I'm new to this, but let me try to interpret that.
In Mark 15:47, Levinsohn sees ἡ μαρία ἡ μαγδαληνὴ καὶ μαρία ἡ ἰωσῆτος
as a referential point of departure. In the key, we see this described as "pre-verbal topical subject or other referential point of departure".
Let's look at the relevant parts of his key:
Koiné Greek is of the VS/VO language type (NARR §0.3). Many variations in constituent order can be explained by reference to Simon Dik’s P1 P2 V X template (1989:363), where:
- P1 can be occupied by a pre-verbal topical subject and/or other points of departure;
- P2 can be occupied by a FOCUS constituent, to give it prominence (NARR §4.2.3).
Constituents in P1 are underlined and marked with one of the following labels:
- Top―pre-verbal topical subject or other referential point of departure (NARR §3.1, NonNarr
§4.3, DFNTG §§2.2, 2.8; as in 1 Th 1:6).
- Sit―situational point of departure (e.g. temporal, spatial, conditional―ibid.; as in 1 Th 3:4).
- Art―articular pronoun, which often introduces an ‘intermediate step’ in a reported conversation
(NARR §7.5, DFNTG §13.1; as in Mt 26:15)
Constituents in P2 to give them focal prominence (NonNarr §5.2, DFNTG §3.6) are enclosed in a
solid red box (e.g. 1 Th 2:5).
So Levinsohn says ἡ μαρία ἡ μαγδαληνὴ καὶ μαρία ἡ ἰωσῆτος
is a referential point of departure, which means he assigns it to P1 and treats it as a subject.
Now let's look at Mark 16:1. Here, Levinsohn treats Μαρία ἡ Μαγδαληνὴ καὶ Μαρία ἡ τοῦ Ἰακώβου καὶ Σαλώμη
as a pre-verbal referential point of departure. He also treats the first part of this, Μαρία ἡ Μαγδαληνὴ καὶ Μαρία ἡ τοῦ Ἰακώβου
as over-encoded, repeating something when you don't have to. I'm confused by this part - in verse 15:47, the reference is to μαρία ἡ ἰωσῆτος, in verse 16:1, the reference is to Μαρία ἡ τοῦ Ἰακώβου. So is this really overencoded?
And I'm really not sure how to interpret the three ways this particular Mary is described in 15:40, 15:47, and 16:1:
- 15:40 Ἦσαν δὲ καὶ γυναῖκες ἀπὸ μακρόθεν θεωροῦσαι, ἐν αἷς καὶ Μαρία ἡ Μαγδαληνὴ καὶ Μαρία ἡ Ἰακώβου τοῦ μικροῦ καὶ Ἰωσῆτος μήτηρ καὶ Σαλώμη
- 15:47 ἡ δὲ Μαρία ἡ Μαγδαληνὴ καὶ Μαρία ἡ Ἰωσῆτος ἐθεώρουν ποῦ τέθειται.
- 16:1 Καὶ διαγενομένου τοῦ σαββάτου Μαρία ἡ Μαγδαληνὴ καὶ Μαρία ἡ τοῦ Ἰακώβου καὶ Σαλώμη ἠγόρασαν ἀρώματα ἵνα ἐλθοῦσαι ἀλείψωσιν αὐτόν.
Why is she identified first by two of her sons, then once by one of them, and once by the other? And is this really overencoded when it identifies the same woman by one of her sons, then by the other?
To what degree am I accurately following Levinsohn here? Does Runge say anything particularly different here that I should be aware of?
ἐξίσταντο δὲ πάντες καὶ διηποροῦντο, ἄλλος πρὸς ἄλλον λέγοντες, τί θέλει τοῦτο εἶναι;