ARCISUNAGWGOS References

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Ken Litwak
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ARCISUNAGWGOS References

Post by Ken Litwak » July 8th, 2011, 4:23 pm

It appears from BDAG and EDNT that the NT is the only place where ARCISUNAGWGOS,"synagogue leader," occurs. The big LSJ 9th ed. lists two inscriptions as well, one in IGi4, and one in Eu.Marr. I have two questions. First, I found IG in the abbreviations but not Eu.Marr. Can someone please tell me what this is? Second, am I missing something? There are no other known references to this word? That seems odd to me. Thanks.

Ken
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Stephen Carlson
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Re: ARCISUNAGWGOS References

Post by Stephen Carlson » July 8th, 2011, 6:13 pm

Actually, BDAG cites Justin Martyr and other texts for ἀρχισυνάγωγος, plus a reference to Schürer, which I'd recommend consulting.

In the big LSJ, the citation is actually to "Ev.Marc." not "Eu.Marr." (the italics can be confusing). This is, of course, the Gospel According to Mark.

Stephen
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Stephen C. Carlson, Ph.D.
Melbourne, Australia

Louis L Sorenson
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Re: ARCISUNAGWGOS References

Post by Louis L Sorenson » July 8th, 2011, 9:49 pm

TLG has 124 instances of the word ἀρχισυνάγωγος. Most are from the NT, catenae on the NT and church fathers.
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Ken Litwak
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Re: ARCISUNAGWGOS References

Post by Ken Litwak » July 9th, 2011, 3:41 pm

Thanks for the responses. I am really looking for something contemporary with or earlier than the Gospels, which means no later than A.D. 90 (IMHO). Justyn Martyr is not of much help in this case. In what I am working on, it has really struck me the way scholars attach to a word, like this one, functions a, b, and c, when that' snot evident from any extant citations.

Ken
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Tony Pope
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Re: ARCISUNAGWGOS References

Post by Tony Pope » July 14th, 2011, 6:33 pm

The article A LEXICON OF THE NEW TESTAMENT WITH DOCUMENTARY PARALLELS: SOME INTERIM ENTRIES, 1 by G. H. R. HORSLEY and JOHN A. L. LEE in Filología Neotestamentaria 10 (1997) 55-84 has 7 documentary examples of this word on pp. 66-68, some of which are c.1. Unfortunately it's no longer on-line at bsw.org.

They give the following definition: "Title of the leader of various kinds of voluntary association, both religious and secular (e.g. a trade guild). In the Jewish context (from which most of the examples come) the person who presides over and regulates the synagogue service. The position implies benefaction towards the group. In the NT used exclusively in relation to Jewish synagogue communities."
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