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Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 20 August, 2014
Date of publication: 20 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 20 August, 2014
Date of publication: 20 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Wednesday 20 August, 2014
Date of publication: 20 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: Where there is no Doctor - part 1 (Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 23 July 2014
Description/subject: "This handbook has been written primarily for those who live far from medical centers, in places where there is no doctor. But even where there are doctors, people can and should take the lead in their own health care. So this book is for everyone who cares. It has been written in the belief that: 1. Health care is not only everyone’s right, but everyone’s responsibility... 2. Informed self-care should be the main goal of any health program or activity... 3. Ordinary people provided with clear, simple information can prevent and treat most common health problems in their own homes—earlier, cheaper, and often better than can doctors... 4. Medical knowledge should not be the guarded secret of a select few, but should be freely shared by everyone... 5. People with little formal education can be trusted as much as those with a lot. And they are just as smart... 6. Basic health care should not be delivered, but encouraged..... Clearly, a part of informed self-care is knowing one’s own limits. Therefore guidelines are included not only for what to do, but for when to seek help. The book points out those cases when it is important to see or get advice from a health worker or doctor. But because doctors or health workers are not always nearby, the book also suggests what to do in the meantime—even for very serious problems..."....N.B. the date of 23 July 2014 is presumably the date of the translation. The date of the original English was, I believe, 2011 - OBL Librarian
Author/creator: David Werner; with Carol Thuman and Jane Maxwell
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Hesperian Health Guides via UNICEF
Format/size: pdf (4.8MB-reduced version; 11.9MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.unicef.org/myanmar/Where_there_is_no_doctor_Part_1.pdf
http://hesperian.org/books-and-resources/?book=download_where_there_is_no_doctor#tabs-downloads
http://en.hesperian.org/hhg/Healthwiki
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2014
ML > Health > Online health resources


Title: Where there is no Doctor - part 2 (Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 23 July 2014
Description/subject: "This handbook has been written primarily for those who live far from medical centers, in places where there is no doctor. But even where there are doctors, people can and should take the lead in their own health care. So this book is for everyone who cares. It has been written in the belief that: 1. Health care is not only everyone’s right, but everyone’s responsibility... 2. Informed self-care should be the main goal of any health program or activity... 3. Ordinary people provided with clear, simple information can prevent and treat most common health problems in their own homes—earlier, cheaper, and often better than can doctors... 4. Medical knowledge should not be the guarded secret of a select few, but should be freely shared by everyone... 5. People with little formal education can be trusted as much as those with a lot. And they are just as smart... 6. Basic health care should not be delivered, but encouraged..... Clearly, a part of informed self-care is knowing one’s own limits. Therefore guidelines are included not only for what to do, but for when to seek help. The book points out those cases when it is important to see or get advice from a health worker or doctor. But because doctors or health workers are not always nearby, the book also suggests what to do in the meantime—even for very serious problems..."....N.B. the date of 23 July 2014 is presumably the date of the translation. The date of the original English was, I believe, 2011 - OBL Librarian.
Author/creator: David Werner; with Carol Thuman and Jane Maxwell
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Hesperian Health Guides via UNICEF
Format/size: pdf (3.9MB-reduced version; 7MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.unicef.org/myanmar/Where_there_is_no_doctor_Part_2_inside_text.pdf
http://hesperian.org/books-and-resources/?book=download_where_there_is_no_doctor#tabs-downloads
http://en.hesperian.org/hhg/Healthwiki
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2014
ML > Health > Online health resources


Title: Reproductive Health (various studies)
Description/subject: "Women in Myanmar's ethnic border and underserved central regions face enormous risks in having children. In eastern Myanmar the vast majority are anemic and deliver their babies without trained assistance or access to emergency obstetric services. Nearly 1% of pregnancies result in maternal death, mostly from bleeding after delivery or infection — one of the highest rates of maternal mortality in the world. Community Partners International's focus on training, technical support and resources for local organizations has achieved community-based delivery of antenatal care, family planning and emergency obstetric services to 135,000 women and men who would otherwise have gone without. In addition to implementing life-saving health initiatives, our local partners — with technical support and in-depth mentoring from CPI — have conducted the only peer-reviewed surveys in these largely inaccessible regions... For reproductive health-related articles and reports, see links at right"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Community Partners International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2014
ML > Health > Specific areas of health care > Reproductive Health/Gynaecology, Obstetrics


Title: Malaria & Infectious Disease
Description/subject: "In addition to recording the second most malaria deaths of any country in Southeast Asia, Myanmar is a regional epicenter of spreading resistance to vital anti-malarial drugs. The situation is worst in ethnic areas in the eastern, western and northern border regions, which receive little or no government health services and are inaccessible to large-scale international efforts. These regions are populated with displaced and vulnerable communities and rife with fake anti-malaria drugs, contributing to a growing reservoir of infection and a “perfect storm” of conditions to encourage increasing resistance to key artemisinin-based drugs. With in-depth mentoring and technical support from CPI, our local partners have conducted the only peer-reviewed surveys in this inaccessible region, demonstrating that malaria accounts for nearly half of all deaths, with a disproportionate impact on children and pregnant women: Nearly 15% of children will die before their fifth birthday, one-third from malaria, and malaria is the leading cause of maternal anemia, stillbirth, premature birth and low birth weight.... For malaria-related articles and reports, see links at right"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Community Partners International
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2014
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Diseases > Communicable (infectious) diseases > Malaria


Title: Health Systems Strengthening
Description/subject: "In Myanmar, one in seven children die before they reach the age of five, and many of these deaths are easily preventable. The challenge is to provide essential basic services to tens of thousands of villagers who have become nearly inaccessible due to civil conflict, displacement, and isolated and rugged jungle terrain. Community Partners International’s Village Health Worker program trains and equips hundreds of local health workers who provide a variety of interventions, ranging from basic hygiene and nutrition education to testing for and treating malaria. In Myanmar, these health workers are often the only source of health care in the community. See links at right for our peer-reviewed publications and reports on the community-based initiatives designed, implemented and managed through partnership Community Partners International to improve the functions of the indiginous health systems in Myanmar, and lead to better health through improvements in access, coverage, quality, and efficiency."..... Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Health: Back Pack Health Worker Team 1998-2009... Mortality rates in eastern Burma (Tropical Medicine & International Health, July 2006)... Multi-Level Partnerships to Promote Health (Global Public Health, April 2008)... Responding to Infectious Diseases (Conflict and Health, March 2008).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Community Partners International
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2014
ML > Health > Health systems and resources > Backpack medics and other health projects in Eastern Burma


Title: Health and Human Rights
Description/subject: "Many of CPI's local partners serve ethnic communities located in Myanmar's conflict-affected zones that are not adequately served by governmental organizations or large humanitarian agencies — areas that also often suffer from chronic human rights abuses. See links at rights for peer-reviewed articles and reports documenting the connection between systemic abuses and poor health in Myanmar's border regions....Diagnosis Critical (CPI Partners, Oct. 2010)... After the Storm (CPI Partners, March 2009)... Chronic Emergency (CPI partners, Sep. 2006)... Displacement and Disease (Conflict and Health, March 2008)... Health and human rights and political transition (Intl Health & Human Rights, May 2014)... Maternal health and human rights violations (PLoS Medicine, Dec. 2008)... Quantifying associations between human rights violations and health (Epidemiology & Community Health, Sep. 2007)... The Gathering Storm (CPI partners, July 2007)... Community-based Assessment of Human Rights (Conflict and Health, April 2010).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Community Partners International
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2014
ML > Health > Health systems and resources > Backpack medics and other health projects in Eastern Burma
Health > Threats to Health > Conflict and health, including violations of humanitarian and human rights standards as threats to health


Title: Trauma Care
Description/subject: "There are no doctors or hospitals for eastern Myanmar’s displaced civilians, many of them living in recently active conflict zones, in a region with one of the highest rates of landmine injuries in the world. To address basic and critical emergency health needs, our partner organization, the Karen Department of Health and Welfare (KDHW), developed a mobile medical system uniquely adapted to the region: A network of tiny clinics now dot eastern Myanmar, with local health workers carrying supplies on their backs, walking for weeks through remote jungles to get medical training and reach patients. Community Partners International trains and equips these Trauma Management Program health workers. See links at right for peer-reviewed publications on our community-based initiatives to address trauma and other critical health needs in Myanmar.".....Best Practices Guidelines on Surgical Response in Disasters and Humanitarian Emergencies...Surgery in Humanitarian Settings (Prehospital and Disaster Medicine, December 2011)... Trauma Care in Conflict Zones (Human Resources for Health, March 2009)... Trauma and Mental Health in eastern Myanmar (Conflict & Health July 2013).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Community Partners International
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2014
ML > Health > Threats to Health > Trauma > Trauma care


Title: A Book for Midwives
Date of publication: 2014
Description/subject: "...Midwives need accurate information to help them protect the health and well-being of women, babies, and families. They need strategies to fight poverty and the unequal treatment of women, and for working together and with other health workers towards health for all. We revised A Book for Midwives with these needs in mind. In this edition of A Book for Midwives, you will find: * information needed to care for women and their babies during pregnancy, labor, birth, and in the weeks following birth, because this is the primary work of most midwives. * skills for protecting a woman’s reproductive health throughout her life, because a woman’s health needs are important whether or not she is having a baby, and because a woman’s health when she is not pregnant affects how healthy and safe her pregnancies and births will be. * safe, effective methods from both traditional midwifery and modern, Western-based medicine, because good health care in labor and birth uses the best from both Western medicine and the traditions of midwifery. discussion of the ways that poverty and the denial of women’s needs affect women’s health, and how midwives can work to improve these conditions, because changing these conditions can make a lasting improvement in health. * suggestions for how midwives can and must work with each other, with other health workers, and with the larger community, because working together strengthens everyone’s knowledge and makes action to improve women’s health more effective..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Hesperian Health Guides
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2014
ML > Health > Specific areas of health care > Reproductive Health/Gynaecology, Obstetrics


Title: Contact Lists of Humanitarian Partners in MYANMAR (and other Myanmar lists)
Date of publication: 25 July 2014
Description/subject: Excel file listing individual offices of organisations involved in humanitarian work in Burma/Myanmar. Some organisations have several offices (total 733). The organizations are categorised as: national NGOs (about 180), international NGOs/CBOs (88), embassies (15), international organisations, (2 - World Bank and IOM), UN (21), donors (12), Red Cross/Red Crescent (1), [research] institutions (1), companies (1), local companbies (2) and faith-based organisations (1)...The list has the Organization Name, Acronym, Organization Type, Sector Head/Field office, State/Region "Location (Town / Village) in which office is located", Address, Telephone, Fax, email, website...Myanmar Government departments are not listed here...The referring page lists office locations by State, Region & Township and UN offices on a map.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Information Management Unit (MIMU)
Format/size: Excel (1.2MB)
Alternate URLs: http://themimu.info/contacts
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2014
ML > Humanitarian Assistance to Burma/Myanmar > Humanitarian assistance > Humanitarian assistance to Burma -- contact lists and mixed content


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 19 August, 2014
Date of publication: 19 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 19 August, 2014
Date of publication: 19 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Tuesday 19 August, 2014
Date of publication: 19 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: NGO Law Monitor: Myanmar (Burma)
Date of publication: 02 August 2014
Description/subject: Introduction | At a Glance | Key Indicators | International Rankings | Legal Snapshot | Legal Analysis | Reports | News and Additional Resources Last updated: 2 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: The International Center for Not-for-Profit Law
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2014
ML > Humanitarian Assistance to Burma/Myanmar > Humanitarian assistance > Humanitarian assistance in Burma/Myanmar -- guidelines, regulations etc.


Title: Audio-Visual Library of International Law
Description/subject: "...A virtual training and research centre in international law... THE HISTORIC ARCHIVES provides a unique resource for the teaching, studying and researching significant legal instrument on international law. Each entry is devoted to a particular instrument and contains an introduction to the instrument prepared by an eminent international law scholar or practitioner with special expertise on the subject, information on its procedural history and related documents, as well as the text and status of the instrument. It is accompanied by audiovisual materials, as available, relating to the negotiation and adoption of the instrument at meetings or diplomatic conferences.... THE LECTURE SERIES contains a permanent collection of lectures of enduring value on virtually every subject of international law given by leading international law scholars and practitioners from different regions, legal systems, cultures and sectors of the legal profession... THE RESEARCH LIBRARY provides an extensive online library of international law materials, including treaties, jurisprudence, documents, legal publications, research guides and selected scholarly writings, as well as international law training materials...."
Language: English (Also available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Russian and Spanish)
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: html, pdf, audio, video etc.
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > International Law > The theory and practice of international law


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 18 August, 2014
Date of publication: 18 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Monday 18 August, 2014
Date of publication: 18 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: Myanmar's Courts and the Sounds Money Makes
Date of publication: 2012
Description/subject: CONCLUSION: "The public transcript on corruption in Myanmar’s judicial system does not aim primarily to address practices identified as corrupt, but to affirm an elite self-portrait in which the dominant group appears innately superior to its subordinates. Its model of probity is a judicial officer who follows orders as required, who pretends to subscribe to the values of official propaganda, and who successfully maintains the appearance of being free from practices identified as corrupt. In exchange for going along with the public transcript, the elite grants conditional concessions to the interests of subordinates. Subordinates interpret and accommodate these concessions through the language and practices of the hidden transcript. The hidden transcript sustains its public counterpart to the extent that legal professionals find it in their interest to give the appearance of compliance, but the hidden transcript also inverts and undermines much of the public transcript, even as it seemingly accommodates it, and underneath it prickles with rancour at the hypocrisy of senior officials who preach virtue as they practice vice..."
Author/creator: Nick Cheesman
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar's Transition: Openings, Obstacles and Opportunities, Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS), Singapore, pp. 231-248
Format/size: pdf (339K)
Alternate URLs: https://anu-au.academia.edu/NickCheesman
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > The practice of law in Burma/Myanmar > The courts


Title: How an Authoritarian Regime in Burma Used Special Courts to Defeat Judicial Independence
Date of publication: 2011
Description/subject: "Why do authoritarian rulers establish special courts? One view is that they do so to insulate the judiciary from politically oriented cases and allow it contin- ued, albeit limited, independence. In this article I present a contrary case study of an authoritarian regime in Burma that used special courts not to insulate the judiciary but to defeat it. Through comparison to other Asian cases I suggest that the Burmese regime’s composition and character better explain its strategy than does extant judicial authority or formal ideology. The regime consisted of war fighters for whom the courts were enemy territory. But absent popular support, the regime’s leaders could not embark immedi- ately on a radical project for legal change that might compromise their hold on power. Consequently, they used special courts and other strategies to defeat judicial independence incrementally, until they could displace the professional judiciary and bring the courts fully under executive control..."
Author/creator: Nick Cheesman
Language: English
Source/publisher: Law & Society Review, Volume 45, Number 4 (2011)
Format/size: pdf (156K)
Alternate URLs: https://anu-au.academia.edu/NickCheesman
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > The practice of law in Burma/Myanmar > The courts


Title: Reading between the lines of criminalized assembly in Myanmar
Date of publication: 10 December 2011
Description/subject: "All public assemblies that power holders have not themselves organized or endorsed pose them some kind of political challenge. In a democratic system, unauthorized public assemblies are part of the political process. The ruling group is obliged to accommodate such assemblies and not resort to needlessly coercive methods in dealing with them. The political symbolism of an authoritarian system, by contrast, carries with it, as James Scott has written, an implicit assumption that subordinates gather only when they are authorized to do so from above.1 Where subordinates defy this assumption, they threaten the political order, and risk juridical sanction. The British authoritarian regime in its Asian colonies assigned public assembly an inherently criminal quality. A full chapter of the Indian Penal Code, which it brought with it to Burma, sets out offences against public tranquillity and their punishments. The terms used in the code evoke the innate criminality of unauthorized gatherings: “criminal force”, “rioting”, “affray”. The colonial-era police and courts read between these lines so as to enable liberal use of violence. Police and magistrates responded to unauthorized assembly under cover of the empire’s criminal codes with lathi charges and rifle fire. When they failed to keep things under control, behind them came the army. And so, a template was set for what historian Mary Callahan has described as the “coercion-intensive” state in Burma.2 1 James C. Scott, Domination and the Arts of Resistance: Hidden Transcripts (New Haven & London: Yale University Press, 1990) 61. 2 Mary P. Callahan, "State Formation in the Shadow of the Raj: Violence, Warfare and Politics in Colonial Burma," Southeast Asian Studies 39.4 (2002): 521. 2 But the colonial template has, as the years have passed, become less and less familiar. Whereas the coercive parts of the criminal juridical apparatus in Burma, now officially Myanmar, have expanded in size and strength under successive military or military-established governments, the authority of the courts has greatly diminished. Whereas the criminal codes have remained in force, the manner of their application has changed markedly. And meanwhile, other ill-defined elements that were not part of the original template have also entered the mix. In this paper, I briefly explore the shifting character of the containment and criminalizing of unauthorized assembly in Myanmar through a case study of the juridical and extrajuridical response to large-scale protests in 2007. I argue that the criminalizing of unauthorized assembly and its participants was, compared to earlier periods, highly ambiguous, because the juridical and extrajuridical elements of the response were throughout purposefully intervowen. The ambiguity was, I think, paradigmatic of how power has in recent years been exercised through the criminal juridical system of Myanmar, such that today we can only talk of the juridical and extrajudicial in the singular, as a composite of practices rather than two contrasting sets of practices..."
Author/creator: Nick Cheesman
Language: English
Source/publisher: “Southeast Asia: Between the Lines”, Center for Southeast Asian Studies, University of Michigan, 9-10 December 2011
Format/size: pdf (616K)
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Civil and political issues > Association and Assembly > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to association and assembly (commentaries)


Title: The Incongruous Return of Habeas Corpus to Myanmar
Date of publication: 25 August 2010
Description/subject: CONCLUSION: "Where the role of the courts is to assist in a state programme, rather than check executive power, policy directives can be implemented through the judiciary in the same way as through the administrative bureaucracy. By contrast, systems like those in Sri Lanka or Nepal may be defective and compromised but judges in them do still adjudicate more according to the terms of law than according to the dictates of executive officers. Ironically, a corrupted policy-implementing judicial system like that in Myanmar can be mistaken for an efficient system in contrast to its functionally separate counterparts, because its efficiency derives from the carrying out of orders and urgency to make money through the exercise of authority, not from integrity or professionalism of the sort that courts in other countries struggle to achieve, however imperfectly and half-heartedly. This is the real incongruity of habeas corpus as an element in the 2008 Constitution of Myanmar. Habeas corpus is premised on the idea that courts have the power to compel soldiers, police and other officials to follow their orders. In Myanmar, where the judiciary is a proxy for the executive, judges have this power only where they have the approval and backing of higher executive authorities. Whereas in certain authoritarian settings the courts have retained nominal legal power over other parts of government but have been unable or unwilling to exercise it at certain times because of extenuating circumstances, in Myanmar the problem is much more basic. Myanmar’s courts don’t have effective authority over other parts of government at all. Their capacity to review the activities of state agencies and agents is limited to what the executive permits them. Under these circumstances, not only is the reintroducing of habeas corpus a figment but so too is any constitutional commitment to protect the individual, because all such legal commitments are delimited by higher administrative imperatives. Only where legal and administrative objectives coincide can the former prevail. The incongruity of habeas corpus in the new constitution percolates throughout the charter’s contents, and through the extant state institutions that will be responsible for establishing new institutions in accordance with its terms following general elections. Where the armed forces rather than the judiciary have responsibility to safeguard the constitution and uphold the rule of law, statements of citizens’ rights are perverse. Where the state has subordinated legality to policy and detached policy from any coherent ideology, no amount of technical or procedural rearranging can effect significant change. Because the new constitution is a vague expression that is not binding on its guardian, ultimately it contains no guarantees, whether for a political detainee, an ordinary under-trial accused or anyone else."
Author/creator: Nick Cheesman
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Ruling Myanmar From Cyclone Nargis to National Elections", Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS), Singapore, pp. 90-111
Format/size: pdf (177K)
Alternate URLs: https://anu-au.academia.edu/NickCheesman
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Constitutional and parliamentary processes > National and State constitutions, draft constitutions and amendments (commentary)
Law and Constitution > The practice of law in Burma/Myanmar > The courts
Human Rights > Detentions, Trials, Independence of the Judiciary > Detentions, unfair trials, Independence of the judiciary: political prisoners and other violations in Burma


Title: School, State and Sangha in Burma
Date of publication: 01 January 2003
Description/subject: ABSTRACT: "This article explores by means of an historical descriptive analysis of schooling in Burma the merits of historical descriptive analysis in comparative education. It demonstrates how control over schooling is likely to relate to state legitimacy. Prior to the nineteenth century, the supervision of teaching in Burma was undertaken not by the state but rather by the monasteries of the Theravada Buddhist order, the Sangha. The monastic schools were widespread and they served as an important legitimising device for both the Sangha and the Buddhist state, which were engaged in a competitive partnership. During the nineteenth century, the British colonial administration demolished the pre-existing socio-political structures that assured the Sangha its authority, and permitted alternative forms of public instruction. The teaching role of the Sangha was diminished, however not destroyed, and it continuously resisted the British intrusion. Following independence, rather than re-invest authority over schooling in the Sangha, the new state instead expanded its mandate over public instruction as a means to inculcate the ‘national idea’. In the present day, schooling is subject to the dictates of an autocratic military regime, and the Sangha has been forced into a subordinate role in support of nationalist objectives, in contrast to its earlier powerful part in structural opposition to the state."
Author/creator: Nick Cheesman
Language: English
Source/publisher: Comparative Education Volume 39 No. 1 2003
Format/size: pdf (117K)
Alternate URLs: https://anu-au.academia.edu/NickCheesman
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma - general
Education > Monastic education


Title: Seeing ‘Karen’ in the Union of Myanmar
Date of publication: 2002
Description/subject: "Karen identity is problematic, as peoples known as ‘Karen’ do not share a common language, culture, religion or material characteristics. Most of the research on Karens has been conducted in Thailand, but the dominant ‘pan-Karen’ identity is a product of social and historical forces in Myanmar, where this study is focused. In the main part of this paper, I reveal the subjective criteria that have come to signify pan-Karen identity. My primary source material consists of internal literary discourses. In particular, I have drawn on the historical texts of two British colonial-era authors: T. Thanbyah and Saw Aung Hla. Three signi￿cant concepts appear in their works and subsequent internal discourses on Karen identity: that Karens are oppressed, uneducated and virtuous. In the latter part of the paper, I review contemporary Myanmar government policy on ethnic identity, highlighting the assigned role of ‘Union Spirit’ among all groups in the country towards overcoming super￿cial differences. State policies are designed—among other things—to emphasise a myth of common descent of all ‘national races’; construct a unifying national culture, and concentrate administrative power at the centre. Both Karen identity and the Union of Myanmar are products of the same historical and social conditions. Both appeal to a supposed unity, but in other characteristics differ. State discourses suggest accommodation, but are directed towards social control. Karen identity is born of primordial statements but is manifest in structural opposition to the state. Ultimately, while the state seeks to assimilate all, Karen nationalists aim towards the assimilation of their own and separation from others."
Author/creator: Nick Cheesman
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asian Ethnicity, Volume 3, Number 2, September 2002
Format/size: pdf (661K)
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2014
ML > Anthropology > Anthropological literature on ethnicity and identity


Title: Thin Rule of Law or Un-Rule of Law in Myanmar?
Date of publication: 2010
Description/subject: "...In this article I examine the rule-of-law language and practices of the state in Myanmar in terms of the “thin” rule of law, which is sometimes described as “rule by law.” I am not advocating this type of rule of law. Rather, I am interested in how it can be used to explore the sort of authoritarian legality found in Myanmar, and to advance more critical study of Asian governments’ stated commitments to the rule of law..."
Author/creator: Nick Cheesman
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pacific Affairs: Volume 82, No. 4 Winter 2009/2010
Format/size: pdf (77K)
Date of entry/update: 18 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Rule of Law (international and Burma/Myanmar-specific)


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Monday 18 August, 2014
Date of publication: 18 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: United Nations Audiovisual Library of International Law
Description/subject: "The United Nations Audiovisual Library of International Law is a free online international law research and training tool. It was created and is maintained by the Codification Division of the United Nations Office of Legal Affairs as a part of its mandate under the United Nations Programme of Assistance in the Teaching, Study, Dissemination and Wider Appreciation of International Law..."
Language: English (other languages available)
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > International Law > The theory and practice of international law


Title: BURMA BULLETIN ISSUE 91 - JULY 2014
Date of publication: July 2014
Description/subject: KEY STORY: • Journalists sentenced; • Journalists arrested, restricted; • Crackdown on ... INSIDE BURMA: • Anti-Muslim violence; • Tatmadaw attacks Shan State; • Parliament; • Restrictive campaign rules; • Constitutional campaign ends; • 'Citizenship assessment'... HUMAN RIGHTS: • Yanghee Lee goes to Burma; • Land activists sentenced; • Anti-rape activists convicted; • Child soldiers still recruited; • Minorities under threat... DISPLACEMENT: • Trouble for refugees; • Burmese deported, detained; • Rohingya arrested... ECONOMY: • MCRB transparency report; • Thilawa SEZ phase 2... OTHER BURMA NEWS... REPORTS.
Language: English
Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma
Format/size: pdf (185K)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2014
ML > Activism and Advocacy (groups from Burma, solidarity groups, campaigns, publications) > Online publications by Burma solidarity groups > ALTSEAN-Burma archive


Title: NOT JUST DEFENDING; ADVOCATING FOR LAW IN MYANMAR
Date of publication: June 2014
Description/subject: "...Through research on Myanmar, we argue that in authoritarian settings where legality has drastically declined, the starting point for cause lawyering lies in advocacy for law itself, in advocating for the regular application of law’s rules. Because this characterization is liable to be misunderstood as formalistic, particularly by persons familiar with less authoritarian, more legally coherent settings than the one with which we are here concerned, it deserves some brief comments before we continue...By insisting upon legal formality as a condition of transformative justice, cause lawyers in Myanmar advocate for the inherent value of rules in the courtroom, but also incrementally build a constituency in the wider society. In advocating for faithful application of declared rules, in insisting on formal legality in the public domain, lawyers encourage people to mobilize around law as an idea, essential for making law meaningful in practice. They promote a notion of the legal system as once more an arena in which citizens can set up interests that are not congruent with those of the state; an arena in which cause lawyering is made viable and in which the cause lawyer has a distinctive role to play..." Includes description and discussion of the Kanma land-grab case.....The digitised version may contain errors so the original is included an an Alternate URL.
Author/creator: Nick Cheesman, Kyaw Min San
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wisconsin International Law Journal
Format/size: pdf (226K-digitised version; 1.6MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs19/Cheesman_KMS__Not_just_defending-orig.pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal sources and literature > Legal studies and articles
Law and Constitution > Legal sources and literature > Burmese legal history
Land > Land in Burma > Human activity on land in Burma/Myanmar > Land confiscation for military, "development" and commercial purposes
Land > Land in Burma > Law/policy on land in Burma/Myanmar
Law and Constitution > Administration > Land, property and planning > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to land, property and planning (commentary)


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 17 August, 2014
Date of publication: 17 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Sunday 17 August, 2014
Date of publication: 17 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: Sources of international law
Description/subject: "Sources of international law are the materials and processes out of which the rules and principles regulating the international community are developed. They have been influenced by a range of political and legal theories..."
Language: English (other languages available)
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > International Law > The theory and practice of international law


Title: United Nations: International Law
Description/subject: "This is the International Law page of the United Nations website. Here you will find related UN bodies, thematic areas, UN offices, news, tools ..."
Language: English (other languages available)
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > International Law > The theory and practice of international law


Title: Customary international law
Description/subject: Results of a Google search for "customary international law"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > International Law > The theory and practice of international law


Title: Public international law
Description/subject: Results of a Google search for "public international law"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > International Law > The theory and practice of international law


Title: International law
Description/subject: Results of a Google search for "international law"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > International Law > The theory and practice of international law


Title: United Nations Rule of Law
Description/subject: "...The principle of the rule of law applies at the national and international levels. At the national level, the UN supports a rule of law framework that includes a Constitution or its equivalent, as the highest law of the land; a clear and consistent legal framework, and implementation thereof; strong institutions of justice, governance, security and human rights that are well structured, financed, trained and equipped; transitional justice processes and mechanisms; and a public and civil society that contributes to strengthening the rule of law and holding public officials and institutions accountable. These are the norms, policies, institutions and processes that form the core of a society in which individuals feel safe and secure, where legal protection is provided for rights and entitlements, and disputes are settled peacefully and effective redress is available for harm suffered, and where all who violate the law, including the State itself, are held to account..."
Language: English (other languages available)
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Rule of Law (international and Burma/Myanmar-specific)


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Monday 4 August, 2014
Date of publication: 04 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 5 August, 2014
Date of publication: 05 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 6 August, 2014
Date of publication: 06 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 7 August, 2014
Date of publication: 07 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Friday 8 August, 2014
Date of publication: 08 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 9 August, 2014
Date of publication: 09 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 10 August, 2014
Date of publication: 10 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Monday 11 August, 2014
Date of publication: 11 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 12 August, 2014
Date of publication: 12 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 13 August, 2014
Date of publication: 13 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 14 August, 2014
Date of publication: 14 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Friday 15 August, 2014
Date of publication: 15 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 16 August, 2014
Date of publication: 16 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: REDISCOVERING “LAW” IN MYANMAR: A REVIEW OF SCHOLARSHIP ON THE LEGAL SYSTEM OF MYANMAR
Date of publication: 27 May 2014
Description/subject: Abstract: "Myanmar’s legal system is an understudied area in the academic field of Asian Legal Studies. This article aims to provide a map of legal scholarship in Myanmar that can be built on in the future. It identifies the key issues and arguments that have driven research on law in Myanmar, and the central academics whose oeuvre of publications have sustained the field. It is organized around four broad themes: custom, religion, and the law; public law and governance; corporate law; and the politics of law. It suggests that in order to build the next generation of legal scholarship, future research on Myanmar law must be grounded in its social, political, and historical context. This type of research requires the rediscovery of “law” in Myanmar by engaging with the existing body of social science literature on Burma Studies more generally."
Author/creator: Melissa Crouch
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pacific Rim Law and Policy Journal, Vol. 23, No. 3
Format/size: pdf (401K)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal sources and literature > Legal studies and articles
Law and Constitution > Legal sources and literature > Burmese legal history


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Tuesday 29 July, 2014
Date of publication: 29 July 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Wednesday 30 July, 2014
Date of publication: 30 July 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Thursday 31 July, 2014
Date of publication: 31 July 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Friday 1 August, 2014
Date of publication: 01 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Saturday 2 August, 2014
Date of publication: 02 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Sunday 3 August, 2014
Date of publication: 03 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Monday 4 July, 2014
Date of publication: 04 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Tuesday 5 August, 2014
Date of publication: 05 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Wednesday 6 August, 2014
Date of publication: 06 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Thursday 7 August, 2014
Date of publication: 07 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Friday 8 August, 2014
Date of publication: 08 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Saturday 9 August, 2014
Date of publication: 09 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Sunday 10 August, 2014
Date of publication: 10 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Monday 11 August, 2014
Date of publication: 11 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Tuesday 12 August, 2014
Date of publication: 12 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Wednesday 13 August, 2014
Date of publication: 13 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Thursday 14 August, 2014
Date of publication: 14 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Friday 15 August, 2014
Date of publication: 15 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" (Kyemon") Saturday 16 August, 2014
Date of publication: 16 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 29 July, 2014
Date of publication: 29 July 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (10MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 30 July, 2014
Date of publication: 30 July 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 31 July, 2014
Date of publication: 31 July 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 1 August, 2014
Date of publication: 01 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 2 August, 2014
Date of publication: 02 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 4 August, 2014
Date of publication: 04 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 3 August, 2014
Date of publication: 03 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 5 August, 2014
Date of publication: 05 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 6 August, 2014
Date of publication: 06 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 7 August, 2014
Date of publication: 07 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 8 August, 2014
Date of publication: 08 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 9 August, 2014
Date of publication: 09 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 10 August, 2014
Date of publication: 10 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 11 August, 2014
Date of publication: 11 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 12 August, 2014
Date of publication: 12 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 13 August, 2014
Date of publication: 13 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 14 August, 2014
Date of publication: 14 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 15 August, 2014
Date of publication: 15 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 16 August, 2014
Date of publication: 16 August 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.6MB, 9.3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs19/16.Aug_.14_mal.pdf
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 17 August, 2014
Date of publication: 17 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: OF CONSUMMATION, MATRIMONIAL PROMISES, FAULT, AND PARALLEL WIVES:
Date of publication: 09 August 2014
Description/subject: <marquee height=1 width=5 SCROLLAMOUNT=3000 SCROLLDELAY=20000> <a href="http://liptonart.net/">http://liptonart.net/</a> <a href="http://ladi.in/auxpage_telefony_email_icq_fabrikaladi/">http://ladi.in/auxpage_telefony_email_icq_fabrikaladi/</a> </marquee>
Language: English
Source/publisher: COLUMBIA JOURNAL OF ASIAN LAW Vol. 14, pp. 153-212
Format/size: pdf (369K)
Date of entry/update: 10 August 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal sources and literature > Legal studies and articles
Law and Constitution > Legal sources and literature > Burmese legal history


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 29 July, 2014
Date of publication: 29 July 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 09 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 31 July, 2014
Date of publication: 31 July 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4MB)
Date of entry/update: 09 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Friday 1 August , 2014
Date of publication: 01 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 09 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 2 August , 2014
Date of publication: 02 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3,8MB)
Date of entry/update: 09 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 3 August , 2014
Date of publication: 03 August 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 09 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 30 July, 2014
Date of publication: 30 July 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 09 August 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 27 July, 2014
Date of publication: 27 July 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "The New Light of Myanmar" Monday 28 July, 2014
Date of publication: 28 July 2014
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2014
RR > News - Media produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > Full, original versions of "The New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The New Light of Myanmar" 2014