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Title: Independent Journal of Burmese Scholarship - လွတ်လပ်သော မြန်မာ့ သုတေသန ဂျာနယ်
Date of publication: September 2016
Description/subject: Independent Journal of Burmese Scholarship: Mission Statement ▽ "The Independent Journal of Burmese Scholarship — လွတ်လပ်သော မြန်မာ့ သုတေသန ဂျာနယ် — is a new, open access, digital journal of humanities (history and literary criticism) and social sciences. It aims at fostering the development of vigorous, critical, and independent research of the highest quality on Burma by scholars both in Burma and abroad. The Journal will be published in Burmese, with full text or summary translations in a second language (i.e., one of the major languages of world scholarship or one of the non-Burman written languages of Burma). The editors hope to promote scholarly excellence by a system of peer review, editorial advice, and by supplying authors with digital copies of related research not easily otherwise available to them. We envision publishing bi-annually, often on particular themes selected by the editors and announced in advance. We encourage submissions by young scholars and aspiring amateurs as well as established academics. All authors’ work will be held in the strictest confidence by the editors and their identities will be protected under a pen name if they so wish. We hope that the Independent Journal of Burmese Scholarship will help both create and display the fruits of a growing, independent, and assertive scholarly community."....August 2016 Volume 1, no. 1 - “Special Issue on Poverty”
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Independent Journal of Burmese Scholarship
Format/size: html pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 September 2016
RR > Bibliographies and online documents of individual Burma/Myanmar scholars
Burma portals
Abstracts, bibliographies, scholarly journals, libraries, institutes, universities, other research tools


Title: Educasia
Description/subject: "Educasia is a program of the Curriculum Department of Thabyay Education Foundation. Our Vision: The Curriculum Department of Thabyay works for a future with: • A society offering relevant and equal educational opportunities for all • Active citizens with appropriate knowledge and skills to participate in the peaceful development of their communities and society Educasia’s mission and functions Educasia started in 2008 as a replication of the successful program The Curriculum Project. Educasia supports the development of post-secondary and adult education initiatives in Myanmar. Its focus is on non-formal groups working for positive social change and development. Educasia works to: • Provide young adults with appropriate knowledge and skills to participate in peaceful development of communities and society and to pursue meaningful further education • Support development, implementation and provision of context-appropriate curricula and learning structures • Build capacity of teachers and educators in low-resource environments • Build flexible learning pathways and innovative educational solutions. Target groups • Post-secondary schools and learning centers • Adult education programs • Civil society organizations Final beneficiaries • Adult learners and their teachers • Disadvantaged populations • Internally displaced people • Community development workers Our activities along the Thai-Myanmar border benefit Myanmar refugees and migrants....@
Language: English, Burmese
Source/publisher: Thabyay Education Foundation (TEF)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2016
ML > Education > Educational resources and materials (Burma- and non-Burma-related)


Title: Thabyay Education Foundation (TEF)
Description/subject: "At Thabyay Education Foundation (TEF), we believe that quality education for all is the fulcrum for the development of peaceful, socially just, democratic and prosperous societies. Since we were founded in 1996, we have worked to support people from Myanmar to access the education and professional development opportunities that they need to help their society achieve these goals. The individuals and organizations that we support play prominent roles in the development of many keys sectors of Myanmar society, including education, healthcare, law, human rights, women's empowerment, environmental protection, community development, food security, livelihoods, social work, disability services and empowerment, peace building and reconciliation, media and journalism and youth development..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Thabyay Education Foundation (TEF)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2016
ML > Education > Educational resources and materials (Burma- and non-Burma-related)


Title: Union legislature to tackle protest law differences
Date of publication: 19 September 2016
Description/subject: "With the upper and lower houses unable to reconcile differences over draft amendments to the Peaceful Assembly and Procession Law, the Amyotha Hluttaw Speaker announced last week that lawmakers would hash out their disagreements in the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw. Eight points of disagreement between the two chambers remain, under sections 4(f), 12, 14(a) and 25, as well as four sub-clauses of Section 10. The upper house Speaker said the move to debate the contended articles in the Union parliament, announced on September 15, was at the suggestion of lawmaker U Aung Kyi Nyunt (NLD; Magwe 4), a member of the Amyotha Hluttaw Bill Committee. The MP said the main point of contention was over a clause supported by the Amyotha Hluttaw, which parliamentarians in the lower chamber stripped out, that would make it illegal to incentivise individuals to join a protest. “The Amyotha Hluttaw approved the clause that [prohibits] any powerful organisations or people from ordering people to protest by giving them money and [prohibiting] people from accepting that money also. The Pyithu Hluttaw abrogated that clause,” he said..."
Author/creator: Swan Ye Htut
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2016
ML > Law and Constitution > Civil and political issues > Association and Assembly > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to association and assembly (commentaries)


Title: The Third Pole
Description/subject: "The region that encompasses the Himalaya-Hindu Kush mountain range and the Tibetan Plateau is widely known as the Third Pole because its ice fields contain the largest reserve of fresh water outside the polar regions. This region is the source of the 10 major river systems that provide irrigation, power and drinking water for over 1.3 billion people in Asia – nearly 20% of the world’s population."
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Third Pole
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2016
ML > Water, including dams > Water bodies (global. regional) > Himalaya-Hindu Kush mountain range and the Tibetan Plateau


Title: Phandeeyar
Description/subject: "Phandeeyar [based in Yangon] is an ICT hub that is designed to support social innovation, civictech and ICT4D/M4D in Myanmar. Phandeeyar brings the tech community together with others who are moving Myanmar forward – such as civil society organizations, social enterprises and independent media – to build the digital tools, platforms and content to accelerate change and development. Phandeeyar, which means “creation place”, was born out of Code for Change Myanmar. Code for Change Myanmar organized a series of hackathons in 2014 that focussed on building tech solutions to social problems and solutions for small and medium businesses. We wanted to carry forward the enthusiasm from the budding tech community that came to participate in the hackathons and create a permanent space for innovation that has a wider social impact."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Phandeeyar
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 September 2016
ML > Information services in Burma/Myanmar > Information services - print, broadcast and Internet media, libraries etc.


Title: 48 laws must be enacted as priority: legal commission
Date of publication: 13 September 2016
Description/subject: "Myanmar needs to enact 48 laws as a matter of priority, the Legal Affairs and Special Cases Assessment Commission has told parliament, with legislation aimed at tackling violence against women at the top of that list. The commission presented its findings in Nay Pyi Taw yesterday. “We have presented 48 laws that can develop the prosperity of the country and citizens, which can protect citizens, which can ensure law enforcement and justice,” said commission vice chair U Ko Ko Naing. “[These laws] are suitable for the present day, to be enacted as a priority while the country is reforming,” he added. U Ko Ko Naing read out a list of the 48 laws that the commission is recommending be pushed through, starting with the National Prevention of Violence Against Women Law..."
Author/creator: Swan Ye Htut
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 September 2016
ML > Law and Constitution > Legislation under consideration, adopted, amended or repealed


Title: KNU and NMSP Reach Agreement
Date of publication: 12 September 2016
Description/subject: " Karen National Union (KNU) and the New Mon State Party (NMSP) officials reached an agreement that should prevent any further fighting between them at a meeting on 11 September. The meeting was held at Yar Phoo Village in the Yar Phoo Village Group of Yebyu Township, Tanintharyi Region following a skirmish between the KNU and the NMSP near Thè Chaung Phyar Village of Kalain Aung sub-township in Yebyu Township on 8 September. The KNU delegation to the meeting was led by the KNU Central Committee member Pado Mann Nyein Maung and the Myeik-Dawei District KNU chairman Pado Saw Sar Pi Tu. The Dawei District NMSP chairman, Nai A Ka, led the NMSP delegation. Pado Saw Sar Pi Tu said to KIC News: “During the meeting we reached an agreement to prevent such kinds of skirmishes from happening again between the two sides. We are currently stopping the issues from escalating..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: KIC (Karen Information Committee) via BNI
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 September 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: The fight for your rights
Date of publication: 13 September 2016
Description/subject: "Myanmar’s human rights commission has a credibility problem — but critics argue that it can’t be solved by simply replacing its current members...,'TOOTHLESS. Ineffective. Weak' - Since its formation in 2011, the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission has been a lightning rod for criticism. This hasn’t gone away under the National League for Democracy government; if anything, the volume and tone has been ratcheted up. During a recent debate in parliament over the commission’s 2015 annual report, 16 lawmakers took the opportunity to discuss its perceived failings. Some proposed sacking all of the commission’s members and replacing them..."
Author/creator: Hein Ko Soe
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Frontier Myanmar"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 September 2016
ML > Human Rights > Various Rights > National Human Rights Institutions > Burma's National Human Rights Commission > Myanmar's National Human Rights Commission (commentary)


Title: Assessing gender in resilience programming: Myanmar
Date of publication: January 2016
Description/subject: "This case study is one of four commissioned by BRACED to assess the links between resilience and gender in partners’ projects. It documents approaches used to promote gender equality within the BRACED Myanmar Alliance, as well as the latent challenges and opportunities in this process...key messages • The BRACED Alliance in Myanmar aims to shift community-level power dynamics, by increasingly integrating women into decision- making structures, building their economic security and honoring their leadership abilities. • The project will also inform and drive strategic policy interventions on women’s empowerment within climate change and DRR narratives. • However, gender transformation is a slow and dynamic process. Three years of resilience programming is not enough time to recast social norms that have crystallized over decades. • Gender transformation requires us to redefine gender roles and identities and to assess the concurrent monitoring and evaluation of changing social, political and economic trends as well as how communities respond to this process. • The Myanmar Alliance can set the foundation and pave the way to build climate- resilient communities where women equally drive sustainable development practices..."
Author/creator: Melanie Hilton, Yee Mon Maung and Virginie Le Masson
Language: English
Source/publisher: BRACED
Format/size: pdf (300K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.braced.org/
Date of entry/update: 13 September 2016
ML > Climate Change > Climate Change - Burma/Myanmar > Adaptation > Policies and projects
Women > Articles, reports and sites relating to women of Burma


Title: KNU and NMSP clash after 27 years of ceasefire
Date of publication: 12 September 2016
Description/subject: "Gunfire erupted on Thursday, 8 September, in the vicinity of Tae Chaung Village, Yebyu Township, Tenasserism Division, between Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) and Mon National Liberation Army (MNLA) after more than 27 years of ceasefire. The last clash between the KNLA of Karen National Union (KNU) and MNLA of New Mon State Party (NMSP) was back in 1988 fuelled by a land dispute over the Three Pagodas Pass area, on the Thai-Burma border. KNLA and MNLA spokespersons stated that their troops didn’t start firing at the opposing unit first and that no one in their unit was wounded. “Because they passed over the territory, we sent a moderator but could not negotiate. So, both sides started firing at each other from far away. However, it was not on purpose,” said Padoh Win Khine, who is in-charge of Tavoy District’s KNU Liaison office..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma News International (BNI)
Format/size: http://www.mizzima.com/news-domestic/knu-and-nmsp-clash-after-27-years-ceasefire
Date of entry/update: 12 September 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: Pyidaungsu Institute
Description/subject: "Founding: The Institute was founded in August 2013 in accordance with the resolution of representatives of ethnic organisations and civil society organizations (CSOs) in December 2012 in Chiangmai... Vision: A just, equitable, democratic and pluralistic Pyidaungsu... Mission: To provide impartial and independent spaces for building common understanding, resources and assistance to communities in building the Pyidaungsu... Values: 1) Grounded in relevant and factual information; 2) Directed and managed by participants in building the Pyidaungsu; 3) Focused to support needs identified by the participants..."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Institute
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 September 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: FIAN International - For the right to adequate food
Description/subject: "The right to food is one of the most widely violated human rights. Although enough food is produced to feed the world, it is estimated that more than 850 million people in the world suffer from hunger and malnutrition. Only a small percentage can be attributed to natural catastrophes or civil wars. The vast majority suffer from chronic hunger in everyday life. Scarce or low quality food, contaminated water and the resulting diseases are part of the normal course of life for these women, men and children. They lack control over basic resources like land, seeds or income to be able to feed themselves adequately. They also lack political power and access to justice to claim their rights..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: FIAN International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Food Security > Food Security - global and regional > Food Security - Specialised organisations and mechanisms


Title: Sustainable and Healthy Eating Patterns?
Date of publication: 06 September 2016
Description/subject: Description: "The challenge of moving towards a more sustainable food system – and more sustainable eating patterns as part of that – has for too long been seen in terms of producing better ‘things’ – breeds, seeds, energy efficient kit. But we have these things, or at least enough of them for now. What we need to do now is to pay more attention (and money) to the ‘glue’ that binds these things together – to the relationships among people, institutions and societies, says Tara Garnett, of the Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Food, in a policy briefing on sustainable eating."
Author/creator: Tara Garnett
Language: English
Source/publisher: Oxford Martin Programme on the Future of Food
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Food Security > Food Security - global and regional > Food Security - global and regional literature


Title: LIMITS REVISITED - A review of the limits to growth debate
Date of publication: April 2016
Description/subject: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "Four and a half decades after the Club of Rome published its landmark report on Limits to Growth , the study remains critical to our understanding of economic prosperity. This new review of the Limits debate has been written to mark the launch of the UK All Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on the Limits to Growth. The 1972 report articulated for the first time the dynamic nature of our dependency on physical resources and on ecological systems. It illustrated the processes of ‘overshoot and collapse’ that can occur when these limits are approached and suggested that, without a shift in direction, adverse consequences would become obvious “within the next century”. The report attracted fierce controversy. It also inspired generations of environmental and social thinkers. It continues to offer challenging insights into the predicaments of the 21st Century economy. Limits Revisited outlines the contents of the Club of Rome’s report, traces the history of responses to it and dispels some of the myths surrounding it. We unravel the arguments that have raged for forty years in its aftermath and explore more recent findings which relate to the original hypothesis. There is unsettling evidence that society is still following the ‘standard run’ of the original study – in which overshoot leads to an eventual collapse of production and living standards. Detailed recent studies suggests that production of some key resources may only be decades away. Certain other limits to growth – less visible in the 1972 report – present equally pressing challenges to modern society. We highlight, in particular, recent work on our proximity to ‘planetary boundaries’ and illustrate this through the challenge of meeting the Paris Agreement on climate change. We also explore the economic challenge of a ‘secular stagnation’. If the Club of Rome is right, the next few decades are decisive. One of the most important lessons from the study is that early responses are absolutely vital as limits are approached. Faced with these challenges, there is also clearly a premium on creating political space for change and developing positive narratives of progress. A part of the aim of the APPG is create that space"
Author/creator: Tim Jackson and Robin Webster
Language: English
Source/publisher: All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) [UK]
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Food Security > Food Security - global and regional > Food Security - global and regional literature
Development - focus on Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Sustainable development > Roots and Resources - global and regional experience and analysis


Title: All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on Limits to Growth [UK]
Description/subject: "Welcome to the website of the All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) on Limits to Growth, a new platform for cross-party dialogue on economic growth in a time of environmental and social transition. Our aims are: to create the space for cross-party dialogue on environmental and social limits to growth; to assess the evidence for such limits, identify the risks and build support for appropriate responses; and to contribute to the international debate on redefining prosperity."
Language: English
Source/publisher: All-Party Parliamentary Group (APPG) [UK]
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://limits2growth.org.uk/
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Development - focus on Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Sustainable development > Roots and Resources - global and regional experience and analysis


Title: Food Security Group: Research, Policy Dialogue, and Training Projects
Description/subject: "The Food Security Group is a team of faculty members in the Agricultural, Food, and Resource Economics Department of Michigan State University whose activities focus on issues of food security, food policy, and general agricultural development, primarily in Africa and Southeast Asia. The lead project in the FSG portfolio is the Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy. The Feed the Future Innovation Lab for Food Security Policy (FSP) is funded by a grant from the U.S. Agency for International Development as part of the U.S. Government’s Feed the Future Initiative. Outputs by the Food Security Group (FSG) and host-country collaborators on Food Security Policy and related projects (funded through other sources) are listed in the Directories below."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Michigan State University
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Food Security > Food Security - global and regional > Food Security - global and regional literature


Title: World Food Programme (WFP)
Description/subject: "...WFP is the food aid arm of the United Nations system. Food aid is one of the many instruments that can help to promote food security, which is defined as access of all people at all times to the food needed for an active and healthy life. ¹ The policies governing the use of World Food Programme food aid must be oriented towards the objective of eradicating hunger and poverty. The ultimate objective of food aid should be the elimination of the need for food aid..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Food Programme (WFP)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.wfp.org/search/site/myanmar
http://www.wfp.org/countries/myanmar
http://documents.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/ep/wfp273246.pdf?_ga=1.217473107.47205738...
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Food Security > Food Security - global and regional > Food Security - Specialised organisations and mechanisms


Title: WFP Country Brief - Myanmar
Date of publication: July 2016
Description/subject: "WFP is closely coordinating with the Government and partners in assessing food needs of populations affected by recent floods across Myanmar and stands ready to provide an immediate response, if needed * In July, WFP continued assisting 233,460 IDPs with cash or in-kind food assistance in Kachin, Rakhine and northern Shan States."
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Food Programme (WFP)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Food Security > Food Security in Burma/Myanmar > Food Security in Burma/Myanmar - specialised groups, reports and statistics


Title: Regional Parliamentarians Lament Continued Govt Centralization
Date of publication: 09 September 2016
Description/subject: "Burma’s civilian-led government recently marked five months since the transfer of power from the country’s previous, military-backed administration. The Irrawaddy explored the ongoing challenges facing regional parliamentarians in the new system by surveying six National League for Democracy (NLD) lawmakers from Pegu, Irrawaddy and Rangoon division parliaments, and six representatives from parliaments in ethnic states, including those serving in the Arakan National Party (ANP), the Kachin State Democracy Party (KSDP), the Shan Nationalities League for Democracy (SNLD) and the once-ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP). In interviews, parliamentarians discussed and reflected on the first official 100 days in their divisional legislatures, a period which ended in August. Regional lawmakers revealed a struggle surrounding limited transparency and a sense of helplessness they attribute to continued centralization in the country’s young government..."
Author/creator: Moe Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Decentralisation > Decentralisation (Decentralization) in Burma/Myanmar


Title: Food security
Description/subject: "Food security is a condition related to the supply of food, and individuals' access to it. Concerns over food security have existed throughout history. There is evidence of granaries being in use over 10,000 years ago, with central authorities in civilizations including ancient China and ancient Egypt being known to release food from storage in times of famine. At the 1974 World Food Conference the term "food security" was defined with an emphasis on supply. Food security, they said, is the "availability at all times of adequate world food supplies of basic foodstuffs to sustain a steady expansion of food consumption and to offset fluctuations in production and prices".[1] Later definitions added demand and access issues to the definition. The final report of the 1996 World Food Summit states that food security "exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life".[2][3] Household food security exists when all members, at all times, have access to enough food for an active, healthy life.[4] Individuals who are food secure do not live in hunger or fear of starvation.[5] Food insecurity, on the other hand, is a situation of "limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways", according to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).[6] Food security incorporates a measure of resilience to future disruption or unavailability of critical food supply due to various risk factors including droughts, shipping disruptions, fuel shortages, economic instability, and wars. In the years 2011-2013, an estimated 842 million people were suffering from chronic hunger.[7] The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, or FAO, identified the four pillars of food security as availability, access, utilization, and stability.[8] The United Nations (UN) recognized the Right to Food in the Declaration of Human Rights in 1948,[5] and has since noted that it is vital for the enjoyment of all other rights.[9] The 1996 World Summit on Food Security declared that "food should not be used as an instrument for political and economic pressure".[3] According to the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, failed agriculture market regulation and the lack of anti-dumping mechanisms cause much of the world's food scarcity and malnutrition."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Food Security > Food Security - global and regional > Right to Food - standards, definitions and mechanisms


Title: Toolkit on the Right to Food
Description/subject: Standards, mechanisms, publications, links, other resources...."The right to adequate food is realized when every man, woman and child, alone or in community with others, has physical and economic access at all times to adequate food or means for its procurement..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Office of the UN High Commisioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Food Security > Food Security - global and regional > Food Security - Specialised organisations and mechanisms


Title: Global Climate Change - NASA
Description/subject: "NASA is a world leader in climate studies and Earth science. While its role is not to set climate policy or prescribe particular responses or solutions to climate change, its purview does include providing the robust scientific data needed to understand climate change. NASA then makes this information available to the global community – the public, policy- and decision-makers and scientific and planning agencies around the world."..... Key Points: * Responding to climate change involves a two-pronged approach: reducing and stabilizing the levels of heat-trapping greenhouse gases in the atmosphere (“mitigation”); and adapting to the climate change already in the pipeline (“adaptation”). * You can follow NASA's Carbon Monitoring System (CMS), NASA's Megacities Carbon Project and this website's Energy Innovations section to learn what the agency is doing to help better understand climate change.
Language: English
Source/publisher: NASA
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Climate Change > Climate Change - global: science (causes and effects), general


Title: Why I must speak out about climate change (video)
Date of publication: February 2012
Description/subject: "Top climate scientist James Hansen tells the story of his involvement in the science of and debate over global climate change. In doing so he outlines the overwhelming evidence that change is happening and why that makes him deeply worried about the future."..... James Hansen Climatologist. "James Hansen has made key insights into our global climate — and inspired a generation of activists and scientists." 30 subtitle languages Help with subtitles View interactive transcript
Author/creator: James Hansen
Language: English (+ 30 subtitle languages)
Source/publisher: TED 2012
Format/size: Adobe Flash (17 minutes, 44 seconds)
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Climate Change > Climate Change - global: science (causes and effects), general


Title: EcoWatch
Description/subject: Home Climate "EcoWatch is one of the nation's [USA] leading environmental news sites engaging millions of readers every month. We are at the forefront of uniting all shades of green to ensure the health and longevity of our planet. EcoWatch is leading the charge in using online news to drive fundamental change...... Energy... Food... Health... Adventure... More+
Language: English
Source/publisher: EcoWatch
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Environment > The global environment > The global environment - resources


Title: Centre for Development and Ethnic Studies (CDES)
Description/subject: This is the new name and website of the Burma Centre for Ethnic Studies, Peace and Reconciliation
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Centre for Development and Ethnic Studies
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 September 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Centre for Development and Ethnic Studies (CDES)


Title: Les Nouvelles de Birmanie, Août 2016
Date of publication: August 2016
Description/subject: Les chiffres du mois....Les événements clefs du mois: Remaniements au sein de l’USDP, Thein Sein démissionne mais ne part pas...Les ministères annoncent leurs réalisations en 100 jours...Les conflits armés se poursuivent dans les États Shan et Kachin...Un puissant séisme touche Bagan...Malgré la promesse d’évaluation des barrages, les constructions sur la rivière Salween restent une préoccupation urgente...Nouvelle manifestation d’ouvriers pour leurs droits.....Les focus du mois: Un bilan mitigé de la conférence de paix en Birmanie...En Birmanie, Kofi Annan à la tête d’une commission controversée sur la situation des rohingyas
Language: Français, French
Source/publisher: Info Birmanie
Format/size: pdf (1.34MB)
Date of entry/update: 10 September 2016
ML > Activism and Advocacy (groups from Burma, solidarity groups, campaigns, publications) > Online publications by Burma solidarity groups > Info Birmanie, "Les Nouvelles de Birmanie", "Birmanie>Net Hebdo"


Title: "Rakhine Advisory Commission" - Google search
Description/subject: About 35,600 results (8 September 2016)
Language: English
Source/publisher: https://www.google.co.uk/?gws_rd=ssl#safe=strict&q=Rakhine+advisory+commission
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 08 September 2016
ML > Governance, Administration and administrative areas > Arakan (Rakhine) State > Arakan (Rakhine) State - reports etc. by source > Arakan (Rakhine) State - reports etc. - NGO, think-tanks and academic sources


Title: BURMA BULLETIN Issue 116 - August 2016
Date of publication: August 2016
Description/subject: * Second Panglong Peace Conference commences with attendance from 17 groups, and UN Secretary General Ban Ki - moon * Former UN Secretary - General Kofi Annan to lead commission aimed at finding a long - term solution to human rights problems in Arakan/ Rakhine State * USDP reshuffles party leadership through internal elections with Thein Sein replaced by Than Htay as Chairman. * 22 ministries announce achievements in first 100 days at a series of press conferences * Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG) publishes report highlighting that impunity is still a key challenge facing women in Karen State * 100 workers protest at former government run agricultural machinery factory which fired nearly all of its employees without cause * Measles outbreak hits the Naga Self - Administered Zone, reportedly killing 82. * Strong earthquake strikes Bagan, kills three and damages 400 pagodas * Dams review promised but construction on the Salwee n River still an urgent concern. * Over 100,000 people are displaced by flooding during late July and early August. * Detained Burmese migrant workers beg in the planned repatriation process from Malaysia. * National Parliament votes to borrow US$100 million from the World Bank to develop financial sector. * Bill amending 2016 Union Budget Law passed , cut ting a total of K470billion (around US$389.9 million) from 14 ministries * Parliament rejects USDP proposal to challenge US sanctions.
Language: English
Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma
Format/size: pdf (483K)
Date of entry/update: 08 September 2016
ML > Activism and Advocacy (groups from Burma, solidarity groups, campaigns, publications) > Online publications by Burma solidarity groups > ALTSEAN-Burma archive


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 31 August 2016
Date of publication: 31 August 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 30 August, 2016
Date of publication: 30 August 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 28 August, 2016
Date of publication: 28 August 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Monday 29 August, 2016
Date of publication: 29 August 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 27 August, 2016
Date of publication: 27 August 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 26 August, 2016
Date of publication: 26 August 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 25 August, 2016
Date of publication: 25 August 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 24 August, 2016
Date of publication: 24 August 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 1 September, 2016
Date of publication: 01 September 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: Amartya Sen
Description/subject: "Amartya Kumar Sen (pronounced /ˈɔmort:o ˈʃen/; born 3 November 1933) is an Indian economist and philosopher of Bengali ethnicity, who since 1972 has taught and worked in the United Kingdom and the United States. Sen has made contributions to welfare economics, social choice theory, economic and social justice, economic theories of famines, and indexes of the measure of well-being of citizens of developing countries. He was awarded the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences in 1998 and Bharat Ratna in 1999 for his work in welfare economics. He was also awarded the inaugural Charleston-EFG John Maynard Keynes Prize in recognition of his work on welfare economics in February 2015 during a reception at the Royal Academy in the UK.[4] He is currently the Thomas W. Lamont University Professor and Professor of Economics and Philosophy at Harvard University. He served as the chancellor of Nalanda University. He is also a senior fellow at the Harvard Society of Fellows, a distinguished fellow of All Souls College, Oxford, an honorary fellow of Darwin College, Cambridge and a Fellow of Trinity College, Cambridge, where he served as Master from 1998 to 2004.[5].."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2016
ML > Economy > Economy and social justice (global)


Title: Josef Stiglitz
Description/subject: "Joseph Eugene Stiglitz, ForMemRS,[1] FBA (born February 9, 1943), is an American economist and a professor at Columbia University. He is a recipient of the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (2001) and the John Bates Clark Medal (1979). He is a former senior vice president and chief economist of the World Bank and is a former member and chairman of the (US president's) Council of Economic Advisers.[2][3] He is known for his critical view of the management of globalization, laissez-faire economists (whom he calls "free market fundamentalists"), and some international institutions like the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. In 2000, Stiglitz founded the Initiative for Policy Dialogue (IPD), a think tank on international development based at Columbia University. He has been a member of the Columbia faculty since 2001, and received that university's highest academic rank (university professor) in 2003. He was the founding chair of the university's Committee on Global Thought. He also chairs the University of Manchester's Brooks World Poverty Institute. He is a member of the Pontifical Academy of Social Sciences. In 2009 the President of the United Nations General Assembly Miguel d'Escoto Brockmann, appointed Stiglitz as the chairman of the U.N. Commission on Reforms of the International Monetary and Financial System, where he oversaw suggested proposals and commissioned a report on reforming the international monetary and financial system.[4] He served as chair of the international Commission on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress, appointed by President Sarkozy of France, which issued its report in 2010, Mismeasuring our Lives: Why GDP doesn't add up,[5] and currently serves as co-chair of its successor, the High Level Expert Group on the Measurement of Economic Performance and Social Progress. From 2011 to 2014, Stiglitz was president of the International Economic Association (IEA).[6] He presided over the organization of the IEA triennial world congress held near the Dead Sea in Jordan in June 2014.[7] Stiglitz has received more than 40 honorary degrees, including from Harvard, Oxford, and Cambridge Universities and been decorated by several governments including Korea, Colombia, Ecuador, and most recently France, where he was appointed a member of the Legion of Honor, order Officer. Based on academic citations, Stiglitz is the 3rd most influential economist in the world today,[8] and in 2011 he was named by Time magazine as one of the 100 most influential people in the world.[9] Stiglitz's work focuses on income distribution, asset risk management, corporate governance, and international trade. He is the author of several books, the latest being The Great Divide: Unequal Societies and What We Can Do About Them (2015), Rewriting the Rules of the American Economy: An Agenda for Growth and Shared Prosperity (2015), and Creating a Learning Society: A New Approach to Growth Development and Social Progress (2014).[10]..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2016
ML > Economy > Economy and social justice (global)


Title: Elinor Ostrom
Description/subject: "Elinor Claire "Lin" Ostrom (August 7, 1933 – June 12, 2012) was an American political economist[1][2][3] whose work was associated with the New Institutional Economics and the resurgence of political economy.[4] In 2009, she shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Oliver E. Williamson for "her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons". To date, she remains the only woman to win The Prize in Economics.[5] After graduating with a B.A. and Ph.D. from UCLA, Ostrom lived in Bloomington, Indiana, and served on the faculty of both Indiana University and Arizona State University. She held the rank of distinguished professor at Indiana University and was the Arthur F. Bentley Professor of Political Science and co-director of the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis at Indiana University, as well as research professor and the founding director of the Center for the Study of Institutional Diversity at Arizona State University in Tempe. She was a lead researcher for the Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management Collaborative Research Support Program (SANREM CRSP), managed by Virginia Tech and funded by USAID.[6] Beginning in 2008, she and her husband Vincent Ostrom advised the journal Transnational Corporations Review.[7].."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2016
ML > Economy > Economy and social justice (global)


Title: Human Development reports
Description/subject: Links to the Human Developemnt Reports form 1990 plus Other Resources: Global Reports... Regional Reports... National Reports... Occasional Papers.
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNDP (UN Development Programme)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 06 September 2016
ML > Economy > Human Development
The UN System and Burma/Myanmar > UN programmes and funds etc. > UNDP (United Nations Development Programme)


Title: This Week in Parliament (August 29-September 2)
Date of publication: 03 September 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 05 September 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016 (NLD Parliament)


Title: This Week in Parliament (August 22-26)
Date of publication: 27 August 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 05 September 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016 (NLD Parliament)


Title: Crude Harvest - Selling Mexico's Oil (video)
Date of publication: 29 December 2014
Description/subject: "Mexico may be hitting the perfect storm when it opens its energy resources to foreign investors... Against the backdrop of Mexico's ever-widening gap between rich and poor, growing violence, and stalled economy, President Enrique Pena Nieto has passed a series of economic reforms. Under these reforms, Mexico's oil, which was expropriated from foreign interests 75 years ago, is now for sale to private, international companies. NAFTA has had a very bright side but also has had a very dark side…the dark side of globalisation has been organised crime. Edgardo Buscaglia, author, 'State Vacuums in Mexico' The reforms are the most divisive the country has seen in a century. Thousands are protesting against them, saying the new regulations could bring the nation to a tipping point as organised crime and violence would spiral out of control. When it comes to big business and drilling for oil, Mexico's farmers are the most vulnerable. Twenty years ago, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which opened Mexico up to trade with the US and Canada, led to the collapse of agriculture, and paved the way to the privatization of oil. The operations of Mexico's state-owned oil company, Pemex, have never been entirely transparent, and communities have been crippled by oil disasters. For instance, in October 2013, the state of Tabasco experienced its worst oil disaster when a drill site exploded and burned for 55 days, contaminating the surrounding land and water. Villagers closest to the site say they are suffering from health problems and have lost their livestock. They say Pemex has never accepted responsibility for the accident, nor has it offered any compensation. People who appear in this film, including lawyers working with communities affected by the oil industry, estimate things are likely to get worse when foreign companies start drilling. Mexican human rights lawyer Efrain Rodriguez Leon says, "if Pemex committed all of these injustices, we can't imagine what abuses our indigenous brothers will suffer at the hands of these private companies." With multinationals poised to come, Mexican farmers stand to lose their livelihoods and land, because the new reforms allow companies to drill and occupy areas wherever there is oil. In Crude harvest: selling Mexico's oil, we meet the victims of oil drilling and free trade, and examine what could happen when foreign investors move in"
Author/creator: Filmmakers: Paul Sapin and Verity Oswin
Language: Spanish, English
Source/publisher: Al Jazeera via Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash
Date of entry/update: 03 September 2016
ML > Economy > Industry > Extractive industries > Extractive Industries (general) global, regional


Title: Ethiopia - Land for Sale (video)
Date of publication: 30 January 2014
Description/subject: "As the economy thrives, we examine the plight of Ethiopians forced from their land to make way for foreign investors...the growth seen in agriculture, which accounts for almost half of Ethiopia’s economic activity and a great deal of its recent success, is actually being driven by an out of control ‘land grab', as multinational companies and private speculators vie to lease millions of acres of the country’s most fertile territory from the government at bargain basement prices..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Al Jazeera (People and Power)
Format/size: Adobe Flash (25 minutes)
Date of entry/update: 03 September 2016
ML > Land > Land research including land grabbing - global and regional


Title: "land grabbing documentary" - search results on Youtube
Language: English
Source/publisher: Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash
Date of entry/update: 03 September 2016
ML > Land > Land research including land grabbing - global and regional


Title: Land grabbing in Myanmar - search results for "land grabbing Myanmar" on Youtube (videos)
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash
Date of entry/update: 03 September 2016
ML > Land > Land in Burma > Human activity on land in Burma/Myanmar > Land confiscation for military, commercial and other purposes


Title: Land grabbing in Myanmar - search results for "land grabbing Myanmar" on Google
Description/subject: About 142,000 results (September 2016)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 September 2016
ML > Land > Land in Burma > Human activity on land in Burma/Myanmar > Land confiscation for military, commercial and other purposes


Title: Aung San Suu Kyi (videos)
Description/subject: Results from a search on Youtube for "Suu Kyi"
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash
Date of entry/update: 03 September 2016
ML > Aung San Suu Kyi > Aung San Suu Kyi (videos)


Title: Militias in Myanmar - 1 ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ား (Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 18 August 2016
Description/subject: စာတမ္း အက်ဥ္းခ်ဳပ္ ဤအစီရင္ခံစာသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံရွိ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္မ်ား၏ သမိုင္းေနာက္ခံႏွင့္ လက္ရွိပဋိပကၡကို ေျဖရွင္းရာတြင္ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္မ်ားကေပးေသာ စိန္ေခၚမႈ မ်ားကို တင္ျပထားျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔အမ်ားစုသည္ ျမန္မာ့တပ္မေတာ္ႏွင့္ မဟာမိတ္ဖြဲ႔ထားၾကသည္။ အျခားျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔ အနည္းငယ္ကမူ တိုင္းရင္းသားလက္နက္ကိုင္အုပ္စုမ်ားကို ကူညီေနၾကသည္။ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ား၏ မူရင္းတာဝန္မွာ ၎တို႔၏ ရပ္ရြာလူထု အေပၚ လံုၿခံဳေရးေပးရန္ျဖစ္ၿပီး အခ်ဳိ႕ကမူ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ လက္နက္ကိုင္ပဋိပကၡတြင္ တက္ႂကြစြာပါဝင္လ်က္ရွိသည္။ ၂၀၁၁ ခုႏွစ္တြင္ သမၼတ ဦးသိန္းစိန္ ဦးေဆာင္ေသာ တစ္စိတ္တစ္ပိုင္း ဒီမိုကရက္တစ္အစိုးရ အာဏာရလာေသာအခါ ႏွစ္ေပါင္းေျခာက္ဆယ္ေက်ာ္ၾကာ လက္နက္ကိုင္ ပဋိပကၡကို ေျဖရွင္းရန္ရည္မွန္းကာ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးလုပ္ငန္းစဥ္ကို စတင္ခဲ့သည္။ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးလုပ္ငန္းစဥ္သည္ အေရးပါလွေသာ ပစ္ခတ္ တိုက္ခိုက္မႈ ရပ္စဲျခင္းမ်ား ျဖစ္ေပၚလာေစၿပီး ပိုမိုက်ယ္ျပန္႔ေသာ သက္ဆိုင္သူ အမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳးပါဝင္ေသာ ႏိုင္ငံေရးေတြ႔ဆံုေဆြးေႏြးမႈအဆင့္သို႔ မၾကာမီက ေရာက္ရိွလာခဲ့ၿပီျဖစ္သည္။ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ လက္ရွိ ပဋိပကၡမ်ားတြင္ အခန္းက႑တစ္ခုမွ ပါဝင္ေနေသာ္လည္း ပဋိပကၡ ကို ခြဲျခမ္းစိတ္ျဖာသံုးသပ္ရာတြင္လည္းေကာင္း၊ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္တြင္ လည္းေကာင္း၊ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္မ်ားႏွင္႔ဆိုင္ေသာ ကိစၥရပ္မွာ ေဘးဖယ္ ထားျခင္းခံေနရသည္။ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးတည္ေဆာက္မႈ ႀကိဳးပမ္းရာတြင္ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားက စိန္ေခၚမႈအခ်ိဳ႕ေပးၾကသည္။ ပထမတစ္ခ်က္မွာ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္ အဖြဲ႔မ်ားႏွင့္ပတ္သက္ေသာ သတင္းအခ်က္အလက္မ်ားကို အကန္႔အသတ္ႏွင့္သာ ရရိွႏိုင္ျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ ထို႔အတြက္ေၾကာင့္ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ား မည္သို႔လႈပ္ရွားေနသည္၊ အေရအတြက္မည္မွ်ရွိသည္၊ ပဋိပကၡမ်ားတြင္ မည္သည့္က႑မွပါဝင္ေနသည္ အစရွိေသာ အေျခခံအခ်က္မ်ားကို ေကာင္းစြာသိရွိနားလည္ႏိုင္ျခင္း မရွိေတာ့ေပ။ ဒုတိယတစ္ခ်က္မွာ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားသည္ လက္နက္တပ္ဆင္ထားကာ အေရအတြက္ အေတာ္မ်ားမ်ားရိွေနၿပီး လက္နက္ကိုင္ပဋိပကၡမ်ားတြင္ တက္ႂကြေသာက႑မွ ပါဝင္ေနသည္။ သို႔ေသာ္လည္း ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးလုပ္ငန္းစဥ္တြင္ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားႏွင့္ ထိေတြ႔မႈ၊ ၎တို႔၏က႑ကို ေဆြးေႏြးမႈမွာ အကန္႔အသတ္ ရိွေနဆဲပင္ျဖစ္သည္။ မ်ားေသာအားျဖင့္ ၎တို႔သည္ တပ္မေတာ္ သို႔မဟုတ္ တိုင္းရင္းသားလက္နက္ကိုင္အုပ္စုမ်ား၏ လက္ေအာက္ခံဟု ယူဆရသည္။ တတိယတစ္ခုမွာ အပစ္ရပ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားကို တပ္မေတာ္က ၎၏ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္စနစ္အတြင္းသို႔ သြတ္သြင္းမႈသည္ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားကို ႏိုင္ငံေရးကိစၥအေပၚ ဦးလွည့္လာေစသည္။ မၾကာ ေသးမီက အပစ္ရပ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားအား ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားအျဖစ္သို႔ အသြင္ေျပာင္းလဲခဲ့မႈသည္ တိုင္းရင္းသားလက္နက္ကိုင္အုပ္စုမ်ား၏ စစ္ေရး အင္အားကို ေလွ်ာ့ခ်မႈႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္ေနသည္။ သို႔ေသာ္ တိုင္းရင္းသားလက္နက္ကိုင္အုပ္စုအခ်ိဳ႕သည္ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားအျဖစ္ အသြင္ေျပာင္း ရန္ အဆိုျပဳခ်က္ကို လက္ခံျခင္းမျပဳဘဲ တပ္မေတာ္ႏွင့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးေတြ႔ဆံုေဆြးေႏြးေရးကိုသာ ဦးစားေပးလိုၾကသည္။ အဆိုပါစိန္ေခၚမႈမ်ားကို သေဘာေပါက္နားလည္ရန္သည္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးတည္ေဆာက္ရန္ ႀကိဳးပမ္းရာတြင္ အေရးႀကီးသည္။ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ တရားဝင္ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးလုပ္ငန္းစဥ္၏ အျပင္ဖက္တြင္ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔ေပါင္းစံု လႈပ္ရွားေနမႈေၾကာင့္ စိန္ေခၚမႈမ်ားရွိေနသည့္အေလွ်ာက္ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားအား ပိုမိုစနစ္တက် ေလ့လာရန္ႏွင့္ ပဋိပကၡမွ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးသို႔ အသြင္ကူးေျပာင္းေရးကာလတြင္ ၎တို႔၏ အခန္းက႑ကို ထည့္သြင္းစဥ္းစားရန္ လိုအပ္သည္။ ထို႔အတြက္ ဤအစီရင္ခံစာတြင္ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားအေၾကာင္း ၿခံဳငံုေဖၚျပထားမႈႏွင့္ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး တည္ေဆာက္ရာတြင္ ၎တို႔ကေပးေသာ စိန္ေခၚမႈမ်ားကို ပထမဦးစြာ တင္ျပထားသည္။ ဒုတိယအခန္းတြင္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ လက္နက္ကိုင္ ပဋိပကၡ ႏွင့္ ႏိုင္ငံေရးအရ ႐ုန္းကန္ရမႈမ်ားတြင္ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားပါဝင္ေနသည့္ အခန္းက႑ႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္ေသာ သမိုင္းေနာက္ခံကို တင္ျပ ထားသည္။ တတိယအခန္းတြင္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၌ လက္ရွိလႈပ္ရွားေနေသာ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ား၏ ႐ႈပ္ေထြးမႈကို နားလည္သေဘာေပါက္ႏိုင္ရန္အတြက္ ဆန္းစစ္မႈနည္းလမ္းအျဖစ္ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္မ်ားအား အမ်ိဳးအစားခြဲျခားပံုကို ရည္ရြယ္တင္ျပထားပါသည္။ စတုတၳအခန္းတြင္ စီးပြါးေရး၊ ႏိုင္ငံေရး၊ ပဋိပကၡႏွင့္ ၎တို႔လႈပ္ရွားေနေသာ ရပ္ရြာအသိုင္းအဝိုင္းတြင္ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားပါဝင္ေနေသာ အခန္းက႑မ်ားကို ဆန္းစစ္ထားသည္။ ေနာက္ဆံုးအခန္းတြင္ အျခားတိုင္းျပည္မ်ားမွ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးတည္ေဆာက္မႈ ႀကိဳးပမ္းပံု သာဓကမ်ားကို တင္ျပထားၿပီး ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ လက္ရွိ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲမႈကာလတြင္ ျပည္သူ႔စစ္အဖြဲ႔မ်ားႏွင့္ သက္ဆိုင္သည့္ ကိစၥရပ္မ်ားကို ထည့္သြင္းစဥ္းစား သံုးသပ္ထားသည္
Author/creator: John Buchanan
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Asia Foundation
Format/size: pdf (2MB)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: Union Peace Conference: 21st Panglong
Date of publication: 01 September 2016
Description/subject: Substantial coverage of the Conference. Includes full reports on and texts of speeches..."Welcome to 'The Myanmar Times' coverage of the Union Peace Conference, the cornerstone effort of the new National League for Democracy government-led peace process. Dubbed the '21st Century Panglong Conference' in reference to the landmark 1947 summit led by independence hero Bogyoke Aung San, the Union Peace Conference will be held in Nay Pyi Taw over 5 days, beginning August 31, and will bring together armed ethnic groups, political parties, military officials, and government representatives. The NLD campaigned heavily on the importance of "national reconciliation" and has identified the peace process as bedrock effort of its opening agenda, but the new government has also indicated that it sees the conference as only a starting point in an ongoing political dialogue with Myanmar's many ethnic and military players. Scroll below to see our live coverage, or click here to read background and analysis. You can also stream the opening of today's Panglong conference on MRTV here!..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Panglong Peace Conference


Title: UNICEF Annual Report 2015 - Myanmar
Date of publication: 13 June 2016
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "In 2015, Myanmar wrote new important chapters in its history: the Government and eight ethnic armed groups signed a Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA), and successfully held elections that saw a landslide victory for the National League for Democracy. Despite progress, children in Myanmar continue to suffer from higher levels of mortality and malnutrition, lower enrolment and completion of primary education; and higher risks to trafficking, labour, violence and recruitment and use by armed forces, than children in the region. In this year's context, cooperation between Myanmar and UNICEF has been driven by three main considerations: turning policies and plans into changes in children’s lives, as longer-term reforms proceed; responding to humanitarian needs arising from both protracted situations and massive floods and landslides, while further mainstreaming risk reduction into development plans; and placing children at the centre of determining factors for Myanmar’s sustainable development – peace, social cohesion and human rights. The programme delivered direct results. More than 95 per cent of children 9 months to 15 years old were protected from measles and rubella through vaccination campaigns. In targeted townships, the proportion of children 3–5 years old accessing early childhood facilities doubled between 2014 and 2015, and hundreds of thousands of children benefited from child-centred teaching methodologies applied for the first time by more than 14,000 primary school teachers. Approximately 280,000 children in 27 townships benefited from the first-ever deployment of social case management workers. The proportion of children under 5 registered continued to increase, to reach 79 per cent this year. Releases of children and young people from the armed forces have continued, with an additional 146 released, falling one child short of the 700 mark since the signing of the Joint Action Plan in 2012. Under its four-theme advocacy strategy (children affected by armed conflict; children in Rakhine; public finance for children; and the first 1,000 days), UNICEF contributed to building an environment more supportive of child rights. Parties to NCA committed to protect children in armed conflicts, and negotiations are well advanced towards the signing of an Action Plan with two listed major ethnic armed groups; joint interventions in Kachin and the South-East allowed actors across ethnic lines to deliver better health care and nutrition to children; in the election campaign, the Union Electoral Commission, UNICEF and a coalition of Child Rights organizations convinced political parties to prioritize children. Those who did gained most of the votes, making children a clear winner of these elections. Amid inter-communal and religious tensions, the religious leaders of the four main faiths issued joint calls to respect religious diversity. In Rakhine, UNICEF's pioneering approach to reach all children through combined humanitarian assistance, development work, promotion of social cohesion, and advocacy against targeted discrimination is now making consensus among international development partners..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Childrfen's Fund (UNICEF)
Format/size: pdf (373K)
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2016
ML > The UN System and Burma/Myanmar > UN programmes and funds etc. > UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund)
Children


Title: UNICEF Myanmar pages
Description/subject: News stories, reports.
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: United Nations Childrfen's Fund (UNICEF)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.unicef.org/myanmar/
http://unicefmyanmar.blogspot.com/
https://myanmar.ureport.in/
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2016
ML > The UN System and Burma/Myanmar > UN programmes and funds etc. > UNICEF (United Nations Children's Fund)
Children


Title: 2016 Panglong Conference (Wikipedia)
Description/subject: "The 2016 Panglong Conference, officially known as the Union Peace Conference 21st Century Panglong (Burmese: ပြည်ထောင်စု ငြိမ်းချမ်းရေးညီလာခံ ၂၁ ရာစု ပင်လုံ) is an upcoming peace conference which began on 31 Aug 2016 in Myanmar Convention Centre 2 of Naypyidaw, Myanmar. The first Panglong Conference was held in the Panglong region of British Burma in 1947, and was negotiated between Aung San and ethnic leaders. Despite several meetings between ethnic insurgent groups and the government prior to the Panglong Conference in 2016, it is unclear how many of them will actually attend. Eighteen ethnic insurgent groups are expected to attend the conference, whilst three ethnic insurgent groups (The Arakan Army, the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army, and the Ta'ang National Liberation Army) are not expected to attend.Ban Ki-moon, the Secretary-General of the United Nations also attended the opening ceremony..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Panglong Peace Conference


Title: Google search results for "Panglong Peace Conference"
Description/subject: 48,700 results, 31 August 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Panglong Peace Conference


Title: Google site-specific search for "panglong conference" on "the irrawaddy"
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" via Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Panglong Peace Conference


Title: Google site-specific search for "panglong conference" on mmtimes.com
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times" via Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Panglong Peace Conference


Title: Panglong 21 and the long search for peace
Date of publication: 31 August 2016
Description/subject: "The 21st Century Panglong conference is a symbolic step toward peace and national reconciliation, but huge challenges remain....It's been a long time since the guns of war were silent in Myanmar. Fighting erupted within months of independence in 1948, when the Communist Party of Burma launched an armed rebellion against the government. Since then, numerous armed groups have formed, allied and splintered, leading to one of the world’s most complex and long-running civil wars. The military coup in 1988 ushered in a period of respite. The following year, the head of Military Intelligence, Lieutenant-General Khin Nyunt, began negotiating a series of ceasefire agreements. In reality most were “gentlemen’s agreements”; one of the only formal ceasefires was signed with the Kachin Independence Organisation in February 1994. Many of the groups that signed the agreements were allowed to keep their arms and maintain some form of territorial control. But the lack of a substantive political settlement left the process vulnerable to backsliding into conflict. The arrival of the Thein Sein-led government in 2011 marked a new and more ambitious phase, in which a multilateral ceasefire and political negotiations were introduced. Despite facing substantial obstacles, it has achieved some success, most notably the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement signed last October by eight ethnic armed groups. While its legitimacy has been brought into question by the refusal of most leading armed groups to sign, the NCA has been retained by the National League for Democracy government as the foundation of the peace process. State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has been a driving force behind the 21st Century Panglong Union Peace Conference, which opened in Nay Pyi Taw on August 31. She said in January that the peace process would be a major priority for her National League for Democracy government after it took office, and it would strive for an all-inclusive agreement. At the time of going to print, most ethnic armed groups involved in the process, including signatories and non-signatories of the NCA, were expected to attend the Panglong conference. This broad participation – particularly the re-engagement of NCA non-signatories with the political dialogue process – is likely to be the most substantive outcome of the conference, according to observers..."
Author/creator: Oliver Slow (text), Steve Tickner (photos)
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Frontier Myanmar"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Panglong Peace Conference


Title: Everybody should be part of Panglong
Date of publication: 26 August 2016
Description/subject: "Next Wednesday Burma will hold the “21st Century Panglong Conference” — the latest step in the country’s long peace process. It will be a moment imbued with symbolism. In 1947, Aung San Suu Kyi’s father, General Aung San, led the Burma delegation at the first Panglong Conference which reached a breakthrough agreement with three armed groups and is still etched in the popular memory of the country today. A lot is at stake with this Panglong Conference. As with the peace process generally in Burma, this is the opportunity to transform the country, into a state the people of Burma have wanted for several decades. But to do so it must be fully inclusive. Getting all of the ethnic armed organisations (EAOs) to the table is a major challenge in itself. There remain three groups, still in active combat, that were excluded from discussions on the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) and how they will participate in the Panglong Conference is still confusing. There has been much focus on the inclusion of these groups and this is important, especially given human rights violations which are particularly prevalent in areas of continuing conflict. But inclusivity is about more than just political players; it is also about all stakeholders. Experiences in other countries have shown time and time again the need for women to play an equal part, for grassroots organisations and civil society to have a strong voice and for information to be freely available for the people to follow developments. These are the ingredients for a sustainable, inclusive process which can propel the country forward and into the prosperous future for all. Unfortunately, during my recent visit to Burma I saw signs that the peace process risked neglecting these fundamental aspects. Burma has only a couple of days before the Panglong Conference and quick changes should be made to ensure these vital aspects are addressed..."
Author/creator: Yanghee Lee
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Democratic Voice of Burma" (DVB)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Panglong Peace Conference


Title: Panglong Peace Conference
Description/subject: Link to a dedicated section on the Panglong Conference
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: Two peace conferences, one crucial difference
Date of publication: 27 August 2016
Description/subject: "The big difference between President U Thein Sein’s Union Peace Conference early this year and the 21st Century Panglong Conference is inclusion...AS GUIDED by State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, the 21st Century Panglong Conference will convene for the first time on August 31. It will be the first because it will re-convene at intervals of not more than six months. Now that important decisions have been made about convening the conference, we can imagine the shape and form of this historic event. This week I would like to discuss what can be expected from the 21st Century Panglong conference and how it will differ from the Union Peace Conference held by President U Thein Sein in January. The most important difference between the two conferences involves the participants. The main participants in the Union Peace Conference held by Thein Sein’s administration were past or serving military officers from the government or the parliament and the eight armed ethnic groups, including the Karen National Union, that signed the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement last October. The 21st Century Panglong event will bring together representatives from the government and the parliament, most of whom are members of the National League for Democracy elected in its landslide victory last November, along with Tatmadaw officers, signatories and non-signatories of the NCA, and members of civil society groups. It will be an unprecedented, genuinely all-inclusive peace conference. Another important difference involves the classification and status of participants. At the Union Peace Conference, only signatories of the NCA were recognised as delegates and representatives of non-signatory groups were invited to attend as observers. In protest against what they called discrimination, most non-signatory groups boycotted the five-day event..."
Author/creator: Sithu Aung Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Frontier Myanmar"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Panglong Peace Conference


Title: The peace process: What’s in it for China?
Date of publication: 21 August 2016
Description/subject: The presence of a Chinese diplomat at a conference of Myanmar’s armed ethnic groups has focussed attention on Beijing’s interest in a successful outcome to the peace process...Recent history shows that a lack of stability along the border harms China’s interests. Beijing understands very well that China did not benefit from the fighting in the Kokang region early last year, which sent thousands of ethnic Chinese fleeing to across the border to their ancestral homeland. The Chinese government is therefore supportive of moves by Myanmar to maintain stability in border regions and this is one reason why Beijing backs the peace process. Its support is important for the peace process because many of the armed ethnic groups in Myanmar, including some of the biggest, are based in border areas..."
Author/creator: Sithu Aung Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Frontier Myanmar"
Format/size: html (36K)
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2016
ML > Foreign Relations > China-Burma relations


Title: "Global Times"
Description/subject: "The Global Times (simplified Chinese: 环球时报; traditional Chinese: 寰球時報; pinyin: Huánqiú Shíbào) is a daily Chinese newspaper under the auspices of the People's Daily newspaper, focusing on international issues at a communist Chinese perspective.The Global Times differentiates itself from other Chinese newspapers in part through its more populist approach to journalism, coupled with a tendency to court controversy..," (Wikipedia)...More than 1000 articles on Myanmar, from late 2015
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Global Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2016
RR > News - Burma/Myanmar news sources in English (current sites)


Title: Myanmar’s Foreign Policy under the USDP Government: Continuities and Changes
Date of publication: 26 March 2016
Description/subject: Abstract: "Myanmar’s foreign policy under the USDP government is historically consistent in terms of fundamental principles of being independent, active, and non-aligned, as promulgated in the Constitution. However, the USDP government has pronounced a new foreign policy objective of reintegrating Myanmar into the international community. This objective is not in conflict with the existing ones nor does it seek to replace them, but rather endeavours to supplement them to make Myanmar’s foreign relations more active, dynamic, and international. This is by no means a major change in foreign policy orientation. It is merely an adjustment within the context of the fundamental principles of Myanmar’s foreign policy to cultivate friendly and balanced relations with all major powers active in the Indo-Pacific region. The change is mostly in terms of how the foreign policy is implemented and diplomacy is conducted. Since it came to power in 2011, the USDP government has pursued a foreign policy strategy that delicately balances the strategic interests of major powers in the country, that primarily maintains friendly relations with countries both near and far, and that applies multilateralism with an emphasis on regional cooperation or regional institutions. The foreign policy adjustment under the USDP government is leadership-driven, and it appears that the president is a prime mover and the Tatmadaw is a lead institution... Manuscript received 1 February 2016; accepted 23 March 2016... Keywords: : Myanmar, foreign policy, foreign relations, Tatmadaw, Hlut
Author/creator: Maung Aung Myoe
Language: English
Source/publisher: Journal of Current Southeast Asian Affairs, 35, 1, 123–150.
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 30 August 2016
ML > Foreign Relations > Burma/Myanmar's Foreign relations, general
History > Historical periods > USDP Government - 2011-2016


Title: Union Solidarity and Development Party
Description/subject: "The Union Solidarity and Development Party (Burmese: ပြည်ထောင်စုကြံ့ခိုင်ရေးနှင့်ဖွံ့ဖြိုးရေးပါတီ), which was registered on 2 June 2010 by the Union Election Commission, currently standing as a opposition political party, is the successor to the Burmese government's mass organisation, the Union Solidarity and Development Association. It is headed by former Burmese President Thein Sein and its headquarters are in Naypyidaw's Dekkhinathiri Township.[1] According to the 2008 Constitution, government officials/civil servants, including government ministers like Thein Sein, are not allowed to form political parties, although the Electoral Commission has approved the party nonetheless.[2]..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 30 August 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma's opposition > Burma's political opposition
History > Historical periods > USDP Government - 2011-2016


Title: Why does China care so much about stalled dam project in Myanmar?
Date of publication: 26 August 2016
Description/subject: PUBLISHED : Thursday, 25 August, 2016, 2:37pm UPDATED : Friday, 26 August, 2016, 9:18am..... "China’s national prestige and energy security among factors behind pressure being put on Aung San Suu Kyi... Relations between China and Myanmar took a positive turn this month during Aung San Suu Kyi’s five-day visit to China as Myanmar’s de facto leader. But both sides have yet to work out their differences over the deadlocked Myitsone dam project, which strained bilateral ties five years ago when it was suspended by the Myanmarese government, casting fresh uncertainty over efforts to put bilateral ties back on track..."
Author/creator: Shi Jiangtao
Language: English
Source/publisher: "South China Morning Post"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Foreign Relations > China-Burma relations
Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with China


Title: A balancing act for Suu Kyi as ‘fraternal friendship’ with China echoes beyond borders
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Description/subject: "Cary Huang says the democracy advocate has made a statement by choosing Beijing for her first major foreign destination as de facto Myanmar leader, as she seeks to weigh idealist ideology and practical national interest.....Theoretically, nothing is more divided than the ideology between pro-democracy campaigner Aung San Suu Kyi and China’s authoritarian government. Thus, a democratic Myanmar may be naturally moving closer to the West and farther away from China’s communist regime, which put Suu Kyi’s fellow Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo (劉曉波) in jail. For a long time, Washington has isolated the military regime and supported pro-democracy forces led by Suu Kyi, while Beijing has steadfastly stood by Myanmar’s military junta and rejected any pro-democracy forces, fearful of a spillover of ideas across the border. Given her status as one of the world’s most revered human rights and democracy campaigners, the rise to power of Suu Kyi and her National League for Democracy(NLD) bodes ill for China’s leaders. However, national interest and pragmatism have always prevailed in diplomacy. And the world is now closely watching how Suu Kyi navigates great power politics and balances her idealist ideology with practical national interest. Suu Kyi, human rights activist and opposition leader turned de facto state leader, is firstly tasked with the responsibility of governing a country. Many observers believe Myanmar’s China policy is at a critical juncture as the NLD government is faced with the challenge of striking a balance between two diverse policies. It could choose to cater to anti-China sentiment at home and implement a pro-West policy, at the risk of losing Beijing’s support for critical domestic economic development and the peace process. Or, it could try to build friendly relations with the communist giant, but at the risk of losing critical political support at home and in the free world. However, Suu Kyi’s interaction with Chinese leaders during her five-day visit, which ended on Sunday, suggests Myanmar is tilting towards giving priority to its relations with China, as leaders on both sides emphasised the traditionally “fraternal friendship” between them. That is what lies behind Suu Kyi’s choice of Beijing instead of Washington as the destination for her first major foreign visit...."
Author/creator: Cary Huang
Language: English
Source/publisher: "South China Morning Post"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Foreign Relations > China-Burma relations


Title: As Suu Kyi heads home, solving dam deadlock remains key to improving ties between China and Myanmar
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Description/subject: "Experts say domestic opposition means Myanmarese government is unlikely to bow to pressure from Beijing...The improvement of ties between China and Myanmar still hinges on a deadlocked dam project despite Aung San Suu Kyi’s largely successful visit to China as Myanmar’s de facto leader, according to diplomatic observers. The suspension of the US$3.6 billion Myitsone project on the Irrawaddy River by Suu Kyi’s predecessor Thein Sein in 2011 plunged the otherwise friendly relations between Myanmar and China, its top trading partner and investor, to an all-time low that coincided with the start of Myanmar’s democratic tilt towards the West five years ago. Although her Chinese hosts agreed to further economic cooperation and increased investment on infrastructure projects in Myanmar despite lingering disputes over the Myitsone dam, experts say there is a long way to go before any breakthroughs in mending damaged ties. Along with cementing China’s support for Myanmar’s ethnic reconciliation process, the dam project topped the agenda for Suu Kyi’s five-day visit, which ended on Sunday. At her request, President Xi Jinping reiterated his support for Myanmar’s challenging peace process and promised to help bring warring ethnic groups, especially those on China’s southwestern border with Myanmar, to key talks scheduled for later this month..."
Author/creator: Shi Jiangtao
Language: English
Source/publisher: "South China Morning Post"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with China


Title: Suu Kyi in China: Beijing seeks ‘smooth operation’ of Chinese projects in Myanmar
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Description/subject: PUBLISHED : Friday, 19 August, 2016, 11:44pm UPDATED : Tuesday, 23 August, 2016, 10:57am... "Chinese president calls for progress in bilateral ties and ‘tangible benefits for the two peoples’...hinese President Xi Jinping called for progress in ties between China and Myanmar as he met Aung San Suu Kyi in Beijing on Friday at the start of a trip overshadowed by the suspension of the US$3.6 billion China-backed Myitsone dam project. Xi also called for both sides to work together to ensure the smooth operation of existing large Chinese projects in Myanmar..." Comments: 5
Author/creator: Nectar Gan, Kristin Huang
Language: English
Source/publisher: "South China Morning Post"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with China


Title: China will have to repair damaged public opinion in Myanmar: business leader
Date of publication: 07 April 2016
Description/subject: PUBLISHED : Wednesday, 06 April, 2016, 12:50pm UPDATED : Thursday, 07 April, 2016, 1:18pm..... "China hoping to revive huge, stalled dam construction project in neighbouring country to generate electricity... Chinese foreign minister Wang Yi (王毅) met with his Myanmar counterpart Aung San Suu Kyi on Tuesday, to discuss recent stalled infrastructure developments including a US$3.6 billion dam project. It was her first official meeting since being appointed Myanmar’s foreign minister after the recent change of government. But Union of Myanmar Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry vice-president Dr Maung Maung Lay said unethical Chinese businesses and a close relationship with the previous regime had created problems. “Many unscrupulous traders dump substandard, spurious products in Myanmar and that has tarnished the image of China,” he said. “These Chinese companies have [also] cooperated with the military regime, which have been so unpopular. That creates a problem... the friend of my enemy is not my friend.” Lay said to improve their image the Chinese government had to maintain a firmer grip on their businesses to ensure any unethical or irresponsible behaviour was stopped..."
Author/creator: Ben Westcott
Language: English
Source/publisher: "South China Morning Post"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with China


Title: UNFC: We Will Join the Union Peace Conference
Date of publication: 25 August 2016
Description/subject: "CHIANG MAI, Thailand — After an emergency meeting in Thailand, the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC)—an ethnic armed alliance—has confirmed that they will attend Burma’s Union Peace Conference, scheduled to commence on Aug. 31. Senior leaders—representing each of the ethnic armed groups that are members of UNFC—attended the meeting, which began on Wednesday and lasted one-and-a-half days. “We will join the 21st Century Panglong [conference]…as it is just the grand opening, and the first session,” said Tun Zaw, a UNFC secretary, referring to the Union Peace Conference by its other commonly used name..."
Author/creator: Nyein Nyein
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)
Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Alliances (armed and non-armed) of non-Burman ethnic groups > United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) > Searches, reports and other documents about the UNFC


Title: Beautiful Words, Ugly Actions - The Asian Highway in Karen State (English)
Date of publication: 26 August 2016
Description/subject: Key Findings: 1. The construction of the Thailand- financed segment of the Asian Highway between Thin Gan Nyi Naung and Kawkareik violated the right to Free, Prior, and Informed Consent (FPIC) of local communities, who have been negatively impacted by the road project. • Contrary to the principle of FPIC, affected villagers were not properly informed or consulted prior to the commencement of development activities, only learning about the project once construction had begun. • At least 17 households were forcibly dispossessed of their land and property due to an order issued by the Karen state government, which failed to provide adequate compensation to displaced villagers. • There is no publicly accessible evidence of project proponents conducting either an initial environmental examination (IEE) or environmental impact assessment (EIA) in advance of implementation. • Villagers were not compensated for environmental damage to their farmlands as a result of the project. • Rice production along the affected section of the highway has been reduced due to excessive water on one side of the road and insufficient water on the other side as a result of improper installation of drainage pipes. • Project affected persons were coerced into accepting inadequate compensation for their losses. • The Ministry of Construction did not consult or negotiate with project affected persons on compensation, as amounts were pre-determined and not subject to reconsideration. • No grievance redress mechanism was established to facilitate mitigation of negative impacts to project affected persons and ensure that their rights are protected. • There is no resettlement plan for those who were displaced from their land due to the project. • There is no system in place to provide replacement land for farmers whose livelihoods have been disrupted due to road construction. • There have been no consultation or arrangements to relocate project affected persons whose homes were destroyed by the project...... 2. The ADB and Burma/Myanmar Ministry of Construction (MoC) appear poised to repeat these mistakes in relation to a planned upgrade of a stretch of the AH1 between Kawkareik and Eindu, despite assurances otherwise. • Villagers have not been properly informed or consulted about the project, with consultations taking place from December 2nd to December 5th, 2015 in only six out of 16 total affected villages. In these meetings, ADB indicated that compensation would be provided as money in envelopes and given to the affected villagers, but at the time, did not specify who would distribute it. • ADB also indicated that it would not deal directly with compensation and resettlement • From June 17th to June 19th, 2015, inadequate consultations took place in three villages – Lonenyaw, Nga Taing, and Wei Kayin. • The number of people who will lose their land due to a government-demarcated right of way is unknown since ADB excluded the right of way from its resettlement plan. • Without proper oversight, the ADB has entrusted the MoC to carry out sensitive resettlement and compensation activities in accordance with its Safeguard Policies. • Compensation procedures have not been disclosed to project affected persons despite a number of plans and strategies issued by ADB in relation to the project since 2015...... 3. With a full peace agreement still pending, road construction projects have increased tensions between different actors competing for control of the highway area. If the project continues before political agreements to create a decentralized federal union are finalized, and a benefit-sharing scheme for the Asian Highway in Karen State is not established, the potential for armed confl ict to break out will continue to exist. • NEDA, ADB and MoC have not adequately considered or addressed the risks to the wider peace process when pushing through the Asian Highway project. • Past and continue skirmishes between the DKBA and the BGF/Myanmar Army over control of the AH1 has endangered villagers, forcing them to flee their villages and disrupting their livelihoods. To date, some still have not been able to return. • Recent outbreaks of violence and ongoing risk of new clashes continues to drive villagers away and prevent them from returning home.
Language: English
Source/publisher: KHRG, KESAN, THWEE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NETWORK
Format/size: pdf (3.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Economy > Regional Development > Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) > Trans Asia Transport Infrastructure > The Asian Highway


Title: Beautiful Words, Ugly Actions - The Asian Highway in Karen State - ‘ ’ လ ပ ေ သ ာ စ က ာ း လ း မ ာ း ႏ င လ ပေသာစကားလ းမ်ားႏ င အ က ည း တ န ရ ပ ဆ း ေ သ ာ လ ပ
Date of publication: 26 August 2016
Description/subject: ။ ထ င းန င င ကေငြေၾကးေထာက ပ ၍ သကၤန းည ေနာင ႏ င ေကာ ကရ တ အၾကားေဖာက လ ပ ထားသည အာရ အေ၀းေျပးလမ းမသစ သည ယခ အခါေနာက ဆက တြဲအက်ဳ းဆက မ်ား က ခ စားေနရသည ေဒသခ လ မ အသ င းအ၀ င း၏ FPIC ေခၚ အခ် န မ ၾက ဳတင သတင းအ ခ်က အလက ရရ ကာ လြတ လပ စြာသေဘာထားေပးပ င ခြင က သ သ သာသာခ်ဳ းေဖာက ခဲ သည ။  အက် ဳးအဆက ခ စားရသည ရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ားသည စ မ က န းန င ပတ သက ၍ အသ ေပးျခင း သ ႕မ ဟ တ ေဆြးေႏြးတ င ပင ျခင းက မည သည အခါမ မရရ ခဲ ပဲ လမ းေဖာက လ ပ ေရးလ ပ ငန းစတင သည အခါမ ပင စ မ က န းအေၾကာင းက သ ခဲ ရသည ။  အနည းဆ းအ မ ေထာင စ ( ၁၇ ) စ သည ကရင ျပည နယ အစ းရက ထ တ ျပန ေသာ အမ န ႕ေၾကာင ထ က တန သည ေလ်ာ ေၾကးမ်ားမရရ ပဲ ၎တ ႕၏ေျမယာမ်ားႏ င ပ င ဆ င မ မ်ားက မ မ ဆႏ မပါဘဲ အတင းအဓမ စြန ႕လ တ ခဲ ရသည ။  စ မ က န းအတြက ကနဥ းသဘာ၀ပတ ၀န းက်င ဆ င ရာစ းစမ းေလ လာမ (IEE) ႏ င ပတ သက ၍ေသာ လည းေကာင း၊ သဘာ၀ပတ ၀န းက်င အေပၚ အက်ဳ းသက ေရာက မ ဆန းစစ အကဲျဖတ ခ်က (EIA) ႏ င ပတ သက ၍ေသာ လည းေကာင း၊ လ ပ ေဆာင ထားသည ဟ ေသာ သက ေသအခ်က အလက မ်ားက လ သ ရ င ၾကား ထ တ ေဖၚခ်ျပ ထားျခင းမရ ခဲ ေခ်။  စ မ က န း၏အက် ဳးဆက အျဖစ ျဖစ ပြားေသာသဘာဝပတ ဝန းက်င ဆ င ရာထ ခ က မ မ တစ ဆင ရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ား၏ စ က ပ် ဳးေျမမ်ားပ်က စ းရေသာ လည း ေလ်ာ ေၾကးေပး ေဆာင ျခင းမ်ား မရ ခဲ ေခ်။  ေရဆင းပ က လ င းတပ ဆင မ စနစ အားနည းျခင းေၾကာင တစ ဖက တြင ေရအလြန မ်ား ေနၿပ း က်န တစ ဖက တြင ေရအလ အေလာက မရျခင းေၾကာင လမ းေဖာက လ ပ ရာ လမ းန ေဘးတစ ဖက တစ ခ်က ရ လယ ေျမမ်ားတြင စပါးထြက ႏ န းက်ဆင းလာခဲ သည ။  စ မ က န းအက်ဳ းဆက ခ စားရသ မ်ားသည ၎တ ႕၏နစ နာဆ းရ းမ မ်ားအတြက မ ်တ မ မရ ေသာ ေလ်ာ ေၾကးေငြက လက ခ ရန အတင းအဓမ ဖ အားေပးျခင း ခ ရသည ။  ေလ ်ာ ေၾကးေငြမည သည ပမာဏလက ခ ရရ မည ဆ သည ႏ င ပတ သက ၍ရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ား ႏ င ေဆြးေႏြးတ င ပင ျခင းေသာ လည းေကာင း၊ အႀက ဥာဏ ရယ ျခင းေသာ လည းေကာင း၊ မရ ခဲ ပါ။ ေလ်ာ ေၾကးေငြပမာဏက ေဆာက လ ပ ေရး၀န ႀက း႒ာနက ၾက ဳတင သတ မ တ ထားၿပ းျဖစ သည ။ I I II အ ဓ က က သ ည ေ တ ြ ႕ ရ ခ က မ ာ း 5 လ ပေသာစကားလ းမ်ားႏ င အက်ည းတန ရ ပ ဆ းေသာလ ပ ရပ မ်ား အာရ အေဝးေျပးလမ းမၾက း၊ ကရင ျပည နယ ၊ ျမန မာႏ င င လ ပေသာစကားလ းမ်ားႏ င အက်ည းတန ရ ပ ဆ းေသာလ ပ ရပ မ်ား အာရ အေဝးေျပးလမ းမၾက း၊ ကရင ျပည နယ ၊ ျမန မာႏ င င 6  ထ ခ က မ က ေလ်ာ ပါးေစရန ႏ င စ မ က န း၏ဆ းက် ဳးသက ေရာက မ က ရင ဆ င ခ စားရသ မ်ား ၏အခြင အေရးမ်ားက ကာကြယ ေပးႏ င ရန အတြက လ ထ မေက်နပ ခ်က ႏ င တင ျပခ်က မ်ားက လက ခ ေျဖရ င းသည လ ပ ထ းလ ပ နည းစနစ မ်ား ဖြဲ႕စည းထားေပးျခင းမရ ။  ေျမယာဆ းရ းသ မ်ားအတြက ျပန လည ေနရာခ်ထားသည အစ အစဥ လည းမရ ပါ။  စ မ က န းေၾကာင ေျမယာဆ းရ းကာ အသက ေမြးဝမ းေၾကာင းလ ပ ငန းထ ခ က ပ်က စ း ရေသာ ေျမယာက သာအဓ ကမ ခ အားထားေနရသည လယ သမားမ်ားအတြက ၊ ေျမ ယာအစားထ းျပန ေပးသည စ စဥ မ မ်ားမရ ပါ။  လမ းစ မ က န းေၾကာင ေနအ မ ပ်က ဆ းဆ းရ းလ က ရသည လ ထ ႏ င ေတြ႕ဆ ည ႏ င း တ င ပင ျခင း သ ႕မဟ တ ၎တ ႕အတြက ျပန လည အေျခခ်သည အစ အစဥ မ်ားျပဳ လ ပ ေပးျခင းမရ ပါ။ ၂။ ေကာ ကရ တ - အ ႏ ဳအၾကားအေ၀းေျပးလမ းမက တ းခ်ဲ႕အဆင ျမ င သြားမည စ မ က န း တြင အာရ ဖြ ႕ၿဖ ဳးေရးဘဏ (ADB) ႏ င ျမန မာ ေဆာက လ ပ ေရးဝန ႀက း႒ာနသည အလား တ အမ ားမ်ားက ထပ မ က်ဴးလြန မည အေျခအေနတြင ရ သည ။  စ မ က န းႏ င ပတ သက ၍ ရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ားက က် ဳးေၾကာင းဆ ေလ်ာ စြာ အသ ေပးျခင း သ ႕မဟ တ ည ႏ င းတ င ပင ေဆြးေႏြးျခင းမရ ခဲ ပါ။ ဒ ဇင ဘာလ ( ၂ ) ရက မ ( ၅ ) ရက ေန႕အတြင း ေဆာင ရြက ခဲ ေသာည ႏ င းအစည းအေ၀းသည စ မ က န း၏အက်ဳ းသက ေရာက မ ခ စားရသည ရြာ စ စ ေပါင း ( ၁၆ ) ရြာမ်ားအနက ေက်းရြာ ( ၆ ) ရြာႏ င သာ ျပဳလ ပ ခဲ ျခင းျဖစ သည ။ အဆ ပါအစည းအေ၀းတြင အာရ ဖြ ႕ ၿဖ ဳးေရးဘဏ (ADB) က စ မ က န းေၾကာင ထ ခ က နစ နာမည ရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ားအေနျဖင ( စာအ တ တြင ထည ထားေသာ ) ေလ်ာ ေၾကးက ရရ မည ျဖစ ဟ ေျပာခဲ ေသာ လည း အဆ ပါေလ်ာ ေၾကးက မည သ ကတာဝန ယ ေပးသြားမည က မ တ တ က်က်ရ င းလင းေျပာၾကားျခင းမရ ခဲ ပါ။  ေလ်ာ ေၾကးႏ င ျပန လည ေနရာခ်ထားေရးႏ င ပတ သက ၿပ း အာရ ဖြ ႕ၿဖ ဳးေရးဘဏ က တ က ရ က က င တြယ ေဆာင ရြက သြားမည မဟ တ ဟ ၎၏က ယ စားလ ယ တစ ဥ းက ဆ သည ။  ၂၀၁၅ ခ ႏ စ ဇ လ င လ ၁၇၊ ၁၈၊ ႏ င ၁၉ ရက မ်ားတြင လ နန းေရာ ၊ ငတ န ၊ ဝဲကရင ေက်း ရြာသ းရြာ၌သာ လ ထ ႏ င ေဆြးေႏြးတ င ပင ည ႏ င းမ မ်ားက ျပဳလ ပ ခဲ သည ။ ဤသည မ ာ လ ေလာက ေသာ လ ထ ေတြ႕ဆ ည ႏ င းမ ျပဳလ ပ ျခင းမဟ တ ပါ။  အစ းရ၏ လမ းနယ န မ တ အသစ သတ မ တ ခ်က ေအာက တြင ေျမယာဆ းရ းမည ျပည သ အေရအတြက မည မ်ရ မည က ရ င းရ င းလင းလင း မသ ရပါ။ ADB ၏ ျပန လည ေနရာခ်ထားေရးအစ အစဥ သည လမ းတ းျမင ေဆာက လ ပ မ အတြက သာျဖစ ၿပ း လမ းနယ တ းခ်ဲ႕မ အတြက မပါရ ပါ။ 7 လ ပေသာစကားလ းမ်ားႏ င အက်ည းတန ရ ပ ဆ းေသာလ ပ ရပ မ်ား အာရ အေဝးေျပးလမ းမၾက း၊ ကရင ျပည နယ ၊ ျမန မာႏ င င  အာရ ဖြ ႕ၿဖ ဳးေရးဘဏ (ADB) သည ျပန လည ေနရာခ်ထားေရးႏ င ေလ်ာ ေၾကးေငြ ေပးအပ ျခင း လ ပ ငန းစဥ ကဲ သ ႕ေသာ အလြန အေရးၾက းၿပ း အမ ားခ ၍မရသည လ ပ ငန းမ်ားက ျမန မာ ေဆာက လ ပ ေရး၀န ႀက း႒ာနလက ထဲသ ႕ ယ ယ ၾကည ၾကည အပ ႏ ထားသည ။  ၂၀၁၅ မ စတင ကာ အာရ ဖြ ႕ၿဖ ဳးေရးဘဏ (ADB) သည စ မ က န းႏ င ပတ သက ၿပ း အစ စဥ ႏ င နည းဗ်ဴဟာမ်ားေရးဆြဲခ်မ တ ခဲ ေသာ လည း ေလ်ာ ေၾကးေပးေဆာင မ လ ပ ငန းစဥ ႏ င ပတ သက ၿပ း စ မ က န းေၾကာင ထ ခ က မည လ ထ အား ရ င းလင းတ က်စြာ ခ်ျပေပးျခင း မရ ။ ၃။ ၿင မ းခ်မ းေရးသေဘာတ ည ခ်က မ်ားက ျပည ျပည ဝဝမရရ ခင အခ် န တြင စ မ က န းက အ ေကာင အထည ေဖၚျခင းေၾကာင အက် ဳးအဆက အျဖစ အာရ အေ၀းေျပးလမ းမအေပၚ ထ န းခ်ဳပ ပ င ခြင ရရ ေရးႏ င စပ လ်ဥ း၍ လက နက က င အစ အဖြဲ႕မ်ားအၾကား တင းမာ မ မ်ားျမင တက ေစခဲ သည ။ အကယ ၍ ကရင ျပည နယ အတြင းရ အာရ အေ၀းေျပးလမ း မ ရရ မည အက်ဳ းအျမတ မ်ားက တရားမ်တစြာခြဲေ၀ခ စားခြင ရ ေစမည ဗဟ ခ်ဳပ က င မ က ေလ ်ာ ခ်ေသာဖယ ဒရယ ျပည ေထာင စ စနစ က ေမြးဖြားေပးႏ င သည ႏ င င ေရးဆ င ရာသ ေဘာတ ည ခ်က မ်ားမရရ ေသးခင စ မ က န းက ဆက လ ပ လ ပ ေဆာင မည ဆ ပါက ပဠ ပက မ်ားဆက လက ျဖစ ေပၚဖြယ ရာ ရ သည ။  အာရ ဖြ ႕ၿဖ ဳးေရးဘဏ (ADB) ႏ င ျမန မာေဆာက လ ပ ေရးဝန ၾက းဌာနတ ႕သည အာရ အေဝးေျပး လမ းမစ မ က န းက လ ်င ျမန စြာအေကာင အထည ေဖၚႏ င ေအာင တြန းပ ႕ လ ပ ေဆာင ရာတြင ၿင မ းခ်မ းေရးတည ေဆာက မ အေပၚက်ေရာက ႏ င သည စ းရ မ ဖြယ ရာမ်ားႏ င ပတ သက ၿပ း လ ေလာက ေသာစဥ းစားသ းသပ ခ်င ခ် န ေပးျခင းမရ ပါ၊ သ ႕မဟ တ အဆ ပါစ းရ မ ဖြယ ရာမ်ားက က င တြယ ေျဖရ င းျခင းမရ ပါ။  အာရ အေဝးေျပးလမ းမၾက းအေပၚ ထ န းခ်ဳပ ပ င ခြင ႏ င စပ လ ်င းၿပ း တစ ဖက ၌ ဒ ေကဘ ေအ (DKBA) ႏ င အျခားတစ ဖက တြင နယ ျခားေစာင တပ (BGF) ႏ င တပ မေတာ တ ႕ေပါင းစည းထားေသာအဖြဲ႕တ ႕အၾကား ျဖစ ပြားေသာယခင တ က ပြဲ မ်ားေၾကာင ရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ားသည ေဘးအႏ ရာယ ႏ င ၾက ဳခဲ ရၿပ း၊ ၎တ ႕၏ ေက်းရြာ မ်ားက မ မ ဆႏ မပါဘဲ အတင းအဓမ စြန ႕ခြာထြက ေျပးေနရသည ။ အခ် ဳ႕ေသာရြာသ ရြာသားမ်ားမ ာ ယေန႕အခ် န အထ မ လေက်းရြာသ ႕မျပန ႏ င ေသးဘဲျဖစ ကာ ၎တ ႕ ၏အသက ေမြး၀မ းေက်ာင းလ ပ ငန းမ်ားလည း ထ ခ က ပ်က ျပားရသည ။  ယခင တ က ပြဲမ်ားႏ င တ က ပြဲထပ မ ျဖစ ပြားႏ င သည စ းရ မ စရာအေျခအေနမ်ားေၾကာင ရြာသ ရြာ သားမ်ားသည ေနရပ ႏ င ေဝးရာသ ႕စြန ႕ခြာသြားေနရၿပ း ေနရပ သ ႕ျပန လည သြားေရးအတြက လည း အဟန အတားျဖစ ေနသည ။
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: KHRG, KESAN, THWEE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT NETWORK
Format/size: pdf (3MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016
ML > Economy > Regional Development > Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS) > Trans Asia Transport Infrastructure > The Asian Highway


Title: Concerns about the Naung Pha dam on the Salween River (English, Shan, Burmese, Thai))
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Description/subject: "We are strongly opposed to any dams on the free-flowing Salween River, a vital artery sustaining millions of ethnic people in eastern Burma. Any blockage to its mighty flow would have far-reaching environmental and social impacts. However, the general perception in central Burma appears to be that the Salween is at a remote edge of the country, and dams will have little impact. In particular there is little public knowledge about the Salween in “remote” northeastern Shan State. We therefore wish to highlight some specific concerns about the Naung Pha Dam as follows:..."
Language: English, Shan, Burmese, Thai
Source/publisher: Action for Shan State Rivers
Format/size: pdf (1MB-English; 1.4MB-Shan; 1MB-Burmese; 1.1MB-Thai)
Alternate URLs: http://www.shanhumanrights.org/index.php/news-updates/252-concerns-about-the-naung-pha-dam-on-the-s...
http://www.shanhumanrights.org/images/stories/pdf/2016/August_2016/Briefing%20paper%20on%20the%20Na... (Shan)
http://www.shanhumanrights.org/images/stories/pdf/2016/August_2016/Briefing%20paper%20on%20the%20Na... (Burmese)
http://www.shanhumanrights.org/images/stories/pdf/2016/August_2016/Briefing%20paper%20on%20the%20Na... (Thai)
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2016
ML > Water, including dams > Water bodies (global. regional) > Human activities in, on and around Burma's water bodies > Threats to Burma's water bodies and their communities > Dams and other hydropower projects (constructed and planned) in Burma/Myanmar > Dams and other hydropower projects on the Salween


Title: Myanmar peace discussions need to be more rights-focused and inclusive
Date of publication: 25 August 2016
Description/subject: "Grassroots and civil society organisations need to have a stake in the 21st Century Panglong Conference for the peace process to be a success. On August 31 Myanmar will hold its “21st Century Panglong Conference” - the latest step in the country’s long peace process. It will be a moment imbued with symbolism. General Aung San, Aung San Suu Kyi’s own father led the Bamar delegation at the first Panglong conference held in 1947, which reached a breakthrough agreement with three armed groups and is still etched in the popular memory of the country today. A lot is at stake with this Panglong Conference. As with the peace process generally in Myanmar, this is the opportunity to transform the country, into a state that the people of Myanmar have wanted for several decades. But to do so it must be fully inclusive. Getting all of the ethnic armed organisations to the table is a major challenge in itself. There still remain 3 groups, still in active combat, that were excluded from discussions on the Nationwide Ceasefire Agreement (NCA) and how they will participate in the Panglong Conference is still confusing. There has been much focus on the inclusion of these groups and this is important, especially given human rights violations which are particularly prevalent in areas of continuing conflict. But inclusivity is more than just about political players but is also about all stakeholders. Experiences in other countries have shown time and time again the need for women to play an equal part, for grassroots organisations and civil society to have a strong voice and for information to be freely available for the people to follow developments. These are the ingredients for a sustainable inclusive process which can propel the country forward and into the prosperous future for all..."
Author/creator: Yanghee Lee, Rhiannon Painter
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Frontier Myanmar"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2016
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: Myanmar: Kofi Annan to head Commission on Rakhine state 24 August 2016, 12:52 UTC
Date of publication: 24 August 2016
Description/subject: "The establishment of a high-level commission headed by former UN Secretary General Kofi Annan is a welcome step towards addressing the human rights situation in Myanmar’s Rakhine state, Amnesty International said today. “Today’s announcement is a sign that Myanmar’s authorities are taking the situation in Rakhine state seriously. But it will only have been a worthwhile exercise if it paves the way for the realization of human rights for all people in the state,” said Rafendi Djamin, Amnesty International’s Director for South East Asia and the Pacific...."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2016
ML > Governance, Administration and administrative areas > Arakan (Rakhine) State > Arakan (Rakhine) State - reports etc. by date (latest first)


Title: Establishment of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, August 23 The Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, committed to finding lasting solutions to the complex and delicate issues in the Rakhine State, will establish an Advisory Commission on Rakhine State. A Memorandum of Understanding is to be signed between the Ministry of Office of the State-Counsellor and the Kofi Annan Foundation. The nine-member Advisory Commission, a national initiative to resolve protracted issues in the region, will be chaired by former Secretary-General of the United Nations, Chairman and Founder of the Kofi Annan Foundation and noble laureate, Mr. Kofi Annan and will be composed of (3) international and (6) national persons of Eminence who are highly experienced, respected and neutral individuals. The commission members are : • U Win Mra, Chair of the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission • Dr. Thar Hla Shwe, President of Myanmar Red Cross Society • Mr. Ghassan Salame’, Lebanese Minister of Culture (2000- 2003), UN Special Advisor to Secretary-General (2003-2006) • Ms Laetitia van den Assum, Special Advisor to the UNAIDS (2005-2006), the Netherlands’ Ambassador to the United Kingdom (2012-2015) • U Aye Lwin, Core Member and Founder of Religious for Peace, Myanmar • Dr. Mya Thida, President of Obstetrical and Gynecological Society of MMA, Member of the Myanmar Academy of Medical Science • U Khin Maung Lay, Member of the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission • Daw Saw Khin Tint, Chairperson (Rakhine Literature and Culture association, Yangon) and Vice-Chairperson (Rakhine Women Association) The Commission will undertake meetings with all relevant stakeholders, international experts and foreign dignitaries to hear their views and to analyze relevant issues with a view to finding the best possible solutions to prevailing problems..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar State Counsellor's Office
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2016
ML > Governance, Administration and administrative areas > Arakan (Rakhine) State > Arakan (Rakhine) State - reports etc. by date (latest first)


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar"Tuesday 23 August, 2016
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYITHU HLUTTAW: Pyithu Hluttaw hears construction, irrigation works in rural areas... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: By-elections to be held early next year...MCDC to organize drawing of lots for temporary shops for fire victims of Mandalay Mingalar market...Retired major charged with fraud in K41.5m...State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi enjoys music concert in Nay Pyi Taw...Works of Mandalay artists to be exhibited in Yangon...Families of Defence Services, well-wishers donate provisions, cash to monasteries, nunneries...Five arrested for drug smuggling...Traffic accidents exceed last year’s total...Man found dead in creek...Two men charged over theft of loose soil containing gold...Elder, child killed in fire in Kyaukme...Tatmadaw (Air Force) puts new transport, training aircraft into service...USDP’s second conference kicks off in Nay Pyi Taw...Food rations in short supply at Nam Hpat Kar IDP Camp...New railroad bridge helps reduce travelling time between Yangon, Mandalay..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Stronger ties with India - State Counsellor holds talks with Indian External Affairs Minister...Chief Justice of Myanmar holds talks with UK Supreme Court’s President...Koh Tao murder trail appeal to be prolonged for another year...President U Htin Kyaw holds talks with Indian External Affairs Minister...UN Chief to address Union Peace Conference—21st Century Panglong - Ye Khaung Nyunt...State Counsellor meets President of the UK Supreme Court...Container inflow to Yangon ports rises by 20 per cent...Edible bird’s nests in high demand from China, Malaysia and Thailand...Thailand, Singapore eye in Myanmar’s solar energy sector...Jade and jewelry exports fetch over US$57million in four months..... "OPINION": "Impatience is pricey" - Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "A New Law to Bring Major Reforms to Myanmar Corporate Sector" - The DICAN
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 23 August, 2016
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 23 August, 2016
Date of publication: 23 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar"Monday 22 August, 2016
Date of publication: 22 August 2016
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Tripartite meeting focuses on preparation for Union Peace Conference...Fish farmers advocate breeding catfish in tarpaulin lined ponds...Censorship Board meets to address challenges...Over K7 billion agricultural loan disbursed to farmers in Mandalay...Myanmar National Human Rights Commission releases statement on Katha Jail...Fatal road accident in Nay Pyi Taw...Gold, silver wares collected from armed smuggler...Illegal bags of ammonium nitrate seized in Mohnyin...Over 17,000 tonnes of illegally harvested wood seized under 100-day plan...Number of flood insurance increases...Inflation rate in July declines slightly...MIC grants permission for nine investments...Commander-in-Chief presents monastic offertories to Sayadaws in Mandalay and Sagaing...Blacksmith industry disappears in Mon State...Healthcare services provided to Kayin State residents...Workshop on Civil Service Reform to be held..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: State Counsellor wraps up visit to China...Myanmar needs to break into the European markets, say jade dealers...Indonesia, Myanmar organise joint cultural show in Yangon...Talks held by Ministry of Commerce over exportation of gold...Chinese business delegation observes investment opportunities in Myanmar...Tatmadaw denies clash between Indian army and NSCN-K on Myanmar soil...Voices of members of Myanmar’s China delegation...MIC grants permission for nine investments..... "OPINION": "Interests of two peoples at the fore front" - Tha Sein.....ARTICLE: "The Rights of Shareholders of a Public Company" - Win Shein.....POEM: "Youths and Rural Development" - Lokethar
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: Censuses - link to section
Description/subject: See the top-level "Censuses" category of OBL which has sections and full texts of the Reports and Tables of a number of Burma/Myanmar censuses, including those conducted under the British colonial administration
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
ML > History > Historical periods > British colonial rule in Burma [1824-1948] > British Colonial Period: texts (official and quasi-official documents)


Title: Census of Burma, 1921 (Report)
Date of publication: 10 May 1923
Description/subject: CENSUS OF INDIA, 1921, Volume X - BURMA. Part I. Report..... The census "was taken between the 15th November 1930 and the 18th March 1921"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Govt. of India
Format/size: pdf (12MB-reduced version; 20MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/1921-Burma%20census-report-full.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
ML > Censuses > 1921 Census


Title: Census of Burma, 1921 (Tables)
Date of publication: 10 May 1923
Description/subject: CENSUS OF INDIA, 1921, Volume X - BURMA. Part I. Tables..... The census "was taken between the 15th November 1930 and the 18th March 1921"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Govt. of India
Format/size: pdf (22MB-reduced version; 33MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/1921-Burma_census-tables.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
ML > Censuses > 1921 Census


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 22 August, 2016
Date of publication: 22 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9,7MB)
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Monday 22 August, 2016
Date of publication: 22 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: This Week in Parliament (August 15-19)
Date of publication: 20 August 2016
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2016
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw Sessions for 2016 (NLD Parliament)


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 21 August, 2016
Date of publication: 21 August 2016
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: PROGRESS IN STEPS - Government, ethnic representatives meet in Yangon for NCA signing...MOI plans contemporary history reading plus winter book fair...Dermatologists furrow their brow at tattoo industry...Pakokku U Ohn Pe Literary Awards ceremony held in Yangon...Healthcare services provided by Eastern Command in Aungban town Commander Gen. Aye Win comforting villagers. Photo: C-in-C’s Office Search and...Four students missing after motor ferry sampan sinks...Four-member family slain in Mingaladon...Yaba and marijuana seized in Taunggyi...Yaba worth over K 400,000 seized in Nay Pyi Taw...Illegal hardwood logs confiscated from vehicle...Palm oil price increases by Ks300 per viss in mid August...Yangon ICT Fair to be held next month...Revenue authorities collect K3b commercial tax, K2b income tax from gold trading over three years...Commander-in-Chief presents offertories to Sayadaws at two monasteries in Mandalay...Mon State Hluttaw to verify legal legitimacy of MCL cement plant..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: State Counsellor visits Museum of Qin Terracotta Warriors in Xian...Joint Press Release between the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and the People’s Republic of China...State Counsellor, Shaanxi Province’s Governor hold talks...International assistance absent from Myanmar’s flood relief efforts...Tourism expected to bring more than one million jobs opportunities...Palm oil price increases by Ks300 per viss in mid August...Rubber exports reach over 2,000 tonnes within one week..... "OPINION": "Reducing poverty through agricultural development" - Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "Myanmar’s Neighbourhood Diplomacy at Play" - K. Yhome.....POEM: "Union peace Conference or 21st century Panglong" - Khin (Natmauk)
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 21 August, 2016
Date of publication: 21 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: 1931 Census of Burma (Report)
Date of publication: 16 March 1933
Description/subject: CENSUS OF INDIA, 1931, VOLUME XI - BURMA......Census conducted in Burma, 24th February 1931.....The reduced version contains a number of typos.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Govt. of India
Format/size: pdf (7.2MB-reduced version; 33MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/1931_Census_of_India-Vol-XI-Burma1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2016
ML > Censuses > 1931 census


Title: 1931 Census of Burma (Tables)
Date of publication: 16 March 1933
Description/subject: CENSUS OF INDIA, 1931,VOLUME XI - BURMA......Census conducted in Burma, 24th February 1931.....The smaller version contains a number of typos.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Govt of India
Format/size: pdf (3.1MB, 7.8MB - reduced versions)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/1931_Census_of_India-Vol-XI-Burma2-tu.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2016
ML > Censuses > 1931 census


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 21 August, 2016
Date of publication: 21 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 20 August, 2016
Date of publication: 20 August 2016
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- PYIDAUNGSU HLUTTAW: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approves Government’s Medium-term Debt Management Strategy...Correction.....OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Film industry development discussed in Yangon...Mon State provided with K100-m fund for disaster preparedness by BFM...President U Htin Kyaw tours Ayeyawady Region, assists flood-affected people...Myanmar moves towards public library service development - Nanda Win, Myat Sandi...Three more ministries hold press conferences on first 100-day work performance...Land price high in Yangon’s industrial zones...SWRR Ministry provided with K400 million by IGE for rehabilitation in flood-hit areas...Community-based Tourism comes to Chin State...Six dead from encephalitis in northern Shan...Passengers provided with transit services after bridge on Mandalay- Lashio rail route damaged...Anti-narcotics police officer charged over K2.3m bribe...Fire destroys female hostel in Myingyan...Group of thieves arrested by police...Yaba, opium oil and heroin seized in Taze and Nawnghkio..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: “Pauk-Phaw” friendship - State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi meets Chinese President...Union Ministers meet with heads of Chinese Corporations...Myanmar delegation attends Conference in Malaysia...Accreditation for 34th ASEAN Ministers on Energy Meeting to be held in Nay Pyi Taw...Joint Press Release between the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and the People’s Republic of China...Yumi Katsura International bridal store opens in Yangon...Indonesia shows interest in Myanmar’s oil and gas sector - Ko Moe...Foreign tankers to recruit new Myanmar seafarers...Value of trade via Muse border camp continues to decline...4th batch of detained Myanmar workers returns to Yangon from Malaysia..... "OPINION": "Remember to factor the environment into economic growth" - Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "Developing Creative Thinking in English Classes" - Dr. Myo Win Yangon University of Education
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 20 August, 2016
Date of publication: 20 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2016


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Saturday 20 August, 2016
Date of publication: 20 August 2016
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2016


Title: Census of India, 1901- Vol. XII: Burma. Part I - Report
Date of publication: 01 March 1901
Language: English
Source/publisher: Govt. of India
Format/size: pdf (8.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2016
ML > Censuses > 1901 census


Title: Census of Burma, 1911. Volume IX Burma Part I.—Report
Date of publication: 1912
Description/subject: The census was carried out in 1911 and published in 1912... The file ending in tpo is smaller than the one ending in red, but has more typos.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Govt. of India
Format/size: pdf (8.8MB-smaller version; 20MB, larger but more accurate version)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs22/1911_census_of_India-Vol-09-Burma-01-tu2.spdf-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2016
ML > Censuses > 1911 census


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 19 August, 2016
Date of publication: 19 August 2016
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- AMYOTHA HLUTTAW: Amyotha Hluttaw holds Q&A session on health sector...PYITHU HLUTTAW: Pyithu Hluttaw hears answers to parliamentary questions, discusses proposal.....OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Over 100 landmine fatalities since January 2015...Tuberculosis screening being conducted at Monywa Prison...Awareness of reproductive health raised in Sittwe...Food, medical supplies airlifted to Naga SAZ...Fifth Media Development Conference set for November in Yangon...Taninthayi Region, Mon State to see isolated heavy rainfall...Vehicle collision kills one man...Two drug dealers arrested in Yangon...Police car skids into ditch, injures driver...Vehicle overturns in Nawnghkio...With condo law, expatriates shaking up Yangon real estate market...Mung bean and pigeon pea prices plunge by Ks40,000 per 3-tonne bag - Aung Thant Khaing...Industrial Collaboration Department issues requirements of chemical and associated materials imports...Aid for 2,000 families in Naga SAZ provided by Brighter Future Myanmar..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: China: peace, aid - State Counsellor welcomed by Chinese Premier in Beijing...Youth invited to participate in UNICEF’s U-Report programme...Trade with ITC earns over US$1 billion...U Tha Aung Nyun presents credentials to Governor-General of the Commonwealth of Australia...WWII-era C-47 aircraft to land in Mandalay on way to Flying Tiger Heritage Museum...Rakhine fishery entrepreneurs rebuke use of Thai fishing nets..... "OPINION": "Start small to grow big" - Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "Good Governance" - Tin Shein
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2016


Title: Solar-powered water pumps
Description/subject: "In drought-affected areas of Kenya, women must walk miles to find water, risking violence or animal attack, in order to sustain their families and animals. They do this with the knowledge that the dirty water they have collected may well make their children very ill. Working with community members, Practical Action developed a solar powered water pump that can pump up to 30,000 litres of clean water per day. twitter logo facebook logo Using the overabundance of sunshine, the solar pump draws water from a 100-metre-deep well, providing families with the water that they desperately need and rendering cases of water-related diseases a thing of the past..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Practical Action
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2016
ML > Economy > Infrastructure > Energy > Renewable energy > Solar energy