Barry Hofstetter wrote: ↑
March 13th, 2019, 5:39 pm
Bill Ross wrote: ↑
March 13th, 2019, 1:52 pm
Barry Hofstetter wrote: ↑
March 13th, 2019, 12:33 pm
It's Eph 2:2...
The two prepositional phrases are coordinate, and not in apposition.
By that I think you mean this:
"The Philippians' behavior is according to τὸν αἰῶνα which coordinates with τὸν ἄρχοντα τῆς ἐξουσίας τοῦ ἀέρος τοῦ πνεύματος."
So are τὸν αἰῶνα and τὸν ἄρχοντα different entities that cooperate?
Bill, do the lexical work on the vocabulary items. While I vaguely recall that in Gnosticism αἰών can refer to a celestial being of some sort, it's most likely that the writer is using it in the more usual sense of "age" and referring to the current world system, particularly with τοῦ κόσμου. ἄρχων in this context almost certainly refers to Satan, note that it's in apposition to τοῦ πνεύματος (which is genitive by way of attraction).
Are you presuming a comma before τοῦ πνεύματος? Wouldn't it just be "the air of the breath/spirit" that is animating the disobedient? Working from the vocabulary:
AION: BDAG lists this in the category of a person:
...④ the Aeon as a person, the Aeon (Rtzst., Erlösungsmyst. 268 index under Aion, Taufe 391 index; Epict. 2, 5, 13 οὐ γάρ εἰμι αἰών, ἀλλʼ ἄνθρωπος=I am not a being that lasts forever, but a human being [and therefore I know that whatever is must pass away]; Mesomedes 1, 17=Coll. Alex. p. 197, 17; Simplicius in Epict. p. 81, 15 οἱ αἰῶνες beside the μήτηρ τῆς ζωῆς and the δημιουργός; En 9:4 κύριος τ. κυρίων καὶ θεὸς τ. θεῶν κ. βασιλεὺς τ. αἰώνων; PGM 4, 520; 1169; 2198; 2314; 3168; 5, 468; AcPh 132 [Aa II/2, 63, 5]; Kephal. I p. 24, 6; 45, 7) ὁ αἰ. τοῦ κόσμου τούτου Eph 2:2. The secret hidden from the Aeons Col 1:26; Eph 3:9 (Rtzst., Erlösungsmyst. 235f); IEph 19:2 (Rtzst. 86, 3); cp. 8:1 (Rtzst. 236, 2). Various other meanings have been suggested for these passages.—CLackeit, Aion I, diss. Königsbg. 1916; EBurton, ICC Gal 1921, 426–32; HJunker, Iran. Quellen d. hellenist. Aionvorstellung: Vortr. d. Bibl. Warburg I 1923, 125ff; ENorden, D. Geburt des Kindes 1924; MZepf, D. Gott Αιων in d. hellenist. Theologie: ARW 25, 1927, 225–44; ANock, HTR 27, 1934, 78–99=Essays I, ’72, 377–96; RLöwe, Kosmos u. Aion ’35; EOwen, αἰών and αἰώνιος: JTS 37, ’36, 265–83; 390–404; EJenni, Das Wort ʿōlām im AT: ZAW 64, ’52, 197–248; 65, ’53, 1–35; KDeichgräber, RGG I3 193–95; HSasse, RAC I 193–204; MNilsson, Die Rel. in den gr. Zauberpapyri, K. humanist. Vetenskapssamfundets Lund II ’47/48, 81f; GJennings, A Survey of αιων and αιωνιος and their meaning in the NT, ’48; GStadtmüller, Aion: Saeculum 2, ’51, 315–20 (lit.); EDegani, ΑΙΩΝ da Omero ad Aristotele ’61 (s. Classen, Gnomon 34, ’62, 366–70; D.’s reply in RivFil 91, ’63, 104–10); MTreu, Griech. Ewigkeitswörter, Glotta 43, ’65, 1–24; JBarr, Biblical Words for Time2 ’69; OCullman, Christus u. die Zeit3 ’62.—B. 13. EDNT. DDD s.v. Aion. DELG. M-M. TW. Sv.
Arndt, W., Danker, F. W., Bauer, W., & Gingrich, F. W. (2000). A Greek-English lexicon of the New Testament and other early Christian literature (3rd ed., p. 33). Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
If it isn't in apposition then is this a different spirit?
"ruler": IE: an individual
"authority": or "power"
"air": IE: mostly nitrogen
"breath/spirit": Seems like either works since they are essentially synonyms
"manifesting": Usually used for mighty works of supernatural power
How is a comma being implied?
Note: I am investigating Paul's concept of "Satan". Does he think him to have an unholy spirit/breath ala the holy spirit/breath of God that while not omnipresent is capable of indwelling, animating and empowering for mighty works those devoid of God's holy breath/spirit. As here:
[1 Corinthians 2:12 KJV]
Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.
[1 John 4:1 KJV]
Beloved, believe not every spirit, but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world.
[1 John 4:3 KJV]
And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist, whereof ye have heard that it should come; and even now already is it in the world.
Might Paul be alluding to the AION of myth to color his description of the operation of the Satan? I'm still trying to figure this all out.
What I lack in youth I make up for in immaturity.