to predict whether or not a verb takes its direct object in the Genitive? Or, do you just have to memorize a list?
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Alan Patterson

Louis L Sorenson
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Re: Verbs with D.O. in Genitive

Post by Louis L Sorenson » December 31st, 2015, 9:01 pm

There are some general rules.
With Certain Verbs: The genitive is used as the object verbs that denote sharing, touching, beginning, aiming at, obtaining, smelling, remembering, hearing, perceiving, filing, ruling, differing, commanding, etc. Smyth 1341-1371
See http://perseus.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/phi ... Monographs.

Juan Coderch's primer Classical Greek: A New Grammar has a list of verbs.
αἰσθάνομαι
ἀκούω
ἁμαρτάνω
ἀμελέω
ἀπέχομαι
ἀπέχω
ἀπολαύω
ἀποφεύγω
ἅπτομαι
ἄρχω
ἄρχομαι
βασιλεύω
δέω
διαφέρω
ἐπιθυμέω
ἐπιλανθάνομαι
ἐπιμελέομαι
ἐράω
θαυμάζω
θιγγάνω
καταγελάω
καταγιγνώσκω
καταδικάζω
καταφρονέω
δρατέω
λαμβάνομαι
μέμνημαι
μετέχω
ορέγομαι
παύομαι
περίειμι
προέχω
στρατηγέω
τοξεύω
τυγχάνω
φεύγω
ψαύω

So yes, you need to learn which construction any given verb takes. (The default object is the accusative). Of course, this list is not complete. Each verb has its own nuances and particular usages and shades of meaning and structures it supports. But this list is a good start.
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