Stephen Carlson wrote: ↑
February 15th, 2018, 5:30 am
Kinman 1997:349 wrote: Within the Pauline corpus, we may note that the imperative is the final element in the sentence at Romans 12:14; 1 Corinthians 4:16; 7:21; 10:31; 11:33; 14:20; 16:1,13; Galatians 5:1; Ephesians 5:11; Philippians 4:4; Colossians 3:15; 1 Thessalonians 5:22; 1 Timothy 4:11; 5:22; 6:2; and Philemon 18.
I suppose we look for patterns in what kinds of elements (topics, focus, etc.) precede the imperative and compare them to 1 Cor 6:4.
Although some of these references are irrelevant in that there is no other position the imperative could have been placed in, others are comparable. Anyway Kinman explains in his next paragraph that on the imperative hypothesis the verb comes after its object when the object is in focus (he calls it emphasis), and he illustrates this from Phil 4.8 (which he had not included in his list above). As in 1 Cor 6.4, Phil 4.8 uses a resumptive demonstrative:
ὅσα ἐστὶν ἀληθῆ, ὅσα σεμνά, ὅσα δίκαια, ὅσα ἁγνά, ὅσα προσφιλῆ, ὅσα εὔφημα, εἴ τις ἀρετὴ καὶ εἴ τις ἔπαινος, ταῦτα
It seems to me the following instances from Kinman's list where the imperative is the final element also follow a focused element
1 Cor 4.16 μιμηταί μου
1 Cor 10.31 εἴτε οὖν ἐσθίετε, εἴτε πίνετε, εἴτε τι ποιεῖτε, πάντα
εἰς δόξαν θεοῦ ποιεῖτε
1 Cor 11.33 ἀλλήλους
1 Cor 14.20 μὴ παιδία
γίνεσθε ταῖς φρεσὶν ἀλλὰ τῇ κακίᾳ
νηπιάζετε, ταῖς δὲ φρεσὶν τέλειοι
Gal 5.1 μὴ πάλιν ζυγῷ δουλείας
Col 3.15 καὶ εὐχάριστοι
1 Thess 5.22 ἀπὸ παντὸς εἴδους πονηροῦ
1 Tim 5.22 χεῖρας ταχέως μηδενὶ
ἐπιτίθει, μηδὲ κοινώνει ἁμαρτίαις ἀλλοτρίαις· σεαυτὸν ἁγνὸν
Philemon 18 εἰ δέ τι ἠδίκησέ σε ἢ ὀφείλει, τοῦτο ἐμοὶ
So I don't think the argument that the imperative in final position in the clause is odd holds up at all.
On a different point, καθίζω in a forensic context is attested in the sense "appoint (someone) as a judge" (see below), but I would like to have clear evidence that it can mean "take a case (to someone) to judge", as seems to be required on the common view that Paul reprimands the Corinthians for taking cases to the civil courts.
Polybius 38.18.3 εἰς δὲ τὴν ἐπαύριον καθίσαντες δικαστὰς τοῦ μὲν Σωσικράτους κατεδίκασαν
θάνατον [On the following day they appointed a tribunal and condemned Sosicrates to death]
Josephus Ant 20.200 ὁ Ἄνανος ... καθίζει συνέδριον κριτῶν [(The high priest) Ananus ... assembled the sanhedrim of judges].
Philostratus Her. 720 [§35.11] καὶ γὰρ τῶν Ἀχαιῶν ἀφεῖλε τὴν ἄδικον κρίσιν καὶ δικαστὰς ἐκάθισεν,
οὓς εἰκὸς ἦν καταψηφίσασθαι τοῦ Αἴαντος [Indeed, he took away from the Achaeans the unjust decision and
appointed judges who were likely to condemn Ajax]
Fee claims that the sense "to sit as judge" gets around this difficulty and cites
Josephus Ant 13.75 παρεκάλεσάν τε σὺν τοῖς φίλοις καθίσαντα τὸν βασιλέα τοὺς περὶ τούτων ἀκοῦσαι λόγους
[They desired therefore the king to sit with his friends, and hear the debates about these matters]
but Fee doesn't explain how this intransitive use is any help in 1 Cor 6.4.
Parry https://archive.org/stream/TheFirstEpis ... 1/mode/2up
claims that the use in Galen (cited by Wettstein) is relevant. Is there someone with time who can verify whether "appeal to (someone) as judge" is a fair reading in those contexts? Field (in a footnote) cites the first of these in support of the attested sense "appoint as judge". https://archive.org/stream/notesontrans ... 0/mode/2up
Galen Meth Med 1.2 μὴ τοὺς ὁμοτέχνους τῷ πατρί σου κριτὰς καθίσῃς ἰατρῶν, τολμηρότατε Θεσσαλέ ...
καὶ καθίζεις μὲν ἐν ταῖς ληρώδεσί σου βίβλοις δικαστὰς τοὺς Ἕλληνας ... ὥστ’ εἴπερ οἱ ἐκ τοῦ περιπάτου κριταὶ καθίσαιεν
http://cts.dh.uni-leipzig.de/text/urn:c ... assage/1.2
1.3 ἐπεὶ δὲ πάντας ἀνθρώπους καθίζει δικαστὰς
http://cts.dh.uni-leipzig.de/text/urn:c ... assage/1.3