Rev 2:28 antecedent

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Rev 2:28 antecedent

Postby Alan Patterson » September 18th, 2013, 3:37 am

2:28 αυτω, what is its antecedent?


26 και ο νικων και ο τηρων αχρι τελους τα εργα μου δωσω αυτω εξουσιαν επι των εθνων
27 και ποιμανει αυτους εν ραβδω σιδηρα ως τα σκευη τα κεραμικα συντριβεται
28 ως καγω ειληφα [-θα?] παρα του πατρος μου, και δωσω αυτω τον αστερα τον πρωινον
29 ο εχων ους ακουσατω τι το πνευμα λεγει ταις εκκλησιαις
[WH text]

I am wondering what options exist for the antecedent of αυτω in verse 28.
Would the possibilities include πατρος of vs 28 or και ο νικων και ο τηρων of vs 26?
χαρις υμιν και ειρηνη,
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Re: Rev 2:28 antecedent

Postby Jonathan Robie » September 18th, 2013, 10:44 am

I think the antecedent is ὁ νικῶν καὶ ὁ τηρῶν ἄχρι τέλους τὰ ἔργα μου. Let me indent this text ...

Code: Select all
καὶ ὁ νικῶν καὶ ὁ τηρῶν ἄχρι τέλους τὰ ἔργα μου,
    **δώσω αὐτῷ** ἐξουσίαν ἐπὶ τῶν ἐθνῶν,
    **καὶ ποιμανεῖ** αὐτοὺς ἐν ῥάβδῳ σιδηρᾷ ὡς τὰ σκεύη τὰ κεραμικὰ συντρίβεται,
           ὡς κἀγὼ εἴληφα παρὰ τοῦ πατρός μου,
    **καὶ δώσω αὐτῷ** τὸν ἀστέρα τὸν πρωϊνόν.
ἐξίσταντο δὲ πάντες καὶ διηποροῦντο, ἄλλος πρὸς ἄλλον λέγοντες, τί θέλει τοῦτο εἶναι;
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Re: Rev 2:28 antecedent

Postby Barry Hofstetter » September 19th, 2013, 7:29 am

Alan Patterson wrote:2:28 αυτω, what is its antecedent?


26 και ο νικων και ο τηρων αχρι τελους τα εργα μου δωσω αυτω εξουσιαν επι των εθνων
27 και ποιμανει αυτους εν ραβδω σιδηρα ως τα σκευη τα κεραμικα συντριβεται
28 ως καγω ειληφα [-θα?] παρα του πατρος μου, και δωσω αυτω τον αστερα τον πρωινον
29 ο εχων ους ακουσατω τι το πνευμα λεγει ταις εκκλησιαις
[WH text]

I am wondering what options exist for the antecedent of αυτω in verse 28.
Would the possibilities include πατρος of vs 28 or και ο νικων και ο τηρων of vs 26?


In addition to Jonathan's helpful indenting, one has to ask the question "what would it mean if πατρός were the antecedent?" Why would the Son give to the Father authority over the nations? It would also be syntactically unusual (but not impossible) to have a proleptic pronoun so far removed from its antecedent.
N.E. Barry Hofstetter
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Jack M. Barrack Hebrew Academy
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Re: Rev 2:28 antecedent

Postby Stephen Carlson » September 19th, 2013, 8:35 am

Barry Hofstetter wrote:In addition to Jonathan's helpful indenting, one has to ask the question "what would it mean if πατρός were the antecedent?" Why would the Son give to the Father authority over the nations? It would also be syntactically unusual (but not impossible) to have a proleptic pronoun so far removed from its antecedent.

Since he's talking about v.28, I think taking πατρός as the antecedent of αὐτῷ in that verse would mean that the Son will give the Father the morning star.
Stephen C. Carlson, Ph.D. (Duke, New Testament)
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