Isaiah Chapter 26

This is a B-Greek reading Group for the LXX Isaiah. This reading group is going through two chapters of the LXX Isaiah per week. Ken Penner, the B-Greek moderator for the "Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha Forum" is writing a commentary on the LXX Isaiah and is sharing his notes with those who wish to read the Isaiah LXX. Dive in, if you dare!
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Ken M. Penner
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Isaiah Chapter 26

Post by Ken M. Penner » October 7th, 2011, 9:05 am

146. Song over the land of Judah (26:1-6)
26.1 Τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ἐκείνῃ ᾄσονται τὸ ᾆσμα τοῦτο ἐπὶ γῆς Ἰούδα Ἰδοὺ πόλις ὀχυρά, καὶ σωτήριον ἡμῖν θήσει τεῖχος καὶ περίτειχος. 2 ἀνοίξατε πύλας, εἰσελθάτω λαὸς φυλάσσων δικαιοσύνην

Καὶ φυλάσσων ἀλήθειαν, 3 ἀντιλαμβανόμενος ἀληθείας καὶ φυλάσσων εἰρήνην. ὅτι ἐπὶ σοὶ 4 ἤλπισαν, Κύριε, ὡς τοῦ αἰῶνος, ὁ θεὸς ὁ μέγας ὁ αἰώνιος, 5 ὃς ταπεινώσας κατήγαγες τοὺς ἐνοικοῦντας ἐν ὑψηλοῖς· πόλεις ὀχυρὰς καταβαλεῖς καὶ κατάξεις ἕως ἐδάφους, 6 καὶ πατήσουσιν αὐτοὺς πόδες πραέων καὶ ταπεινῶν.
147. The path of Lord is judgment (26:7-9)
7 ὁδὸς εὐσεβῶν εὐθεῖα ἐγένετο, καὶ παρεσκευασμένη ἡ ὁδὸς τῶν ἀσεβῶν. 8 ἡ γὰρ ὁδὸς Κυρίου κρίσις· ἠλπίσαμεν ἐπὶ τῷ ὀνόματί σου καὶ ἐπὶ τῇ μνείᾳ, 9 ᾗ ἐπεθυμεῖ ἡ ψυχὴ ἡμῶν.
148. Learn righteousness (26:9-10)
ἐκ νυκτὸς ὀρθρίζει τὸ πνεῦμά μου πρὸς σέ, ὁ θεός, διότι φῶς τὰ προστάγματά σου ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς. δικαιοσύνην μάθετε, οἱ ἐνοικοῦντες ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς. 10 πέπαυται γὰρ ὁ ἀσεβής, πᾶς ὃς οὐ μὴ μάθῃ δικαιοσύνην ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, ἀλήθειαν οὐ μὴ ποιήσῃ· ἀρθήτω ὁ ἀσεβής, ἵνα μὴ ἴδῃ τὴν δόξαν Κυρίου.

149. Lord, your arm is high (26:11)
11 Κύριε, ὑψηλός σου ὁ βραχίων, καὶ οὐκ ᾔδεισαν, γνόντες δὲ αἰσχυνθήτωσαν· ζῆλος λήμψεται λαὸν ἀπαίδευτον, καὶ νῦν πῦρ τοὺς ὑπεναντίους ἔδεται.

150. Lord, give us peace (26:12-18)
12 Κύριε ὁ θεὸς ἡμῶν, εἰρήνην δὸς ἡμῖν, πάντα γὰρ ἀπέδωκας ἡμῖν.
13 Κύριε ὁ θεὸς ἡμῶν, κτῆσαι ἡμᾶς.

Κύριε, ἐκτὸς σοῦ ἄλλον οὐκ οἴδαμεν, τὸ ὄνομά σου ὀνομάζομεν. 14 οἱ δὲ νεκροὶ ζωὴν οὐ μὴ ἴδωσιν, οὐδὲ ἰατροὶ οὐ μὴ ἀναστήσωσιν· διὰ τοῦτο ἐπήγαγες καὶ ἀπώλεσας καὶ ἦρες πᾶν ἄρσεν αὐτῶν. 15 πρόσθες αὐτοῖς κακά, Κύριε, προσθήσει κακὰ πᾶσιν τοῖς ἐνδόξοις τῆς γῆς.

16 Κύριε, ἐν θλίψει ἐμνήσθην σου, ἐν θλίψει μικρᾷ ἡ παιδεία σου ἐγενήθῃ ἡμῖν. 17 καὶ ὡς ἡ ὠδίνουσα ἐγγίζει τεκεῖν καὶ ἐπὶ τῇ ὠδῖνι αὐτῆς ἐκέκραξεν, οὕτως ἐγενήθημεν τῷ ἀγαπητῷ σου. 18 διὰ τὸν φόβον σου, Κύριε, ἐν γαστρὶ ἐλάβομεν καὶ ὠδινήσαμεν καὶ ἐτέκομεν· πνεῦμα σωτηρίας σου ἐποιήσαμεν ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, ἀλλὰ πεσοῦνται οἱ ἐνοικοῦντες ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς.
151. The dead will rise (26:19)
19 ἀναστήσονται οἱ νεκροί, καὶ ἐγερθήσονται οἱ ἐν τοῖς μνημείοις, καὶ εὐφρανθήσονται οἱ ἐν τῇ γῇ· ἡ γὰρ δρόσος ἡ παρὰ σοῦ ἴαμα αὐτοῖς ἐστιν, ἡ δὲ γῆ τῶν ἀσεβῶν πεσεῖται.

152. Hide from Lord’s wrath (26:20-21)
20 Βάδιζε, λαός μου, εἴσελθε εἰς τὰ ταμίειά σου, ἀπόκλεισον τὴν θύραν σου, ἀποκρύβηθι μικρὸν ὅσον ὅσον, ἕως ἂν παρέλθῃ ἡ ὀργὴ Κυρίου· 21 ἰδοὺ γὰρ Κύριος ἀπὸ τοῦ ἁγίου ἐπάγει τὴν ὀργὴν αὐτοῦ ἐπὶ τοὺς κατοικοῦντας ἐπὶ τῆς γῆς, καὶ ἀνακαλύψει ἡ γῆ τὸ αἷμα αὐτῆς καὶ οὐ κατακαλύψει τοὺς ἀνῃρημένους ἐπʼ αὐτῆς.
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

Ken M. Penner
Posts: 767
Joined: May 12th, 2011, 7:50 am
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Re: Isaiah Chapter 26

Post by Ken M. Penner » October 12th, 2011, 8:14 am

146. Song over the land of Judah (26:1-6)
26.1 Τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ἐκείνῃ ᾄσονται τὸ ᾆσμα τοῦτο ἐπὶ γῆς Ἰούδα Ἰδοὺ πόλις ὀχυρά, καὶ σωτήριον ἡμῖν θήσει τεῖχος καὶ περίτειχος. 2 ἀνοίξατε πύλας, εἰσελθάτω λαὸς φυλάσσων δικαιοσύνην
Καὶ φυλάσσων ἀλήθειαν, 3 ἀντιλαμβανόμενος ἀληθείας καὶ φυλάσσων εἰρήνην. ὅτι ἐπὶ σοὶ 4 ἤλπισαν, Κύριε, ὡς τοῦ αἰῶνος, ὁ θεὸς ὁ μέγας ὁ αἰώνιος, 5 ὃς ταπεινώσας κατήγαγες τοὺς ἐνοικοῦντας ἐν ὑψηλοῖς· πόλεις ὀχυρὰς καταβαλεῖς καὶ κατάξεις ἕως ἐδάφους, 6 καὶ πατήσουσιν αὐτοὺς πόδες πραέων καὶ ταπεινῶν.
1
Ἰούδα] B has τῆς Ἰουδαίας; Rahlfs, Ziegler have Ιουδα λέγοντες
ἡμῖν] lacking in B (Ziegler); Rahlfs has ἡμῶν. Note the difference between Rahlfs and Ziegler.
τεῖχος] with Rahlfs, Ziegler; B has τὸ τεῖχος
2
εἰσελθάτω] with Rahlfs, Ziegler; B has εἰσελθέτω
3
σοὶ] with Rahlfs, Ziegler; B has σοὶ ἐλπίδι
ὡς] B (Rahlfs, Ziegler) have ἕως
6
αὐτοὺς] with B (Rahlfs); Ziegler has αὐτὰς. Note the difference between Rahlfs and Ziegler.

Reception
Justin Martyr (Dial. 24) referred to λαὸς φυλάσσων πίστιν, ἀντιλαμβανόμενος ἀληθείας, καὶ φυλάσσων εἰρήνην, using the language of 26:2-3.
Gregory Nazianzus (Orat. 42.8) associated the “meek” of 26:6 with those who acknowledge the Trinity, in contrast to the Arians.
3 Enoch 42.5 refers to the Lord as “the everlasting Rock” from the Hebrew rather than the Greek of 26:4.
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

Ken M. Penner
Posts: 767
Joined: May 12th, 2011, 7:50 am
Location: Antigonish, NS, Canada
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Isaiah Chapter 26 translation

Post by Ken M. Penner » October 12th, 2011, 8:50 am

146. Song over the land of Judah (26:1-6)
26.1 On that day, they will sing this song over the land of Ioudas: Look, a secure city, and he will make a wall and surrounding wall into a deliverance for us. 2 Open the gates! Let a people that keeps righteousness enter!

And a people that keeps truth, 3 who lays hold of truth and keeps peace, because 4 they hoped on you, Lord, as eternity, the great, eternal god, 5 who lowered and brought down those living in high places. You will overthrow secure cities and bring them down to the ground, 6 and meek and low people's feet will tread on them.
147. The path of Lord is judgment (26:7-9)
7 The path of the pious has become straight, and the path of the impious is ready. 8 For the path of Lord is judgment; we hoped on your name and on the remembrance 9 that our soul was longing for.
148. Learn righteousness (26:9-10)
My breath rises early from the night to you, God, because your ordinances are light on the land. Learn righteousness, you who dwell on the land; 10 for the impious everyone who does not learn righteousness on the land, has ceased; he does not perform truth. Let the impious person be taken away, so that he does not see the glory of Lord.

149. Lord, your arm is high (26:11)
11 Lord, your arm is high, and they have not seen it, but when they know it, they should be ashamed. Zeal will take hold of an undisciplined people, and now fire will consume the opponents.

150. Lord, give us peace (26:12-18)

12 Lord, our god, give us peace; for you have delivered all things to us.

13 Lord, our god, take possession of us.

Lord, we do not know any other but you; we name your name. 14 But the dead certainly will not see life, and healers certainly will not rise; because of this you brought and destroyed and took away every male of theirs. 15 You give them evils, Lord; you will give evils to all the esteemed of the land. 16 Lord, in distress I remembered you; in a little distress, your discipline came to us. 17 And as the woman having pangs approaches childbirth and cries out at her pangs, so we became to your beloved. 18 Because of fear of you, Lord, we conceived in the womb, and had pangs, and gave birth; we made a spirit of your deliverance on the land, but those dwelling on the land will fall.
151. The dead will rise (26:19)
19 The dead will rise, and those in the tombs will be raised, and those in the earth will rejoice; for the dew from you is a remedy for them, but the land of the impious will fall.
152. Hide from Lord’s wrath (26:20-21)
20 Go, my people, enter into your chambers; shut your door; hide as little as a little while, until the wrath of Lord passes. 21 For look, Lord is bringing his wrath from the holy place upon those who dwell upon the land; and the land will uncover its blood and it will not cover up those slain upon it.
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

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