Supplemental Lexicon of the Septuagint

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Re: Supplemental Lexicon of the Septuagint

Postby Mark Lightman » March 3rd, 2012, 3:04 am

As best as I can tell, neither BDAG, LSJ, nor LEH give this meaning.


Hi Eric,

LSJ under III in the section from which you started to quote goes on to say: “ freq. with εὖ and κακῶς, κακῶς ἀ. ὑπὸ τινος to be ill spoken of by one.

A similar idiom occurs in Homer with the verb κλύω.
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Re: Supplemental Lexicon of the Septuagint

Postby Eric S. Weiss » March 3rd, 2012, 1:57 pm

Mark Lightman wrote:
As best as I can tell, neither BDAG, LSJ, nor LEH give this meaning.


Hi Eric,

LSJ under III in the section from which you started to quote goes on to say: “ freq. with εὖ and κακῶς, κακῶς ἀ. ὑπὸ τινος to be ill spoken of by one.

A similar idiom occurs in Homer with the verb κλύω.


Ah, I now see that. I quickly skimmed LSJ to grab the main definitions. It appears that Chamberlain points out something here that LEH missed, then (though LSJ had it).
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Re: Supplemental Lexicon of the Septuagint

Postby Mark House » March 4th, 2012, 3:25 pm

Chamberlain’s supplemental lexicon was devised to fill the gap between LSJ and BDAG, since both resources have inadequate coverage of LXX vocabulary and word usage. It was specifically designed to build on BDAG, supplementing its numbering system where there is coverage in both lexicons. (An index shows which words are covered only in BDAG, only in Chamberlain, or in both.) So in Chamberlain you might have a word gloss numbered as 3, and to find definitions 1 and 2 you would have to consult BDAG specifically. However, since most NT lexicons will have similar coverage in terms of word meanings (without the depth of BDAG), Chamberlain can serve as a useful “gap-filling” supplement to any NT lexicon. The lower price obviously makes it an attractive alternative to the full LXX lexicons.

Chamberlain should not be considered as an abridged LEH. The author did, of course, consult LEH as he did his original work, but he operates under a different translational philosophy and often offers word meanings that differ somewhat from or are not covered in LEH. There is also a number of LXX variants covered in Chamberlain that have no coverage at all in the Rahlfs-based LEH. So it should be considered a valuable lexicon in its own right.

A good example of Chamberlain’s gap-filling potential can be seen in his entry for αἰχμαλωσία:

αἰχμαλωσία 1.b. (Babylonian) exile Ps 95:1; (Assyrian) Tob 1:3S. 2.b. community of exiles 2 Esdr 5:5; Ps 125:1; Is 1:27; Ezk 1:1; 3:11; of returned exiles 1 Esdr 5:67; 6:5ff; of exiles from another land (Elam) Jer 25:19; (Egypt) Ezk 29:14.‡

LSJ offers the glosses “captive” and “body of captives,” with two LXX citations. LEH has exactly the same glosses as LSJ, with an added gloss—“a band of prisoners,” with several LXX citations and a number of Hebrew equivalents.

Similarly, BDAG has “captive” and “prisoner of war,” with several LXX citations. Chamberlain alone includes the notion of exile, which seems prominent in many LXX contexts.

In full disclosure, I edited the book for Hendrickson Publishers, so my description, while I hope it is not shameless, may nonetheless have elements that sound like something of a “plug.”
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Re: Supplemental Lexicon of the Septuagint

Postby Ken M. Penner » July 12th, 2012, 6:36 am

Peter Burton's RBL review is now available at http://www.bookreviews.org/bookdetail.asp?TitleId=8298
Ken M. Penner
St. Francis Xavier University
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Re: Supplemental Lexicon of the Septuagint

Postby Mark House » July 12th, 2012, 9:26 am

Peter Burton has reviewed Chamberlain's lexicon for RBL:

http://www.bookreviews.org/pdf/8298_9076.pdf
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