S Walch wrote:I was looking at the Septuagint's rendition of Leviticus 23:11: καὶ ἀνοίσει τὸ δράγμα ἔναντι κυρίου δεκτὸν ὑμῖν, τῇ ἐπαύριον τῆς πρώτης ἀνοίσει αὐτὸ ὁ ἱερεύς - and just couldn't quite fathom as to what πρώτης could be referring to.
Brenton translates it as "first [day]", but I just don't quite see how it can be referring to a "first day", and then, it still doesn't answer the question of exactly what "first day" is being referred to.
I couldn't see anything in the Greek surrounding v11 that could possibly give a clear indication as to what πρώτης is being used to refer to.
Cross checking this with the Hebrew, τῆς πρώτης is translating the Hebrew הַשַּׁבָּת "the Sabbath". Are there any other examples in the LXX of where τῆς πρώτης is translating the underlying Hebrew שַּׁבָּת?
Dirk Büchner wrote:11 And he shall raise up the sheaf before the Lord, acceptable for you; on the day after the first the priest shall raise it up.
George F Somsel wrote:11 ἀνοίσει 1°] αναφερει 85′mg-321′mg; ανθισει 318 | τὸ δράγμα 931] το δραχμα M′ 82 85*(vid)-346* 392 55*; τα δραγματα 376 134 AethM; τα δωρα x-509; om τό oI | ἔναντι κυρίου] -τιον κ̅υ̅ 52′ 130mg-321′c-344mg 319; ενωπιον κ̅υ̅ 376; > 318; post ὑμῖν tr 121 | ὑμῖν] ημιν 730; > oI-15 | τῇ ἐπαύριον] pr offeretis id Sa3; pr και 15 130mg-321′mg -344mg y-121 Aeth Arm; > 53′ | ἐπαύριον] sup ras 129 | πρώτης] + των σαββατων 29 68′ 319 AethCRa | ἀνοίσει 2°] pr και 16; bis scr 129 | αὐτό] αυτω 376-707 53′-246*; αυτον V; αυτα A B* n-767 121* 319; > AethMPR
RandallButh wrote:I wonder if the substitution of ημερης for σαββατου is related to the controversy of the counting of the `omer? Some interpreted shabbat to refer to the 15th of Nisan, others to the normal shabbat of the week in which the 15th of Nisan fell. 'the first' might be a midrashic appositive that refers to the first day of the week, Sunday, in order to explicitly avoid the other reading. The genitive may appear strange for an appositive to a dative, but the dative and accusative would be problematic, too, and would not have made Sunday as explicit.
S Walch wrote:Excellent. Thanks for that Mr. Somsel. Could I ask where you got this from?
S Walch wrote:It appears that της πρωτης hasn't been added in any manuscript to Leviticus 23:15, therefore, in my opinion, demonstrating that the scribes of 29, 68′, 319, & AethCRa either had access to Septuagint manuscripts that had της πρωτης των σαββατων in them, or had access to a Hebrew original and so added in των σαββατων accordingly.
I'm thinking that the scribe of Vaticanus, or its exemplar, accidentally omitted των σαββατων from Leviticus 23:11.
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