Isaiah Chapter 28

This is a B-Greek reading Group for the LXX Isaiah. This reading group is going through two chapters of the LXX Isaiah per week. Ken Penner, the B-Greek moderator for the "Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha Forum" is writing a commentary on the LXX Isaiah and is sharing his notes with those who wish to read the Isaiah LXX. Dive in, if you dare!
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Ken M. Penner
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Isaiah Chapter 28

Post by Ken M. Penner » October 15th, 2011, 6:15 am

157. Woe to the crown of insolence (28:1-3)
1 Οὐαὶ τῷ στεφάνῳ τῆς ὕβρεως, οἱ μισθωτοὶ Ἐφράιμ· τὸ ἄνθος τὸ ὠραῖον τὸ ἐκπεσὸν ἐκ τῆς δόξης ἐπὶ τῆς κορυφῆς τοῦ ὄρους τοῦ παχέος, οἱ μεθύοντες ἄνευ οἴνου. 2 ἰδοὺ ἰσχυρὸν καὶ σκληρὸν παρὰ Κυρίου ὁ θυμὸς Κυρίου ὡς χάλαζα καταφερομένη · ὡς ὕδατος πολὺ πλῆθος σῦρον χώραν τῇ γῇ ποιήσει ἀνάπαυσιν καὶ ταῖς χερσίν. 3 καὶ τοῖς ποσὶν καὶ καταπατηθήσεται ὁ στέφανος τῆς ὕβρεως, οἱ μισθωτοὶ Ἐφράιμ.
158. Woe to the mountain blossom (28:4)
4 καὶ ἔσται τὸ ἄνθος τὸ ἐκπεσὸν τῆς ἐλπίδος τῆς δόξης ἐπʼ ἄκρου τοῦ ὄρους τοῦ ὑψηλοῦ ὡς πρόδρομος σύκου, ὁ ἰδὼν αὐτὸ πρὶν ἢ εἰς τὴν χεῖρα αὐτοῦ λαβεῖν αὐτό, θελήσει αὐτὸ καταπιεῖν.

159. Lord Sabaoth will be the crown of hope (28:5-6)
5 Τῇ ἡμέρᾳ ἐκείνῃ ἔσται Κύριος Σαβαὼθ ὁ στέφανος τῆς ἐλπίδος ὁ πλακεὶς τῆς δόξης τῷ καταλειφθέντι τοῦ λαοῦ· 6 καταλειφθήσεται ἐπὶ πνεύματι κρίσεως ἐπὶ κρίσιν καὶ ἰσχὺν κωλύων ἀνελεῖν.
160. Priest and prophet misled by drink (28:7-8)
7 οὗτοι γὰρ οἴνῳ πεπλανημένοι εἰσίν, ἐπλανήθησαν διὰ τὸ σίκερα· ἱερεὺς καὶ προφήτης ἐξέστησαν διὰ τὸν οἶνον, ἐσείσθησαν ἀπὸ τῆς μέθης τοῦ σίκερα, ἐπλανήθησαν· τοῦτʼ ἔστι φάσμα. 8 ἀρὰ ἔδεται ταύτην τὴν βουλήν· ἕνεκεν πλεονεξίας.

161. Our report (28:9-12)
9 Τίνι ἀνηγγείλαμεν κακὰ καὶ τίνι ἀνηγγείλαμεν ἀγγελίαν, καὶ οἱ ἀπογεγαλακτισμένοι ἀπὸ γάλακτος, οἱ ἀποσπασμένοι ἀπὸ μαστοῦ; 10 θλῖψιν ἐπὶ θλῖψιν προσδέχου, ἐλπίδα ἐπʼ ἐλπίδι, ἔτι μικρὸν ἔτι μικρὸν 11 διὰ φαυλισμὸν χειλέων διὰ γλώσσης ἑτέρας, ὅτι λαλήσουσιν τῷ λαῷ τούτῳ 12 λέγοντες αὐτοῖς Τοῦτο τὸ ἀνάπαυμα τῷ πεινῶντι καὶ τοῦτο τὸ σύντριμμα, καὶ οὐκ ἠθέλαν ἀκούειν.
162. Lord God’s oracle will be oppression (28:13)
13 καὶ ἔσται αὐτοῖς τὸ λόγιον Κυρίου τοῦ θεοῦ θλῖψις ἐπὶ θλῖψιν, ἐλπὶς ἐπʼ ἐλπίδα, ἔτι μικρὸν ἔτι μικρόν, ἵνα πορευθῶσιν καὶ πέσωσιν εἰς τὰ ὀπίσω καὶ κινδυνεύσωσιν καὶ συντριβήσονται καὶ ἁλώσονται.

163. Covenant with death (28:14-15)
14 Διὰ τοῦτο ἀκούσατε λόγον Κυρίου, ἄνδρες τεθλιμμένοι καὶ ἄρχοντες τοῦ λαοῦ τοῦ ἐν Ἰερουσαλήμ 15 Ὅτι εἴπατε Ἐποιήσαμεν διαθήκην μετὰ τοῦ ᾅδου καὶ μετὰ τοῦ θανάτου συνθήκας, καταιγὶς φερομένη ἐὰν παρέλθῃ οὐ μὴ ἔλθῃ ἐφʼ ἡμᾶς, ἐθήκαμεν ψεῦδος τὴν ἐλπίδα ἡμῶν καὶ τῷ ψεύδει σκεπασθησόμεθα.

164. Sion’s cornerstone (28:16-20)
16 Διὰ τοῦτο οὕτως λέγει Κύριος Ἰδοὺ ἐγὼ ἐμβαλῶ εἰς τὰ θεμέλια Σειὼν λίθον πολυτελῆ ἐκλεκτὸν ἀκρογωνιαῖον ἔντιμον εἰς τὰ θεμέλια αὐτῆς, καὶ ὁ πιστεύων ἐπʼ αὐτῷ οὐ μὴ καταισχυνθῇ. 17 καὶ θήσω κρίσιν εἰς ἐλπίδα, ἡ δὲ ἐλεημοσύνη μου εἰς σταθμούς, καὶ οἱ πεποιθότες μάτην ψεύδει· ὅτι οὐ μὴ παρέλθῃ ὑμᾶς καταιγίς, 18 μὴ καὶ ἀφέλῃ ὑμῶν τὴν διαθήκην τοῦ θανάτου, καὶ ἡ ἐλπὶς ὑμῶν ἡ πρὸς τὸν ᾅδην οὐ μὴ ἐμμείνῃ· καταιγὶς φερομένη ἐὰν ἐπέλθῃ, ἔσεσθε αὐτῇ εἰς καταπάτημα. 19 ὅταν παρέλθῃ, λήμψεται ὑμᾶς· πρωῒ πρωῒ παρελεύσεται ἡμέρας, καὶ ἐν νυκτὶ ἔσται ἐλπὶς πονηρά.

Μάθετε ἀκούειν. 20 στενοχωρούμενοι οὐ δυνάμεθα μάχεσθαι, αὐτοὶ δὲ ἀσθενοῦμεν τοῦ ἡμᾶς συναχθῆναι.

165. Lord’s deeds of anger (28:21-22)
21 Ὥσπερ ὄρος ἀσεβῶν ἀναστήσεται Κύριος καὶ ἔσται ἐν τῇ φάραγγι Γαβαών· μετὰ θυμοῦ ποιήσει τὰ ἔργα αὐτοῦ, πικρίας ἔργα· ὁ δὲ θυμὸς αὐτοῦ ἀλλοτρίως χρήσεται, καὶ ἡ πικρία αὐτοῦ ἀλλοτρία. 22 καὶ ὑμεῖς μὴ εὐφρανθείητε, μηδὲ ἰσχυσάτωσαν ὑμῶν οἱ δεσμοί οἱ ὀφθαλμοί· διότι συντετελεσμένα καὶ συντετμημένα πράγματα ἤκουσα παρὰ τοῦ Κυρίου Σαβαώθ, ἃ ποιεῖ ἐπὶ πᾶσαν τὴν γῆν.

166. Parable of the sower (28:23-26)
23 Ἐνωτίζεσθε καὶ ἀκούετε τῆς φωνῆς μου, προσέχετε καὶ ἀκούετε τοὺς λόγους μου. 24 μὴ ὅλην τὴν ἡμέραν μέλλει ὁ ἀροτριῶν ἀροτριᾶν; ἢ σπόρον ἑτοιμάσει πρὶν ἐργάζεσθαι τὴν γῆν; 25 οὐχ ὅταν ὁμαλίσῃ αὐτῆς τὸ πρόσωπον, τότε σπείρει μικρὸν μελάνθιον καὶ κύμινον καὶ πάλιν σπείρει πυρὸν καὶ κριθὴν καὶ ζέαν ἐν τοῖς ὁρίοις σου; 26 καὶ παιδευθήσῃ.
167. A relenting discipline (28:27-29)

27 οὐ γὰρ μετὰ σκληρότητος καθαίρεται τὸ μελάνθιον, οὐδὲ τροχὸς ἁμάξης περιάξει ἐπὶ τὸ κύμινον, ἀλλὰ ῥάβδῳ ἐκτινάσσεται τὸ μελάνθιον, τὸ δὲ κύμινον 28 μετὰ ἄρτου βρωθήσεται. οὐ γὰρ εἰς τὸν αἰῶνα ἐγὼ ὑμῖν ὀργισθήσομαι, οὐδὲ φωνὴ τῆς πικρίας μου καταπατήσει ὑμᾶς. 29 καὶ ταῦτα παρὰ Κυρίου Σαβαώθ ἐξῆλθεν τὰ τέρατα.

Βουλεύσασθε, ὑψώσατε ματαίαν παράκλησιν.
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

Ken M. Penner
Posts: 766
Joined: May 12th, 2011, 7:50 am
Location: Antigonish, NS, Canada
Contact:

Isaiah Chapter 28 translation

Post by Ken M. Penner » October 19th, 2011, 10:37 am

157. Woe to the crown of insolence (28:1-3)
28.1 Woe to the crown of insolence, the hired workers of Ephraim, the beautiful blossom that fell from the glory upon the top of the fat mountain, those getting drunk without wine. 2 Look, mighty and harsh from Lord is the anger of Lord, like hail rushing down with force like a great mass of water sweeping a country, for the land will produce a respite also by its hands. 3 And the crown of insolence, the hired workers of Ephraim, will also be trampled down with the feet.
158. Woe to the mountain blossom (28:4)
4 And the mountain blossom that fell from the hope of glory upon the topmost point of the high mountain will be like an early fig; the one who sees it before taking it into his hand will want to gobble it up.

159. Lord Sabaoth will be the crown of hope (28:5-6)
5 On that day, Lord Sabaoth will be the crown of hope that was woven of glory for the forsaken of the people. 6 It will be left behind on a wind of judgment, on judgment and power preventing destruction.
160. Priest and prophet misled by drink (28:7-8)
7 For these are led astray with wine; they were led astray because of the sikera; priest and prophet lost their senses because of the wine; they were shaken by the drunkenness of the sikera; they were led astray; this is an omen. 8 A curse will devour this plan for the sake of greediness.

161. Our report (28:9-12)
9 To whom did we report evil things, and to whom did we report a message? And those weaned from milk, torn from the breast? 10 Accept oppression upon oppression, hope upon hope, yet a little, yet a little, 11 because of the contempt of lips, through a different tongue, because they will speak to this people, 12 saying to them, This is the rest for the hungry person, and this is the ruin. And they did not wish to hear.
162. Lord God’s oracle will be oppression (28:13)
13 And the oracle of Lord God will be for them oppression upon oppression, hope upon hope, yet a little, yet a little, so that they will go and fall backward, and they will be in peril and crushed and captured.

163. Covenant with death (28:14-15)
14 Because of this, hear the word of Lord, oppressed men and leaders of the people that is in Jerusalem. 15 Because you said, We made a covenant with the nether world and treaties with death; if a rushing squall passes by, certainly it will not come upon us; we have made a lie our hope and by a lie we will be protected.

164. Sion’s cornerstone (28:16-20)
16 Because of this, thus says Lord: Look, I will lay a valuable cornerstone stone in the foundations of Sion, in its foundations, and the one who trusts on it certainly will not be disgraced. 17 And I will turn judgment into hope and my mercy into balances, and those trusting a lie in vain (because a storm certainly will not pass you by 18 lest it also take away your covenant of death) even your hope towards the nether world certainly will not stand fast. If a rushing storm comes, you will be trampled by it. 19 When it passes by, it will take hold of you; early, early it will pass by day, and at night it will be an evil expectation.

Learn to listen. 20 We are cramped, we are unable to fight, and we ourselves are too weak to be assembled.

165. Lord’s deeds of anger (28:21-22)

21 Lord will rise up just like a mountain of impious people, and he will be in the ravine of Gabaon; he will do his deeds with anger, deeds of bitterness. But his anger will deal unfavourably, and his bitterness unfavourably. 22 And you, may you not be glad, nor your bonds, your eyes, strong, because I have heard completed and cut short things from Lord Sabaoth, things that he is doing on all the land.

166. Parable of the sower (28:23-26)
23 Give ear and hear my voice; pay attention and hear my words! 24 Is the one who ploughs about to plough the whole day? Or prepare seed before working the land? 25 When he levels its surface, then does he not sow a little cumin and black cumin and he sows again wheat and barley and emmer within your boundaries? 26 And you will be disciplined.
167. A relenting discipline (28:27-29)
27 For the black cumin is purified not with harshness, and a wagon wheel will not be led around upon the cumin; rather the black cumin will get shaken with a rod, and the cumin 28 will be consumed with bread, I will not be angry at you forever, nor will the sound of my bitterness trample you. 29 And these wonders came forth from Lord Sabaoth.

Deliberate; raise a pointless appeal!
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

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