Isaiah Chapter 32

This is a B-Greek reading Group for the LXX Isaiah. This reading group is going through two chapters of the LXX Isaiah per week. Ken Penner, the B-Greek moderator for the "Septuagint and Pseudepigrapha Forum" is writing a commentary on the LXX Isaiah and is sharing his notes with those who wish to read the Isaiah LXX. Dive in, if you dare!
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Ken M. Penner
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Isaiah Chapter 32

Post by Ken M. Penner » October 27th, 2011, 6:25 pm

32.1 ἰδοὺ γὰρ βασιλεὺς δίκαιος βασιλεύσει, καὶ ἄρχοντες μετὰ κρίσεως ἄρχουσιν. 2 καὶ ἔσται ὁ ἄνθρωπος κρύπτων τοὺς λόγους αὐτοῦ καὶ κρυβήσεται ὡς ἀφʼ ὕδατος φερομένου· καὶ φανήσεται ἐν Σιών ὡς ποταμὸς φερόμενος ἔνδοξος ἐν γῇ διψώσῃ. 3 καὶ οὐκέτι ἔσονται πεποιθότες ἐπʼ ἀνθρώποις, ἀλλὰ τὰ ὦτα δώσουσιν ἀκούειν. 4 καὶ ἡ καρδία τῶν ἀσθενούντων προσέξει τοῦ ἀκούειν, καὶ αἱ γλῶσσαι αἱ ψελλίζουσαι ταχὺ μαθήσονται λαλεῖν εἰρήνην.
192. The counsel of the foolish (32:5-8)
5 καὶ οὐκέτι μὴ εἴπωσιν τῷ μωρῷ ἄρχειν, καὶ οὐκέτι μὴ εἴπωσιν οἱ ὑπηρέται σου Σίγα. 6 ὁ γὰρ μωρὸς μωρὰ λαλήσει, καὶ ἡ καρδία αὐτοῦ μάταια νοήσει τοῦ συντελεῖν ἄνομα καὶ λαλεῖν πρὸς Κύριον πλάνησιν τοῦ

διασπεῖραι ψυχὰς πεινώσας καὶ τὰς ψυχὰς τὰς πινώσας κενὰς ποιῆσαι. 7 ἡ γὰρ βουλὴ τῶν πονηρῶν ἄνομα βουλεύεται καταφθεῖραι ταπεινοὺς ἐν λόγοις ἀδίκοις καὶ διασκεδάσαι λόγους ταπεινῶν ἐν κρίσει. 8 οἱ δὲ εὐσεβεῖς συνετὰ ἐβουλεύσαντο, καὶ αὕτη ἡ βουλὴ μενεῖ.

193. Wealthy women, grieve the coming loss (32:9-13)
9 Γυναῖκες πλούσιαι, ἀνάστητε καὶ ἀκούσατε τῆς φωνῆς μου· θυγατέρες ἐν ἐλπίδι.

Ἀκούσατε λόγους μου. 10 ἡμέρας ἐνιαυτοῦ μνείαν ποιήσασθε ἐν ὀδύνῃ μετʼ ἐλπίδος· ἀνήλωται ὁ τρύγητος, πέπαυται ὁ σπόρος καὶ οὐκέτι μὴ ἔλθῃ. 11 ἔκστητε, λυπήθητε, αἱ πεποιθυῖαι, ἐκδύσασθε, γυμναὶ γένεσθε, περιζώσασθε σάκκους τὰς ὀσφύας ὑμῶν 12 καὶ ἐπὶ τῶν μαστῶν κόπτεσθε ἀπὸ ἀγροῦ ἐπιθυμήματος καὶ ἀμπέλου γενήματος. 13 ἡ γῆ τοῦ λαοῦ μου ἄκανθα καὶ χόρτος ἀναβήσεται, καὶ ἐκ πάσης οἰκίας εὐφροσύνη ἀρθήσεται· πόλις πλουσία,
194. Chermel will be deserted (32:14-19)
14 οἶκοι ἐγκαταλελειμμένοι πλοῦτον πόλεως ἀφήσουσιν. οἴκους ἐπιθυμηματός · καὶ ἔσονται αἱ κῶμαι σπήλαια ἕως τοῦ αἰῶνος, εὐφροσύνη ὄνων ἀγρίων, βοσκήματα ποιμένων, 15 ἕως ἂν ἐπέλθῃ ἐφʼ ἡμᾶς πνεῦμα ἀφʼ ὑψηλοῦ. καὶ ἔσται ἔρημος ὁ Χερμέλ, καὶ ὁ Χερμὲλ εἰς δρυμὸν λογισθήσεται. 16 καὶ ἀναπαύσεται ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ κρίμα, καὶ δικαιοσύνη ἐν τῷ Καρμήλῳ κατοικήσει· 17 καὶ ἔσται τὰ ἔργα τῆς δικαιοσύνης εἰρήνη, καὶ κρατήσει ἡ δικαιοσύνη ἀνάπαυσιν, καὶ οἱ πεποιθότες ἕως τοῦ αἰῶνος· 18 καὶ κατοικήσει ὁ λαὸς αὐτοῦ ἐν πόλει εἰρήνης καὶ ἐνοικήσει πεποιθώς, καὶ ἀναπαύσονται μετὰ πλούτου. 19 ἡ δὲ χάλαζα ἐὰν καταβῇ, οὐκ ἐφʼ ὑμᾶς ἥξει. καὶ ἔσονται οἱ ἐνοικοῦντες ἐν τοῖς δρυμοῖς πεποιθότες ἐν τῇ πεδινῇ.

195. Woe to those who distress you (32:20-33:1)

20 Μακάριοι οἱ σπείροντες ἐπὶ πᾶν ὕδωρ, οὗ βοῦς καὶ ὄνος πατεῖ.
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

Ken M. Penner
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Notes on Isaiah 31:9-32:4

Post by Ken M. Penner » November 2nd, 2011, 10:30 am

191. A just king will reign (31:9-32:4)
Τάδε λέγει Κύριος Μακάριος ὃς ἔχει ἐν Σειὼν σπέρμα καὶ οἰκείους ἐν Ἰερουσαλήμ. 32.1 ἰδοὺ γὰρ βασιλεὺς δίκαιος βασιλεύσει, καὶ ἄρχοντες μετὰ κρίσεως ἄρχουσιν. 2 καὶ ἔσται ὁ ἄνθρωπος κρύπτων τοὺς λόγους αὐτοῦ καὶ κρυβήσεται ὡς ἀφʼ ὕδατος φερομένου· καὶ φανήσεται ἐν Σιών ὡς ποταμὸς φερόμενος ἔνδοξος ἐν γῇ διψώσῃ. 3 καὶ οὐκέτι ἔσονται πεποιθότες ἐπʼ ἀνθρώποις, ἀλλὰ τὰ ὦτα δώσουσιν ἀκούειν. 4 καὶ ἡ καρδία τῶν ἀσθενούντων προσέξει τοῦ ἀκούειν, καὶ αἱ γλῶσσαι αἱ ψελλίζουσαι ταχὺ μαθήσονται λαλεῖν εἰρήνην.
9
φεύγων] with A, B (Rahlfs, Ziegler); changed by ca from φευων.
1
ἄρχουσιν] changed by cb3 to ἄρξουσιν
2
Not read as the MT’s צָיוֹן.
3
δώσουσιν ἀκούειν] B has ἀκούειν δώσουσιν
4
προσέξει] B has προσήξει
Reception
Irenaeus (Haer. 5.34.3) takes 31:9-32:1 as a prediction of the earthly kingdom of Christians after their resurrection.
See also Cyprian (Ep. 57.11; Ep. 122.2) and John Cassian (Collat. 3.21.32).
McKinion (223) also points to John of Damascus (Orthodox Faith 4.24).
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

Ken M. Penner
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Notes on Isaiah 32:5-8

Post by Ken M. Penner » November 2nd, 2011, 10:31 am

192. The counsel of the foolish (32:5-8)
5 καὶ οὐκέτι μὴ εἴπωσιν τῷ μωρῷ ἄρχειν, καὶ οὐκέτι μὴ εἴπωσιν οἱ ὑπηρέται σου Σίγα. 6 ὁ γὰρ μωρὸς μωρὰ λαλήσει, καὶ ἡ καρδία αὐτοῦ μάταια νοήσει τοῦ συντελεῖν ἄνομα καὶ λαλεῖν πρὸς Κύριον πλάνησιν τοῦ

διασπεῖραι ψυχὰς πεινώσας καὶ τὰς ψυχὰς τὰς πινώσας κενὰς ποιῆσαι. 7 ἡ γὰρ βουλὴ τῶν πονηρῶν ἄνομα βουλεύεται καταφθεῖραι ταπεινοὺς ἐν λόγοις ἀδίκοις καὶ διασκεδάσαι λόγους ταπεινῶν ἐν κρίσει. 8 οἱ δὲ εὐσεβεῖς συνετὰ ἐβουλεύσαντο, καὶ αὕτη ἡ βουλὴ μενεῖ.
6
πινώσας] changed by ca to διψώσας
ποιῆσαι] B has ποιήσει
7
βουλεύεται] changed by ca to βουλεύσεται
8
Reception
Clement of Alexandria (Strom. 2.15) uses 32:8 to show human moral choices are within our power.
See also John Chrysostom (Hom. Act. 2; Hom. Rom. 20); Jerome (Ruf. 3.1; Epist. 51.6; Epist. 146.1); Athanasius (Apol. Const. 17; Ep. Adelph. 2)
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

Ken M. Penner
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Notes on Isaiah 32:9-13

Post by Ken M. Penner » November 2nd, 2011, 10:32 am

193. Weathly women, grieve the coming loss (32:9-13)
9 Γυναῖκες πλούσιαι, ἀνάστητε καὶ ἀκούσατε τῆς φωνῆς μου· θυγατέρες ἐν ἐλπίδι.

Ἀκούσατε λόγους μου. 10 ἡμέρας ἐνιαυτοῦ μνείαν ποιήσασθε ἐν ὀδύνῃ μετʼ ἐλπίδος· ἀνήλωται ὁ τρύγητος, πέπαυται ὁ σπόρος καὶ οὐκέτι μὴ ἔλθῃ. 11 ἔκστητε, λυπήθητε, αἱ πεποιθυῖαι, ἐκδύσασθε, γυμναὶ γένεσθε, περιζώσασθε σάκκους τὰς ὀσφύας ὑμῶν 12 καὶ ἐπὶ τῶν μαστῶν κόπτεσθε ἀπὸ ἀγροῦ ἐπιθυμήματος καὶ ἀμπέλου γενήματος. 13 ἡ γῆ τοῦ λαοῦ μου ἄκανθα καὶ χόρτος ἀναβήσεται, καὶ ἐκ πάσης οἰκίας εὐφροσύνη ἀρθήσεται· πόλις πλουσία,
9
Ἀκούσατε] changed by d to εἰσακούσατε, with B.
λόγους] with B; changed by cb2 to τοὺς λόγους, with Rahlfs, Ziegler.
10
τρύγητος] accented by Swete and Ziegler as τρυγητός
ὁ σπόρος καὶ] with Rahlfs, Ziegler; lacking in B.
11
σάκκους] lacking in B
ὀσφύας ὑμῶν] B has only ὀσφῦς; Rahlfs, Ziegler have only ὀσφύας.
12
13
Reception
Tertullian (Marc. 4.19) says the rich women following Christ were the wealthy ladies prophesied by Isaiah in 32:9-10.
See also Augustine (Confessions 4.16); Jerome (Epist. 69.5).
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

Ken M. Penner
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Notes on Isaiah 32:14-19

Post by Ken M. Penner » November 2nd, 2011, 10:33 am

194. Chermel will be deserted (32:14-19)
14 οἶκοι ἐγκαταλελειμμένοι πλοῦτον πόλεως ἀφήσουσιν. οἴκους ἐπιθυμηματός · καὶ ἔσονται αἱ κῶμαι σπήλαια ἕως τοῦ αἰῶνος, εὐφροσύνη ὄνων ἀγρίων, βοσκήματα ποιμένων, 15 ἕως ἂν ἐπέλθῃ ἐφʼ ἡμᾶς πνεῦμα ἀφʼ ὑψηλοῦ. καὶ ἔσται ἔρημος ὁ Χερμέλ, καὶ ὁ Χερμὲλ εἰς δρυμὸν λογισθήσεται. 16 καὶ ἀναπαύσεται ἐν τῇ ἐρήμῳ κρίμα, καὶ δικαιοσύνη ἐν τῷ Καρμήλῳ κατοικήσει· 17 καὶ ἔσται τὰ ἔργα τῆς δικαιοσύνης εἰρήνη, καὶ κρατήσει ἡ δικαιοσύνη ἀνάπαυσιν, καὶ οἱ πεποιθότες ἕως τοῦ αἰῶνος· 18 καὶ κατοικήσει ὁ λαὸς αὐτοῦ ἐν πόλει εἰρήνης καὶ ἐνοικήσει πεποιθώς, καὶ ἀναπαύσονται μετὰ πλούτου. 19 ἡ δὲ χάλαζα ἐὰν καταβῇ, οὐκ ἐφʼ ὑμᾶς ἥξει. καὶ ἔσονται οἱ ἐνοικοῦντες ἐν τοῖς δρυμοῖς πεποιθότες ἐν τῇ πεδινῇ.
14
ἐγκαταλελειμμένοι] Swete spells it ἐγκαταλελιμμένοι
ἀφήσουσιν. οἴκους ἐπιθυμηματός] Rahlfs and Ziegler have καὶ οἴκους ἐπιθυμητοὺς ἀφήσουσιν
15
ἐπέλθῃ] B has ἔλθῃ
ἡμᾶς] changed by cb3 to ὑμᾶς
16
17
οἱ ] deleted by cb2
18
κατοικήσει] B has οἰκήσει
19
πεποιθότες ] B has πεποιθότες ὡς; Rahlfs, Ziegler have πεποιθότες ὡς οἱ
Reception
See Gregory the Great (Pastor. 3.14).
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

Ken M. Penner
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Notes on Isaiah 32:20-33:1

Post by Ken M. Penner » November 2nd, 2011, 10:34 am

195. Woe to those who distress you (32:20-33:1)
20 Μακάριοι οἱ σπείροντες ἐπὶ πᾶν ὕδωρ, οὗ βοῦς καὶ ὄνος πατεῖ.

33.1 Οὐαὶ τοῖς ταλαιπωροῦσιν ὑμᾶς, ὑμᾶς δὲ γὰρ οὐδεὶς ποιεῖ ταλαιπώρους, καὶ ὁ ἀθετῶν ὑμᾶς οὐκ ἀθετεῖ· ἁλώσονται οἱ ἀθετοῦντες καὶ παραδοθήσονται καὶ ὡς σὴς ἐπὶ ἱματίῳ οὕτως ἡττηθήσονται.
1
γὰρ] lacking
ἐπὶ ἱματίῳ] B (Ziegler) has ἐφʼ ἱματίου; Rahlfs has ἐπὶ ἱματίου
ἡττηθήσονται] B has ἡττήσονται
Reception
Clement of Alexandria (Strom. 6.1) quotes 32:20 to show that the labour is justified.
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

Ken M. Penner
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Isaiah Chapter 32 Translation

Post by Ken M. Penner » November 2nd, 2011, 10:37 am

32.1 For look, a just king will reign, and leaders are leading with judgment. 2 And the person will be hiding his words, and he will be hidden as if from rushing water, and he will appear in Sion like a rushing river, esteemed in a thirsting land. 3 And they will no longer trust in humans, but rather they will lend their ears to listen. 4 And the heart of the weak will try to listen, and the faltering tongues will quickly learn to speak peace.
192. The counsel of the foolish (32:5-8)
5 And they shall no longer tell the foolish person to rule, and your masters shall no longer say, Be quiet! 6 For the fool will speak foolish things, and his heart will think pointless things, to accomplish lawless things and to speak error against Lord, to

scatter hungering souls and to empty the souls that drink. 7 For the counsel of the evil is planning lawless things, to ruin lowly people by unjust words and to scatter lowly people’s words in judgment. 8 But the pious planned intelligent things; and this counsel will remain.

193. Wealthy women, grieve the coming loss (32:9-13)
9 Rise up, wealthy women, and listen to my voice, daughters with hope.

Hear words of mine. 10 Make remembrance of a year’s day, in pain with hope; the harvest has been consumed; the sowing has ceased and it will come no longer. 11 Be astounded; grieve, you confident women; strip; become exposed; gird your loins with sackcloth 12 and strike yourselves on your breasts for longing for a field and a vine’s produce. 13 The land of my people will come up thorns and grass, and happiness, a wealthy city, will be taken away from every house.
194. Chermel will be deserted (32:14-19)
14 Abandoned houses will give up a city’s wealth, houses of desire; and the villages will be caverns for eternity, wild donkeys’ happiness, a feeding place for shepherds, 15 until a spirit comes upon you from on high. And Chermel will be deserted, and Chermel will be considered forest. 16 And fair judgment will repose in the desert, and righteousness will settle in Carmel. 17 And the deeds of righteousness will be peace, and righteousness will grasp rest, they will be trusting for eternity. 18 And people his will settle in a city of peace and they will dwell confidently and they will rest with wealth. 19 And the hail, if it comes down, will not come upon you, and those who dwell in the forests will trust in the plain.

195. Woe to those who distress you (32:20-33:1)

20 Blessed are those who sow upon every water, where ox and donkey tread.
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Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

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