I'm sorry, I never got around to getting back to this!! Self-confidence is often a mirage on the horizpn (about to strafe you), that leaves you surprised later.
Lysias 24.18 wrote:καὶ τοῖς μὲν ἰσχυροῖς ἐγχωρεῖ μηδὲν αὐτοῖς πάσχουσιν, οὓς ἂν βουληθῶσιν, ὑβρίζειν, τοῖς δὲ ἀσθενέσιν οὐκ ἔστιν οὔτε ὑβριζομένοις ἀμύνεσθαι τοὺς ὑπάρξαντας οὔτε ὑβρίζειν βουλομένοις περιγίγνεσθαι τῶν ἀδικουμένων. ὥστε μοι δοκεῖ ὁ κατήγορος εἰπεῖν περὶ τῆς ἐμῆς ὕβρεως οὐ σπουδάζων, ἀλλὰ παίζων, οὐδ᾽ ὑμᾶς πεῖσαι βουλόμενος ὡς εἰμὶ τοιοῦτος, ἀλλ᾽ ἐμὲ κωμῳδεῖν βουλόμενος, ὥσπερ τι καλὸν ποιῶν.
Wes Wood wrote:And to the ones who are strong nothing is permissible to those who are receiving benefits, but they [, themselves,] may commit outrage against whomever they wish. But to the ones who are weak it is not [permissible] neither to defend themselves from the injuries they have incurred nor to be insolent to the ones who wish to prevail against the ones who have been wronged [either themselves or others?]. Therefore it seems to me, [my] accuser is not speaking earnestly about my offenses, but he is joking. And he is not wanting to persuade you that I am like this, but he is wanting to satirize [is this the correct sense?] me. And he is doing a good job."
And to the ones who are strong nothing is permissible to those who are receiving benefits, but they [, themselves,]
I can't quite see how you got this. I can't find the origins of "receive benefits". Perhaps they were in the moving shadow of the 2am moonshine, when time, space and language blend and interchange. πάσχουσιν is a participle of attendant circumstance (if my memory for terms hasn't failed me). The hint (τοῖς ... ἰσχυροῖς ... πάσχουσιν - these three datives go together with ἐγχωρεῖ), suggests that αὐτοῖς goes with πάσχουσιν. "the strong, without any harm coming to themselves". I realise it is perhaps not so good to translate as "harmful", when we have βλαβερός (opp. ὠφέλιμος according to LSJ) (as the first word springing to mind for "harmful"), but "suffering in themselves" sounds like remorse, but I think the Greek is referring to something like "suffer no ill-effects to their person or property (from the law or otherwise)"
ὑβριζομένοι - when they are being injured
τοὺς ὑπάρξαντας - is a phrase that I struggle with more than any other in this speech. It obviously denotes some people either in a group or severally, and it derives from the verb ὑπάρχω. Beyond that my logical deduction is that since ἀμύνεσθαι is a verb to defend, it is likely that the ones who someone defends against are the attackers, and ὑπάρχω means to begin something, then I take the meaning in context to be, "those who instigate attacks against them", something like the 1+1=4.
τοῖς δὲ ἀσθενέσιν οὐκ ἔστιν [οὔτε ...] οὔτε ὑβρίζειν βουλομένοις περιγίγνεσθαι τῶν ἀδικουμένων
nor to be insolent to the ones who wish to prevail against the ones who have been wronged [either themselves or others?
Taking the small structure (phrase view) the βουλομένοις seems to indicate a new group of people, but seen within the wider context, it actually refers to the τοῖς δὲ ἀσθενέσιν as well.
"satirize" - I'm not sure what you are asking about ... the Satyrs were thought to be lustful drunken forest-dwelling lesser deities, who possessed large-scale priapic endowment. I think it is something like, make me look like a buffoon in your eyes here on this "stage".
And he is doing a good job - ὥσπερ τι καλὸν ποιῶν - How did "ὥσπερ τι" become "and"? ὥσπερ is "like as if".
I think this participle refers to the plaintiff at the time of the plaintiff's speaking, not at the time of the disabled person's speaking.
I take it with an understood μοι - "as if he is trying to do me a favour", "and he makes it look like it helps me". To take it as an absolute (without μοι), then we could look at the New Testament word καλοποιέω
2 Thessalonians 3:13 wrote:Ὑμεῖς δέ, ἀδελφοί, μὴ ἐκκακήσητε καλοποιοῦντες.
As if he is doing a good deed....