R. Perkins wrote:Thank you for the response. This is just as I suspected.
Next, Mounce states that relative pronouns always match their antecedent in number & gender, but I am having a hard time in I Tim. 3.16 with the relative pronoun "hos" or "Theos" in finding its matching antecedent viz gender & number. It seems to me that the antecedent would be "mystery," but neither Greek relative pronoun "hos" or the noun "Theos" aligns with "mystery" (I realize there's a textual variant here)?
I am probably looking pretty elementary about right now !
Thank you much.
timothy_p_mcmahon wrote:Can ος be used without an antecedent, in the sense of "he who..." or "the one who..."?
I know that's usually done in Greek with a participle, but I've seen it done with οστις, and I'm wondering if the same is true with ος.
Apparent violation of the concords is to be explained either by
a. Construction according to sense, where the agreement is with the real gender or number (e.g. 949 a, 950–953, 958, 996, 997, 1013, 1044, 1050, 1055 a, 1058 or by
b. Attraction, when a word does not have its natural construction because of the influence of some other word or words in its clause (e.g. 1060 ff., 1239, 1978, 2465, 2502, 2522 ff.). This principle extends to moods and tenses (2183 ff.).
§979. Agreement in number between the appositive and its noun is unnecessary and often impossible: Θῆβαι, πόλις ἀστυγείτων Thebes, a neighbouring city Aes. 3. 133. So with δῶρα in poetry: γάμος, χρῡσῆς Ἀφροδῑ́της δῶρα, marriage, gift of golden Aphrodite Theognis 1293.
ed krentz wrote:Here we have a case where grammatical analysis will not give any help, in my opinion. The only satisfying solution is to conclude that 1 Tim 3:16 is a citation of an earlier formed hymnic or creedal passage. That would account for the masculine relative pronoun.
This solution was proposed by Eduard Norden in AGNOSTOS THEOS in 1912. Once in a while one must recognize that there is no linguistic or grammatical solution to a problem!
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