Mark 14.22 - Minor punctuation matter

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MGV Hoffman
Posts: 8
Joined: December 29th, 2011, 1:28 am

Mark 14.22 - Minor punctuation matter

Post by MGV Hoffman » February 13th, 2018, 1:50 pm

Mark 14.22 in the NA28 reads, with punctuation provided:
λάβετε, τοῦτό ἐστιν τὸ σῶμά μου. > Take, this is my body.
I.e., it takes τοῦτό as the nominative subject of ἐστιν. I was wondering, however, if it couldn't rather be taken as the accusative object of λάβετε. Thus I would read:
λάβετε τοῦτό. ἐστιν τὸ σῶμά μου. > Take this. It is my body.

It's not a significant difference, but, interestingly, look at what Matthew and Luke do.
Matthew 26.26: λάβετε φάγετε, τοῦτό ἐστιν τὸ σῶμά μου. > Take, eat, this is my body.
Clearly Matthew is reading τοῦτό as the nominative subject of ἐστιν.
But Luke 22.17 (which is not the exact parallel) reads:
λάβετε τοῦτο καὶ διαμερίσατε εἰς ἑαυτούς· > Take this and divide it among yourselves.
Here Luke is reading τοῦτό as the accusative object of λάβετε.
So, in Mark 14.22, would there be a preference to read it one way or the other?

After further review...
I'm guessing Mark was probably intending, "Take. This is my body...," since in 14.24 he writes:
τοῦτό ἐστιν τὸ αἷμά μου τῆς διαθήκης ... > This is my blood of the testament... Here is clear that τοῦτό is the subject and v22 and 24 are likely to be read in parallel.

Hmm... so I guess I'm answering my own question, but it interesting nonetheless how Matthew and Luke read.

Barry Hofstetter
Posts: 1142
Joined: May 6th, 2011, 1:48 pm

Re: Mark 14.22 - Minor punctuation matter

Post by Barry Hofstetter » February 13th, 2018, 3:03 pm

More than likely, "take this" would have been λάβετε τοῦτον since ἄρτος is masculine.
N.E. Barry Hofstetter
Instructor of Latin
Jack M. Barrack Hebrew Academy
ἐγὼ δὲ διδάσκω τε καὶ γράφω ἵνα τὰ ἀξιώτερα μανθάνω

MGV Hoffman
Posts: 8
Joined: December 29th, 2011, 1:28 am

Re: Mark 14.22 - Minor punctuation matter

Post by MGV Hoffman » February 13th, 2018, 3:34 pm

And that makes even more sense! Thanks!
(And the τοῦτό in Luke 22.17 refers to the neuter ποτηριον.)

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