VL.png The World-Wide Web Virtual Library
[WWW VL database || WWW VL search]
donations.gif asia-wwwvl.gif

Online Burma/Myanmar Library

Full-Text Search | Database Search | What's New | Alphabetical List of Subjects | Main Library | Reading Room | Burma Press Summary

Home > What's New


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 30 July, 2015
Date of publication: 30 July 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Former movie director gets life sentence for murder...Lower Myanmar fish farmers must prepare for disaster: federation - By Ye Myint...Weather bureau issues alert for deep depression over Bay of Bengal...Vice President addresses regional tourism ministers...Landslides, flooding hits hilly areas in Chin State...Machinery hiring programme assists village farmers...Singu Tsp to recruit more than 100 special police for general election...Wooden bridge on Paunglaung Creek damaged in heavy rain...More than 300,000 acres of farmlands inundated in heavy rains...Trafficked jades seized in Muse...MPT offers free data services for LINE app.....EXTERNAL RELATIONS: UN special envoy Angelina Jolie makes first visit to Myanmar...President U Thein Sein sends message of felicitations to Morocco...Commander-in-Chief visits New Delhi for study tour...UEC chairman discusses election with visiting U.K. minister...President U Thein Sein accepts credentials from Ambassadors of Azerbaijan, Chile, China...Vice President addresses regional tourism ministers...Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker meets President of ASPI...Korean navy ship visits Myanmar...Victorious Myanmar youth golfers return home....."PERSPECTIVES": "Public attitude to politics changes over time" By Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "Keep Our Moral Conduct Clean" Htun Tin Htun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: Censored gender: Women in Burma face harsher punishment for speaking out
Date of publication: 30 June 2015
Description/subject: "A new report published on 30 June 2015 finds that those women in Myanmar who speak out face harsher censorship and backlash from more sources than men. “While censorship is already widespread in Myanmar, it is often worse for women as they not only face state barriers, but also cultural and social ones too., Many of these barriers remain either hidden or regarded as so normal that few think about them,” said Ye Htun Naung, ARTICLE 19 Myanmar Programme Manager. “We found that broadcasters overwhelmingly stereotype Myanmar women as either mothers or weak, vulnerable and vain. We found that the information women need on sexual and reproductive health is denied to them because of 'culture'. We found that women's voices are almost entirely absent from politics. We found that the so-called 'protectors' of women are often in fact perpetrators, and 'protection' is often actually the control of their voices,” Ye Htun Naung added. .."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Article 19
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.ifex.org/burma/2015/07/02/punished_for_speaking_out/ (press release, 2 July, 2015)
Date of entry/update: 30 July 2015
ML > Human Rights > Freedom of Opinion and Expression, Right to /Censorship > Freedom of opinion and expression: - the situation in Burma/Myanmar - reports, analyses, recommendations


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 30 July, 2015
Date of publication: 30 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 30 July, 2015
Date of publication: 30 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Legal Pluralism
Description/subject: Legal pluralism covers situations where more than one legal culture is present. In Burma/Myanmar, for instance, there is the Anglo-Burmese statutory law, Burmese and non-Burmese customary law, legal codes drafted by various non-state actors as well as the gradual entry of international human rights standards...In our view, legal pluralism has an important place in the peace process. [This is a link to the Legal Pluralism sub-section in Law and Constitution]
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 30 July 2015
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 29 July, 2015
Date of publication: 29 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6MB)
Date of entry/update: 29 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: The Heterogeneous State and Legal Pluralism in Mozambique
Date of publication: 2006
Description/subject: Abstract: "This article analyzes some of the most salient features of the state and the legal system in Mozambique. I propose the concept of the heterogeneous state to highlight the breakdown of the modern equation between the unity of the state, on the one hand, and the unity of its legal and administrative operation, on the other. The centrality of legal pluralism is analyzed in light of an em- pirical research focused on community courts and traditional authorities. I use the concept of legal hybridization with the purpose of showing the porosity of the boundaries of the different legal orders and cultures in Mozambique and the deep cross-fertilizations or cross-contaminations among them. Special at- tention is given to the multicultural plurality resulting from the interaction between modern law"
Author/creator: Boaventura de Sousa Santos
Language: English
Source/publisher: Law & Society Review
Format/size: pdf (200K)
Date of entry/update: 29 July 2015
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal Pluralism > Legal Pluralism - global and regional


Title: A TYPOLOGY OF RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN STATE AND NON-STATE JUSTICE SYSTEMS
Date of publication: 2007
Description/subject: "The existence of normative legal systems operating independently or semi-independently from the state is an empirical reality in almost every decolonised country in the world. However, despite the prevalence of non-state justice systems, and the growing official and academic recognition of their existence, to date few comparative studies have been made of them (with the notable exception of Morse and Woodman 1988). Further, although in much of the literature concerning non-state justice systems (especially that written by law reform commissions and donor agencies) there are references to the need to ‘recognise,’ ‘empower’ and ‘harmonise’ relations between state and non-state systems, as yet there has been limited enquiry into what exactly is meant by these terms. One explanation for this is the connection of this enquiry with sensitive issues concerning state sovereignty. While it is easy to agree in theory with broad statements about the need for recognition of non-state systems, once the actual detail is broached, significant levels of disagreement emerge. This may be due to what Blagg calls the “meticulously embroidered fiction that it is possible to both ‘empower’ communities and not to give up any of one’s own” (Blagg 2005: 340). The aim of this paper is therefore to produce a comparative analysis of the range of possible relationships between state and non-state justice systems. It does this through the creation of a typology that sets out seven different models of relationship, the specific details that differentiate one model from another, the potential advantages and disadvantages of the different models, and the situations in which these models are working or not working and why. The typology is based on a comparative analysis..."
Author/creator: Miranda Forsyth
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of Legal Pluralism"
Format/size: pdf (175K)
Date of entry/update: 29 July 2015
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal Pluralism > Legal Pluralism - global and regional


Title: Restitution and Legal Pluralism in Contexts of Displacement
Date of publication: August 2012
Description/subject: "...This paper examines the value and limitations of HLP restitution in contexts of customary land tenure and legal pluralism and examines the role that customary justice can play as part of a transitional justice process. It argues that actors involved with restitution and broader efforts to reinstate justice, the rule of law, and democracy in post-conflict and transitional contexts should engage, albeit under certain conditions, with nonstate justice mechanisms. For the overwhelming majority of populations in developing countries, which is where most internally displaced persons (IDPs) live, customary justice is the only accessible form of justice. Engagement with it is essential to improving access to justice and to reforming or influencing its rules and processes in accordance with the human rights and democratic principles promoted by transitional justice..."
Author/creator: Barbara McCallin
Language: English
Source/publisher: Brookings Institution
Format/size: pdf (303K)
Date of entry/update: 29 July 2015
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal Pluralism > Legal Pluralism - global and regional
Internal Displacement/Forced Migration > Internal displacement/forced migration - global and regional


Title: Censored gender - Women’s right to freedom of expression and information in Myanmar (English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 30 June 2015
Description/subject: Executive summary: "Women in Myanmar have inspired political leadership, reported fearlessly on current events and played a leading role in civil society. As a result, however, they have faced a multitude of legal and policy restrictions and arbitrary punishments. Women experience these restrictions, punishments and their effects differently to men. For men, these restrictions and punishments tend to come from the government, whereas for women they are reinforced and exacerbated by society in the form of gender-based discrimination and gender-based violence. As a result, women and other gender-minorities often experience restrictions and punishments more acutely than men. This report sets out to answer several initial questions. How does the right to freedom of expression and information apply to women in Myanmar? How are women represented in the media? What information necessary for women is not easily available? Why are women’s voices not heard at the highest levels of decision making? What gender-based violence do women experience as a result of what they say? It comes to a number of conclusions, including: • Women journalists generally have more junior or gender-related roles than men. • Women journalists have no gender-based support or voice within the media sector. • Women journalists are ‘protected’ rather than empowered. • Gender-based stereotyping is rife across the media, particularly in broadcasting. • The government does not prioritise the provision of access to information for women. • Women’s access to gender-specific information is hindered by cultural barriers. • Women’s voices are excluded from decision making. • Women included in decision making are selectively chosen by government. • Women’s gender and sexual identity are used to exclude them from civic space. • Women in Myanmar experience expression-related violence and its effects differently. • The current remedies and protective measures that exist to protect women from violence actually make it worse. Understanding these issues has led to the following targeted recommendations. Most of them would benefit not only women but other people in Myanmar, too. In addition, some of them are already part of Myanmar’s little known National Strategic Plan for the Advancement of Women adopted by the government in 2013..."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Article 19
Format/size: pdf (466K-reduced version; 900K-original)
Alternate URLs: https://www.article19.org/data/files/medialibrary/38032/gender-report-v1-3-full.pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 July 2015
ML > Human Rights > Freedom of Opinion and Expression, Right to /Censorship > Freedom of opinion and expression: - the situation in Burma/Myanmar - reports, analyses, recommendations


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 26 July, 2015
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: 6 dead as severe flooding hits Thabeikkyin Tsp, Mandalay Region...Gov’t, ethnic negotiators hopeful of breaking impasse in August talks...Officials provide aid to villagers affected by riverbank erosion...Professors to revise curricula of nursing university...1 dead in Muse, northern Shan State, following torrential rain, floods...President visits dam project in southern Shan state...Amyotha Hluttaw speaker opens new school building in Yamethin...Thura U Shwe Mann meets locals in Magway townships...Defence Services C-in-C Office offers Waso robes to Members of the Sangha...Volunteers donate blood at 100-beded hospital...Dengue prevention and control in Pyawbwe...Rescue services in Rakhine floods..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: U.S. gov’t body discusses election security with police command...Discussions are ongoing to hand over additional 159 verified Bangladeshi nationals...South Korea pledges help for Myanmar agricultural sector..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Peace worth a fortune to Myanmar" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLES: "The Danger Of Dengue Fever" by U Win Sein..."Prevent hepatitis, act now" by Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director, WHO South-East Asia Region
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Monday 27 July, 2015
Date of publication: 27 July 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Depression forms over Bay of Bengal, not likely to move towards Myanmar...Thilawa terminal gets new fuel port facilities...Results of nationwide liver disease survey to be released in next two months...Football tournament to turn out talented players...New school building to accommodate more students...Sagaing Region Govt to establish water amusement park in Monywa...Largest boat kept at monastery in Yesagyo Tsp...Cherry ferries equipped with life jackets, lifebuoys for safety of passengers...President opens ceremony to mark 700th anniversary of founding Sagaing city, meets artists in Mandalay...Thura U Shwe Mann meets locals in western Bago region...46 persons submit their names for candidacy of Nov 8 elections...Hundred thousands of stimulant tablets seized in eastern Shan state...Military seizes weapons, ammunition from rebels..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President U Thein Sein sends message of felicitations to Maldives...Senior General Min Aung Hlaing pays goodwill visit to India..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Natural disasters are inevitable but preventable" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "POWER POLITICS IN DEMOCRACY" by Kyi Mun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 28 July, 2015
Date of publication: 28 July 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Weather bureau warns of flash floods, landslides across country...Electoral reporting workshop held in Nay Pyi Taw...Floods ravage farm fields...Final meeting on minimum wage negotiations set for 1 August...Eight members from Kyaw Thet and Saw San Aung-led group arrested with arms and ammunition...Nay Pyi Taw holds Waso robe-offering ceremony...More candidates submit nominations for general election...Yangon electric tramline to open in October...Flood victims receive emergency supplies...MEHL to buy F&N stake in MBL for K500 billion...Electrification works under way in rural townships...Officials inspect maintenance of Thaungyin River’s retaining walls..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Vietnamese tourists travel Myanmar in motorcade...Myanmar military delegation arrives in India...Union tourism minister attends symposium on business, logistics management in Thailand...MEHL to buy F&N stake in MBL for K500 billion..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Opportunists must not influence reform plans" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLE: "AM I NUMBER 12? BEWARE OF HEPATITIS" by Dr Aung Soe (a) Aung Kyaw Moe Retired State Medical Superintendent
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 22 July, 2015
Date of publication: 22 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (14MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 23 July, 2015
Date of publication: 23 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (10MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 24 July, 2015
Date of publication: 24 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (17MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 25 July, 2015
Date of publication: 25 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (10MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 26 July, 2015
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 27 July, 2015
Date of publication: 27 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 28 July, 2015
Date of publication: 28 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (13MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 22 July, 2015
Date of publication: 22 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 23 July, 2015
Date of publication: 23 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Friday 24 July, 2015
Date of publication: 23 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Saturday 25 July, 2015
Date of publication: 25 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 26 July, 2015
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Monday 27 July, 2015
Date of publication: 27 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 28 July, 2015
Date of publication: 28 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Customary Justice: Perspectives on Legal Empowerment
Date of publication: 2011
Description/subject: "Rule of law practitioners from around the world are keenly aware that customary justice systems are a potentially important means of improving access to justice. Whether by choice or because they have no alternative options, the world’s poor overwhelmingly favor customary justice systems over their formal counterparts. While the quality and equity of the outcomes delivered may vary, the sheer volume of outcomes suggests that there is significant opportunity to enhance legal empowerment by improving the quality of the justice processes that disadvantaged individuals and communities already use. At the same time, it is clear that customary justice systems can also restrict access to justice, particularly for marginalized and vulnerable groups. These processes can reinforce power imbalances, and outcomes can contravene human rights and justice standards. A central conundrum of engaging with customary justice systems is therefore how to support their many important positive aspects and enhance their capacity to protect the human rights of the most vulnerable members of society, notably women, minorities, indigenous peoples, disabled people and children. Despite these obvious linkages, the question of the role that customary justice systems should play in rule of law development programming remains poorly understood. In particular, there is scant knowledge on the extent to which assistance has translated into behavioral change among actors involved or on methodologies for evaluating impact and drawing lessons for future activities..."
Author/creator: Janine Ubink, Editor; Thomas McInerney, Series Editor
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
Format/size: pdf (1.3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/Customary_Justice-Perspectives_on_Legal_Empowerment.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal Pluralism > Legal Pluralism - global and regional


Title: International Development Law Organization
Description/subject: "IDLO is the only intergovernmental organization exclusively devoted to promoting the rule of law. Governments, multilateral organizations, private foundations and the private sector support our work. We are headquartered in Rome, where we were first founded, and where we continue to enjoy strong support from the Italian government. We are present in The Hague, a city whose hospitality connects us with an unrivaled legal tradition. And we are represented at the United Nations in New York and Geneva, where we help shape the debate about human rights and development."
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Development Law Organization
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal Pluralism > Legal Pluralism - global and regional
Law and Constitution > Rule of Law - global and regional


Title: Faith-based humanitarianism in northern Myanmar
Description/subject: "The response of faith-based organisations to displacement in northern Myanmar has been remarkable but sustaining an open and collaborative relationship with the international community remains an ongoing challenge."
Author/creator: Edward Benson and Carine Jaquet
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Forced Migration Online"
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
ML > Humanitarian Assistance to Burma/Myanmar > Humanitarian assistance > Humanitarian assistance to Burma -- contact lists and mixed content


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 29 July, 2015
Date of publication: 29 July 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Livestock, fisheries body urges parties to explain policy stances ahead of election...Senior General Min Aung Hlaing visits Indian military facilities...Nomination for Hluttaw candidates continues...CLMV tourism ministers meet in Nay Pyi Taw...Fifty-eight members of Kyaw Thet-Saw San Aung group return to legal fold...Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham addresses National Health Forum...Excess water drained from reserviors...Flood victims receive cash assistance, medical treatment...University students join first-aid course...Talks focus on worksite safety...Religious leaders gather at paper-reading session in Mandalay...Expanding Yangon City...Heavy rains cause flooding in Myanaung Township...ADB works with Customs to speed up import, export process...Programme aims to combat chronic hepatitis B in remote areas..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Gov’t prepares to issue citizenship cards to migrant workers in Thailand...China repatriates Myanmar illegal migrant workers...BTMU, DICA to promote Japanese investment in Myanmar together...President U Thein Sein meets former Prime Minister of Australia Kevin Rudd...Food security, hunger eradication plans on track: vice president...VietJet set to launch Yangon-Ho Chi Minh City service..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Lives threatened by developers’ lack of ethics" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLE: "A VISIT TO NEW VISION ART AND BOOK EXHIBITION" by Maung Hlaing
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 29 July, 2015
Date of publication: 29 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: JOURNAL OF LEGAL PLURALISM
Description/subject: "The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law (JLP) is devoted to scholarly writing and documentation on all aspects of legal pluralism and unofficial law everywhere in the world and at all times..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Commission on Legal Pluralism
Format/size: html., pdf
Date of entry/update: 27 July 2015
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal Pluralism > Legal Pluralism - global and regional


Title: Customary Justice: From Program Design to Impact Evaluation
Date of publication: 2011
Description/subject: "...Informal or non-state justice systems are umbrella terms often used to describe mechanisms of justice and conflict resolution that operate outside the bounds of a formal, state-based legal system. These may include, but are not limited to, indigenous, customary and religious legal orders, alternative dispute resolution mechanisms and popular justice forums. This book is concerned primarily with customary justice systems, sometimes also referred to as ‘traditional justice systems’. While the diversity of such systems makes generalization difficult, for the purposes of this book, ‘customary justice’ refers to a system of customs, norms and practices that are repeated by members of a particular group for such an extent of time that they consider them to be mandatory. Customary systems tend to draw their authority from cultural, customary or religious beliefs and ideas, rather than the political or legal authority of the state. As such, provided that it has not been incorporated into state law, customary law is only law to the extent that the people who follow it, voluntarily or otherwise, consider it to have the status of law. Customary justice systems are as much social or political orders as they are legal orders; customary law generally comprises descriptions of what a community does as well as prescriptions as to what its members should do. These norms and rules are actively produced, enforced and recreated through processes of participation and contestation. Customary law can therefore be dynamic, adaptable and flexible, and any written version of it is likely to become quickly outdated. Factors as diverse as ecology, socio-economics, proximity to the state system, and religious beliefs all contribute to the development of customary law. These factors explain why the precepts of customary justice systems can differ greatly over small distances, and why there may be several versions of customary law co-existing in one place, in competition with each other as well as the state system..."
Author/creator: Erica Harper
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/Customary_Justice-From_Program_Design_to_Impact_Evaluation.pdf
Date of entry/update: 27 July 2015
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal Pluralism > Legal Pluralism - global and regional


Title: A Basic Introduction to Customary Justice Systems
Date of publication: 2011
Description/subject: "...the premise that customary justice systems are the preferred choice of users is grounded in salient practical and social rationale. Their speed, accessibility and cost-effectiveness make them a natural partner for disputants based in rural settings and isolated from the state system. Moreover, their focus on consensus-based decisions and the restoration of community harmony seems to respond to the needs of tightly knit communities whose members share close bonds of social and economic dependency..."...This is Chapter 1 of "Customary Justice: From Program Design to Impact Evaluation".
Author/creator: Erica Harper
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Development Law Organization (IDLO)
Format/size: pdf (114K)
Date of entry/update: 27 July 2015
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal Pluralism > Legal Pluralism - global and regional


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 23 July, 2015
Date of publication: 23 July 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw votes to postpone constitutional referendum: "Nay Pyi Taw, 22 July — The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on Wednesday voted in favour of postponing a constitutional referendum until after the 8 November general election. The referendum on Section 59 (d) of the Constitution had been scheduled to be held in conjunction with the election, but the Union Election Commission proposed holding it separately at a later date. The referendum will ask voters whether the term “military” in the section — which states the president of the union “shall be well acquainted with the affairs of the Union such as political, administrative, economic and military” — should be changed to “defence.” A majority of MPs backed the UEC proposal, saying the concurrent staging of the referendum with the election would pose several difficulties but would not reduce costs significantly. The Speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw earlier this month said he would send a proposal to the Union Election Commission to hold a referendum on amendment of Section 59 (D) alongside the parliamentary elections on 8 November. In budget matters, MPs also discussed the Public Account Joint Committee’s report on the national budget for the second half of fiscal 2014- 2015. Union Minister for Finance U Win Shein said the government is making plans to reduce the number of its loans from the Central Bank of Myanmar."...Pyithu Hluttaw: Pyithu Hluttaw discuss reservoir projects, Chindwin River conservation: "Nay Pyi Taw, 22 July — Construction of two reservoirs for the Zawgyi irrigation system in Sagaing Region’s Singu Township can be completed next fiscal year provided enough funds are allocated in the budget, Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Khin Zaw told the Pyithu Hluttaw on Wednesday. The ministry had requested funds to complete the Swanye and Minhla reservoir projects this fiscal year but did not receive budget approval. Deputy Minister for Transport U Han Sein said K 26.8 million will be spent on dredging as part of waterway maintenance of the Chindwin River. The Joint Bill Committee submitted the second amending bill on the Pyiduangsu Hluttaw Law. Approval was sought for the bills on the Union Government Law and Homogenous Marriage."...Amyotha Hluttaw: Amyotha Hluttaw MPs raise queries on illegal liquor license, national sports plans: "Nay Pyi Taw, 22 July — Strict enforcement of regulations on reduction of illegal liquor sales will continue while the number of beverage license is being decreased year by year, Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Kyaw Tun told the Amyotha Hluttaw on Wednesday. The ministry has issued 41,040 liquor licenses for the fiscal year, 170 fewer than last year, under 30 categories. Deputy Minister for Sports U Thaung Htike replied to queries about national sports plans. He said a total of 40 townships across the country do not have sports grounds or stadiums. He also urged other government agencies to inform the Union government and the sports ministry if sports facilities are renovated for other purposes. The Myanmar Red Cross Society Bill with an amendment from Pyithu Hluttaw was submitted for approval, and the report on the Arbitration Bill was read out. The Bill on the Brothel Suppression Act was submitted for approval, and was read out to the parliament. The report on the Bill amending the Blood and Blood Products Law was submitted and with a call for suggestions from parliamentarians."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Gov’t, ethnic armed groups open latest ceasefire talks, agree on 4 amendments...Voters must check electoral roll before polling day or risk exclusion: UEC chairman...432,000 tablets seized from KKO group...Chindwin College touts education credentials at seminar...Traffic squads clamp down on bad drivers...Older residents receive free medical treatment...Farmers urged to cut chemical use to preserve Inlay Lake...Mandalay philanthropic groups aid flood victims..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President U Thein Sein receives Laotian delegation...Myanmar hands over 155 verified Bangladeshi nationals among those rescued by Myanmar Navy...Myanmar, Laos to promote cooperation...Networking, investment seminar draws more than 20 Japanese firms...President U Thein Sein sends messages of felicitations to Egypt...Myanmar, Laos to cooperate in various fields...MNA to expand its wings to new itineraries...Union FM sends message to Egyptian counterpart...Japan grants US$92,035 for BEMS in Kyaukkyi Tsp...Myanmar to launch UN-backed forestry emissions roadmap..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Inequality limits country’s prosperity, stability" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Make Election Free and Fair" by Htun Tin Htun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 24 July, 2015
Date of publication: 24 July 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Speaker warns recall bill could have unwanted consequences: "Nay Pyi Taw, 23 July — The Speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on Thursday sought approval from members of parliament in connection with the recall bill, over which the Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw were divided. Thura U Shwe Mann said the recall bill might have negative effects on measures for national consolidation, national reconciliation and democratic reforms, provoking confrontation and misunderstanding among political parties and ethnic groups. The speaker stressed the possibility of taking legal action against unprincipled MPs in accordance with the constitution, the parliamentary law and existing laws, warning that the issue had the potential to obstruct the upcoming general election. He urged the Bill Committee to negotiate with political parties and MPs for the recall bill and inform the parliament of the outcomes. The parliament observed two minutes’ silence to remember U Aung Thaung, late representative of Taungtha constituency."...Pyithu Hluttaw: Region, state ethnic ministries can be formed: President’s Office: "Nay Pyi Taw, 23 July — If regional and state governments wish to form their own ministries for ethnic minorities’ affairs, they must put the issue forward to President’s office, Deputy Minister U Kyaw Kyaw Win told the Pythu Hluttaw on Thursday. Responding to an MP’s question, the deputy minister said the President’s Office had suggested regional and state governments put forward the issue so that the Union government can carry out procedures for formation of the regional ministries. The government has been working on formation of a union-level ministry for ethnic minorities’affairs, aiming at serving in the interests of ethnic minorities in accordance with the law to protect their rights, he said. The deputy minister responded to Dr Soe Moe Aung of Bilin Constituency, who had asked the President’s Office if it had a plan to form a union ministry or regional ministries on ethnic affairs. During the meeting, U Kyaw Ni Naing of Laukkai Constituency asked how many members would be allowed within an expanded leading body of the Self-Administered Division or Self-Administered Zone. Deputy Minister U Kyaw Kyaw Win replied that expansion of the leading body was not within the rights of the Union Government, as the constitution limited a leading body to not more than 10 members."...Amyotha Hluttaw: Farmers in Oaktwin Tsp to receive compensation over land acquisition: "Nay Pyi Taw, 23 July — The Ministry of Construction plans to compensate farmers in Oaktwin Township over the resumption of more than 1,000 acres of farmland for construction of the Yangon- Mandalay Highway, the deputy minister said Thursday in the Amyotha Hluttaw. The ministry will disburse more than K1.5 billion to farmers on 29 and 30 July, setting compensation at K 1.5 million per acre, said Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint told the Upper House. The deputy minister explained the programme in answering a question raised by a MP from Bago Region over delays in compensating farmers. The Yangon-Mandalay Expressway was opened in 2010. Regarding the national races and ethnics in the 2014 national census, Deputy Minister for Immigration and Population U Win Myint said that the ministry would release the draft of the list of ethnics in the future after discussing the issue with organizations concerned. Currently, Myanmar has eight national races and more than 135 ethnics. During the meeting, the Upper House bill committee put forward its recommendations on the Bill Amending the Election for the President and Vice Presidents Law and the marriage bill. The Amyotha Hlutaw also agreed to discuss the Basic Education Bill and the Technical and Vocational Educational Bill."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Gov’t, ethnic armed groups optimistic of ceasefire deal after Day 2...Park visitors raise concerns over rowdy behaviour...Over 100 pearl lots sold on second day of auction...Handover Ceremony for the Project on Establishing theMaster Plan for Arterial Road Network Development in Myanmar...Volunteers remove dead fish from Nawntung Lake in Kengtung...Evacuees return home as floodwaters recede...Negotiation, Stability and Peace Party allowed to register as political party...All Myanmar Kaman National League for Democracy Party, Dynet National Race Development Party apply for registration as political parties...Officials seize unauthorized jade stones...Public Remonstration...Public Remonstration... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker meets French Ambassador to Myanmar...Laotian delegation pays homage at Shwedagon Pagoda...Japan Grants US$110,587 for Water Supply System in Kawhmu Township, Yangon Region...Thai pilgrims top visits to Shwedagon...Taiwanese-run trade expo showcases autos parts, tools... "PERSPECTIVES": "Fluctuations, manipulation have serious consequences" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLES: "Let’s try to control the greed for superlatives" by Myo Myint..."Is it possible to eradicate Nepotism?" by Tommy Pauk
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 25 July, 2015
Date of publication: 25 July 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS: Pyithu Hluttaw: UEC explains electoral differences at Pyithu Hluttaw: "Nay Pyi Taw, 24 July — People with temporary National Registration Cards will not be allowed to vote in the 8 November general election, U Myint Naing of the Union Election Commission told the Pyithu Hluttaw on Friday, in response to a query about differences in rules between the upcoming ballot and the 2010 vote. The electoral register for early voting has been posted in offices of UEC sub-commissions, he said, affirming measures to ensure that a person cannot vote twice. The 2010 election lacked accurate records of people eligible for early voting, he added. U Kyi Tha of the Gwa constituency called for improved record keeping for rural farmlands that belong to the Union of Myanmar Economic Holdings Ltd. Deputy Minister of Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than responded that the Settlement and Land Record Department is making efforts to digitalize a map of farmlands and fields so as to provide accurate data on land use. The Pyithu Hluttaw approved the banks and financial institutions bill submitted by the Central Bank of Myanmar."...Amyotha Hluttaw: Call for Speakers’ Corner relocation rejected at Amyotha Hluttaw: "Nay Pyi Taw, 24 July — A call from Yangon constituency MP U Phone Myint Aung for relocation of the Speakers’ Corner from the west corner of the Kyaikkasan Ground in the country’s largest city to a more suitable place was turned down Friday in the Amyotha Hluttaw. It would be impossible to move the public site to another place, U Kyaw Kyaw Win, Deputy Minister at President’s Office, responded, explaining that the area is set up in the township of Tamwe for peaceful parades, assemblies and public speaking in accordance with the law. Before the establishment of the Speakers’ Corner, protests occurred near Sule Pagoda or at Mahabandoola Park or other central locations, causing traffic congestion, he added. The Amyotha Hluttaw agreed to discuss the monogamy bill, the Pyithu Hluttaw amendment bill and the organ donation bill."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: YCDC to sell affordable housing units to low-income families...Employment fair focuses on personality-based job matching...Myanmar Pearl Exhibition raises country’s FE...Gov’t, ethnic armed groups adjourn ceasefire talks until next month...Low demand limits Mawlamyine Airport schedule...Lenovo reveals market expansion goal in Myanmar...International charity aids conservation of Indawgyi Lake...Telenor to construct phone towers in Matupi, Chin State...Health workers treat school children...Electoral officials inspect voter lists in Tatkon Tsp...Guardians apply stipends for students in Ottarathiri Tsp...New road to cut travel time for villagers...Red Cross, firefighters demonstrate rescue operations..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: France’s outgoing ambassador calls on Defence Services Chief...President U Thein Sein meets South Korean delegates..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Preparedness key to surviving disasters" Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "The Higher Purpose of Democracy" by Kyi Mun...:Putting Morality First" by Htun Tin Htun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Kachinland News"
Description/subject: News, Opinion/Analysis, Interview, Photo, Video
Language: English, Kachin
Source/publisher: Kachinland News
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 July 2015
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Ceasefire and ex-ceasefire Groups > Kachin Independence Organization (KIO)
Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)
News - Burma news sources focussed on non-Burman peoples


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 22 July, 2015
Date of publication: 22 July 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Parliament to vote on tying referendum to general election: "Nay Pyi Taw, 21 July — The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw will vote on whether to suspend a constitutional referendum scheduled to coincide with the 8 November general election, the Speaker of the joint assembly said Tuesday. At the parliamentary meeting, Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann relayed a letter from the Chairman of the Union Election Commission recommending the suspension of the referendum on an amendment to Section 59 (d) changing the word “military” to “defence” in a clause stipulating that a president must be “well acquainted with the political, administrative, economic and military affairs of the Union.” In the letter, the Union Election Commission chairman said holding the referendum along with the upcoming general elections would save time and money. However, a referendum should be held separately and requires more than K4,729 million to complete the task, according to the Speaker. During a parliamentary meeting on 25 June, out of six proposed changes to the constitution, the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw voted in favour of only one, the amendment to Section 59 (d). Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann previously suggested holding the referendum at the same time as to protect public property and funds. The settlement of debt then increased from 0.5 percent to 9 percent, leaving the total bad debt remaining at K29.422 billion. The total amount of debts from the 10 highest debtors including top debtor U Min Thein (Thone Pwint Hsaing), son of U Maung Maung Thein, with K6.755 billion debt, has already declined to K25.592 billion, of which the highest single debt accounts for K6.756 billion and the lowest K484.844 million. the general election to reduce costs."...Pyithu Hluttaw: Term ‘political prisoner’ unconstitutional: ministry: "Nay Pyi Taw, 21 July — The term “political prisoner” contravenes the State Constitution, which grants all prisoners the same legal status, and will not be officially used, Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Kyaw Tun told the Pyithu Hluttaw on Tuesday. The deputy minister said the government has already released a total of 70,904 prisoners held on a variety of charges, including 354 dissidents, under the presidential amnesty. Regarding construction of infrastructure in Sagaing Region, Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint said the Thetkalkyin-Phaungpyin- Homelin-Khamti road will be upgraded at a cost of roughly K3 billion. Deputy Governor of the Myanmar Central Bank Daw Khin Saw Oo submitted the Bill on Banks and Financial Institutions before the Bill Committee read out its findings on the bill. Bills amending laws on electing the President and Vice President, as well as foreign currency management, were submitted by the Hluttaw Rights Committee for approval of the parliament."...Amyotha Hluttaw: Defence Ministry to release confiscated farmlands to original owners: "Nay Pyi Taw, 21 July — Deputy Minister for Defence Maj-Gen Kyaw Nyunt granted 18.86 acres of farmlands and croplands confiscated by No 41st Infantry Regiment will be released to eight original owners as the lands are clear from security line of the regiment at the Tuesday’s session of Amyotha Hluttaw. U Sai San Min of Shan State Constituency No 3 asked the plan to release confiscated lands of farmers used in construction of military units in Lashio. U Paw Lyan Lwin of Chin State constituency No 9 discussed enactment of laws for legal protection of prisoners with regard to the jails bill. It needs to allow prisoners to have rights of medical treatment and rights of worship on respective religions for their mental improvement. U Aung Kyi Nyunt of Magway Region constituency No 9 focused on issue of political prisoners. He said that the jails bill should include provisions on protection of rights for political prisoners."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: President U Thein Sein meets flood victims in Sagaing Region...Ministry to continue prosecutions to recover bad debts...Orthopaedic Specialist Hospital opens in Nay Pyi Taw...Senior General quashes reports of retirement...KIA blows up rice warehouse in northern Shan state...Myawady District sports contests showcase young talent...Departmental officials provide training for rural youth...UEC, political parties meet in Yangon...Readers to enjoy e-books on Pitakat treatises and religious books...CBM warns private banks over exchange rate manipulation...Railway authorities repair flood-hit tracks on Mandalay-Myitkyina route...K 3.6 billion worth of stimulant tablets seized from former KKO camp..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: No further licenses for foreign insurers this year, regulator says...Czech Ambassador calls on Speaker of Pyithu Hluttaw...Thiri Pyanchi U Tun Nay Linn concurrently accredited as Ambassador to Colombia...Sitagu Sayadaw’s blessing marks completion of major milestone at Star City...Myanmar crab production down despite strong demand..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Companies must earn customer loyalty" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLE: "Make Election Free and Fair" by Htun Tin Htun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 21 July, 2015
Date of publication: 21 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Monday 20 July, 2015
Date of publication: 20 July 2015
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 21 July, 2015
Date of publication: 21 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Monday 20 July, 2015
Date of publication: 20 July 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: President U Thein Sein attends ceremony to donate meals to Buddhist monks dedicating to martyrs...Yangon’s Secretariat opened on Martyrs’ Day, attracting thousands of visitors...Monsoon gets stronger and stronger in Bay of Bengal...MPT, KSGM donate cash to home for the age, youth development centre...Myanma Timber Enterprise to sell teak, hardwood through open tender...Hospital to get new building to cope with growing number of infants...On behalf of President, Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham lays wreaths at mausoleum...Crowds throng General Aung San Museum...Thambuddhe Bayyankin Pagoda under construction near Saka-in toll gate on Yangon-Mandalay Expressway...Former outstanding youth gather at talks...Medical students show skills in football tournament...Challenges in mango export at the top of the agenda of meeting among officials, exporters, growers...Myingyan Township marks martyrs’ day...Tatmadaw, BGF combs KKO of Kawkareik area...Water released to prevent damage of reservoirs across the country..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Monsoon gets stronger and stronger in Bay of Bengal...Taiwan firms eye Myanmar for auto parts, machinery, electronics...Union FM sends message of felicitations to Colombia...KBZ awarded Euromoney’s best bank prize in Myanmar for second time..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Martyrs’ Day lessons: No more stooges" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Significant terms and their meanings in International Law and Diplomacy" by U KHIN MAUNG
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 21 July, 2015
Date of publication: 21 July 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: President U Thein Sein visits flood-hit areas in Sagaing Region...Media, CSOs can help keep companies honest: business watchdog...Graffiti mural honours martyrs...More than 200 youths apply for special police in Taungtha Tsp...Traditional medicine practitioners treat villagers...Mandalay to host Upper Myanmar Interfaith Conference...Union Election Commission, civil society organizations meet...MRTV, VOV agree to boost broadcast sector cooperation...Kyaukpadaung Tsp lays gravel on two earthen roads...National forum targets universal health coverage by 2030...Myanmar signs International Covenant on Education, Social and Cultural Rights..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar negotiates release of fishermen detained by India...President U Thein Sein sends messages of felicitations to Belgium...Japanese experts read papers on development of rice mill, income improvement...Union FM sends message of felicitations to Belgium...MRTV, VOV agree to boost broadcast sector cooperation..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Farmers need agricultural insurance policies" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLE: "LEADERSHIP FOR DEMOCRACY" by Kyi Mun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: Burma lost for words when it comes to democracy, freedom, even the phone - Strict censorship and limited access to global media have stunted the Burmese language
Date of publication: 21 July 2015
Description/subject: "For half a century, Burma was so cut off from the outside world, people were jailed for owning an unauthorised fax machine. As the rest of the world was hurtling into the information age, the strict censorship of publications, limited access to global media and creaking connections to the internet stunted the evolution of the Burmese language, leaving it without many words that are elsewhere deemed essential parts of the modern political and technical vocabulary. Today, as Burma embraces change, many foreign words are being imported wholesale, but their meanings are getting lost in translation. The English word democracy was subsumed into the Burmese language decades ago – it is pronounced dee-mock-rah-SEE – but for many Burmese it remains a foreign and somewhat abstract concept. No native words exist for other common ideas like racism, federal or globalisation..."
Author/creator: Thomas Fuller
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irish Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 21 July 2015
ML > Languages of Burma/Myanmar > Languages of Burma - general


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 20 July, 2015
Date of publication: 20 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (13MB)
Date of entry/update: 20 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 19 July, 2015
Date of publication: 19 July 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Our Tribute to Martyrs on 68th Martyrs’ Day...Pyithu Hluttaw speaker meets local communities in Bago Region...Waso robes offered to monks and novices in Wa region...South Korea trade exhibition set to open in Yangon...Senior General Min Aung Hlaing takes part in monsoon tree planting ceremony...President U Thein Sein urges peace, unity in Kayah State...Vice president inspects Western Yangon University...DVB cerebrates its 23rd anniversary of transmission...Farmers prepare for new cultivation season in Kyaukse Tsp...Kyaukdaga Tsp focuses on rural development tasks...Toungoo Tsp residents attend flood demonstration...Secretariat Building tells story of Martyrs’ Day...... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar, India discuss bilateral relations, exchange views on regional, intl’ affairs...Sompo Japan Nipponkoa begins operating in Thilawa SEZ..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Corruption stands in way of development" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLE: "Yaza Kumar Stone Inscription which the credit of World Cultural Heritage is long overdue (Part II)" by Maha Saddhamma Jotika dhaja Sithu, Dr. Khin Maung Nyunt
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (2.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 19 July, 2015
Date of publication: 19 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.5MB-reduced version; 13MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/mal%2019.7.15.pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: GLOBAL CLIMATE RISK INDEX 2015: Who Suffers Most From Extreme Weather Events? Weather-related Loss Events in 2013 and 1994 to 2013
Description/subject: Brief Summary: "The Global Climate Risk Index 2015 analyses to wh at extent countries have been affected by the impacts of weather-related loss events (storms, floods, heat waves etc.). The most recent data available – from 2013 and 1994–2013 – were taken into account. The countries affected most in 2013 were the Philippines, Cambodia and India. For the pe-riod from 1994 to 2013 Honduras, Myanmar and Haiti rank highest. This year's 10th edition of the analysis reconfirms that, according to the Climate Risk Index, less developed countries are generally more affected than industrialised countries. Regard-ing future climate change, the Climate Risk Index may serve as a red flag for already existing vulnerability that may further increase in regions where extreme events will become more frequent or more severe due to climate change. While some vulnerable developing countries are frequently hit by extreme events, there are also some others where such disasters are a rare occurrence. Lima is a stepping-stone in the preparation of the Paris Agreement. It will provide the framing for the pivotal Paris Conference in 2015, and it wi ll have to issue decisive guidance – national and international for the Paris preparation. Furthermore, in Lima countries must make con-crete decisions to advance the implementation of National Adaptation Plans, and to develop the work plan for the Warsaw International Mechanism to support countries in addressing climatic loss and damage."
Author/creator: S. Kreft, D. Eckstein, L. Junghans, C. Kerestan and U. Hagen
Language: English
Source/publisher: Germanwatch
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2015
ML > Climate Change > Climate Change - global: science (causes and effects), general


Title: UNDERSTANDING AND RESPONDING TO THE ROHINGYA CRISIS
Date of publication: 25 May 2015
Description/subject: "As a Muslim minority in Rakhine or Arakan state in western Burma (Myanmar), the Rohingya have suffered brutal oppression and official discrimination since the country’s current rulers took power in 1962. Violent crackdowns on the Rohingya population such as Operation Naga Min (Dragon Land) in 1978 and Operation Pyi Thaya (Clean and Beautiful Nation) in 1991 resulted in hundreds of thousands of Rohingya fleeing to Bangladesh. In 1982, Burma’s Citizenship Law excluded the Rohingya from Burmese citizenship, making them stateless. The Government forbids the use of the term “Rohingya”, refers to them as “Bengali” and promotes the view that they have no right to be in Burma, despite historical evidence linking Rohingya with the Arakan region as far back as the 8th century. Rohingya people cannot marry without government approval, are forbidden from having more than two children, have their freedom of movement restricted and cannot repair damaged homes without official permission."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Refugee Council of Australia
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2015
ML > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Rohingya


Title: Baseline survey: Economic Recovery and Market System - Kachin State – NGCA area , January 201 5
Date of publication: January 2015
Description/subject: Conclusion: "After the beneficiary baseline survey, KBC found that beneficiaries count a lot on food aid (cash for curry) as a regular source of income (for an average of 39,750 MMK per month and per family). 47% of them have no other source of income. However, 39% of the beneficiaries work to have a permanent income for an average of monthly income of 65,000 MMK. The other 13% have a more or less regular source of income based on daily work or agricultural labor at some specific period of the year (from 1 to 3 months per year). In average, they earn 33,600 MMK per month worked. Globally, the households earn in average around 65,000 MMK per month but the median value is more around 49,000 MMK a month. Regarding expenditure on food, bigger families do spend more in general in order to cover every members’ needs. On average, one household spends 29,367 MMK a month for food, which corresponds to 5,563 MMK per person. Finally, regarding non-food expenditures, we notice that these expenses remain in majority for basic needs like health, education, clothes but also for social events which accounts for the biggest percentage, and investments. In average, households have spent 58,109 MMK in non-food expenditures the month before the survey. For 69% of the households, this amount is similar to any other month. For these 69%, an amount of 18,714 MMK was spent for non-food expenditure."
Language: English
Source/publisher: USAID and Solidarites International
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2015
ML > Economy > Economies of the States and Divisions of Burma > Economy of Kachin State


Title: Basic Education Law
Date of publication: 29 October 1973
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Union of Myanmar (Revolutionary Council)
Format/size: pdf (258K)
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2015
ML > Law and Constitution > Economic, Social and Cultural issues > Education > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to education (texts)


Title: Mapping the State of Local Governance in Myanmar: Background and Methodology
Date of publication: 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "In recent years, Myanmar has gone through historic changes in its political, institutional and social organisation and the country has made important steps in its transition towards democratic governance. A new Constitution was adopted in May 2008 and the fir st general elections under the new Constitution (2008) were held in November 2010, followed by by-elections in April 2012. After decades of authoritarian rule, the new Constitution pr ovided for a transfer of government authority from the military to elected, civilian structures and enunciates principles of democracy, the rule of law and fundamental rights. In addition, the Constitution in troduced the separation of powers between the executive branch, the legislature and the judiciary, as well as between different tiers of government: the Union tier; the States and Regions tier, with the capital city forming a separate Union territory, and a number of Self-Administered units enjoying local autonomy in certain areas. However, a tier of local government was not introduced by the new Constitution.1..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNPD
Format/size: pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Region and State Government > Region and State Government - analysis


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 19 July, 2015
Date of publication: 19 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (5.1MB-reduced version; 8.5MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/km%2019.7.15.pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 18 July, 2015
Date of publication: 18 July 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: President visits hospital, school in Prusho, meets religious leaders in Loikaw...Health Ministry calls for public to help prevent spread of dengue fever...Myanmar attracts $2.4 billion of FDI in 1st quarter of fiscal year...Myanmar plans to meet nationwide power demand by 2030...Local channels to broadcast 68th Martyrs’ Day commemoration live...Maritime university touts student employment record...Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham visits flood-hit areas in Rakhine State...Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker urges participation in general election...New bridge crossing Thanlwin River in Kayah State opens to traffic...Damaged road under repair in Hlinethaya Tsp...Housing project under construction in Nyaungdon Tsp...Sports ground under repair for Sagaing 700th anniversary...Residents consume potable water from creek in Taninthayi...NGO scholarship set to bring int’l youth to 8th Asia Pacific Conference on Reproductive and Sexual Health and Rights...Agro-forestry programme aims to boost farmer incomes..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Appointment of ambassador agreed on...Japan pledges support for road building in Kachin, Chin states...Singapore Green Building Week invites Myanmar developers..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Beyond the three traditional basic needs" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Yaza Kumar Stone Inscription which the credit of World Cultural Heritage is long overdue (Part I)" by Maha Saddhamma Jotika dhaja Sithu, Dr. Khin Maung Nyunt
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 18 July, 2015
Date of publication: 18 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Saturday 18 July, 2015
Date of publication: 18 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: ‘The perfect storm’
Date of publication: 05 June 2015
Description/subject: "2015 Myanmar/Burma Update: how national elections and the peace process in Myanmar may clash in the coming year. International observers should manage their expectations about elections and peace in Myanmar, says leading expert Professor Mary Callahan. Speaking at the 2015 Myanmar/Burma Update at the ANU Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs, Callahan argued that the coming year will see two key ‘macro processes’ in the country. On one hand will be the first national elections in the country in 25 years. And on the other hand the peace process – and the hope for a National Ceasefire Agreement. She suggests that the combination of elections and the peace process – in the context of so much other flux – is the making of a ‘perfect storm’. The two processes may be mutually harmful and disappointing, and yet they may also have some unexpected positive consequences. This caution about a ‘perfect storm’ comes from the fact national elections and the peace process may be in tension. On one hand, elections are by nature ‘about contestation and polarisation. Winners take all and the losers go home,’ said Callahan. So political parties will likely inflame tensions as they attempt to garner support and undermine the positions of opponents. On the other hand, a peace process by nature is about ‘building bridges, expanding inclusion, moving away from zero sum politics and trying to develop respect for alternative visions and aspirations,’ she said. In this sense, the process of the peace negotiations is very different to that of elections..."
Author/creator: Tamas Wells
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 18 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Elections (Burma) > The 2015 General Elections in Burma/Myanmar


Title: Review by Bradley C. Davis of David I Steinberg's "Myanmar: The Dynamics of an Evolving Polity"
Date of publication: 05 June 2015
Description/subject: "This volume compiles the real issues and actors pulling back Myanmar’s full-fledged democratic transition, since its propagation in 2008. The book comes to terms with “on the ground” factors bothering Burmese society—a continuing prominence of the military; a messy legislative process; an inherent tension between Burmese customary concepts and practices and Western concepts of justice and rule of law; the positive effects of economic reforms that have yet to filter down to the populace; a challenging ‘peace process’ and an exclusionary Buddhist nationalism that undermines the integration of extensive minority religious communities. The authors draw a conclusion from these recurring changes in Myanmar that is, in a nutshell, pragmatic, detailed, and unbiased. In his own chapter on ‘The Persistence of Military Dominance,’ Professor David Steinberg analyzes why the military in Burma/Myanmar (better known as Tatmadaw) has been able to continue in effective control for over half a century. While various opinions have been proposed, one that may have been overlooked in most discussions is the apparent control of the military over all avenues of social mobility. As Steinberg notes, this control could be erased not by elimination but by amelioration of military power over the legislature through the development of diverse opportunities for them. These changes, according to Steinberg, must “emanate from the government” itself. If censorship is lifted, if universities begin the process of free inquiry, and if legislatures at the provincial level have greater opportunity to contribute to social change, then the country will be strengthened and the military will resume its guardian function, rebuilding its reputation that was lost in previous decades. The author takes a pragmatic overview of the problem related to the military in Myanmar and successfully proposes a solution: the integration of Myanmar’s Tatmadaw within the society without erasing or curtailing its influence..."
Author/creator: Bradley C. Davis
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 18 July 2015
RR > Book Reviews and Announcements
Politics and Government > Politics and Government - Burma/Myanmar - general studies


Title: 14 July, 2015 Pyithu Hluttaw Meeting (Burmese)
Date of publication: 14 July 2015
Description/subject: ပထမအႀကိမ္ ျပည္သူ႔လြႊတ္ေတာ္ (၁၂)ႀကိမ္ေျမာက္ ပံုမွန္အစည္းအေဝး
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyithu Hluttaw (People's Assembly/House of Representatives/Lower House) - proceedings > Records of Pyithu Hluttaw meetings from 2011 in Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 17 July, 2015
Date of publication: 17 July 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw approves 3 amendment bills: "Nay Pyi Taw, 16 July — The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on Thursday approved the third amendment bill of the Union Judiciary Law, the third amendment bill of the Constitutional Tribunal Law of the Union and the amendment bill of the Union Civil Services Board Law. The parliament also approved the reformation of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw’s Joint Bill Committee. Union Minister for Finance U Win Shein read out the second half-year Union Budgets Report 2014/2015 submitted by the central government. The budget estimate for the second half of the financial year amounts to 96.91 percent of total earnings, with 97.91 percent as the total budget estimate of the whole financial year. The union minister added that the statistics mentioned in the second half-year financial report are based on approximate budget allocations collected at the close of the fiscal year. True figures will be announced soon after the auditor’s approval, he said. According to Daw Sanda Min of the Zabuthiri constituency, the income- expense scrutiny from fiscal 2013-2014 to the first half-year of 2014- 2015 revealed a loss of K22.699 billion, with the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development alone still owing 31.793 billion to the Union. She also urged the Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement to explain to parliament how they spent their budget allotments."...Pyithu Hluttaw: Pyithu Hluttaw approves bills amending insurance law and saving bank law: "Nay Pyi Taw, 16 July — Citizenship scrutiny cards have been issued to 6.4 million citizens, Deputy Minister for Immigration and Population U Win Myint told the Thursday’s session of Pyithu Hluttaw. In his response to the query on plan to easily deliver citizenship scrutiny cards to citizens who were born of two citizen parents without delay raised by U Soe Win of Kyauktada Constituency, the deputy minister said that as citizenship is an important role in the security of the nation, allowing citizenship to a disqualified person would be harmful to the nation in the long run. According to the law, it will take a certain length of the time for foreign mixed races to get through the citizenship process. U Than Myint of Salingyi Constituency asked about plan to take deterrent action against drug traffickers and crime brokers to prevent abuse of narcotic drugs among the youths. Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Kyaw Tun said that Yinmar Plan was implemented as anti-drug campaign with various work groups including Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control. Action is taken against the drug traffickers and those related to the narcotic drug cases, and drugs and related equipment were confiscated. Deputy Minister for Finance Dr Maung Maung Thein submitted the bill amendment of foreign exchange management law. Pyithu Hluttaw Bill Committee member U Thein Tun Oo read out the report. The Hluttaw invited MP to discuss the bill. The Hluttaw approved the bills amending the insurance law and saving bank law."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: Gov’t, ethnic armed groups set to resume negotiations toward ceasefire accord...Excess relief goods sold at stalls in Rakhine: sources...Vice president delivers aid to flood victims in Rakhine State...Former Guardian newspaper building set to become writers’ haven...Dy Minister for Environmental Conservation and Forestry meets director of Wuntho Resources Co...Students create portraits of General Aung San...Computerized mapping course gives surveyors new perspective...Medical gives checkups to factory employees...MPT slashes landline installation cost...UEC supervises election preparations in northern Shan State..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: UN official welcomes child soldier progress, says more must be done...Appointment of ambassador agreed on...Appointment of ambassador agreed on...Myanmar Schools Project Foundation donates school building, equipment worth K50 million...Myanmar youth to participate in two invitational golf tourneys in U.S..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Ownership of policy can ensure success" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLE: "Religious, political figures share thoughts on Martyrs’ Day" by Khin Yadana
Language: English
Format/size: pdf (3.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Friday 17 July, 2015
Date of publication: 17 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Mon State 2011
Description/subject: Mon State health profile within specific township.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: pdf (42K)
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
ML > Health > Health reports by State and Division of Burma/Myanmar > Health reports by State > Health reports by State for 2011


Title: Karen State 2011
Description/subject: Karen State health profile within specific township.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: pdf (42K)
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
ML > Health > Health reports by State and Division of Burma/Myanmar > Health reports by State > Health reports by State for 2011


Title: Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw 15 July, 2015
Date of publication: 16 July 2015
Description/subject: Pyithu Hluttaw: Pyithu Hluttaw discusses regional development and endangered fish species...Amyotha Hluttaw: No plan to upgrade Panglong to township
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (410K)
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw sessions for 2015


Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw and Pyithu Hluttaw 14 July, 2015
Date of publication: 15 July 2015
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Speaker of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw clarifies Bill Amending Constitution...Pyithu Hluttaw: Tidal electricity appropriate only for certain areas: Deputy Minister
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (421K)
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw sessions for 2015


Title: 15 July, 2015 Pyithu Hluttaw Meeting (Burmese)
Date of publication: 15 July 2015
Description/subject: ပထမအႀကိမ္ ျပည္သူ႔လြႊတ္ေတာ္ (၁၂)ႀကိမ္ေျမာက္ ပံုမွန္အစည္းအေဝး
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyithu Hluttaw (People's Assembly/House of Representatives/Lower House) - proceedings > Records of Pyithu Hluttaw meetings from 2011 in Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)


Title: Science, Technology and Invention Bill (Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 2015
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via The Mirror (Kyemon)
Format/size: pdf (211K)
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2015


Title: The Boiler Law - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 39/2015 (Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 17 July 2015
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Myanmar Alin
Format/size: pdf (196K)
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2015


Title: Bill Amending the Land Confiscation Act (Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 2015
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via The Mirror (Kyemon)
Format/size: pdf (171K)
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2015


Title: Law Amending the Pyidaungsu Election Commission Law - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 40/2015 (Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 14 July 2015
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Myanmar Alin
Format/size: pdf (119K)
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2015


Title: Law Relating to National Budget Use - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 42/2015 (Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 15 July 2015
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Myanmar Alin
Format/size: pdf (239K)
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2015


Title: Election Articles via The Irrawwady
Description/subject: Archive from 2012
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Elections (Burma) > The 2015 General Elections in Burma/Myanmar


Title: Results of a Google site-specific search on "The Irrawaddy" for 2015 election
Date of publication: 17 July 2015
Description/subject: 11,100 results (17 July, 2015)
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" via Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Elections (Burma) > The 2015 General Elections in Burma/Myanmar


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 17 July, 2015
Date of publication: 17 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.2MB-reduced version; 14MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/mal%2017.7.15.pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 16 July, 2015
Date of publication: 16 July 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- Pyithu Hluttaw: Pyithu Hluttaw discusses regional development and endangered fish species: "Nay Pyi Taw, 15 July — U Tha Sein of the Kyauktaw constituency asked the Pyithu Hluttaw on Wednesday about plans for the extension of Main Strand Road linking northern Rakhine State with Chin State. U Kyaw Kyaw Win, Deputy Minister at President Office, responded that the extension of the road was not covered in the local budget allowance for 2015-2016 fiscal year. He added that local development committees are carrying out development tasks in order of importance. He also responded a query raised by U Enn Phon San of the Machanbaw constituency calling for the dissolution of fishing tenders along the Malikha river between the Monlan Creek and Htondam village and the designation of them as common fishing areas. The deputy minister said dissolving the fishing tenders was impossible. Regarding a query about plans to protect icefish from disappearing, he explained arrangements for research on their fertilization and spawning grounds. The Pyithu Hluttaw has reached an agreement to discuss at the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw the attorney general of the Union amendment bill, the auditor-general of the union amendment bill, and the Nay Pyi Taw council amendment bill."...Amyotha Hluttaw: No plan to upgrade Panglong to township: "Nay Pyi Taw, 15 July — Deputy Minister for Home Affairs Brig-Gen Kyaw Zan Myint replied that there is no plan to upgrade Panglong Town to the township in southern Shan State at the Wednesday’s session of Amyotha Hluttaw. U Sai Kyaw Zaw Than of Shan State constituency No 2 asked about upgrading Panglong Town to a township. The deputy minister said that the town was upgraded from a sub-township formed with four wards within administrative area of Loilem Township, adding that Shan State government did not recommend upgrading the town. U Thaw Zin Oo of Magway Region constituency No 9 asked about a plan to extend installation of transformers in Ward 15 in Pakokku and upgrade load capacity of sub-power stations. Deputy Minister for Electric Power U Aung Than Oo replied that installation of transformers and power lines will depend on the additional budget of the region government in 2015-16 fiscal year. The speaker of Amyotha Hluttaw informed the Hluttaw of sending back Myanmar Red Cross Society bill by Pyithu Hluttaw. Amyotha Hluttaw will discuss the jails bill submitted by Deputy Minister Brig-Gen Kyaw Zan Myint and the Bill Committee read out the paper on the bill. While U Nyunt Tin of Yangon Constituency No 2 tabled a proposal calling for formation of National Transportation Safety Board, three MPs seconded it. The Hluttaw decided not to approve the proposal."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: Global brands voice support for minimum wage proposal...Discussions are underway to hand over 165 verified Bangladeshi nationals who are given temporary shelters at Taung Pyo (Letwe`) on 22 July 2015...No end in sight for kyat weakness against dollar: analyst...Myanmar to host CLMV, ACMECS tourism meetings...Women’s Party (Mon), Rakhine Patriotic Party allowed to register as political parties...Health workers attend TB seminar...National Museum in capital opens first phase to public...Inter-village bridge to improve livelihood of locals...Chief Minister views public works in Mohnyin Tsp...Aspiring referees attend course in Myanaung Tsp...Road Dept outlines plans for construction projects...Visitors glimpse Palaung ethnic culture in Zeditaung village...Ministry donates set-top boxes to low-income families...Behaviour Conducive to Traffic Congestion...Central bank vows transparency in setting reference exchange rate...Military, BGF attack small wings of rebel group...Police arrest 2 over attack on media group CEO’s car...Art dealers face low demand in monsoon..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Discussions are underway to hand over 165 verified Bangladeshi nationals who are given temporary shelters at Taung Pyo (Letwe`) on 22 July 2015...Myanmar to host CLMV, ACMECS tourism meetings...Swiss insurer looks into coverage for agricultural sector...President receives German parliamentary delegation..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Political issues need political solutions" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "The Sacred Loka Chantha Abhayalabhamuni Buddha Image, which was built of the 500-ton flawless white marble rock of high quality measuring 37 feet in length, 24 feet in width and 11 feet in thickness, being respectfully paid homage in Insein Township, Yangon Region" by Ba Sein (Religious Affairs)
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 16 July, 2015
Date of publication: 16 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.9MB-reduced version; 11MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/mal%2016.7.15.pdf
Date of entry/update: 16 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 16 July, 2015
Date of publication: 16 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 16 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw Sessions 13 July, 2015
Date of publication: 14 July 2015
Description/subject: Pyithu Hluttaw: MP calls for halt to car manufacturing at local industrial zones...Amyotha Hluttaw: Police need reliable info to act on car thefts: deputy minister
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (300K)
Date of entry/update: 16 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw sessions for 2015


Title: 16 July, 2015 Pyithu Hluttaw Meeting (Burmese)
Date of publication: 16 July 2015
Description/subject: ပထမအႀကိမ္ ျပည္သူ႔လြႊတ္ေတာ္ (၁၂)ႀကိမ္ေျမာက္ ပံုမွန္အစည္းအေဝး
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 16 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyithu Hluttaw (People's Assembly/House of Representatives/Lower House) - proceedings > Records of Pyithu Hluttaw meetings from 2011 in Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)


Title: Can Myanmar benefit from China plan?
Date of publication: 15 July 2015
Description/subject: "China’s leaders are looking to convince us that their dreams of “one belt, one road” can lead to a new wave of global prosperity. These initiatives are designed to enmesh partners from near and far in a Chinese-led network of investment and economic growth. The Silk Road Economic Belt runs straight out into Central Asia from China’s metropolises. With new train routes, roads and tunnels, it will offer the economic juggernaut better access to a sprawling Eurasian backyard and the lucrative European market beyond. The Maritime Silk Road will latch on to the Bay of Bengal – and therefore Myanmar – as it snakes its way right around to the Mediterranean. It is supposed to secure energy supply chains and access to new markets across southern Asia, the Middle East and Africa. It is an oversized plan meant to fill the appetites of the world’s most populous country. With all those growing bellies being fed, it will need to be a big belt and an enormous road — one that will encircle and possible entwine Myanmar, joining an estimated 2 million Chinese citizens and former citizens who already call the country home. Across Shan and Kachin states, and right down into central Myanmar, these ethnic Chinese enjoy a dominant commercial status. In certain corners of the country, in places like Mong La and Laiza, Chinese-language skills are essential for business. The fact is that Chinese investors bring technical and financial muscle that is rarely found on the Myanmar side of the border. The headline investments – like the off-shore oil and gas fields in Rakhine State, the postponed Myitsone hydroelectric dam in Kachin State and the contentious Letpadaung copper mine in Sagaing Region – tend to get the attention, but these are only the start..."
Author/creator: Nicholas Farrelly
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 15 July 2015
ML > Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with China


Title: On China, The Lady has no choice
Date of publication: 08 July 2015
Description/subject: "Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s visit to China last month created a frenzy of global media interest. The big question was about the apparent contradiction between her defiant resistance to this country’s former military regime and the repressive policies of China’s government. Many wondered whether Daw Aung San Suu Kyi would comment on sensitive human rights issues under the noses of her Communist hosts. The long-term imprisonment of Liu Xiaobo, a fellow Nobel laureate, had some speculating that Myanmar’s icon of democracy would wade into China’s difficult domestic politics. Yet the point of this visit was something else entirely: showcasing the overwhelming pragmatism of both sides. Whatever Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s misgivings about China’s internal management, she has become far too savvy a political operator to let that interfere with her changing stature on the global stage. In the lead-up to this year’s election she is being courted aggressively by almost everyone, and it is understandable that the Chinese have sought to charm her into their embrace. The visit programs for such figures are always handled carefully to minimise the possibility of surprises. But it is surprising that one of the conclusions from Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s first China visit is about estrangement. Some have even sounded the death knell for strong relations between China and Myanmar. Surely this is premature. Relations between the two countries will never be simple. With more than 2 million Chinese citizens and former Chinese citizens living in Myanmar, there is much at stake for both sides. Billions of dollars from China have been invested in Myanmar’s cities, and in the country’s transport, mining and energy infrastructure."
Author/creator: Nicholas Farrelly
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 15 July 2015
ML > Foreign Relations > China-Burma relations


Title: The end of exile
Date of publication: 26 June 2015
Description/subject: "Since Myanmar opened up under the semi-civilian government in 2011, the diaspora have been encouraged to return. As persecution on the basis of political activity or ethnicity is often the reason they left, many are reluctant to return permanently to what is an unclear political situation. As a result, brief stays are common. After so many years away from home, family and friends, it is difficult to image the experience of returning. Twenty-four years after leaving his home for a new life in Australia, Saya Nai Tin Aye, my Burmese teacher, applied for a tourist visa to return to Myanmar. The process took longer than it does for regular tourists, as the Home Affairs, Foreign Affairs, and Immigration ministries must approve the application. It so happened that my trip to Myanmar would coincide with his. He invited me to visit his home village. Nai Tin Aye, once president of the Australia Mon Association, is a softly spoken man, with a keen interest and knowledge of history. He has an inspiringly fastidious memory for dates. He left his home in Kawkareik Township, Kayin State in 1991. Formally a star volleyball player and school principal, he was well known and liked in the area. He also spent eight years in the armed resistance, living in the jungle and resisting the Tatmadaw (Burma Army). In the 1990 elections, Nai Tin Aye worked for a local Mon politician. A warrant was issued for his arrest after authorities alleged irregularities in the campaign accounts. He fled to Thailand, registered with the UNHCR and was resettled in Australia in 1996. Between living in the jungle, Thailand and Australia, he has been away from his wife and three children for over 30 years. Arriving in Nai Tin Aye’s village I was at somewhat of a loss; the place was considerably larger than I had expected, and I did not know the address. I hadn’t been able to make a telephone connection from Yangon. The motorcycle taxi driver who had reluctantly driven me out here suggested retiringly that I spend the night in a nearby town instead. We approached a group of men in a teashop, and our concerns eased. They had no doubt it was the Sayar Gyi (“principal” or “great teacher”) who we were looking for, and escorted us to his home..."
Author/creator: James T. Davies
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 15 July 2015
ML > Migration > Migration from Burma > Migration from Burma: mixed and general articles and reports


Title: Furlongs on the road to digitopia
Date of publication: 24 June 2015
Description/subject: "Technological milestones – like the furlong posts on highways out of Yangon – help us to measure how far we have travelled. I recall vividly the first time I saw a tablet computer in Myanmar. It was early 2011 in Myitkyina and the Tatmadaw’s Northern Command was flexing its muscles, a prelude to the new Kachin war. The Kachin nationalists were disheartened that they had failed to get a viable slate of candidates up for the November 2010 election. Everyone was waiting for what would happen next. My conversations in Myitkyina were heavy with talk of the conflict to come. It was during one of these discussions that something caught my eye on the other side of the room: a flickering animated screen. Huddled around, a small group of teenagers expressed their amusement with, and their appreciation of, the high-tech marvel in their hands. Until then the only widely available computing facilities in places like Myitkyina were boisterous and ramshackle internet parlours. Most were full of young men and women. The boys tended to play shoot-’em-up games, while many of the women would spend their hours in chat rooms with friends from near and far. Some, of course, would use the internet for more serious surfing, for writing job applications and assignments, or for setting plans to make big moves to distant shores. But they were probably the minority. Back then, the country’s rickety internet infrastructure served as a distraction for kids with a bit of discretionary money and a whole lot of free time. Getting a seat in the most popular internet cafes could be a hassle for newcomers, but often somebody would make way for a dusty field researcher trying to check in on news from home. In such settings it was common to need layers of digital magic to get past Myanmar’s censors. Somewhere deep inside the Ministry of Information, faceless arbiters of political sentiment laboured to keep online rebellions in check..."
Author/creator: Nicholas Farrelly
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 15 July 2015
ML > Information services in Burma/Myanmar > The Internet - coverage


Title: 'With only our voices, what can we do?'. (video)
Date of publication: 30 June 2015
Description/subject: "Villagers in Karen areas of southeast Myanmar continue to face widespread land confiscation at the hands of a multiplicity of actors. Much of this can be attributed to the rapid expansion of domestic and international commercial interest and investment in southeast Myanmar since the January 2012 preliminary ceasefire between the Karen National Union (KNU) and the Myanmar government. KHRG first documented this in a 2013 report entitled ‘Losing Ground’, which documented cases of land confiscation between January 2011 and November 2012. This report, ‘With only our voices, what can we do?’, is a follow up to that analysis and highlights continued issue areas while identifying newly documented trends. The present analysis assesses land confiscation according to a number of different factors, including: land use type; geographic distribution across KHRG’s seven research areas; perpetrators involved; whether or not compensation and/or consultation occurred; and the effects that confiscation had on local villagers. This report also seeks to highlight local responses to land confiscation, emphasising the agency that individuals and communities in southeast Myanmar already possess and the obstacles that they face when attempting to protect their own human rights. By focusing on local perspectives and giving priority to villagers’ voices, this report aims to provide local, national, and international actors with a resource that will allow them to base policy and programmatic decisions that will impact communities in southeast Myanmar more closely on the experiences and concerns of the people living there..."
Language: Burmese, Karen, English subtitles
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: Adobe Flash (16 minutes)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/2015/06/with-only-our-voices-what-can-we-do-land-confiscation-and-local-response
Date of entry/update: 15 July 2015
ML > Land > Land in Burma > Human activity on land in Burma/Myanmar > Land confiscation for military, commercial and other purposes


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 15 July, 2015
Date of publication: 15 July 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Speaker of Pyidaungsu Hluttaw clarifies Bill Amending Constitution: "Nay Pyi Taw, 14 July — Speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Thura U Shwe Mann on Tuesday explained the legislation process for schedules 2 and 5 of the Constitution, which have been approved for amendment by 75 percent of representatives in the bicameral assembly. The bill for amendment of these schedules was submitted to the President on 10 July to become law, Thura U Shwe Mann said. The speaker read out the cases on human trafficking and boat people including a reply from UN Secretary General Ban Kimoon, and the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw recorded the issue. Union Minister for Finance U Win Shein discussed tax collection procedures introduced this fiscal year. The Public Accounts Joint Committee then presented its report on audit findings for budget expenditures in the second half of fiscal 2013-2014 and the first half of 2014- 2015. The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw agreed to debate the report."...Pyithu Hluttaw: Tidal electricity appropriate only for certain areas: Deputy Minister: "Nay Pyi Taw, 14 July — Generating electricity from the sea or tidal waves is only suitable for areas that do not have other access to electricity or power grids, Deputy Minister for Electric Power U Aung Than Oo said at the Pyithu Hluttaw Session on Tuesday. The deputy minister was responding to the question of a representative who asked whether the government has any plans to generate electricity from tidal waves. In addition, generating electricity from tidal waves needs a large amount of investment and is uneconomical, the deputy minister said, before concluding that the government has no plans to generate electricity from the sea. Another question replied at today’s session related to construction of a rural development road which contributes to 30 villages, 2,125 families and 10,147 people. Deputy Minister for Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development Dr Aung Myat Oo said that the budget for construction of the road did not include in 2015-16 fiscal year and the ministry has no plans to build the road at the moment. Pyithu Hluttaw Session today approved the bill amending the penal code and the bill amending the election of the president and vice presidents was submitted at the session."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: Fishery exports continue to fall despite dollar’s strength: MFF...Yangon police announce road closures for Martyrs’ Day...Myanmar on track for 5 million visitors in 2015: tourism ministry...Youth apply for special police in Myingyan...Tribunal discusses measures to protect consumers...Elevator maker holds launch ceremony...Tatmadaw, BGF seize arms, ammunition from KKO outposts...KATRI hands over textile testing machines to Ministry of Industry...KIA launches landmine attack on military columns in northern Shan state..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: MNA to commence Yangon-Singapore service 17 August...KBZ bank announces alliance with Taiwan’s Cathay United Bank...President discusses power generation with GE executive...Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker meets Vice President of US-based General Electric Company...Myanmar delegation joins 39th session of World Heritage Committee...Myanmar on track for 5 million visitors in 2015: tourism ministry...Myanmar-Thailand bridge reopens following protest..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Union must be built on trust, friendship" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLE: "GOOD GOVERNANCE" by Kyi Mun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 15 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 15 July, 2015
Date of publication: 15 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.9MB-reduced version; 13MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/mal%2015.7.15.pdf
Date of entry/update: 15 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 15 July, 2015
Date of publication: 15 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 15 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 14 July, 2015
Date of publication: 14 July 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- MP calls for halt to car manufacturing at local industrial zones: "Nay Pyi Taw, 13 July — Deputy Minister for Rail Transportation U Chan Maung on Monday said vehicle production will not be cancelled at local industrial zones so as to avoid creating unemployment. Kanpetlet Township constituency MP Thura U Aung Ko suggested local industrial zones were losing money because cars produced there were in low demand, and were primarily being used for the old car exchange programme which allows another automobile to be imported at a lower tax rate. Local industrial zones have manufactured nearly 100,000 cars up to 2014- 2015 fiscal year, but there was little demand for them in the domestic market, the deputy minister said. U Chan Maung also replied to the query of Launglon Township constituency’s MP U Aung Soe. The deputy minister said the construction of the Dawei-Myeik railway network will be continued in the third five-year plan of the project from 2021 to 2016. The Pyithu Hluttaw Bill Committee tabled the bill on Intellectual Property Law of Industrial Designs submitted by the Ministry of Science and Technology. The Pyithu Hluttaw then approved the bill to withdraw the Pension Act submitted by the Ministry of Finance, and the Vehicle Bill submitted by the Ministry of Rail Transportation."...Amyotha Hluttaw: Police need reliable info to act on car thefts: deputy minister: "Nay Pyi Taw, 13 July — Police cannot take action over the alleged sale of stolen auto parts unless victims come forward and file reports with the authorities, Deputy Minister for Transport U Han Sein said Monday at the Amyotha Hluttaw. The deputy minister was responding to reports that 90 percent of auto parts for sale at a tax-free market in Tamway were stolen from ports. The police and the Myanma Port Authority need victims to provide information before they can take action, the deputy minister said. Port authorities and shipping lines must be accountable for loss of auto parts, while agents must only accept vehicles after matching them with inspection sheets, the deputy minister advised. The deputy minister blamed some agents for auto part thefts, saying there were a number who forgot vehicles outside ports. The deputy minister said vehicle importers can apply to recoup their losses by providing firm evidence. The Ministry of Religious Affairs is providing cash assistance to teachers at monastic education schools, but there is no plan to increase the amount at the moment, Deputy Minister for Religious Affairs Dr Maung Maung Htay said at the Upper House session. The ministry is providing K36,000 per month to primary school teachers, K41,000 per month to middle school teachers and K45,000 per month to high school teachers, according to the deputy minister. The government is spending K3.475 billion on 7,584 monastic education teachers this academic year, he said. The Amyotha Hluttaw session on Monday passed seven bills and approved one motion to reduce the amount of advertisements for liquor, cigarettes and beer."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: Government pledges to do its very best to ensure 2015 general elections are clean, free, and fair...Yangon Region Govt invites tenders for new town project...Union Farmer Force Party applies for registration as political party...Dengue enters Chin State, with over 30 cases reported...Information for Public Remonstration...Govt discusses relief measures for flood-hit Rakhine...UEC issues guidelines for nomination of candidates...Committee focuses on ways to rehabilitate Kokang Self-Administered Zone...Preparations for holding 68th Anniversary of Martyrs’ Day discussed...MCDC to dredge drains in Pyigyidagun Tsp...Mandalarian businessmen to showcase products at fairs...Mandalay Region Govt seeks greater cooperation with CSOs...Kachin State government sells development record..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar navy rescues 102 Bengalis...Action plan for protection of children affected by armed conflict discussed...President U Thein Sein sends messages of felicitations to France...Union FM sends message of felicitations to French counterpart...Myanmar archers aim for medals at Singapore Para Games..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Corruption spans nations, business sectors" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLES: "Democracy in Practice" by Htun Tin Htun..."Bidding open on bus supply contract for BRT Lite transport network" by Aye Min Soe
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 14 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 14 July, 2015
Date of publication: 14 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.7MB-reduced version; 9.7MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/mal%2014.7.15.pdf
Date of entry/update: 14 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 14 July, 2015
Date of publication: 14 July 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf(9MB)
Date of entry/update: 14 July 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: 13 July, 2015 Pyithu Hluttaw Meeting (Burmese)
Date of publication: 13 July 2015
Description/subject: ပထမအႀကိမ္ ျပည္သူ႔လြႊတ္ေတာ္ (၁၂)ႀကိမ္ေျမာက္ ပံုမွန္အစည္းအေဝး
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 14 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyithu Hluttaw (People's Assembly/House of Representatives/Lower House) - proceedings > Records of Pyithu Hluttaw meetings from 2011 in Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)


Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 26 July, 2015: Pyithu Hluttaw approves seven bills
Date of publication: 27 June 2015
Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 26 June — The Pyithu Hluttaw held its 69th-day session Friday, approving seven bills. U Win Than of Thabaung constituency and Defence Services personnel representative Brig- Gen Htay Naing discussed the amendment bill for the Union Government Law submitted to the Lower House by the Public Affairs Management Committee. Deputy Attorney-General U Tun Tun Oo sought approval from the Hluttaw after reviewing the discussions. Officials of the Pyithu Hluttaw Bill Committee and MPs discussed the amendment bills for the Union Attorney-General Law, the Union Auditor- General Law, the Union Civil Services Board Law, the Nay Pyi Taw Council Law, the Union Judicial Law and the Constitutional Tribunal of the Union Law."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (62K)
Date of entry/update: 14 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyithu Hluttaw (People's Assembly/House of Representatives/Lower House) - proceedings > Pyithu Hluttaw: Meetings in 2015


Title: Bill Relating to Managing Nattional Debt (Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via The Mirror (Kyemon)
Format/size: pdf (313K)
Date of entry/update: 14 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2015


Title: Bill Amending Law Relating to Managing of Budget for Foreign Use (Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via The Mirror (Kyemon)
Format/size: pdf (285K)
Date of entry/update: 14 July 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2015


Title: 2015 - International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies (ICBMS) 23-26 July, 2015
Date of publication: 23 July 2015
Description/subject: "Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges".....About 100 papers and more abstracts on the site - see "papers & abstracts" in the right-hand column.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Chiangmai University
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 14 July 2015
RR > Conferences/seminars etc.


Title: Dooplaya Situation Update: Kyainseikgyi Township, December 2014 to February 2015
Date of publication: 11 June 2015
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Kyainseikgyi Township, Dooplaya District from December 2014 to February 2015, including stone mining, arbitrary taxation, road construction and military activities: Two rich individuals, Maung Myat and Kyaw Aye, have been conducting stone mining projects in C--- village, destroying a local villager’s mango plantation and failing to adequately compensate him for his loss... Arbitrary taxation was perpetrated by the Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA) in Noh Taw Pla village tract on January 17th 2015. DKBA Company Commander Shin Gyi demanded a tax of 50,000 kyat (US $45.01) per lumber saw and threatened violence against the village leader for non-compliance... A road construction company took soil from a villager’s land in B--- village in order to construct a road, which negatively impacted the villager’s livelihood... Tatmadaw soldiers from an unknown battalion based on Ka Lee Hkee Mountain cut down trees and bamboo in community reserve forests in order to repair their army camp."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (2.93)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-9-s1.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-06-11-Dooplaya_Situation_Update_Kyainseikgyi_Township_...
Date of entry/update: 14 July 2015
ML > Land > Land in Burma > Human activity on land in Burma/Myanmar > Mine Clearance in Burma/Myanmar
Land > Land in Burma > Human activity on land in Burma/Myanmar > Land confiscation for military, commercial and other purposes


Title: Violent abuse and killing committed by BGF soldiers in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District, March to May 2015
Date of publication: 07 July 2015
Description/subject: "This News Bulletin describes events in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District, including killing, violent abuse and restrictions on freedom of movement, as well as recent fighting between Border Guard Force (BGF) and Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA) soldiers, following increased BGF activity in the area. The first incident involved a villager who was shot and killed by a BGF private from Battalion #1013, while he was travelling at night time. The second incident involved a villager who was beaten until he was unconscious by BGF Battalion #1014 2nd Lieutenant Tha Beh. The villager was accused of contacting and being supportive of KNLA soldiers. In response to recent BGF activity, the Karen National Union (KNU) further imposed restrictions on villagers’ freedom of movement with the intention of catching BGF forces in the villager restricted areas."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (1.2MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-7-nb1_0.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-07-07-Violent_abuse_and_killing_committed_by_BGF_soldi...
Date of entry/update: 14 July 2015
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Conflict in particular States > Armed conflict in Karen State > Armed conflict in Karen State - military activities and their impact on village life, including livelihood, health, education and land tenure security
Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Conflict in particular States > Armed conflict in Karen State > Armed groups operating in Karen State (military activities and impact on villagers) > Border Guard Forces (BGF) in Karen State
Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Conflict in particular States > Armed conflict in Karen State > Armed groups operating in Karen State (military activities and impact on villagers) > Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA)


Title: A state of peace for Myanmar?
Date of publication: 01 July 2015
Description/subject: "When the Myanmar National Democratic Alliance Army declared a unilateral ceasefire earlier this month, the bloody war in Kokang faded from the headlines. We can assume that all the attention focused on one corner of Shan State was getting inconvenient for the Kokang leadership, their Myanmar sparring partners and even the Chinese. This ceasefire is another reminder that Myanmar’s long-running borderlands conflicts are about so much more than public demands for ethnic autonomy. Wars fuelled by illicit trade – in drugs, guns, timber, gems and people – make it impossible to disentangle political demands from profit-making self-interest. And almost everywhere you look in Myanmar, for the past quarter-century, there has been a ceasefire, peace agreement or truce to further complicate local affairs. For an entire generation, the Tatmadaw leadership premised its efforts to guarantee the non-disintegration of the Union on these shadowy deals. Some have proved resilient, particularly where new wealth has lubricated the crunching frustration of ceasefire stalemates. Any long-term nationwide peace agreement will need to get to grips with exactly what has been going on..."
Author/creator: Nicholas Farrelly
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 14 July 2015
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)