Jonah 2:1 προσέταξεν, 2:11 προσετάγη

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Jonathan Robie
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Jonah 2:1 προσέταξεν, 2:11 προσετάγη

Post by Jonathan Robie » September 17th, 2012, 10:25 am

I was surprised to see προσέταξεν and προσετάγη both used in Jonah 2. I would have expected a given author to use either the first aorist or the second aorist, but generally not both, especially in the same chapter.

How common is this? I assume the author does not intend any distinction in meaning?
ἐξίσταντο δὲ πάντες καὶ διηποροῦντο, ἄλλος πρὸς ἄλλον λέγοντες, τί θέλει τοῦτο εἶναι;
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Ken M. Penner
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Re: Jonah 2:1 προσέταξεν, 2:11 προσετάγη

Post by Ken M. Penner » September 17th, 2012, 11:24 am

I'm not sure from your comment whether you are reading προσετάγη as active or passive.
It is an aorist passive. The label "second" aorist passive just means this verb doesn't use the theta in its sixth principal part. Whether the aorist active uses the sigma ("first") or thematic vowel ("second") is entirely unrelated.
Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University

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