Is ἀνέῳξεν τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς Jewish Greek?

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Stirling Bartholomew
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Re: Is ἀνέῳξεν τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς Jewish Greek?

Post by Stirling Bartholomew » July 20th, 2015, 1:58 pm

Stephen Hughes wrote:Are any of those secular authours able to be taken in a sense other than literal?

That is close to what I am looking for. Plato's use isn't a metaphor suggesting cognitive changes, "becoming able to see something because of a change of perspective." My question is about the use of (ἀνοίγω; διανοίγω) ἀνέῳξεν τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς for becoming able to see something from a previous state of not being able to see something. That seems to be an Old Testament idiom.

Gen. 3:5 ᾔδει γὰρ ὁ θεὸς ὅτι ἐν ᾗ ἂν ἡμέρᾳ φάγητε ἀπ᾿ αὐτοῦ, διανοιχθήσονται ὑμῶν οἱ ὀφθαλμοί, καὶ ἔσεσθε ὡς θεοὶ γινώσκοντες καλὸν καὶ πονηρόν.
Luke 24:31 αὐτῶν δὲ διηνοίχθησαν οἱ ὀφθαλμοὶ καὶ ἐπέγνωσαν αὐτόν

There are some who think that Luke is alluding to Gen 3:5. I'm not convinced.

“AND THEIR EYES WERE OPENED, AND THEY KNEW”:
AN INTER-CANONICAL NOTE ON LUKE 24:31
dane c. ortlund*
http://www.etsjets.org/files/JETS-PDFs/ ... rtlund.pdf
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C. Stirling Bartholomew

cwconrad
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Re: Is ἀνέῳξεν τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς Jewish Greek?

Post by cwconrad » July 21st, 2015, 7:43 am

Stirling Bartholomew wrote:
Stephen Hughes wrote:Are any of those secular authours able to be taken in a sense other than literal?
That is close to what I am looking for. Plato's use isn't a metaphor suggesting cognitive changes, "becoming able to see something because of a change of perspective." My question is about the use of (ἀνοίγω; διανοίγω) ἀνέῳξεν τοὺς ὀφθαλμούς for becoming able to see something from a previous state of not being able to see something. That seems to be an Old Testament idiom.

Gen. 3:5 ᾔδει γὰρ ὁ θεὸς ὅτι ἐν ᾗ ἂν ἡμέρᾳ φάγητε ἀπ᾿ αὐτοῦ, διανοιχθήσονται ὑμῶν οἱ ὀφθαλμοί, καὶ ἔσεσθε ὡς θεοὶ γινώσκοντες καλὸν καὶ πονηρόν.
Luke 24:31 αὐτῶν δὲ διηνοίχθησαν οἱ ὀφθαλμοὶ καὶ ἐπέγνωσαν αὐτόν

There are some who think that Luke is alluding to Gen 3:5. I'm not convinced.

“AND THEIR EYES WERE OPENED, AND THEY KNEW”:
AN INTER-CANONICAL NOTE ON LUKE 24:31
dane c. ortlund*
http://www.etsjets.org/files/JETS-PDFs/ ... rtlund.pdf
Oh! Now I see the point! This "passive" form διανοιχθῆναι needs to be understood as an intransitive verb, in my opinion: it's an internal (subject-affected) process: one opens one's eyes and a whole new world swims into view (Miranda: "Oh brave new world ... !"). I think that this is different from a transitive passive sense, although it may be understood either as a middle or as a spontaneous internal process. It may very well follow upon the ingestion of some special fruit -- like that of the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil or at some point at which time and eternity mesh.
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οὔτοι ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς πάντα θεοὶ θνητοῖς ὑπέδειξαν,
ἀλλὰ χρόνῳ ζητέοντες ἐφευρίσκουσιν ἄμεινον. (Xenophanes, Fragment 16)

Carl W. Conrad
Department of Classics, Washington University (Retired)

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