See the Introduction for availability of these histories.
Office of the Secretary of the Navy
- Executive Office of the Secretary of the Navy, "Civilian Personnel." 3 vols. Washington, n.d. 1,630 pp., appendices.
The two narrative volumes of this history discuss the Navy's employment of civilian manpower from 1940 to 1945. Several aspects of the program are examined, including its organization and extent. Efforts to resolve the numerous problems involved in the procurement, training, and assignment of the large number of new employees resulting from rapid wartime expansion, also are treated at length. Major emphasis is devoted to utilization of civilians at shore establishments in the United States, although one chapter considers the placement of these workers at offshore bases. The extensive volume of appendices contains such source materials as organization charts, letters, memoranda, and reports.
Most of this history was written by Captain Samuel H. Ordway, Jr., USNR, who also performed the duties of overall editor. Other sections were drafted by Lieutenants James C. George, USNR, and Daniel R. Howe, USNR; Commanders Frank Cushman, USNR, and H. Lee White, USNR; and Captain John Craig, USNR.
- Executive Office of the Secretary of the Navy, "Office of Procurement and Material: Industrial Mobilization." 2 vols. Washington. n.d.
This volume is a series of thirty-eight memoranda and accompanying documents that provide brief summaries of various aspects of the Navy's role in the wartime mobilization of industrial production. The first few memoranda concern the relationship of the Navy to the functions of the War Production Board. The remaining memoranda discuss the Navy's involvement in obtaining essential raw materials, including carbon, copper, and rubber, as well as the procurement of a myriad of finished products. Attached charts, graphs, and orders furnish supplementary data.
- Executive Office of the Secretary of the Navy, "Office of Procurement and Material: Planning and Statistics Branch." 4 vols. Washington, 1945. Appendices.
Following an explanation of its origins and organization, the branch's activities from establishment in early 1942 until dissolution in February 1945 are detailed. Among those activities were the development of centralized and uniform accounting systems; the establishment of controls over procurement schedules, raw materials, and inventories; and the analysis of the status and progress of such programs. A length discussion is devoted to the branch's assistance to the Navy Department's bureaus, the Marine Corps, and the Coast Guard in developing similar programs. Its role as the central issuing authority for statistical information to the War Production board and other agencies also is examined.
Three appendices are mentioned in the table of contents of the narrative volume, However, only Appendix B is included. It appears in three volumes and comprises important memoranda, letters, directives, and reports on procurement and material programs.
- Executive Office of the Secretary of the Navy, "Office of Procurement and Material: Production Branch." 4 vols. Washington, 1945, 199 pp.
Derived from an earlier analysis of the Production Branch's wartime activities, this study covers the period from 31 January 1942 to 31 January 1945. A case history approach is used to discuss the branch's varied duties, including its effort to coordinate and insure production of materials essential to the Navy's operation and the allocation of those materials in order to avoid deficiencies and promote conservation.
Each case history examines specific raw materials such as steel, copper, and aluminum, or finished products such as electronics equipment. introductory sections describe the organization of the branch, its personnel, and personnel procedures. The branch's liaison activity with the War Production Board is an important topic considered throughout the volume. The analysis that served as a basis for this history was prepared by a group of naval officers under the coordination of Lieutenant Commander L. Rohe Walker, USNR.
- Executive Office of the Secretary of the Navy, "Office of Procurement and Material: Procurement Branch, Finance." 1 vol. Washington, 1946. 35 pp. appendices.
An introductory narrative provides a brief history of the Finance Division of the Procurement Branch during the period from May 1942 to August 1945. The history concentrates on the division's program of extending government credit through war production loans authorized by Executive Order No. 9112. The development of the numerous policies and procedures involved in the loan program also is discussed. A roster of Finance Division personnel follows the narrative.
At the beginning of the extensive appendices, the location of the documentary material referred to in the footnotes to the narrative is outlined in a short bibliography. Much of this source material, directives, memoranda, and reports, is included in the remaining appendices.
The author of the narrative was Lieutenant Commander Theodore Chase, USNR.
- Executive Office of the Secretary of the Navy, "Office of Procurement and Material: Coordination of Material Procurement." 7 vols. Washington. n.d.
These volumes contain compilations of source material related to the diverse functions of the Office of Procurement and Material. Memoranda, orders, charts, photographs, and published items pertaining to such activities as procurement, production, inventory control, and inspection administration are among the numerous documents included, Narrative sections are not included in the volumes.
- Office of the Under Secretary of the Navy, "History of Navy Department Renegotiation." 5 vols. Washington, 1947. Appendices.
Volume I of this series is divided into three parts. The first provides a brief historical summary of American efforts to control excessive profits on war contracts. Also discussed are the provisions of renegotiation legislation and criticism of this legislation by opponents. The organization, procedures, and personnel of the Navy Price Adjustment Board, the office responsible for renegotiation activity, is the subject of Part II. Part III sets forth various observations concerning statutory, organizational, and operational aspects of renegotiation, and contains suggestions for similar efforts in the future.
The Price Adjustment Board's method of processing cases in reviewed in Volume II. Also included is a detailed examination of the organization and functions of the divisions of the board. This treatment, as well as a section on the personnel of the board, provides more thorough coverage of subjects found in Part II of the first volume. Volume II contains extensive statistics relating to the board's activities. Among this material are eighty-six tables and seven charts.
Two volumes of appendices, one each for Volumes I and II, accompany the set. Numerous administrative, procedural, and legal memoranda referred to in the narrative are included in the appendices, along with copies of several manuals on such subjects as the renegotiation of construction contracts. The author of the history was Robert J.H. Powel, Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of the Navy.
- Executive Office of The Secretary of the Navy, "Administrative History, Office of Research and Inventions, 1 July-31 December 1945." Washington, 1948. 196 pp., appendices.
This volume opens with a brief summary of the establishment of the Office of Research and Inventions in May 1945. The new office included the Naval Research Laboratory, the Office of Patents and Inventions, the Office of the Coordinator of Research and Development, and the Special Devices Division of the Bureau of Aeronautics. Following an outline of the office's basic policies and structure, the remainder of the narrative examines the activities and historical origins of all the divisions except that of the Research Laboratory.
The narrative is followed by a series of nineteen appendices that include copies of key directives, short biographies of important personnel, pertinent general orders, and selected reports. A copy of Rear Admiral Julius A. Furer's administrative history of the Office of the Coordinator of Research and Development and a catalogue of training devices also are located in the appendices. The authors of the volume were Lieutenants (junior grade) Donald Jackson, USNR, and Louise Herring.
- Executive Office of the Secretary of the Navy, "History of the Office of the Coordinator of Research and Development from 12 July 1941 to 19 May 1945." Washington, 1945. 28 pp., appendices.
This history discusses the origin and development of scientific research in the Navy, the establishment of the Office of the Coordinator of Research and Development in 1941, its relationship to other offices and agencies, and the office's internal organization. Particular attention is given to an explanation of the policies and procedures that were developed by the office during World War II.
Appendices include organization flow charts, biographical sketches of key personnel, and descriptions of major projects undertaken by the office. The author, Rear Admiral Julius A. Furer, USN, served as Coordinator of Research and Development from 13 December 1941 to 19 May 1945. An October 1961 addendum prepared by him has been added at the beginning of the narrative.
Commander, in Chief, United States Fleet
- Commander in Chief, United States Fleet, "Headquarters." Washington, 1946. 178 pp., appendices.
This history discusses the organization and administration of Headquarters, Command in Chief, United States Fleet (COMINCH). The narrative begins with a chapter tracing the evolution of COMINCH from December 1941 to its disestablishment in October 1945. The ensuing chapters deal with the functions of the divisions responsible for plans, operations, readiness, and combat intelligence. The two final chapters briefly describe the activities of the Tenth Fleet and the Office of the Naval Inspector General.
In addition to the considerable number of documents reprinted in the narrative section, the nineteen appendices contain copies of important executive orders, letters, and memoranda outlining the functions and organization of COMINCH headquarters. Three organizational charts and several rosters of officers, issued periodically throughout the war, also are included in this section. The author of the history was Commander Walter Muir Whitheill, USNR.
- Commander in Chief, United States Fleet, "Convoy and Routing." Washington, 1945. 147 pp., appendices.
The administration of the Convoy and Routing Section of the Tenth Fleet is the subject of this volume. The section's administrative evolution and its mission of insuring the safe movement of merchant ships and troops transports are outlined in Chapter One. A lengthy discussion of the aid given to ships sailing independently and to ships in convoys follows. The narrative details the procedures and policies devised to protect merchantmen from enemy submarine attack. Procedures for avoiding and minimizing other navigational dangers also are related. The discussion of convoys focuses primarily in the North Atlantic, although a few remarks pertain to similar activity in the Pacific. A short concluding chapter summarizes the overall effort of the Convoy and Routing Section.
Eighty pages of appendices contain numerous tables, graphs, and photographs. Also included are lists of abbreviations, sources, and officers of the section. The only author identified is Commander George P. Markoff, USNR, who prepared the chapter dealing with communications systems used to report ship movements.
- Commander in Chief, United States Fleet, "Office of the Inspector General." Washington, 1945. 15 pp., appendices.
The greater part of this manuscript consists of documentary material. In a short introductory narrative there is a description of the establishment of the Office of the Inspector General in May 1942 and its duties of inquiring into and reporting upon any matter affecting the efficiency and economy of the naval service. Besides comparing the office to that of the Inspector General of the Army, the narrative also surveys the evolution of inspection activities throughout the history of the Navy Department. The latter subject is developed more fully in a lengthy history located among the appendices that details such efforts from the formal establishment of the Navy Department in 1798 to the eve of World War II.
The other appendices contain considerable documentation regarding recommendations for the establishment of an Inspector General, advice received from the Army Inspector General, and tentative guidelines from inspection procedures. Key directives which established the office, and a lengthy 1944 memorandum that includes a summary of all naval inspection activities at the time, comprise the remaining appendices.
Office of the Chief of Naval Operations
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, "Army-Navy Petroleum Board and Petroleum and Tanker Division (CNO)." 4 vols. Washington, n.d. 299 pp., appendices.
The narrative volume of htis set is divided into three parts. Part I deals with the Army-Navy Petroleum Board; Part II treats the Petroleum and Tanker Division of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations; and a very brief third part discusses the Allied Tanker Coordinating Committee.
The efforts of the Petroleum Board to coordinate the procurement, storage, and shipping of petroleum products by the Navy and the Army are examined in Part I. After outlining the organization of the board and the functions of area petroleum officers, the narrative continues with a series of chapters explaining the particular activities of the working sections of the board. A final chapter evaluates the board's policy-making function.
The approach used in Part II differs slightly from that of Part I. Although both the organization and functions of the Petroleum and Tanker Division are discussed, the major emphasis is on the problems dealt with during World War II. Among these was the task of maximizing the efficient operation of the ships used to transport petroleum.
The final part of the narrative briefly describes the composition and purpose of two Allied Tanker Coordinating Committees located in Washington and London. Also noted are the general policies developed by the committee. A glossary of abbreviations and a subject index follow the narrative.
The appendices to the history are divided into three volumes. The first contains a group of sixty-two general documents. Among these are directives, letters and memoranda, as well as statistical tables, rosters of officers, and minutes of selected meetings. Of particular value is a ten-page capsule history of the functions and operations of the Army-Navy Petroleum Board. Volume II of the appendices is a lengthy analysis by L.W. Harford of the British Ministry of Fuel and Power entitled "A Review of Petroleum Supply - North Africa Theater 1942-1943." Copies of monthly reports of the Army-Navy PEtroleum Board from December 1944 to July 1945 are included in the third volume of appendices.
The author of most of the narrative and the overall editor was Captain Alfred F. Loomis, USNR, who was assisted by Lieutenant Bernard McKenna, USNR. Additional chapters were written by Lieutenant V.P. Selph, (SC) USNR, and Lieutenant COlonel D.M.S. Langworthy of the British Army.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, "Internal Security and Passive Defense." Washington, n.d. 56 pp.
This history discusses the work of the Internal Security Section of the Base Maintenance Division. The section was responsible for safeguarding private facilities, particularly shipyards, with which the Navy contracted for ship construction and other work. These duties required the development of security policies and procedures, and coordination with other naval and non-naval organizations interested in the protection of private maritime installations. Such agencies included the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Maritime Commission, and Army Provost Marshal, the Office of Naval Intelligence, and the Bureau of Yards and Docks. Three case histories are presented in this narrative to illustrate the actual functioning of the Internal Security Section.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, "Mine Warfare in the Naval Establishment." Washington, n.d. 230 pp.
After a brief discussion of the Navy's development of mine warfare from 1918 to 1938, this volume concentrates on the history of the Mine Warfare Section of the Base Maintenance Division during World War II. The major responsibilities of the section were research and development of mine warfare weapons, coordinating the production of such devices, and general supervision of mine warfare personnel. In addition, the section was concerned with the preparation of operational plans, the development of mine warfare countermeasures, and the collection and dissemination of information pertaining to both weapons and countermeasures.
The narrative is divided into three basic parts. The first consists of an introductory chapter discussing the status of mine warfare in the Navy from 1918 to 1938, while the second focuses on developments in mine warfare organization and administration during the war years. The final part deals with operational activities of the section during the war.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, "Naval Communications." Washington, 1948. 370 pp., appendix.
After tracing briefly the evolution of naval communications from the creation of the Naval Radio Service in 1912, this volume focuses on the administrative history of the Division of Naval Communications from 1939 to the end of World War II. During this period, the division, which had cognizance over radio, telegraph, and telephone communications, experienced considerable expansion and underwent various organizational changes.
The operation of several offices within the division receive detailed examination. Among these are the shore section, with responsibilities for communications originating on shore; the fleet section; and the aeronautical section, which handled aircraft and air base communications and facilities. Also treated is the registered publications section that maintained and distributed certain secret and confidential publications in addition to operating a mail and courier service.
The appendix consists of a history of the Naval Teletypewriter System (NTX) during the war. The volume also includes several charts and plates as well as an index.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, "The Control of Naval Logistics." Washington, n.d. 170 pp., appendix.
During World War II, the Office of the Assistant Chief of Naval Operations (Material) underwent various changes in title, organization, and responsibility. Despite these changes, all of which are outlined in the history, the office had continuing responsibility for the execution of material plans. In performing this logistics function, the office had authority over several components of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, including Fleet Maintenance, Electronics, Naval Transportation, and the Progress Sections.
Most of this narrative concentrates on the administration and activities of the Progress Section, which was created in November 1942 to aid in the processing, scheduling, and coordination of logistics plans and to monitor the execution of the plans. The final chapter evaluates several general problems confronted during the war years and officers recommendations for the management of the office in future crises.
A lengthy appendix includes copies of key directives, memoranda, and periodic statements of mission. Several lists of projects monitored by the Progress Section and assignment of its personnel also are located in this section.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, "Aspects of Logistics Planning." Washington, n.d. 206 pp.
The Logistics Plans Division was a central agency concerned with planning and organizing naval logistics support in World War II. After a lengthy introduction tracing the history of planning within the Navy from the time of Alfred Thayer Mahan, this narrative outlines the administrative structure and duties of the office after its establishment in December 1942. The ensuing discussion details the division's activities during 1943 and early 1944, and especially busy period. IN April 1944, some of its duties were assumed by the Logistics Planning Unit of the Office of the Chief of naval Operations. A final chapter evaluates the overall accomplishments of the office.
The bibliography in Duncan S. Ballantine's U.S. Naval Logistics in the Second World War identifies the authors of this history as Lieutenant Myron P. Gilmore, USNR, and Lieutenant J. Blum, USNR.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, "The Evolution of the Lend-Lease Office of Record." Washington, n.d. 53 pp.
According to the introduction, this volume describes "the Navy's interest . . . in allocation to foreign governments of naval munitions." The discussion begins by noting origins of this office in the period prior to the Lend-Lease Act, when the Navy participated in negotiations concerning foreign contracts for naval material. Part II of the narrative examines the period during which the office became the Navy's major procurement agency for the naval equipment provided foreign governments under lend-lease agreements. After the nation's entry into war, the office's role increased as it became responsible not only for procurement but also for the final assignment of naval munitions to the various Allies. This latter subject is reviewed in the final section of the history.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, "The Logistics of Fleet Readiness: The Fleet Maintenance Division in World War II." Washington, n.d. 178 pp., appendices.
During World War II, the Fleet Maintenance Division was responsible for coordinating construction, repair, and disposal of the Navy's vessels. To achieve coordination, the division worked closely with other divisions within the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, the material bureaus in the Navy Department, and other entities engaged in naval logistics.
Before examining the division's wartime responsibilities, the history traces the evolution of the fleet maintenance function from the creation of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations in 1915. The narrative that follows deals with such activities as the division's shipbuilding and alteration program. A separate chapter focuses on the process involved in scheduling the availability of naval ships so that the Navy was assured of the greatest possible strength afloat. Other chapters consider the division's efforts to maintain submarines and amphibious vessels. Administration of ship decommissioning and disposal is discussed in the final chapter.
The two appendices consist of organizational charts representing the various sections of the division and depicting their duties.
Duncan S. Ballantine notes in U.S. Naval Logistics in the Second World War that the author of the history was Lieutenant (junior grade) William C. Askew, USNR.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, The Logistics of Advance Bases. Washington, n.d. 196 pp., appendices.
This history describes the efforts of the Base Maintenance Division in planning and coordinating logistics support for the establishment of new overseas naval bases. Beginning with an evaluation of the prewar need for more naval facilities, the narrative covers the period from 1936 through the end of the war. Activities related to base construction in the Pacific receive considerable attention, although one chapter, "Internal Organization of Op-30," presents a thorough discussion of the administrative structure of the division.
Appendices include copies of several shipment schedules, representative memoranda, and several charts. According to Duncan S. Ballantine's U.S. Naval Logistics in the Second World War, the author of this volume was Lieutenant John H. Gleason, USNR.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, "Procurement Organization under the Chief of Naval Operations: The History of Op-24." Washington, n.d. 58 pp., appendix, index.
The Materials Division existed as a distinct organization within the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations for less than three months, from 27 October 1941 to 30 January 1942. Its responsibility was to work with other government agencies in planning industrial mobilization, and to coordinate the procurement, stockpiling, conservation, and allocation of materials essential to the Navy. In addition to reviewing the reasons for the division's establishment and its activities, this volume briefly analyzes attempts by the military, dating from the World War I period, to plan procurement and allocation of raw materials. The latter discussion includes a brief history of the Army and Navy Munitions Board during the interwar years.
Key documents referred to in the text are found in the appendix. The volume contains a helpful index.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, "Military Government." 3 vols. Washington, 1946. 242 pp., appendices.
The first volume of this set is divided into two parts and focuses on administrative aspects of the Navy's participation in the military government of areas liberated or occupied by the Allies during World War II. Part I of the narrative concentrates on the establishment and functioning of the Occupied Areas Section of the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations. This section was responsible for the administration of occupied areas assigned to the navy and the training of officer personnel who staffed the area governments. Much of its effort involved planning as well as coordination with other naval activities, including the various Navy Department bureaus and the Office of Naval Intelligence.
The Initial discussion is supplemented with a commentary on training and other features of military government and by a lengthy memorandum concerning the history of naval military government prepared by Captain H.L. Pence, USN, who was in charge of the Occupied Areas Section. The concluding chapter of the first part outlines the organization and responsibilities of the Office of Island Governments from April 1944 to December 1945. This office eventually assumed the duties of the Occupied Areas Section. Certain appendix documents, including copies of important memoranda, organizational charts, and published articles are included in the narrative.
The second part of the first volume contains histories of the two principal institutions used for training officers assigned to military government duties. One of these schools was operated at Columbia University, while the other was at Princeton University. Such topics as the administration, staffing, and curriculum of the school are considered in each history. Among the appendices to these histories are copies of directives, reports, and course descriptions.
The second and third volumes of the set contain appendix material. Weekly summaries of the activities of the Occupied Areas Office from 26 July 1943 to 15 July 1944 are collected in Volume II. THe third volume is a compilation of miscellaneous documents related to military government.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, "Shipping in Naval Logistics." Washington, n.d. 351 pp.
The Naval Transportation Service existed in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations with slightly varying names since World War I. During World War II, its functions included the determination of shipping requirements for the Navy and the procurement of merchant-type vessels from the War Shipping Administration. It also planned the transportation of personnel and supplies and coordinated a tanker service to meet naval fuel requirements.
Following a chronological format, six narrative chapters review the organization and administration of the Naval Transportation Service in carrying out its functions, from the prewar period to the end of hostilities with Japan. The problems encountered by the service, and its relations with the War Shipping Administration, also are discussed. The work is fully documented. The final chapter of the volume provides an overall assessment of the wartime experience of the service.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, "Technical Mission in Europe." Washington, 1945. 279 pp., appendix.
Established on 26 December 1944, the Naval Technical Mission in Europe was assigned the duty of collecting German scientific and technical information for use by the Navy's technical bureaus and the Coordinator of Research Development. The mission was activated on 20 January 1945 and was decommissioned, upon completion of its assignment, on 1 November 1945. During the nine months of its existence, a massive amount of information was compiled and transmitted to Washington in approximately 240 letter reports and 350 technical reports.
After providing a brief summary of the mission, the narrative focuses on its internal organization while in Europe. This discussion is followed by an examination of the mission's relations with various commands, including U.S. and British naval activities and the Supreme Headquarters, Allied Expeditionary Force. The methods and procedures used in preparing reports, in handling captured enemy documents and equipment, and in dealing with captured German personnel are treated. A summary reviewing the deficiencies and strengths of the mission concludes the narrative.
In addition to the extensive appendix, the volume contains rosters of both naval and civilian personnel associated with the mission and a list of the reports that they prepared. The appendix provides copies of important letters and memoranda. Several graphs showing the progress of the mission also are included.
- Office of the Chief of Naval Operations, "Office of Naval Intelligence." 4 vols. Washington, n.d. 1,510 pp., appendices.
Created in 1882, the Office of Naval Intelligence (ONI) had numerous responsibilities throughout its existence. Among the most important was the collection, analysis, and dissemination of information concerning the naval policies and activities of all countries.
ONI's history through 1945 is traced in three textual volumes. The narrative begins by discussing creation of the office and its general evolution to 1939. A more lengthy description of its organizational development and expanded activities during 1939-1945 follows. The remaining fourteen chapters detail the evolution, duties, and administration of each of the office's branches. Among the branches treated is the Office of Naval Records and Library, a predecessor of the Naval History Division.
A supplementary volume contains extensive appendices. Among these are copies of important memoranda, several reports, and a number of organizational charts. A few lists of publications and rosters of personnel are included.
Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air)
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Aviation in the Office of the Chief of Naval Operations." Washington, n.d. 134 pp.
The establishment in 1943 of the Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air) and its wartime evolution are examined in this brief history. The narrative also traces prewar and early wartime aviation programs. The history focuses on the development of naval aviation policy. Among specific topics treated are the views of naval bureaus regarding aviation organization and the influence of public opinion on the reorganization of naval aviation. The impact of a study, undertaken by Admiral H.E. Yarnell, USN, to determine the attitudes of naval officers regarding naval air power also is analyzed.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "History of Naval Aviation." Vol. III: "1898-1917," Vol. IV: "1917--1918," Vol. V: "1918-1926," Vol VI: "1926-1939." Washington, 1946. 1,438 pp.
Divided into four volumes, this history traces the evolution of naval aviation from the days of early experimentation to the eve of America's entry into World War II. the first volume focuses on the period before World War I, while the second examines the organization and administration of aviation activities and facilities during the war. The interwar years are treated in the last two volumes, with detailed discussions devoted to such topics as the creation of the Bureau of Aeronautics, the General Billy Mitchell controversy, the Morrow Board, Army-Navy relations regarding aviation, and preparedness efforts prior to World War II.
These volumes are well-documented with numerous footnotes. A helpful bibliographical essay appears at the end of the fourth volume. The author of the history was Lieutenant Commander Clifford L. Lord, USNR. A shorter version of this work, written by Lord and Archibald D. Turnbull, was published by the Yale University Press in 1949 under the title History of United States Naval Aviation.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "The Navy's Air War: Mission Completed." Vol. VII Washington, 1946. 594 pp., appendices.
Coverage of both combat and administrative aspects of naval air power during the war years is presented in this concise history. The volume initially considers the development of naval aviation during the first three decades of the twentieth century and the organization of the air arm in World War II. The narrative then turns to a review of air operations in the Atlantic and Pacific theaters.
The remaining chapters are devoted to logistical matters. Such topics as training, aircraft production, expansion of the shore establishment, the role of the Naval Air Transportation Service, and scientific contributions to aviation are discussed in turn.
Two appendices provide a list of aircraft designations and a chronology of important events. The volume was edited by Lieutenant A.R. Buchanan, USNR. This work subsequently was published in 1946 by Harer and Brothers.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Financial and Legislative Planning, 1911-1945." Vols. VIII-IX Washington, 1946. 547 pp.
Divided into two volumes, one for 1911 to 1933 and the other for 1934 to 1945, this work summarizes the history of financial and legislative planning activities pertaining to naval aviation. Organized chronologically with a section for each fiscal year, the discussion covers both preparation of financial estimates for submission to Congress and the administration of funds appropriated annually by that body. The analysis is based primarily on the points brought out in official testimony before the House Naval Affairs Committee and Appropriations Committee and in various Senate hearings. Plans that were implemented as a result of congressional funding, as well as those that were curtailed or postponed due to the level of appropriations, are examined.
The text includes excerpts from many key documents and is footnoted. Several charts also are located in the text. Lieutenant Charles F. Stanwood, USNR, was the author of the work.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Aviation Planning." Vol. X Washington, n.d. 252 pp., appendices.
For the most part, the focus of this volume is on the duties and work of the Program Planning Section and the Programs and Allocations Section of the Aviation Planning Division. The primary responsibility of these sections was the planning of aviation procurement and aviation manpower programs.
Instead of adhering to a strictly chronological sequence, this narrative follows a topical organization. Among the topics presented is an explanation of the planning process itself, which is defined as "the methods and techniques . . . devised by staff planners to keep their analyses systematic and realistic, rather than random and based on guesswork. p;. . ." About two-thirds of the volume is composed of a series of twenty-five exhibits, including memoranda, reports, and instructions.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Aviation Shore Establishments, 1911-1945." Vol. XI. Washington, n.d. 497 pp., appendices.
The first of the two parts in this volume provides an extensive history of the naval aviation shore establishment between 1911 and 1938. In addition to examining the development of base complexes, the narrative notes the operational and logistical considerations that were instrumental in the establishment of each station. The effect of the submarine and the influence of America's allies on the establishment of North American and European bases during World War I are analyzed. The expansion of aviation facilities during that conflict, as well as the rapid postwar reduction of operational bases, is traced. Details are included on costs of construction, maintenance, and operation of the bases. The history also covers Marine Corps air facilities. An excellent bibliography follows the narrative.
The period from 1938 to 1945 is considered in a more limited manner in the second part of the volume. Among the topics dealt with are the building of new air stations and the expansion of existing air facilities. The development of the Naval Air Station at Quonset Point, Rhode Island is explored as a case study. The appendix to this part contains copies of a number of basic planning documents.
Lieutenant Ivor D. Spencer, USNR, was the author of the first part, and Lieutenant Donald M. Forester, USNR, prepared the second section.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Aviation Training, 1911-1939." Vol. XIII Washington,n.d. 321 pp.
Following an opening chapter describing the training available to naval aviators to the end of World War I, this chronological narrative devotes two chapters to the first p;art of the interwar period. The final chapter discusses events during the years from 1934 to 1939, which was a period of considerable expansion for naval aviation. Because of this expansion, the development of more extensive training programs became necessary. Among the numerous topics covered in each chapter are the training programs for both officers and enlisted personnel, the type of training provided, and the programs available at various facilities, including the Naval Academy and the Naval Air Stations at Hampton Roads, San DIego, and Pensacola.
The author of Chapter I of the volume was Lieutenant Commander Clifford L. Lord, USNR, while the other chapters were prepared by Lieutenant (junior grade) George M. Fennemore, USNR. Both authors document their work with extensive footnotes. Lieutenant Fennemore presents commentaries on his sources at the end of each chapter.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Aviation Training, 1940-1945." Vol. XIV. Washington, n.d. 258 pp.
The second volume of the series on aviation training is a collection of individual studies of various facets of the World War II program. The first focuses on the administration of the wartime air training program. Such aspects as organizational developments, supervision of aviation technical schools, and the establishment of the Naval Air Training Command are discussed.
Some of the remaining studies are more narrow in scope. These include an outline of the achievement testing program used in training pilots and an account of the special training devices program. Basic technical training for inexperienced personnel is another subject covered. A comprehensive summary of Marine aviation training is presented in the final paper.
Several authors prepared these studies. Lieutenant (junior grade) George M. Fennemore, USNR< was the author of the first three. The fourth was contributed by Lieutenant Commander Moreau B. Chambers, USNR, while the final study was written by First Lieutenant Ann F. Vaupel, USMC (WR).
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "The Civil Aeronautics Administration-War Training Service (Navy) Flight Training Program." Vol. XV. Washington, n.d. 75 pp., appendices.
The Navy's utilization of the pilot training program of the Civil Aeronautics Administration (earlier known as the Civil Aeronautics Authority) is described in this volume. The CAA program of aviation training in colleges, universities, and flying schools throughout the country, as well as the effort to produce military pilots within the agency's existing civilian administration system, is discussed in the first chapter. The increased demand for military pilots within the agency's existing civilian administration system, is discussed in the first chapter. The increased demand for military pilots necessitated considerable expansion of this program between 1939 and 1944.
Chapter II examines the Navy's part in coordinating the project and evaluates the attempt to restructure civilian pilot training to meet the particular needs of naval aviation. The use of CAA facilities from 1942 to 1944 for the Navy's program of reducing the time needed for flight training is focused on in the third chapter. Chapter IV is devoted to problems encountered in the assignment of naval personnel, standardization of training requirements, supervision and inspection of training activities, and the loss of civilian instructors.
The appendices contain several statistical tables related to cost, manpower usage, and the number of individuals trained.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Aviation in the Fleet Exercises, 1911-1939." Vol. XVI. Washington,n.d. 231 pp.
This volume examines each of the major fleet exercises conducted between 1911 and 1939 and evaluates their contribution to the development of naval aviation. The problems, limitations, and successes of the operations are depicted. A concise summary of fleet exercises appears on pages 221-228.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Procurement of Naval Aircraft, 1907-1939." Vol. XVII. Washington,1946. 376 pp., appendices.
This is the first of three monographs prepared by the Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air) that deal with the procurement of naval aircraft.
After a brief summary of early aviation activities, the narrative reviews procurement efforts by the Navy from the first appropriation for aviation in 1911 through the start of World War I. The following section examines lighter-than-air craft and balloons. This section includes three appendices containing cost estimates, airship specifications, and excerpts from congressional appropriation hearings.
The treatment of procurement during World War I concentrates on such topics as the state of the aircraft industry at the time, the acceleration of aircraft production, and the difficulties of procurement organization and administration. Coverage of the interwar period considers the changes in procurement procedures that resulted form the establishment of the Bureau of Aeronautics in 1921. The final section discusses the legal technicalities that the Bureau of Aeronautics faced in its procurement activities after the passage of the Aircraft Procurement Act of 1926.
The author of the history was Lieutenant Commander William O. Shanahan, USNR.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Aviation Procurement, 1939-1945." Vols. XVIII and XIX. Washington, 1946. 830 pp., appendices.
These two volumes contain ten separate narratives dealing with the accelerated procurement of naval aircraft between 1939 and 1945.
Part I of the first volume, the administrative control of procurement and production within the Bureau of Aeronautics is characterized. The second part of the volume describes the administrative activities related to the procurement of government-furnished equipment. The acquisition of aviation spare parts and subcontracting are discussed in Parts III and IV, respectively, while the role of the Office of procurement and Material in coordinating and reviewing procurement, and in providing policy guidance, is considered in the fifth part. The history of the Inspection Division from its establishment in 1921 is dealt with in Part VI, with emphasis placed on the expansion experienced during 1939-1945.
The second volume begins with a history of Army-Navy cooperation in aircraft procurement and details the establishment of requirements, production scheduling, contract regulations, competition for resources, and design and development standardization. Aid to Allied governments within the framework of lend-lease agreements is covered in the second part of the volume, while the third deals with the procurement of such special devices as radar equipment. Part IV discusses the administration of the security program for personnel in factories manufacturing classified material.
Most of the individual sections of the two volumes include appendices containing basic policy directives and copies of form used to administer the procurement effort. The various sections were written by Lieutenant Commander W.O. Shanahan, USNR, and Lieutenants D.A. Bergmark, USNR, A.R. Buchanan, USNR, and George Tobias, USNR.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "The Navy's Transport Glider Program, 1941-1943." Vol. XX. Washington, 1944. 530 pp., appendix.
In this monograph, the history of the transport glider program is presented as a case study in aviation procurement. The volume begins with a listing of the extensive records that were examined by the author and a concise summary of the volume. The basic narrative is divided into three parts, the first of which is a comprehensive chronological history of the glider program. The second part evaluates the role of individual aeronautical contractors in the glider program. Part III is a detailed cost accounting of the project.
The remainder of the volume consists of an appendix containing fifty-one exhibits. This material includes articles, reports, letters, directives, and memoranda. A number of blueprints and photographs of gliders also appear in this section. The author of the study was Lieutenant (junior grade) Robert Vance Brown, USNR.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Aviation Personnel, 1911-1939." Vol. XXI. Washington, n.d. 407 pp.
This well documented volume is divided into three distinct parts, each representing a phase in the chronological history of the administration of naval aviation personnel prior to World War II. Part I, the shortest section, deals with the period before World War I, when naval aviation was in its infancy. The second part is a chronological account of developments relating to aviation personnel between 1911 and 1933. The contents deal primarily with the World War I and postwar period, and emphasis is placed on the establishment of the various aviation enlisted ratings. The years from 1934 to 1939 are described in Part III. Included are accounts of the administrative effort to supplement aviation personnel through the Naval Reserve system and the use of enlisted pilots.
Lieutenant Taulman A. Miller, USNR, prepared Parts I and III, while Lieutenant Commander Richard M. Carrigan, USNR, wrote Part II.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Aviation Personnel, 1939-1945." Vol. XXII. Washington, n.d. 487 pp.
This volume is concerned with the administration of naval aviation personnel between 1939 and 1945. The first section focuses on the period of limited national emergency from 1939 to 1941. The second, covering the war years, provides a history of administrative activities involved in increasing the number of qualified aviation personnel, rotating personnel in combat, maintaining training standards, and collecting data for the formulation and operation of the program.
An historical account and appraisal of statistical control methods employed by the Personnel Division of the Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air) is included in the third section. The discussion furnishes insight into the administrative relationships with the Bureau of Naval Personnel and other commands. Following the narrative is a bibliographical note discussing source material utilized in the preparation of the volume.
Lieutenant Taulman A. Miller, USNR, was the author of the first two sections, and Lieutenant Commander Robert C. Weems, Jr., USNR, contributed the section on statistical controls.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Air Task Organization in the Pacific Ocean Areas: Task Organization of Ship-Based Aircraft.." Washington, n.d. 509 pp.
This volume outlines the organization of ship-based aircraft in the Pacific during World War II. For the period from December 1941 to September 1944, the text is divided into geographic sections covering operations in the North, South, Central, and Southwest Pacific. The remainder of the text includes sections for the Philippines, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa campaigns during late 1944 and 1945. Besides providing an overall picture of the naval air units assigned to operations, each section lists specific aviation units involved and the ships in which the aircraft were based.
The compilers were Lieutenants Andrew R. Hile, Jr., USNR, Merrill E. Jarchow, USNR, and Rose L. Golden, USNR.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Air Task Organization in Pacific Ocean Areas: Task Organization of Land-Based Aircraft." Washington, n.d. 352 pp.
The units comprising land-based air task forces in the Pacific during World War II are listed in this volume. The work is organized by geographical areas, with sections covering the North, South, Central, and Western Pacific, the Hawaiian Sea Frontier, the Marshall-Gilbert Islands, and the West Coast of the United States. Each section identifies those land-based aircraft units operating within a given task force at any given time.
The compilers include Lieutenant Commander Henry M. Dater, USNR, and Lieutenants Rose L. Golden, USNR, Robert W. July, USNR, and Adrian O. Van Wyen, USNR.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "The Development of Fleet Air Wings." Washington,1946. 877 pp., appendices.
Part I of this volume begins with a narrative summary of the development of the administrative organization of the air wings, the basic organizational units for land-based fleet aircraft. The development of special functions and the expansion of the wings during World War II also are discussed. Appendices contain organizational data, a chronology of significant dates, and copies of selected dispatches.
The second part consists of excerpts from the histories of Fleet Air Wings 1, 3, 4, 14, 16, 17, and Group One (FAW-17). The author of the narrative was Lieutenant A.O. Van Wyen, USNR.
- Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air), "Air Task Organization in the Atlantic Ocean Area." Washington, 1945. 198 pp.
This compilation outlines the organization of air task forces assigned to specific sea frontiers, European waters, and the South Atlantic. An added section on the United States Fleet covers escort carrier task forces and aviation components based at newfoundland, Greenland, and Iceland. Each of the geographic sections is divided into time periods. According to the preface of the volume, this reconstruction of air task organization in the Atlantic Area is based on operation plans and orders, supplemented by war diaries and unit histories.
Lieutenant Jay Du Von, USNR, and Lieutenant John P. King, USNR, were the compilers.
Commandant United States Marine Corps
- Office of the Commandant United States Marine Corps, "United States Marine Corps." Washington, 1946. 449 pp., appendices.
Divided into five parts, this history methodically discusses all aspects of the administration of the Marine Corps in World War II. The narrative begins with a brief prologue providing an overview of command structures, personnel procurement and training, and logistical problems. The second part outlines the organizational structure and functions of the various divisions of Marine Corps Headquarters, including personnel, quartermaster, paymaster, plans and policies, and aviation. Of the two parts that follow, the first deals with the Department of the Pacific, which was responsible for most Marine activities in the Eleventh, Twelfth, Fifteenth, and Seventeenth Naval Districts, while the second describes the wartime operation of Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. Part V, containing twelve chapters, is a lengthy explanation of the administration of the Fleet Marine Force, Pacific. Such aspects as command responsibilities, training, procurement of personnel, and administrative relationships with other commands are examined in detail.
Included with the general administrative history is an additional narrative section, designated Annex A, that traces the development and operation of the Marine Corps Women's Reserve from 1943 to 1945. Accompanying this lengthy annex is an appendix listing sources used in the preparation of this section of the history.
Bureau of Aeronautics
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Summary." 2 vols. Washington,1957. 1,268 pp., appendix, index.
These volumes present a summary of the twenty-volume administrative history of the Bureau of Aeronautics that covers the period July 1939 to June 1947. The first bound volume is a synopsis of Volumes I, III, IV through VIII, and X of the basic series; while the second summarizes Volumes II, IX, and XI through XX. The overall administrative history was prepared by personnel of the Technical Services Corporation under a contract with the bureau. The authors of the two summary volumes were Carl Berger and Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Background." Vol. I. Washington, 1957. 232 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
The prewar history of the Bureau of Aeronautics is presented in this volume. Among the topics treated are the origins and development of naval aviation, the establishment of the Bureau of Aeronautics, the role of the American aircraft industry, and congressional actions related to naval aviation. In addition, the bureau's research programs, internal organization, relationships with other organizations, and aspects of personnel and training are discussed.
The work is well documented. Together with other volumes in the series, it includes an excellent chronology of major events. Two basic documents on the establishment of the bureau are located in the appendix. The first draft of the volume was prepared jointly by Ashley F. Davis, Norman R. Pyle, and William F. Reinke. A revised draft was prepared by Bee Stockton and edited by Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Organization and Administration." Vol. II Washington, 1957. 331 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
An overall summary of the organization and functions of the Bureau of Aeronautics during 1939-1947 is provided in this volume. The study begins with an examination of the divisional organization of the bureau. Subsequent discussion covers the reorganization of the entire activity in 1941 as a result of the management study conducted by Booz, Fry, Allen, and Hamilton; the transfer of planning and other important functions to the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air) in 1943; the establishment of the Integrated Aeronautic Program; and the bureau's reorganization in 1946. In addition, the narrative reviews the administration of several maintenance programs of the bureau, such as those dealing with management improvement, equipment and office supply, communications, and security.
The appendix includes 225 pages of key documents, the bulk of which were originated by the Bureau of Aeronautics and the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air). The volume was prepared initially by Bee Stockton. It was rewritten and edited by Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Operational Responsibilities." Vol. III Washington,1957. 142 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
The narrative begins with a general treatment of the background and extent of the bureau's operational responsibilities and the events leading to the transfer, in August 1943, of most of these duties to the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air). Examples of the wide scope of responsibilities included the organization and assignment of aviation operational units and the transportation of naval aircraft within the United States. The bureau's relationships with other organizations regarding operational policy and duties also are discussed.
Important memoranda and organizational documents are included in the appendix. The first draft of the study was prepared by Bee Stockton. It subsequently was rewritten and edited by Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Determination of Military Characteristics." Vol. IV. Washington, 1957. 95 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
The organizational arrangements and procedures employed in the determination of military characteristics of naval aircraft and of aeronautical equipment are described in this brief but well documented narrative. It also outlines the continuous process by which changes in characteristics were made throughout the war years. Among the specific examples discussed were the determination of characteristics in regard to torpedo bombers, scout planes, armor, and compasses.
The appendix includes a number of memoranda pertaining to military requirements policy and other pertinent documentation. The author of the volume was Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Aviation Planning." Vol. V. Washington,
This history places special emphasis on the planning of aircraft production and the allocation of aircraft to perform specialized functions. Among the topics discussed in the first five chapters of the narrative are the establishment of formal planning procedures during World War II; the reassignment of planning functions when the Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air) was established in August 1943; and the subsequent steps taken by the Bureau of Aeronautics to build its own planning organization. The final chapter focuses on postwar planning developments.
The extensive appendix contains copies of directives, plans, and reports. The author of the study was Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Procurement, Production and Contracts." Vol. VI and "Appendix Documents--Procurement, Production and Contracts." Vol. VI (A). Washington, 584 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
The procurement and production programs of the Bureau of Aeronautics during the inter-war period and WOrld War II are evaluated in this volume. Information is included on the status of the aircraft industry, manpower difficulties, the related activities of other government organizations, and the bureau's policies and procedures that affected its procurement and production functions. Major emphasis is placed on the organization of the bureau in these fields and its record of accomplishment during the war years. Contracting policies and procedures are discussed in broad terms, with considerable detail presented on certain key decisions.
A separate appendix volume contains numerous memoranda, reports, charts, and organizational diagrams related to topics dealt with in the text. The first draft of the work was prepared by Norman R. Pyle. Dr. Mapheus Smith reorganized and edited the final manuscript.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Naval Aviation Inspection." Vol. VII Washington, 1957. 141 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
The organization, policy, procedures, and problems of the Bureau of Aeronautics in inspecting aircraft and aeronautical material during the wartime production process are analyzed in this volume. The cooperation of the bureau with the Army Air Force and other organizations in regard to inspection also is evaluated.
Several important memoranda and reports, and an organizational diagram, are included in the appendix. The narrative was written by Norman R. Pyle and edited by Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Maintenance." Vol. VIII. Washington,1957. 246 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
A detailed discussion of programs concerned with assembly, repair, maintenance, and overhaul of aircraft and aeronautical equipment, implemented by the Bureau of Aeronautics both in Washington and in the field, is provided in this volume. The administrative structure, policy decisions, procedures, and accomplishments of these programs are detailed. Special attention is given to the planning and review aspects of maintenance.
Over half of the volume consist of appendix documents. Key letters, memoranda, and orders are located in this section. The study was prepared by Carl Berger and edited by Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Material and Supply." Vol. IX. Washington, 1957. 251 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
This narrative examines the contribution of the Bureau of Aeronautics to aviation supply during World War II and the bureau's postwar efforts to prepare for future national emergencies. To a considerable extent, the discussion focuses on the bureau's cooperation with other organizations in supplying aeronautical material for use by the Navy. Such agencies included the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, Aviation Supply Office, the Bureau of Ordnance, and the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air).
Among the extensive appendices are various letters and other documents originated by the Bureau of Aeronautics as well as by other organizations associated with aviation supply. The author of the narrative was Carl Berger. Final editing was undertaken by Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Research, Technical Developments, and Engineering." Vol. X. Washington,1957. 419 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
Following a brief description of the prewar research and development functions of the Bureau of Aeronautics, this history reviews some of the administrative aspects of these programs during World War II. The narrative presents a general account of the bureau's accomplishments related to the many types of aircraft, power plants, and aeronautical equipment needed by the Navy during the war. Much of the material for this history was derived from a ten-volume report on the bureau's research and development activities that was prepared for a Senate investigation of the national defense program in 1945.
An appendix includes numerous key letters, memoranda, and orders, in addition to several charts. The first version of this manuscript was completed by Carl Charlic. Carl Berger prepared the second version, which subsequently was edited by Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Aviation Shore Establishments." Vol. XI. Washington,1957. 319 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
The part played by the Bureau of Aeronautics in developing and administering aviation shore establishments during World War II, and in the demobilization period immediately following the war, is discussed in this volume. Considerable attention is given to the bureau's overall planning of air bases and to changes in the number and type of planes assigned to these facilities.
Principal sources used in writing the narrative included "Aviation Shore Establishment, 1911-1945," one of the administrative history volumes prepared for the Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air); and the World War II administrative history of the Bureau of Yards and Docks. Copies of other official documentary sources that were utilized are located in a lengthy appendix section. Among these are various directives, reports, and tables. The authors of the volume were Ashley F. Davis, Norman R. Pyle, William Reinke, and Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Aviation Personnel and Training." Vol. XII. Washington,1957. 399 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
Divided into three parts, this history reviews the administration of personnel by the Bureau of Aeronautics and the fulfillment of the bureau's training responsibilities. The first part focuses on the organization's own military and civilian personnel. Part II deals with the bureau's administrative activities related to other personnel involved in naval aviation, and Part II examines training responsibilities. Both of these overall functions ended in August 1943 when such activities were transferred to the newly established Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air).
Much of the material in this volume is taken from the personnel and training volumes in the administrative history series of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air). The forty pages of appendix documents are divided into three parts, corresponding with the text, and include directives pertaining to personnel qualifications and charts indicating personnel strengths at different periods during the war. The volume's author was Norman R. Pyle.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Budget Planning and Administration." Vol. XIII. Washington, 1957. 265 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
This narrative deals with the process by which the Bureau of Aeronautics obtained operating funds and the policies and procedures followed in administering these funds. in discussing the first of these aspects, detailed accounts are given of all appropriation bills for each fiscal years during the war, showing the steps involved in evaluating budget needs and in requesting and obligating funds for each major subdivision of naval aviation. The bureau's administration of the budget is presented as a chronological analysis divided into two chapters, one covering the war years and the other the postwar period through 1947.
The appendix section contains copies of key directives and orders, a glossary of terminology used in financial planning, and a number of statistical tables. Dr. Mapheus Smith and Norman R. Pyle prepared the volume.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Naval Aviation Photography and Motion Pictures." Vol. XIV. Washington, 1957. 128 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
The role of the Bureau of Aeronautics in the field of aviation photography during World War II is outlined in this volume. Among the topics covered are the procedures and problems related to administering the bureau's photographic division; the expansion and operation of training programs for photographers, photographic interpretation specialists, and other photographic technicians; and accomplishments in development, procurement, and supply of photographic equipment and matériel. The bureau's part in military photography, including intelligence applications, also is discussed. The training film program and film cataloging activities are examined.
Appendix documents, occupying about half of the volume, consist of copies of twenty-two directives, memoranda, and reports. Granville W. Dutton submitted the first draft of this history, while the final manuscript was rewritten and edited by Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Aerology." Vol. XV. Washington, 1957. 81 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
This study briefly describes the administration of the Navy's aerological program by the Bureau of Aeronautics. The discussion focuses on the bureau's role in the development, support, and operation of the aerological service. Although planning, policy making, and operational responsibilities fore aerology were transferred to the Office of the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air) in 1943, the bureau continued to have budgetary, research, procurement, supply, and maintenance responsibilities. Besides examining administrative aspects of the aerological program, the narrative considers research efforts that were undertaken, including relationships with other government organizations engaged in climatological and meteorological studies.
Fourteen documents related ot the aerological program are included int he appendix. Dr. Mapheus Smith was the author of the volume.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Publications." Vol. XVI. Washington, 1957. 143 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
A concise history of the general and technical publication program of the Bureau of Aeronautics during World War II is presented in this volume. Such aspects as organizational and administrative arrangements, Army-Navy coordination, procurement, reproduction, distribution, indexing, forms control, and field liaison are discussed.
Copies of various directives, letters, and memoranda constitute the appendix section of the volume. The authors were Ashley F. Davis and Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Foreign Aid." Vol. XVII. Washington, 1957. 119 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
A history of the wartime activities of the Bureau of Aeronautics in aiding Allied nations is presented in this work. This program operated under the auspices of lend-lease and was part of the Navy's extensive effort to provide material assistance in the war against the Axis powers. The narrative covers the background of foreign aid, describes lend-lease operations, and includes a chronological outline of the bureau's administration of defense aid between 1941 and 1945.
Along with copies of directives and instructions, organizational charts and statistical tables related ot the bureau's foreign aid effort are included in the appendix. The history was prepared by Norman R. Pyle and edited by Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Aviation Medicine." Vol. XVIII. Washington, 1957. 77 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
This manuscript presents a review of the organization and activities of the Bureau of Aeronautics in the field of aviation medicine during the war and in the immediate postwar period, An account of some of the most important accomplishments to which the bureau made a contribution also is included. Among the topics treated in the narrative are the bureau's involvement in oxygen, high altitude, and vision research; in studies of the effects of acceleration, deceleration, impact, and noise; in investigation of fatigue and stimulants; and in the development of suitable uniforms for aviation personnel.
Most of the appendix documents are reports of medical research undertaken by the bureau. The authors were Granville W. Dutton and Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Air Intelligence." Vol. XIX. Washington, 1957. 82 pp., chronology, appendix, index
Following an explanation of the operational and technical aspects of naval air intelligence, this narrative examines the contribution of the Bureau of Aeronautics to these intelligence programs during World War II. The first part of the discussion deals with operational intelligence from 1940 until 1943, when this function was transferred to the Deputy Chief of Naval Operations (Air). The remainder of the narrative is devoted to an analysis of the bureau's use of technical intelligence during the war years.
The appendix includes a variety of documents related to both the operational and technical facets of intelligence. The first draft of this study was prepared by Granville W. Dutton. This was revised by Norman R. Pyle and edited by Dr. Mapheus Smith.
- Bureau of Aeronautics, "Marine Corps Aviation." Vol. XX. Washington, 1957. 100 pp., chronology, appendix, index.
The relationship of the Bureau of Aeronautics with Headquarters, U.S. Marine Corps, and the means by which the bureau provided material support for Marine Corps aviation, are discussed in this history. Management and training of Marine Corps aviation personnel also are covered.
Several memoranda and organizational charts are located in the appendix. The authors of the volume were Bee Stockton and Dr. Mapheus Smith.
Bureau of Medicine and Surgery
- Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, "The United States Navy Medical Department at War, 1941-1945." Vol. I (bound in 2 vols.). Washington, 1946. 757 pp., appendices.
The volumes describe the operational role of naval medical units ashore and afloat during the war. Part I begins with a discussion of the Medical Department's preparedness prior to Pearl Harbor and its activities during and after the attack. Actions in the Philippines and the Netherlands East Indies are focused upon in the subsequent narrative. The second part, entitled "Allied Offensive in the Pacific," details medical aspects of the campaigns in the Solomons, Aleutians, Gilberts, New Guinea, Marshalls, Marianas, Carolines, and the Philippines. Part III examines events associated with the defeat of Japan, including the Iwo Jima and Okinawa operations, and the beginning of the occupation of Japan. The Allied invasions of North Africa and Europe (Sicily, Salerno, Normandy, and Southern France) are considered in the final part.
The narrative in each part covers planning and training for the various campaigns, activities during amphibious assaults, establishment of medical care facilities ashore, methods of supply, medical reports, and sanitation procedures.
Each chapter concludes with a list of source materials. Several chapters also contain appendices covering such subjects as casualty statistics and supply inventories. Numerous photographs are found throughout the volumes. The entire study was a collective effort by a staff of historians and researchers directed by Lieutenant Commander Chester L. Guthrie, H(S), USNR. Portions of the manuscript, dealing with major campaigns, were used in Volume I of The History of the Medical Department of the United States Navy in World War II, published by the Government Printing Office in 1953.
- Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, "The United States Navy Medical Department at War, 1941-1945." Vol. II (bound in 2 vols.). Washington, 1946. 1,045 pp., appendices.
The administration of the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery during the war is the focus of this history. The narrative is divided into four parts, the first of which discusses the organization of the bureau. Besides documenting its wartime expansion, this section includes brief background information tracing developments during the interwar period. Part II examines various bureau functions, including the operation of naval hospitals and dispensaries, as well as various educational and training programs. A summary of the Marine Corps medical program also is presented.
A more detailed consideration of the bureau's activities in the continental United States is provided in the third part. A similar treatment of the same type of activity outside the United States appears in the final section. Such aspects as facility planning, supply of medicine and medical equipment, and the operation of particular medical activities are covered in each of the last two parts.
Most chapters include an indication of published and unpublished materials upon which the narrative was based. In addition, various statistical tables, certain organizational charts, and some reports are included as appendices. A staff of historians and researchers directed by Lieutenant Commander Chester L. Guthrie H(S), USNR, prepared the study. Portions of the history, related to medical facilities, were used in volume I of The History of the Medical Department of the United States Navy in World War II, published by the Government Printing Office in 1953.
Bureau of Ordnance
- Bureau of Ordnance, "Organization, Administration, and Special Functions." Washington, n.d. 344 pp., appendices.
A general description of the organization and mission of the Bureau of Ordnance during World War Ii is provided in this volume. The prewar administrative structure of the bureau, its reorganization in 1941, and other wartime measures developed for improved management are detailed. Data are included on office functions, security, bureau publications, and relations with industry and the public. The bureau's relationships with other naval entities, as well as the Army, are considered. The volume concludes with a discussion of the administrative procedures used in coordinating the numerous ordnance establishments under the cognizance of the bureau.
A list of ordnance activities along with several statistical tables and charts are included in the appendices to the volume. An annotated bibliography of bureau publications also is found in this section.
- Bureau of Ordnance, "Planning." Washington, n.d. 228 pp., appendices.
This study focuses on the work of the Planning and Progress Division of the Bureau of Ordnance between 1941 and 1945. A thorough discussion of the establishment and functioning of the division's directives system provides insight into the administrative machinery designed to initiate and carry out the bureau's programs. Also included is an analysis of the effort to provide statistical data essential to planning activities. The bureau's important role in the lend-lease program is treated in a separate section of the narrative. Various statistics, such as a detailed breakdown of expenditures for ordnance materials supplied through lend-lease, are provided in this section. Key documents are included as appendices.
- Bureau of Ordnance, "Procurement." Washington, n.d. 237 pp., appendices.
The procurement organization and activities of the Production Division of the Bureau of Ordnance are detailed in this volume. The narrative begins in 1933, but concentrates on the immediate prewar and war years. Considerable detail is presented on purchasing procedures, as well as the various types of contracts employed. A chapter of procurement statistics outlines costs by item and year. The contributions of specific personnel involved in these programs are noted throughout the study.
Organizational charts are included in the text. In addition, six appendices provide supplementary discussions of such subjects as the ordnance inspection service of the bureau and the procurement of machine tools and facilities.
- Bureau of Ordnance, "Research and Development, Maintenance." Washington, n.d. 373 pp., appendices.
This volume contains two sections. The first examines the wartime administrative structure and activities of the Research and Development Division of the Bureau of Ordnance. Specific functions of several offices within the division are discussed, including those of the Design Group, the Ship Characteristics and Fleet Requirements Subsection, and the Ammunition Quality Evaluation Unit. Topics reviewed include supervision of research activities and contracts, patent administration, packaging and materials handling, and analysis of foreign ordnance.
The second section of the volume is an administrative history of the bureau's Maintenance Division. The narrative emphasizes the disposition and supply of ordnance equipment and material, which was one of the most important functions of the division. Details also are presented on other activities, including the allocation of aviation ordnance, ordnance allowances, and repairs and alternations. Information regarding demobilization and postwar ordnance planning is provided in the final pages of the text. A series of organizational charts appears in the appendices.
- Bureau of Ordnance, "Personnel and Training, Finance, Special Board, Legal Counsel." Washington, n.d. 263 pp., appendices.
Several aspects of the wartime operation of the Bureau of Ordnance are presented in the five separate parts of this volume. The first part begins by discussing the assignment of large numbers of qualified officers and men to meet the bureau's expanded staff requirements in Washington and in the field. Among the subsequent topics covered are the allocation, classification, training, promotion, and demobilization of personnel. For the most part, the appendices relate to training programs, although one statistical table shows the increase in the number of officers assigned to the bureau from 1918 to 1945.
An analysis of the organization and administration of civilian manpower employed by the bureau is provided in the second section. Part III reviews the wartime activities of the bureau's Financial Division. That office was responsible for securing, allocating, and regulating the use of funds. The development of allocation procedures for both regular and lend-lease appropriations is detailed. Monthly status reports reflecting estimates and expenditures for all types of ordnance in 1945 are located among the appendices. Also included are an organizational chart; summaries of the bureau's investment in land, buildings, and equipment; and a table showing yearly appropriations from 1939 to 1946.
The activities and composition of the Special Board on naval Ordnance are reviewed briefly in the fourth part. This group of senior officers dealt with technical programs and policies that extended across organizational lines within the bureau. The final section of the narrative summarizes the wartime role of the bureau's Office of Counsel.
- Bureau of Ordnance, "Guns and Mounts." Washington, n.d. 290 pp., appendices.
Following a brief introduction, each of the twelve basic chapters of this study examines the development, production, and distribution of a specific type of weapon used by the Navy in World War II> Among the ordnance discussed are machine, antiaircraft, 3-inch, 5-inch, 6-inch, 8-inch, 12-inch, and 16-inch guns, as well as small arms. In addition to providing much technical data, the commentary on each weapon details the prewar and wartime history of its use. Efforts to increase production and improve efficiency of particular weapons are recounted. Various factors involved in the procurement and placement of heavy guns on board ships also are considered. Closely related to this subject is the review made of the development and employment of mounts for different ordnance items.The appendices include key correspondence, sample procurement contracts, and brief historical summaries of certain topics.
- Bureau of Ordnance, "Armor, Projectiles, Ammunition Details, Bombs and Plastics." Washington, n.d. 436 pp., appendices.
Divided into five parts, this work examines the development, production, and allocation of specific ordnance items. The first part focuses on the revitalization of the dormant armor industry at the beginning of World War II. Problems confronted in expanding manufacturing facilities are analyzed. Aspects of armor research and development also are covered. The subsequent section on projectiles deals with efforts to coordinate production to meet Army, Navy, and Allied needs. Among the difficulties that had to be overcome was the procurement of adequate quantities of armor-piercing projectiles at a time when only a few contractors had experience in the field.
Development and manufacture of fuzes is the primary emphasis of the section concerning ammunition. The discussion details the history of various types of fuzes used during the war. In addition, the production of cartridge cases, powder tanks, and other containers is treated. A descriptive list of all wartime fuze types, contractors, and quantities produced are included in the appendices to the section.
Bomb procurement and manufacture is the subject of the fourth part of the volume. Army-Navy efforts to standardize bomb requirements also are outlined. The appendices to the section provide detailed statistical tables on production quantities and types of bombs. The final section examines experimentation and utilization of plastics for ordnance purposes. Ammunition, bomb racks, batteries, cartridge cases, gauges, gun mounts, mines, rockets, and torpedoes were among the numerous items for which plastics were tested.
- Bureau of Ordnance, "Rockets, Explosives and Propellants, Pyrotechnics.." Washington, n.d. 429 pp., appendix.
This volume follows a format similar to that of the others in the series by focusing on particular weapons and devices. The first part of the narrative details the administration and operation of the rocket program under the Bureau of Ordnance. A brief history of rocket development and concise descriptions of the various types of rockets used during World War II are presented. Several statistical tables and charts showing rocket production follow the narrative. The appendix accompanying this section provides concise histories of several types of rocket launchers.
The second part of the volume outlines the general history of explosive ordnance and its employment during the war. Discussions are included on research and development efforts involving explosives and propellants, wartime production activities, and the transportation facilities and techniques developed for such material. The final narrative section reviews the development, production, and use of pyrotechnics such as flares, signals, and markers.
- Bureau of Ordnance, "Underwater Ordnance." Washington, n.d. 473 pp., appendices.
The five sections of this volume examine the equipment developed by the Bureau of Ordnance for use in underwater warfare. The opening section deals with degaussing devices and techniques used to reduce magnetic fields around ships so as to protect them from magnetically detonated mines and torpedoes. Topics covered include the design and installation of equipment, as well as the procurement and training of personnel involved in degaussing.
Mine development and production is the subject of the second part of the volume. A summary of the offensive mining of Japanese home waters is included in this section. The following part is devoted to booms and nets, including those used to protect harbors and individual ships and submarines. The wartime employment of depth charges is treated in part four. Various types of charges are described in turn. A review of depth charge launching devices concludes the section.
The final section focuses on torpedoes. Besides covering production and maintenance of torpedoes and torpedo launching gear, the narrative provides historical and technical information on this weapon. Several appendices contain statistical data on the ordnance discussed in the test.
- Bureau of Ordnance, "Fire Control (Except Radar) and Aviation Ordnance." Washington, n.d. 308 pp., appendices
The first part of this narrative discusses the intensive research and development in fire control, undertaken prior to and during World War II, and the production of fire control devices by commercial contractors. The coverage includes the general fire control systems used on board ships, and specialized equipment for underwater ordnance and antiaircraft weapons.
The second section of the volume focuses on aviation ordnance, including its associated fire control equipment. Much emphasis is placed on the development and production of various types of ordnance such as aircraft guns, guided missiles, bomb racks, and smoke equipment. Several memoranda and reports on fire control and aviation ordnance are located in the lengthy section of appendices.
Bureau of Naval Personnel
- Bureau of Naval Personnel, "Preface: Structure of the Bureau." 4 vols. Washington, 1946. 461 pp., appendices.
The first section of this history is a brief summary of the entire series of administrative histories of the Bureau of Naval Personnel. A list of the authors involved in the project is included.
An outline of the organization and responsibilities of the bureau's numerous divisions is presented in the second section. The opening chapter presents a helpful review of the bureau's operations between the World Wars and an analysis of major organizational changes during World War II. The ensuing chapters briefly survey much of what is detailed at greater length in subsequent volumes. A substantial bibliography of both unpublished and published source materials follows the text.
Three volumes of appendices accompany this study. Numerous directives related to organization, policy, and procedure are found in the first volume, while the second contains a series of organizational charts. The final volume is a copy of a management study by Booz, Fry, Allen, and Hamilton surveying the personnel of the bureau. This history was prepared by Specialist Second Class Henry Beers, USNR.
- Bureau of Naval Personnel, "Planning and Control Activity." 2 vols. Washington, 1946. 493 pp., appendices.
Various aspects of the wartime administration of the Bureau of Naval Personnel's Planning and Control Activity are considered in this volume. Among the key responsibilities of the activity were the development of general personnel policies and the preparation of manpower plans, both of which were undertaken by its Plans and Operations Division. The work of this division is treated in the first section of narrative. Besides detailing its internal organization, the discussion covers the relations of the Plans and Operations Division with field activities.
The second section of the history deals with the Finance and Material Division, which administered the bureau's finances and the allocation of material. Among topics examined are the division's preparation of the bureau's budget, handling of appropriations, and liaison with other units within the Navy Department. The relationship of the Office of the Bureau Counsel to the division's fiscal section is reviewed briefly at the end of the narrative. The counsel's office was established primarily to assist in the drafting, negotiation, and administration of contracts for training naval personnel at non-Navy institutions.
A brief bibliography of unpublished and published source material is found at the end of the volume. In addition, personnel who were interviewed in connection with the history are listed. The separate volume of appendices includes several significant memoranda, as well as a wide variety of reports and bulletins prepared by the various elements within the Planning and Control Activity. The author of this history was Lieutenant Willard Hurst, USNR.
- Bureau of Naval Personnel, "Officer Personnel." 4 vols. Washington, 1945. 365 pp., appendices
Three histories of key divisions of the Bureau of Naval Personnel are included in this volume. The first concerns the Officer Procurement Division, which was responsible for the selection of officer candidates. The narrative focuses on organization and operations, including the activities of two of the division's major field offices at New Orleans, Louisiana, and Chicago, Illinois. Along with two volumes of procurement directives, a study evaluating factors involved in the selection of officer candidates is provided among the appendices to the history. Lieutenant Willard Hurst, USNR, was the author of this account.
The second history deals with the functioning of the bureau's Officer Distribution Division. That organization classified and assigned officers and prepared duty and transfer orders. In addition, the division arranged the release of officers from the Navy for reasons of hardship. All of these duties are examined in the narrative. A number of important reports, manuals, memoranda, and forms constitute the appendices to the volume and are bound separately. The overall author was Lieutenant Sherman Hayden, USNR.
The work of the Officer Performance Division is detailed in the final history. Besides handling matters related to the promotion, retirement, discharge, and discipline of all naval officers, that office oversaw the collection and review of fitness reports; administered the awarding of decorations, medals, and citations; and had cognizance over matters related to uniforms. It also undertook the compilation and publication of the Navy Register and Reserve Register. Several documents pertaining to the various activities of the division are found in a separately bound appendix. Lieutenant Hayden also prepared this history.
Each of the three studies is followed by a list of persons interviewed as part of the author's research.
- Bureau of Naval Personnel, "Training Activity." Vols. I-IV (bound in 7 vols.). Washington, 1946. 1,366 pp., appendices.
This set of volumes details the work of the Bureau of Naval Personnel's Training Activity, which initiated and administered training programs for naval personnel through its various divisions. Volume I discusses operations of the Standards Curriculum Division. That organization planned curricula, prepared training publications and correspondence courses, and determined achievement levels to be attained from various forms of instruction. The activities of the division ranged from the training of instructors to developing skills among illiterate recruits. Besides its other duties, the division undertook the coordination of voluntary educational services for naval personnel and analyzed qualifications derived from training to assist in the assignment of personnel. The author of the history was Lieutenant Dudley Johnson, USNR.
Accompanying Volume I is a separately bound appendix entitled "Personnel Research and Test Development in the Bureau of Naval Personnel," which provides a series of articles outlining the activities of the Standards and Curriculum Division's Test and Research Section. That office operated with assistance from the National Defense Research Committee and the College Entrance Examination Board. Numerous methods of selection, classification, and achievement testing are described in the various articles. The different types of follow-up studies undertaken by the section are discussed. Sample test materials and forms, as well as graphs and statistical compilations, are found throughout the text and in lengthy appendices. Although the articles were prepared by several authors, the editor of the entire volume was Lieutenant Commander Dewey B. Stuit, USNR.
Volume II of the basic series examines both the Field Administration and Quality Control Division. The first organization maintained general supervision over numerous specialized and technical schools offering training to officers and enlisted personnel. In addition, it administered a variety of educational programs at universities and other non-naval institutions, assigned students to the numerous schools and programs, and handled student affairs related to housing and other matters. The division also obtained facilities and materials needed to operate training programs and oversaw the Navy-wide physical fitness program. The Quality Control Division was charged with the inspection of all field training activities and liaison with schools connected with the Navy. The history of the Field Administration Division was completed by Lieutenants Russell Siebert and Henry Thoma, USNR. Lieutenant Siebert prepared the study of the Quality Control Division.
A history of the U.S. Naval Training Center at Great Lakes, Illinois, is furnished in a separately bound appendix to Volume II. Following an introduction summarizing the installation's development prior to World War II, several chapters consider such topics as the wartime organization and administration of the command, its recruit training program, and the operation of those service schools located at the center. The final two chapters deal with training black personnel and athletic programs. A group of eight appendices include organization charts, lists of orders and regulations, curriculum outlines, and a copy of the company commander's manual.
Volume III focuses on the Training Aids Division, which planned and prepared audio-visual training aids to be used in Navy courses. Among these were charts, models, posters, and pamphlets. The organization also edited the Naval Training Bulletin that disseminated information on training standards. Besides reviewing the organization's administration of its other activities, the narrative outlines efforts to distribute training devices and training materials prepared by other divisions. Various charts and forms are found throughout the history. The narrative was prepared by officers assigned to the division. Final editing was accomplished by Lieutenant Dudley Johnson, USNR.
Volume IV of the basic narrative presents a history of the Navy's college training or V-12 program. Among the topics discussed are the origins of the V-12 program, its relationship to the War Manpower Commission, the process by which colleges were selected for participation, procurement of qualified personnel for placement in the program, organization of the academic curriculum, and the administrative structure established within the bureau. Three appendices located at the end of the volume include histories of the V-12 program at Dartmouth College and of the College Training Section of the Field Administration Division, as well as an important memorandum on college contract negotiations. In addition, two volumes of V-12 bulletins accompany the history as separately bound appendices.
The four basic histories provide a list of numerous individuals interviewed during the preparation of each study. In some cases, documentary sources also are noted. A considerable quantity of these unbound appendices is located in another collection of the Navy History Division.
- Bureau of Naval Personnel, "The Negro in the Navy in World War II." Washington, 1947. 103 pp.
The role of black men and women in the Navy during World War II is discussed in this volume. In detailing the expanding opportunities for these personnel, the history examines recruiting practices, training, personnel administration, and duty assignments. Throughout the narrative, accomplishments and problems in the area of integration are evaluated.
A bibliography of documentary material consulted and the names of persons interviewed during the preparation of the study follow the narrative. In addition, over thirty photographs are located throughout the text. This administrative history is one of the major sources for Dennis D. Nelson's The Integration of the Negro into the U.S. Navy (Farrar, Straus and Young, 1951).
- Bureau of Naval Personnel, "The Welfare Activity." Washington, 1946. 544 pp.
Assigned numerous responsibilities related to welfare, recreation, and entertainment, the Welfare Activity of the Bureau of Naval Personnel was composed of the Special Services, Corrective Services, and Dependents Welfare Divisions, as well as the Informational Services Section. The operations of the latter section are reviewed briefly in the first part of the history. Among its duties was editing All Hands magazine (designated originally as the Bureau of Naval Personnel -- Information Bulletin) and Recreation Journal. The section also provided editorial assistance to numerous ship and station newspapers throughout the Navy.
In the second part of the narrative, the Special Services Division is treated. That organization arranged numerous forms of entertainment for naval personnel, coordinated library services, and maintained ship service stores and officer and enlisted messes on shore. The work of the Corrective Services Division is discussed in the third part. That division administered the shore patrol and naval prisons.
In a series of twelve separate reports and chronologies, the final section of the history covers the activities of the Dependents Welfare Division. Among these functions were processing applications for the payment of allotments, family allowances, death gratuities, and mustering out pay; notifying relatives of casualties; and assisting the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery in the administrative processing of casualties. In addition, in early 1943, the Division was assigned the responsibility of administering the National Service Life Insurance program for naval personnel.
A partial bibliography appears at the end of the volume.
- Bureau of Naval Personnel, "Chaplains' Division; Records and Transportation Activity; Office of Public Information; Administrative Services." Washington, 1946. 178 pp., appendices.
The five separate histories in this volume cover the work of the Chaplains' Corps, Records Division, Transportation Division, Office of Public Information, and administrative service activities of the Bureau of Naval Personnel. The first history begins with an examination of the objectives and organization of the Chaplains' Corps during the war. Discussion of the development of a comprehensive training program, assignment of chaplains, and distribution of religious material follows. The final part of the history outlines the Corps' relationship with various denominations and how ecclesiastical support for its activities was obtained and increased. A bibliography and a complete series of The Chaplain's Newsletter (July 1943-May'/June 1945) supplement the narrative.
Histories of the two divisions of the Bureau's Records and Transportation Activity are found in the second and third parts of the volume. Among other topics, the treatment of the Records Division details the development of effective records management and the eventual usage of filing systems based on automated technology. The other division, Transportation, handled arrangements for travel of naval personnel on non-Navy conveyances. Analysis is made of efforts to solve numerous problems related to assuring efficient transport of personnel and their dependents. Also covered is the division's role in demobilization efforts.
In the fourth history, the wartime administration of the office of the Special Assistant and Director of Public Information is reviewed. Emphasis is placed on training officers to handle public relations and on efforts to arrange press and radio coverage of naval events. In addition, the establishment and operation of a function devoted exclusively to processing photographic material for public use is discussed. The final history dealing with Administrative Services is a brief report summarizing administrative responsibilities of various offices of the Bureau.
- Bureau of Naval Personnel, "History of the Enlisted Personnel Activity." 2 vols. Washington, 1946. 496 pp., appendices.
The account treats the wartime functioning of the three major subdivisions under the bureau's Director of Enlisted Personnel: enlisted personnel procurement,l distribution, and performance.
In the first part, various facets of the procurement process, such as recruitment, voluntary enlistment, and the Selective Service system are discussed, both chronologically and topically. Particular attention is given to the effort to obtain combat aircrewmen, radio technicians, and men for ship repair and construction units.
In Part II, the text discusses the enlisted personnel distribution procedures and the organizational structure that existed prior to the Pearl Harbor Attack and throughout World War II. The subjects covered included personnel selection techniques, shore duty rotation, rating and promotion policies, recruit assignment, training, classification, and special detailing programs.
The final section deals with aspects of enlisted personnel performance, including disciplinary standards and enforcement of discipline, punishment procedures, the administration of discharges, and the initiation, processing, and recording of promotions.
The text contains statistical tables, graphs, and lists of sources used in compiling the history.
The appendix volume consists of recruiting and induction reports, letters, memoranda, rating classifications, plans for improving the classification system, pamphlets, and sample forms and discharge papers.
- Bureau of Naval Personnel, "History of the Women's Reserve." 2 vols. Washington, 1946. 322 pp., appendices.
These volumes detail the wartime history of naval women, with particular emphasis on their training and contributions to the war effort. The text provides a comprehensive discussion of how the decisions leading to the establishment of the Women's Reserve on 30 July 1942 were formulated in the Navy and in the legislative and executive branches of the government. The organizational evolution of the office of the Director of Women's Reserve within the Bureau of Naval Personnel is described, with a focus on significant problems encountered. other subjects treated include relationships with other functions in the Navy Department, with naval shore commands, and with the women's organizations of the other services; the procurement and induction of personnel; public relations; the establishment of naval schools an d training facilities at various private schools, colleges, and universities; the types of work performed and the ratings and ranks assigned the reservists; the distribution of personnel to installations; housing, discipline, and welfare policies; and a general description of the Women's Reserve in the final two years of war, when the organization achieved its peak wartime efficiency.
The text contains a list of sources and numerous photographs of training facilities and personnel.
The appendices consist of extracts from pertinent legislative documents, administrative instructions, and brief histories of the Midshipmen's School (WR) at Northampton, Massachusetts; the Naval Training Schools at Stillwater, Oklahoma, and Cedar Falls, Iowa; and the Field Administration Division. The authors of the Northampton, Stillwater, and Cedar Fall histories were Lieutenant (junior grade) Louise T. Stockly, (W), USNR; Lieutenant Elizabeth Geen, (W), USNR; and Commander Everette E. Pettee, respectively.
Flow charts, reports, memoranda, letters, site plans, regulations, an officers' roster, conference notes, tables, and graphs, as well as a detailed narrative, comprise the history of the Naval Training School, the Bronx, New York, which is separately bound.
Bureau of Ships
- Bureau of Ships, "An Administrative History of the Bureau of Ships During World War II." Washington, 1952. 1,218 pp., appendices.
A history of the administration of the Bureau of Ships from 1940 until early 1946 is provided in these four volumes. Following a brief discussion delineating the Bureau's origins, the first volume outlines the enlargement and reorganization of the Bureau ot meet the impending crisis of world war. Particular attention is focused on efforts to recruit additional personnel and to expand federal and private shipbuilding facilities.
Volume II covers the post Pearl Harbor period through the beginning of 1943. The success of the Bureau's salvage efforts in Hawaii following the Japanese attack, as well as later salvage activities, are treated in detail. Continuing expansion of personnel and facilities is discussed along with the production and allocation of scarce materials.
In discussing the Bureau's operation from early 1943 until the victory over Japan, Volume III open with an overview of naval strategy at the midpoint of the war and examines overall policies of the Bureau. A lengthy review of the maintenance and repair of ships, and the distribution of spare parts follows. The Bureau's relationships with private industry and the Bureau's own production accomplishments also are considered.
The final volume describes the postwar adjustment of the bureau, covering such topics as navy yard reorganization, ship construction cancellations, and personnel reductions. In addition, the wartime importance of research and development is summarized. The impact of the 1946 atomic bomb test (Operations CROSSROADS) and the subsequent effect of nuclear warfare on Bureau planning is the final subject treated in the narrative.
Together with numerous charts and tables found throughout the text, twelve appendices supplement the narrative. Among the appendices are histories of various sections of the Bureau. The remaining material consists of charts and tables concerning ship construction, yard expansion, item pricing, and ship losses.
Bureau of Supplies and Accounts
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "Accounting Group and Disbursing Division." Washington, 1945. 284 pp., appendices.
The volume is divided into four parts, the first of which details the wartime activities of the Accounting Group. This organization was charged with maintaining accounts of the Navy's finances and properties. Included in this section is a narrative description of lend-lease and the complete "Grady Report" which recommended means to improve the efficiency of the Accounting Group.
The second section provides a history, from the end of World War I to the last year of World War II, of the Disbursing Division, which was responsible for administering payment of the Navy's military, civilian, and contractor personnel.
Part III relates the activities of the Officers' Accounts Division, which serviced officer pay records, during both world wars and in the interwar period. The division's performance in relation to the greatly increased workload of World War II is of particular interest.
The final section contains a narrative summary of the wartime operation of the Field Branch Liaison Division, which was the representative in Washington for the bureau's disbursing field branch in Cleveland, Ohio.
The four parts contain charts, graphs, manuals, and correspondence, either appended to the narratives or integrated into them.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "Supplying the Aeronautical Establishment." Washington, 1945. 325 pp.
The wartime provision of logistic support to the Navy's air arm is thoroughly detailed in this narrative history. The development of aviation supply procedures and organization is traced for World War I and the interwar years through World War II. The Bureau of Supplies and Accounts' Aviation Supply Division and its successor, the Aviation Supply Liaison Division, operated in coordination with the Bureau of Aeronautics in the procurement, accounting, cataloging, and distribution of aviation material. The activities of the Aviation Supply Office in Philadelphia, manned jointly by the two bureaus, also are discussed.
Included in the narrative are numerous photographs, charts, tables, letters, and circulars. Extracts from such key documents as the Yarnell Report, a Booz, Fry, Allen, and Hamilton Report, and from materials relating to the Radford Board, all of which dealt with a reorganization of aviation supply administration, complement the text.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "History of the Clothing Division." Washington, 1945. 304 pp.
This volume concerning the organization charged with procurement, research and development, maintenance, and the provision of clothing for naval personnel, is divided into three chronological sections.
Part I details the activities of the Clothing Division from the time of its separation from the Subsistence and Clothing Division in 1940 to 3arly 1944. Among the organization's duties were inspecting and testing fabrics, preparing uniform specifications, and maintaining records listing purchase prices and stocks on hand, requisitioning clothing for lend-lease, and determining Navy-wide requirements.
Parts II and III, covering a shorter period of time (June 1944 to March 1945), treat subjects found in the first part. Also discussed are such matters as the Mobile Display Unit which exhibited Navy uniforms in order to motivate textile workers.
The narratives include price lists, organizational charts, issue lists, photographs, pertinent correspondence, uniform catalogues, clothing manuals, and contracts.
The author of the history was Marguerite A. Kearney.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "Wartime History of the Cost Inspection Service." Washington, 1945. 189 pp., appendices.
The narrative section of this history comprises two parts. The first covers the period from World War I (when the Cost Inspection Service was established) to June 1944, while the second deals with the activities of the organization during July 1944 to December 1945. A third section consists of numerous appended documents. A thorough condensation of the history also is included.
Organized to oversee the determination of shipbuilding and ship repair costs, the Cost Inspection Service handled such duties as negotiation, renegotiation, and termination of contracts; inspection of contractor cost estimates; development of standard accounting procedures; maintenance of current manuals, bulletins, and instructions; and the conduct of periodic audits.
Appendices include correspondence, sample contracts, working forms, instructons to contractors and inspectors, bureau publications, and manuals.
The author of the volume was Lieutenant Commander P.M. Mattisen, (SC) USNR.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "History of the Fuel Division." Washington, 1945. 201 pp.
This volume contains a detailed description of the wartime activities of the Fuel Division. Following a brief background discussion of the organization's evolution from World War I, the narrative treats such topics as the policies and procedures involved in the determination of fuel requirements, procurement, specifications, and the transportation and storage of fuel stocks. Relationships with other services, government agencies, and with foreign governments, as well as the impact of the war on the domestic fuel industry, also are dealt with in the text. The Fuel Division handled diesel oil, aviation gasoline, motor gasoline, lubricating oils, and solid fuels.
The narrative is interspersed with relevant graphs, charts, and tables depicting the Navy's fuel supply system.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "History of the Stock Division." Washington, 1945. 410 pp., appendices.
This administrative history consists of two narrative volumes and one volume of exhibits. Essentially, the work is a compilation of separate histories for each of the division's branches. Topics covered include the wartime development of general policies, such as the decision to improve stock accounting and inventory control procedures through the use of tabulating machines, the promulgation of consolidated stock reports, and efforts to adapt old as well as innovative stock control systems to the massive wartime increase in supply items procured and stocked. Also dealt with are the several organizational changes undergone by the cataloguing branch during the war and the advent of the Navy Standard Stock Catalogue, precursor of the federal catalogue system.
Photographs of division work areas, pertinent correspondence, and stock control publications accompany the text.
The appendix volume contains various correspondence, supply catalogs, a listing of comments regarding the catalogues from organizations in the field, manuals, and planning material.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "History of the Maintenance Division." Washington, 1945. 115 pp., appendix.
The narrative history of the Maintenance Division, renamed the Budget Division in 1944, details the organizational evolution of the office from World War I to 1945. This administrative entity was eventually charged with budgetary cognizance over all bureau appropriations within the bureau.
The text is divided into four chronological parts that summarize the duties and accomplishments of the various internal sections. Among these subdivisions were the Standards Section, which advised field activities on the most efficient use of office equipment and supplies; and the Defense Aid Section, which oversaw budget control of lend-lease requisitions until the establishment of the International Aid Division in 1944.
A number of charts, tables, and orders are contained in the narrative.
Lieutenant John R. Talmage, SC(S), USNR, and Lieutenant (junior grad) Robert P. Williams, SC(S), USNR, were the authors of this history.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "History--International Aid Division." Washington, 1946. 54 pp., appendices.
Formed in 1944, the International Aid Division combined the administrative and accounting functions related to lend-lease and other forms of foreign aid. The relatively brief narrative treats the activity of the division during most of 1944 and 1945. Two of the history's parts detail the work of the Administration Section and the Accounting and Statistical Section. The final part relates the history of the division as a whole in the last eleven months of the war.
In addition to discussing the supply of military equipment to Allied countries, the text covers such special topics as the development of a system of marking aid material to indicate its American origin, establishment of foreign disbursement centers, and transportation of foreign nationals within the United States. Appended documents, consisting of reports, conference minutes, and key correspondence, follow the last two sections of narrative.
Lieutenant John R. Talmage, SC(*S), USNR, was the author of this history.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "Packaging and Materials Handling." Washington, 1945. 87 pp.
This volume consists of a predominantly visual representation of the functions and procedures of the Field Operations Branch, General Stock Division. Photographs, flow charts, tables, and a map serve to illustrate the wartime methods of packaging materials for shipment overseas and of handling supplies during trans-shipment to the operating forces. Various aspects of these functions, such as strapping, weighing, and stenciling containers; corrosion prevention; packing and crating; proper fork-lift operation; cargo handling; and material palletization are depicted.
This pictorial summary is organized according to the organization of the branch. A brief narrative describing the mission of each subordinate entity and its accomplishments precedes the visual matter. A short history of the wartime organizational transformation of the Field Operations Branch from the Containers Division, Office of Procurement and Material, prefaces the overall work.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "History of Officer Personnel Division" and "History of Chief Clerk's Division." Washington, 1945. 71 pp., appendices.
The Officer Personnel Division was responsible for the personnel administration of Supply Corps officers. The narrative description of the division's wartime activities discusses such functions as planning for future personnel requirements and the use of civilian sources of recruitment; maintaining a constant rate of trained male and female officers entering the logistic service; advising the Bureau of Naval Personnel on courses of instruction recommended for Supply Corps officers; and planning the rotation and assignment of personnel.
The exhibits include tables, board reports, and correspondence relating to the training and commissioning of Naval Reserve officers to support the logistic war effort.
The final section details the work from 1917 to 1945 of the Chief Clerk's Division, which was charged with administering the mail, files, messengers, space, office equipment, and maintenance personnel of the bureau. Several tables and an organizational chart are interspersed in the text.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "Supplying the Fleet." 2 vols. Washington, 1945. 479 pp.
This history, consisting of two separately bound volumes, is primarily a photographic synopsis of the wartime functioning of the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts headquarters in Washington. The study also provides a visual identification of key staff personnel, their work areas, and equipment utilized to expedite supply procedures. The test is divided in accordance with the bureau's organization. The duties and accomplishments of divisions and subordinate sections in the bureau are briefly summarized.
The author was Lieutenant Paul W. Bruske, SC(S), USNR.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "Administrative Planning Division and "History of Advanced Base Section and the Logistic Planing Division (December 1942-April 1945) -- Supplying the Advanced Bases." 4 vols. Washington, 1945. 227 pp., appendices.
The histories in this work emphasize the planning process involved in supplying the Fleet and overseas bases.
Parts I and II detail the many comprehensive organizational changes undergone by the bureau's various planning activities. These divisions, by their nature, were concerned with all facets of the logistic effort.
The Administrative Planning Division dealt with such matters as planning for the outfitting of ships, control of publications, bureau public relations, liaison with Congress, and supervision of the bureau's interests in military government. The division was charged also with compiling the wartime administrative history of the Bureau of Supplies and Accounts. The narrative provides valuable information regarding the inception and development of the historical project which was under the overall supervision of the Office of Naval History.
Part II contains an account of the bureau's logistics planing and function during World War II, with a focus on the expansion and implementation of the advanced base concept. The text describes the procedures involved in establishing and supplying the numerous Pacific island bases.
Photographs of staff personnel and supply operations, as well as several officer rosters, accompany the narrative.
Appendices are included in the final section of the narrative volume and in three separate volumes. Bureau publications dealing with planning in general are appended to the text, while the second volume of the exhibits is divided between correspondence, handbooks, conference notes, and a newsletter, related either to the Administrative Planing or the Logistic Planing division. The third and fourth volumes contain organization charts, orders, correspondence, plans, manuals, guides, and photographs related to the administration of the Navy's military government program.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "First Draft of Administrative History of Supply Corps. Procurement in World War II (Interim Report)." Washington, 1945. 233 pp.
This comprehensive summary describes the development of Navy procurement policies and procedures from the early years of the nation through the end of World War II. The narrative treats such aspects as the purchase of clothing, rubber, lumber, food, and fuel. The fundamental wartime organizational changes experienced by the bureau's procurement activities also are detailed. The final section deals with the question of consolidating certain Army-Navy procurement functions.
The appendices are voluminous and contain relevant reports, correspondence, tables, plans, charts, sample stock catalogs, and the history of a field purchasing unit. Numerous photographs are located throughout both the text and the appendices.
The author was Lieutenant James E. Colvin, SC(S), USNR, who states that the work was based on the Purchase Division history for which Lieutenant Margaret Ocker, SC(W), USNR, was responsible.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "A History of Purchasing Within the Supply Group, World War II." Washington, 1945. 459 pp., appendices.
The narrative summarizes the wartime activities of the bureau's various purchasing sections. Special emphasis is given to the work of the Purchase Division, which had general oversight of the bureau's buying functions.
Structural transformations of purchasing organizations are described at length with pertinent documents interspersed in the text. The subject of purchasing is treated both topically and chronologically, although only the years 1944 and 1945 are covered in the latter manner. Such facets of this logistic task as purchasing raw materials and manufactured products; negotiating, renegotiating, and terminating contracts; and field purchasing are related.
Included within the narrative are several photographs of key personnel, correspondence, organizational charts, directives, and reports.
The appendices contain a listing of sources used in compiling the history and a roster of officers serving with the General Purchase Division in early 1944.
The author of htis volume wsa Lieutenant Margaret Ocker, SC(W), USNR.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "Historical Record of the Subsistance Division." Washington, 1945. 190 pp.
This history of the Subsistence Division provides a thorough description of the unit's various sections and their duties. Functions of the division included maintaining inventories and stock reports of the quantity and condition of provisions at distributing points, determining Navy food requirements and procurement policies, awarding contracts, administering the delivery of subsistence items, supervising food inspections and tests, developing special rations, improving methods of food preparation, administering commissary stores, and handling the Navy food rationing system.
The narrative details the change from peacetime to wartime procurement methods and the division's dealings with other services and government agencies concerned with food supply, as well as the organization's growth during World War II.
Numerous photographs depicting various stages of food preparation and storage accompany the text, as do several charts, rosters, and lists of field operations.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "Synopsis of Ship's Store Division Accomplishments, 1 June 1944 to 1 September 1945." Washington, 1945. 14 pp., appendices.
This summary of the Ship's Store Division's activities during World War II also relates to the supply of subsistence items. Established in July 1944, the division oversaw the operations of consolidated ship's stores and ship's service stores. The former had functioned as part of the Navy supply system, while the latter had operated under the Bureau of Naval Personnel and utilized unappropriated funds.
The brief narrative describes the division's achievements in increasing the efficiency in the operation and management of ship's stores during late 1944 and 1945. Accomplishments included the establishment of soft drink bottling plants, barber shops, and laundries in forward areas. Measures to increase shipments of such items as radios, record players, and magazines to the operating forces also are discussed.
The appendix section contains organizational charts, memoranda, reports, and conference notes dealing with the provision of supplies to ship's stores and their administration.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "History of the Storage Division." Washington, 1945. 105 pp., appendices.
The Storage Division resulted from the consolidation in March 1944 of the former Storage Section of the Stock Division, and the Research, Development and Storage Projects Section of the Planning Division. However, htis history details the development of Navy storage and warehousing policies and procedures from the time of World War I. The subject matter is treated in fourteen narrative parts and an appendix section. In addition to treating these subjects from a bureau point of view, many naval supply depots are dealt with separately.
The account focuses on the great wartime expansion of facilities construction, space allocation procedures, warehousing techniques, storage site leasing, and the temperature and humidity control of stored goods. Accompanying the text are photographs of storage areas, tables indicating storage space available in depots at certain periods of time, and extracts from pertinent correspondence.
The greater part of this volume consists of appended orders, press clippings, cost estimates, plans, correspondence, reports, storage manuals, sample forms, bureau publications, directives, and committee statements.
- Bureau of Supplies and Accounts, "History of the Transportation Division." Washington, 1944. 72 pp., appendices.
Prior to 1943, the Transportation Division was known as the Traffic Section of the Fuel and Transportation Division. The history details the activities of this Navy function from 1919, through the interwar period, and into World War II.
Arranged topically, the narrative treats all the modes of transportation. It discusses such subjects as the wartime growth of the San Francisco area as a shipping center for the Pacific, the creation of the Naval Air Transportation Service, the establishment of District Property Transportation Offices, the consolidation of Army and Navy transcontinental rail shipments, and efforts to expedite the movement of Navy material.
The organization of the Transportation Division is described at length. Its various sections, including Defense Aid Material Movement, Ships and Advanced Base, Commerce, Motor Transport, and Household Effects, are covered in separate discussions.
The appendices consist of the comprehensive "Navy Traffic Flow Study, 1943-1944" and its supplement for January to July 1945, both of which contain statistical tables, charts, and maps. The "Navy Shipment Marking Handbook" also is appended to the text.
Bureau of Yards and Docks
- Bureau of Yards and Docks, "Building the Navy's Bases in World War II: History of the Bureau of Yards and Docks and the Civil Engineer Corps, 1940-1946." 2 vols. Washington, GPO, 1947. 818 pp., index, appendix.
These two volumes recount the bureau's global endeavors in support of the Navy's war effort. The unpublished manuscript upon which this printed work was based has not been located. Arranged in three narrative parts, the published history provides a comprehensive description of the work of the bureau headquarters, the Civil Engineer Corps, and the Construction Battalions (Seabees).
In Part I, the topics covered include planning the public works program, financing wartime construction projects, the organizational development of the bureau and the Civil Engineer Corps, problems of construction contracting, logistic support for advanced bases, the establishment and growth of the Seabees, and the provision of advanced base equipment.
The second part concentrates on the construction of bases in the continental United States. The various facilities and installations are treated according to the nature of their primary function in sections describing navy yards and stationary drydocks, floating drydocks, air stations, training stations, supply depots, ammunition depots, and hospitals. Defense and emergency rental housing, civil works, and minor construction programs are subjects separately discussed.
Part III focuses on the establishment and construction of advanced bases, with each narrative section representing a geographic area. The text details the problems encountered in building advanced bases at such diverse locations as Adak, Alaska; the Galapagos Islands; Trinidad; Le havre, France; Sardinia, and Okinawa and Iwo Jima in the Pacific. The construction of all types of buildings, wharfs, roadways, pipelines, fuel tanks, ship repair facilities, airfields, and power plants is related. The work of the Seabees in rehabilitating captured ports, operating beach camps, and in transporting, installing, and operating ferries, piers, and artificial harbors during the invasion of Europe is one of many topics of particular interest.
Graphs, organizational charts, maps, and numerous photographs of airfields, port installations, training facilities, warehouses, construction equipment, ships, and craft, bridges, barracks, ammunition storage areas, fuel farms, factories, drydocks, and other man-made structures, as well as personnel, are interspersed in the text.
An appendix section provides a list of Seabee units, with dates of commissioning and inactivation and places of overseas service indicated.
Table of Contents
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