Isaiah Chapter 58

This is a B-Greek reading Group for the LXX Isaiah. This reading group is going through two chapters of the LXX Isaiah per week. Ken Penner, the B-Greek moderator for the "Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha Forum" is writing a commentary on the LXX Isaiah and is sharing his notes with those who wish to read the Isaiah LXX. Dive in, if you dare!
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Ken M. Penner
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Isaiah Chapter 58

Post by Ken M. Penner » April 27th, 2012, 9:40 am

58.1 Ἀναβόησον ἐν ἰσχύι καὶ μὴ φείσῃ, ὡς σάλπιγγος ὕψωσον τὴν φωνήν σου καὶ ἀνάγγειλον τῷ λαῷ μου τὰ ἁμαρτήματα αὐτῶν καὶ τῷ οἴκῳ Ἰακώβ τὰ ἀνομήματα αὐτῶν. 2 ἐμὲ ἡμέραν ἐξ ἡμέρας ζητοῦσιν καὶ γνῶναί τὰς ὁδοὺς μου ἐπιθυμησοῦσιν· ὡς λαὸν δικαιοσύνην πεποιηκὼς καὶ κρίσιν θεοῦ αὐτοῦ μὴ ἐγκαταλελοιπὼς
382. Improper fasts (58:2-6)
αἰτοῦσίν με νῦν κρίσιν δικαίαν καὶ ἐγγίζειν θεῷ ἐπιθυμοῦσιν 3 λέγοντες Τί ὅτι ἐνηστεύσαμεν καὶ οὐκ εἶδες; ἐταπεινώσαμεν τὰς ψυχὰς ἡμῶν καὶ οὐκ ἔγνως; ἐν γὰρ ταῖς ἡμέραις τῶν νηστειῶν ὑμῶν εὑρίσκετε τὰ θελήματα ὑμῶν καὶ πάντας τοὺς ὑποχειρίους ὑμῶν ὑπονύσσετε. 4 εἰς κρίσεις καὶ μάχας νηστεύετε καὶ τύπτετε πυγμαῖς ταπεινόν, ἵνα τί μοι νηστεύετε ὡς σήμερον ἀκουσθῆναι ἐν κραυγῇ τὴν φωνὴν ὑμῶν; 5 οὐ ταύτην τὴν νηστείαν ἐξελεξάμην καὶ ἡμέραν ταπεινοῦν ἄνθρωπον τὴν ψυχὴν αὐτοῦ· οὐδʼ ἂν κάμψῃς ὡς κρίκον τὸν τράχηλόν σου καὶ σάκκον καὶ σποδὸν ὑποστρώσῃ, οὐδʼ ὡς καλέσετε νηστείαν δεκτήν. 6 οὐχὶ τοιαύτην νηστείαν ἐγὼ ἐξελεξάμην, λέγει Κύριος.

383. End injustice and you will be rewarded (58:6-8)
Ἀλλὰ λῦε πάντα σύνδεσμον ἀδικίας, διάλυε στραγγαλιὰς βιαίων συναλλαγμάτων, ἀπόστελλε τεθραμμένους ἐν ἀφέσει καὶ πᾶσαν συγγραφὴν ἄδικον διάσπα· 7 διάθρυπτε πεινῶντι τὸν ἄρτον σου καὶ πτωχοὺς ἀστέγους εἴσαγε εἰς τὸν οἶκόν σου· ἐὰν ἴδῃς γυμνόν, περίβαλε, καὶ ἀπὸ τῶν οἰκείων τοῦ σπέρματός σου οὐχ ὑπερόψῃ.

8 Τότε ῥαγήσεται πρόιμον τὸ φῶς σου, καὶ τὰ ἰάματά σου ταχὺ ἀνατελεῖ, καὶ προπορεύσεται ἔμπροσθέν σου ἡ δικαιοσύνη σου, καὶ ἡ δόξα τοῦ θεοῦ περιστελεῖ σε·
384. Then God will listen to you (58:9-10)
9 τότε βοήσῃ, καὶ ὁ θεὸς εἰσακούσεταί σου· ἔτι λαλοῦντός σου ἐρεῖ Ἰδοὺ πάρειμι. ἐὰν ἀφέλῃς ἀπὸ σοῦ σύνδεσμον καὶ χειροτονίαν καὶ ῥῆμα γογγυσμοῦ 10 καὶ δῷς πεινῶντι τὸν ἄρτον ἐκ ψυχῆς σου καὶ ψυχὴν τεταπείνωμεν ἐμπλήσεις.
385. Then your yearnings will be satisfied (58:10-12)
τότε ἀνατελεῖ ἐν τῷ σκότει τὸ φῶς σου, καὶ τὸ σκότος σου ὡς μεσημβρία ἔσται. 11 καὶ ἔσται ὁ θεός σου μετὰ σοῦ διὰ παντός· καὶ ἐμπλησθήσῃ καθά ἐπιθυμεῖ ἡ ψυχή σου, καὶ τὰ ὀστᾶ σου πιανθήσεται, καὶ ἔσται ὡς κῆπος μεθύων καὶ ὡς πηγὴ ἣν μὴ ἐξέλιπεν ὕδωρ. 12 καὶ οἰκοδομηθήσονταί σου αἱ ἔρημοι αἰώνιοι, καὶ ἔσται σου τὰ θεμέλια αἰώνια γενεῶν γενεᾶς· καὶ κληθήσῃ Οἰκοδόμος φραγμῶν, καὶ τοὺς τρίβους τοὺς ἀνὰ μέσον παύσεις.

386. Keep the Sabbath holy, and Lord will reward you (58:13-14)
13 Ἐὰν ἀποστρέψῃς τὸν πόδα σου ἀπὸ τῶν σαββάτων τοῦ μὴ ποιεῖν τὰ θελήματά σου ἐν τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ ἁγίᾳ καὶ καλέσεις τὸ σάββατον τρυφερά, ἅγια τῷ θεῷ, οὐκ ἀρεῖς τὸν πόδα σου ἐπʼ ἔργῳ οὐδὲ λαλήσεις λόγον ἐν ὀργῇ ἐκ τοῦ στόματός σου, 14 καὶ ἔσῃ πεποιθὼς ἐπὶ Κύριον, καὶ ἀναβιβάσῃ σε ἐπὶ τὰ ἀγαθὰ τῆς γῆς καὶ ψωμιεῖ σε τὴν κληρονομίαν Ἰακὼβ τοῦ πατρός σου· τὸ γὰρ στόμα Κυρίου ἐλάλησεν ταῦτα.
Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

Ken M. Penner
Posts: 724
Joined: May 12th, 2011, 7:50 am
Location: Antigonish, NS, Canada
Contact:

Isaiah Chapter 58 Translation

Post by Ken M. Penner » May 9th, 2012, 1:19 pm

58.1 Cry out with strength and do not hold back; lift up your voice like that of a trumpet, and proclaim their sins to my people and their lawless acts to the house of Jacob. 2 They seek me day by day and they will desire to, as a people, know my ways, who has done righteousness and has not abandoned the judgment of his God.
382. Improper fasts (58:2-6)
They ask me now for a righteous judgment, and they desire to approach God, 3 saying, Why is it that we fasted and you did not see it? We humbled our souls and you did not know it. For in the days of your fasts you find your wishes and you sting all your subjects. 4 You fast for judgments and fights, and you strike a humble person with fists. Why do you fast before me like today, for your voice to be heard with your shouting? 5 I have not chosen this fast and day for a man to humble his soul; not even if you bow your neck like a ring and spread sackcloth and ashes under yourselves; not even then shall you call it an acceptable fast. 6 I have not chosen such a fast as this, says Lord.

383. End injustice and you will be rewarded (58:6-8)
Instead, release every fetter of injustice; untie a knot of violent contracts of strangling, send those who have grown up away in forgiveness, and tear up every unjust document. 7 Break up your bread for a hungry person, and bring homeless poor people into your house. If you see a naked person, clothe him, and you will not overlook any of the families of your seed.

8 Then your light will burst forth early, and your healings will spring forth quickly, and your righteousness will go before you, and the glory of God will wrap around you.
384. Then God will listen to you (58:9-10)
9 Then you will cry out, and God will listen to you; while you are still speaking he will say, Look, I am here. If you remove a bond and finger-pointing and a word of grumbling from yourself, 10 and give the bread from your soul to the hungry (also we have humbled our soul), you will fill.
385. Then your yearnings will be satisfied (58:10-12)
Then your light will rise in the darkness, and your darkness will be like mid-day. 11 And your God will be with you always, and you will be filled, just as your soul desires, and your bones will be cheered, and they will be like a drunken garden, and like a fountain which never lacks water. 12 And your deserts will be built up eternal, and your foundations will be eternal for a generation of a generation; and you will be called Builder of Hedges, and you will stop the paths in between.

386. Keep the Sabbath holy, and Lord will reward you (58:13-14)
13 If you turn your foot away from the Sabbaths to do your wishes on the holy day, and you call the Sabbath a delightful day, holy to God, you do not raise your foot upon a work, nor speak a word in anger from your mouth, 14 and you trust upon Lord, he may also lift you onto the good things of the land, and he will feed you the inheritance of Jacob your father, for the mouth of Lord has spoken these things.
Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

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