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Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 2 September, 2015
Date of publication: 02 September 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Voters’ list made public on 14 Sept: UEC committed to holding peaceful, fair election in Nov...Inlay designates tobacco free area...Monsoon paddy crops re-cultivated in Ingapu...Fundraising football match raises K1.1 million...‘One Stop Shop’ Public Service Office opens...Maternal health tips shared, food and funds donated in Myingyan...President’s message to be broadcast on radio...Reshuffle of regional ministers...Well-wishers donate relief supplies in Ygn, Mdy and Nay Pyi Taw...Ancient Pinya temples undergoing restoration...Policing Course opens in Mandalay...Mobile health clinic visits Lewe Tsp...Educative Talks held at Mandalay school...Preparations gear up for Phaungdaw-U Pagoda Festival...Electrician training course opens in Mandalay...Mandalay’s Culture University presents 11th graduation exhibition...Deputy Attorney-General receives international legal expert...Regions and States receive lifeboats for rescue works...US$65m in government funds spent on flood relief...Selections announced for women’s Olympic football qualifiers...Chess tournament to honour grandmaster Zaw Win Lay..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Senior US diplomat Russel to visit Myanmar, China, Mongolia...Royal Thai Army provides free medical treatment to residents in Myanaung Township...President U Thein Sein sends messages of felicitations to Viet Nam...Vice Presidents send messages of felicitations to Viet Nam...Appointment of ambassador agreed on...Ancient Pinya temples undergoing restoration..... "PERSPECTIVES": "The link between safety and peace" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLE: "A Study of Myanmar Puppetry (Part II)" by Khin Maung Nyunt
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 2 September, 2015
Date of publication: 02 September 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 2 September, 2015
Date of publication: 02 September 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (13MB)
Date of entry/update: 02 September 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Transition from black to official markets for foreign exchange in Myanmar
Date of publication: March 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "We address the puzzle why the black market for foreign exchange thrives in Myanmar despite the successful unification of multiple exchange rates. A closer look at the black market reveals that its enduring competitiveness stems from its lower transaction costs. A question arising from this observation is how the official market, namely banks, can compete with and replace the black market. Our empirical analysis based on an original questionnaire survey of private export firms regarding their choices of currency trading modes suggests that banks can attract exporters by exploiting the economies of scope between currency trading and lending.".....Keywords: Myanmar, exchange rate unification, black market for foreign exchange, economies of scope in banking
Language: English
Source/publisher: Jetro/IDE
Format/size: pdf (414K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/IDE-Myanmar-2015-transition.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2015
ML > Economy > Currency > Foreign currency


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 1 September, 2015
Date of publication: 01 September 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: New Myeik tour to launch in Oct: Cock Comb’s heart-shaped lake in Taninthayi to draw visitors...Factory bosses urged to sign employment contracts...Networking session held for prospective shop owners and investors...Deep tube-well to supply clean water to residents...Mohnyin Township extends ten more villages for emerald green project...Economists give lectures at Better Future, Better Myanmar 2015 in Mandalay...Election coordination meeting held...Deputy Speaker attends bill committee meeting...Rice research agreement signed...Water treatment plant to provide clean water to Shwepyitha...KBZ’s relief supplies go to victims in Chin State..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Japan to grant $207 million loan for Yangon Circular Line upgrade...President U Thein Sein sends messages of felicitations to Uzbekistan...Japanese company opens paper box factory...Transport technology seminar held between Myanmar, Japan... "PERSPECTIVES": "Step up efforts against unsafe foods" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLES: "Shareholders of a Public Company" by U Win Sein..."A Study of Myanmar Puppetry (Part I)" by Dr. Khin Maung Nyunt
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 1 September, 2015
Date of publication: 01 September 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Partners Asia
Description/subject: "Linking Burma-Myanmar communities with global resources".....Key programme areas:- Community Development... The Rule of Law... Education... Leadership Development... Women’s Rights & Gender Issues... Peace Building.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Partners Asia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2015
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by sector/provider > Education by International and Local NGOs
Humanitarian Assistance to Burma/Myanmar > Humanitarian assistance > International non-governmental organisations (INGOs) present in Burma


Title: Is democracy really lost in translation?
Date of publication: 01 September 2015
Description/subject: "Those seeking to support democratisation in Myanmar’s political transition would do well to remember that political and democratic thinking does not only come from the West. A recent New York Times article by Thomas Fuller lamented the difficulty in translating key political words – like “democracy”, “rule of law” or “institutions” – from English into the Myanmar language....The political realm in Myanmar is not an empty vessel into which new Western democratic terms need to be poured. Rather it has its own rich, evolving and contested traditions of political thought. These should be valued as resources and not ignored simply because they do not exactly reflect the tenets of Western liberal democracy."
Author/creator: Tamas Wells and Matthew J Walton
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2015
ML > Languages of Burma/Myanmar > Languages of Burma - general


Title: Socio-­economic Changes in Livelihood of Htantaw Village Amarapura Township, Mandalay Region
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Considering health in the broad term as well–being this study examines changes to villagers’ lives with the effect of privatization and modernization policies. It explores how their economy is related to the changing environment in both time and space. How these villagers cope, struggle and do their best to sustain their living in light of limited resources they had are also presented. This study is conducted in Htantaw Village in the area of Taungthaman Lake locating in the ancient Amarapura Township of Mandalay Division, Myanmar. Villagers, from different ages, occupations and economic status, were interviewed in their homes. Focus groups were used in the first section of the data collection stage. In addition, this study encouraged village leaders participation through the data collection process such as through drawing a Village map, talking through the geographic and social changes in the village and villagers’ struggle and survival strategies. Before 1990, Htantaw; Village is a typical agricultural based village where villagers worked on rice farming, wickerwork and livestock breeding such as duck and cow. Initial socio and economic changes began in 1996 when the water draining in and out was blocked to make a natural Taungthaman Lake as the huge fish–raising ponds by the military government which later issued concession of fishing in a nearby lake owned by a private company. This greatly impacted the villager’s livelihood not only the farming family but also duck and cow raising for milk too, including the rice farmers as their paddy field and agricultural land around the lake had been flooded. The other significant social change was in 2000 due to the establishment of Yadanabon University providing the education for more than twenty thousand students in total a year. The village has become crowded not only with students moving in and from other places but also people who had moved in as workers for the university. Villagers who have some savings started the room rental business and grocery shops. Some started small business es such as restaurants, mobile phone shops and café shops, beauty salon and dress making shops. The social tension between the local and new moving in has been mentioned as well as the increasing struggles in villagers’ life. As the study was conducted by university staff members with the participation of village leaders, its results will be used in further discussions to build a relationship between academic and community people in order to better support the economic and educational development of the village and suggest a model for peaceful learning society in the country.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Sandar Win
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (3.4MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2015
ML > Economy > Economies of the States and Divisions of Burma > Mandalay Division
Economy > Economy: general, analytical, statistical > Economy: general, analytical, statistical (various sources)
Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Rural development in Burma/Myanmar


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Monday 31 August, 2015
Date of publication: 31 August 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Campaign aims to increase social investment in children...Merchants, officials prepare successful holding of Mandalay Investment Fair...Mandalarians mark International Youth Day 2015...Departmental officials gather at rural development meeting...Release of fingerlings into Inlay Lake to balance ecosystem...Organization for Myanmar workers in Thailand offers relief aids for flood victims...President U Thein Sein drives stakes at Myanmar Art Center under construction in Mandalay...Torrent weakens bailey bridge in Tamu..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Two Myanmar Lethwei stars win over foreign opponents...Campaign aims to increase social investment in children...Kawkareik-Thingan-nyinaung-Myawady highway to promote bilateral trade between Myanmar and Thailand..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Minimum wage, a curse or cure?" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLES: "Tracking the Footprint of the Wrath of Nature in Chin State" by Salai Siangawr Vanhnin..."Beware of blatant liars in human society!" by Tommy Pauk..."NOBLE OCCUPATION TO HELP SOMEONE SUCCEED" by Dr. Aung Soe
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Monday 31 August, 2015
Date of publication: 31 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 31 August, 2015
Date of publication: 31 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (15MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 1 September, 2015
Date of publication: 01 September 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 31 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: Cost of Living in Myanmar, Prices in Myanmar
Description/subject: Info Consumer Price Index (Excl.Rent)... Rent Index... Groceries Index... Restaurants Index... Consumer Price Plus Rent Index... Local Purchasing Power...
Language: English
Source/publisher: Numbeo
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 30 August 2015
ML > Economy > Prices and Salaries


Title: The mean streets of Hlaing Tharyar
Date of publication: 28 August 2015
Description/subject: "...While all-out street brawls might not be an everyday occurrence in Hlaing Tharyar, the township is awash with crime – everything from fistfights, robberies, rapes and extortion to assaults and home detentions by lenders against debtors. A senior police officer from the Hlaing Tharyar Myoma Police Station said some of these cases are brought to the attention of police, but many others are “solved” by calling in local toughs who rely on intimidation. Among the obstacles to maintaining rule of law in the township are the huge growth in population, and an insufficient police force. Last year’s census identified 684,700 residents, about half of whom are squatting illegally on land they do not own or rent. Many of these squatters are thought to have migrated to the area in the wake of Cyclone Nargis in May 2008..."
Author/creator: Khin Wine Phyu Phyu
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 30 August 2015
ML > Military (Tatmadaw), Military Intelligence, Police etc. > Police
Law and Constitution > Rule of Law - Burma/Myanmar-specific
Internal Displacement/Forced Migration > Urban displacement


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 30 August, 2015
Date of publication: 30 August 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Myanmar’s property sector to remain sluggish till 2016...Launch of Yangon Stock Exchange delayed till Dec...Seminar on tax stamps held for restaurant owners...Taaung literature course delves into rich cultural heritage...Education Ministry provides free school uniforms...Vice President U Nyan Tun observes search and rescue demonstration at Kandawgyi Lake...Speaker Thura Shwe Mann attends Pyithu Hluttaw bill committee meeting...Myanmar National Airlines’ to add three ATRs to its fleet in Dec...Myanmar’s property sector to remain sluggish till 2016..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: India sets up CAT scan plant at Yangon Children’s Hospital...Chinese companies and Mingala magazine staff donate relief supplies...Senior General Min Aung Hlaing concludes Thai visit..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Choosing the right ingredients for good governance" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "The Full Moon Day of Wakhaung" by Htun Tin Htun..."Historical and cultural landscape of Bagan in its heyday" by Maha Saddhamma Jotika dhaja Sithu Dr. Khin Maung Nyunt
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 30 August, 2015
Date of publication: 30 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (10MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 30 August, 2015
Date of publication: 30 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Ruling Party Purge Confirms Doubts over Democratic Reforms
Date of publication: 28 August 2015
Description/subject: "The sudden ouster of Shwe Mann from Burma’s ruling party reconfirmed that the military is not about to relinquish power... The sudden removal of one of Myanmar’s most powerful men sent shockwaves through the diplomatic community in the old capital of Yangon, where foreign embassies are still located. It seemed more like a midnight coup than an ordinary leadership reshuffle—security forces in the new capital, Naypyidaw, entered the headquarters of the de facto ruling party, the Union Solidarity and Development Party, or USDP, late August 12. The following day, it was announced that Shwe Mann, the speaker of the Lower House of Myanmar’s bicameral parliament, a former general and anticipated by some foreign observers to be the country’s next president, had been ousted..."
Author/creator: Bertil Lintner.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 30 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Myanmar Union Government (MUG)/State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) > Internal regime politics


Title: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw 28 August, 2015
Date of publication: 29 August 2015
Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 28 Aug — The 12th regular session of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw came to a close on Friday. Representatives discussed a Yen 99.850 billion loan for the Ministry of Rail Transportation and the Ministry of Electric Power from JICA during the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Session on Friday. Some representatives supported the loan in principle but maintained it is important to spend the funds in the most beneficial way. One representative suggested that ministries provide updates to parliament every six months on the work being carried out using foreign loans. Another representa-tive pointed out that despite the benefits the loan may offer, Myanmar’s current economic slowdown means that the debt will also be a burden. The representative urged ministries to hold themselves accountable for the spending of the funds. Members ultimately approved the plan to accept a loan from JICA, as well as the monogamy law and the signing of the Maritime Labour Convention 2006. Later, Deputy Minister for Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement Daw Su Su Hlaing explained ongoing disaster management efforts in flood affected areas. She said that disaster relief efforts could be considered a success overall despite some weaknesses in management. She commended the high level of cooperation between experts, civil society organisations and the government and added that state and region governments will be responsible for the reconstruction of flood-hit areas. Speaker of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Thura U Shwe Mann explained the achievements of the 12th Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, which includes the passing of 185 laws, 10 motions and approvals for foreign loans. The speaker concluded the 12th regular session by saying that parliament has served the interests of the country and its people."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (447K)
Date of entry/update: 30 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw sessions for 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 25 July, 2015
Date of publication: 25 August 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Parliament approves appointment of two union ministers: "Nay Pyi Taw, 24 Aug — A Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament) session on Monday approved the appointments of two union ministers by the president. Lt-Gen Sein Win has been appointed the Union Minister for Defence and Lt-Gen Kyaw Swe the Union Minister for Border Affairs. Parliament also designated five new towns in Bago Region, before deputy ministers discussed arrangements for new foreign loans including Yen 24.866 billion for upgrading the Yangon Circular Rail Line, Yen 41.115 billion for the second phase of upgrading the national grid and Yen 33.869 billion for upgrading three bridges on Myanmar’s east-west economic corridor. The session also passed a marital law affecting Myanmar women, a law for the preservation of ancient buildings and discussed a new broadcasting law."...Pyithu Hluttaw: Deputy defence minister explains assignment of officers: "Nay Pyi Taw, 24 Aug — Deputy Minister for Defence Rear-Admiral Myint Nwe outlined the appointment of military officers to region and state Hluttaw, as well as self-administered zones and divisions, in the Pyithu Hluttaw on Monday. U Kyaw Ni Naing of Laukkai constituency asked for an explanation of the appointments for security and border affairs during the 86th day session of the Lower House. The deputy minister said experienced officers had been assigned to the posts in line with the constitution. Deputy Minister for Rail Transportation U Chan Maung, responding to a question from U Nanda Kyaw Swa of Dagon constituency, said Roman letters and Arabic numerals would be used in place of Myanmar characters on vehicle licence plates in line with international standards. Number plates identify 14 regions and states, as well as the Nay Pyi Taw council area, he said. The Hluttaw approved the bill amending the Highway Law and the bill amending the Expressway Law submitted by the Ministry of Construction. The bill committee read out the bill amending the blood and blood materials law and the body organs donation law submitted by Ministry of Health."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: search for new homes Land survey seeks relocation sites for landslide-hit households...Two senior military officers appointed as union ministers...MOFA’s diplomacy course begins...Getting to the goal of 100 percent birth registration...Cancer awareness campaign to focus on early diagnosis...Much remains to be done to repair flood damage: president...Centenarians receive honours at ceremony...Senior General Min Aung Hlaing meets MPC (Interim) members...President’s Office appoints military personnel to new posts...Academy award winner Maung Tin Oo passes away...Township officials honour ‘best mother’...Volunteers give relief supplies, Buddha images to Pwintbyu Township...UNDP helps farmers back on feet after Chin landslides...Irrigation Dept plans to improve Myanaung embankment...Football tournament begins in Mandalay Region..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Bangladesh to approve proposal for new road to Myanmar...Great fall of China sinks world stocks, dollar tumbles...Vice-Senior General observes Japan defense drill...Two Myanmar chess players to compete in Iran..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Subjective thinking is a risky business" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLE: "Promoting effective communication" by Myo Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 30 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 29 August, 2015
Date of publication: 29 August 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament) Roundup: "Nay Pyi Taw, 28 Aug — The 12th regular session of the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw came to a close on Friday. Representatives discussed a Yen 99.850 billion loan for the Ministry of Rail Transportation and the Ministry of Electric Power from JICA during the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Session on Friday. Some representatives supported the loan in principle but maintained it is important to spend the funds in the most beneficial way. One representative suggested that ministries provide updates to parliament every six months on the work being carried out using foreign loans. Another representative pointed out that despite the benefits the loan may offer, Myanmar’s current economic slowdown means that the debt will also be a burden. The representative urged ministries to hold themselves accountable for the spending of the funds. Members ultimately approved the plan to accept a loan from JICA, as well as the monogamy law and the signing of the Maritime Labour Convention 2006. Later, Deputy Minister for Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement Daw Su Su Hlaing explained ongoing disaster management efforts in flood affected areas. She said that disaster relief efforts could be considered a success overall despite some weaknesses in management. She commended the high level of cooperation between experts, civil society organisations and the government and added that state and region governments will be responsible for the reconstruction of flood-hit areas..."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Prioritise Kids’ Rights - Politicians pledge to put children first - By Ye Myint...Wandering wild elephants pushed back towards habitat...Minimum wage set at K3,600...Paddy donated as floods ebb in Myanaung Tsp...Thousands of flood victims receive rice donations...Kanbawza’s Foundation donates over K6 billion to landslide victims...Palethwe hybrid paddy seeds supplied to five villages in Myaing Tsp...Receding water levels are little cause for joy...National Library to launch literati talks - By Khaing Thanda Lwin...Incessant rains burst river banks in Chin State...Professional, amateur golfers participate in Myanmar Golf Tour...Warriors defeat Home Affairs in basketball championships - By Ko Moe..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: China’s PLA sends relief supplies to Myanmar’s flood victims by flight...Contemporary Asian artwork to go on display - By Aye Min Soe...Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham meets Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency head...Amyotha Hluttaw speaker holds talks with Indian Ambassador...Myanmar hosts Japan-ASEAN Integration Fund Caravan...Commander-in-Chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing attends Thailand-Myanmar high level meeting..... "PERSPECTIVES": "The fight against poverty should prioritise the youth" - By Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "Dealing with Yangon’s growing canine and feline population Hla Htut Oo Our department is well-known now, sir. Eh? Here’s the complaints." - By Myo Myint.....POEM: "The Floods" - Lokethar.
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 29 August, 2015
Date of publication: 29 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Saturday 29 August, 2015
Date of publication: 29 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Second Amendment of the Union Law on Legal Proceedings - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 46/2015 (Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 28 July 2015
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Myanmar Alin
Format/size: pdf (167K)
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2015


Title: Law Amending the Union of Myanmar Constitution Law - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 45/2015 (Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 22 July 2015
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: pdf (144K)
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2015


Title: Pyidaungsu and Pyithu Hluttaws 25 August, 2015
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: "Nay Pyi Taw, 25 Aug — Pyidaungsu Hluttaw representatives approved a US$400 million loan from the World Bank on Tuesday. The loan will be split between the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development and the Ministry of Electric Power. U Maung Toe of Minhla constituency supported the loan and said that although parliament has already approved over US$ 1.4 billion in foreign loans, low interest rates on the loans make further ones viable. Daw Tin Nwe Oo MP disagreed. She said that any spending on unnecessary projects should be cut and stressed that taking another loan while the US dollar prices is rising against the kyat is unwise. The loan was approved by the majority of members during a vote that followed discussions. Meanwhile, the newly appointed Union Minister for Defence Lt-Gen Sein Win and Union Minister for Border Affairs Lt-Gen Kyaw Swe gave an oath before the Hluttaw speaker. Representatives also passed a bill amending the constitutional law as well as the Myanmar Red Cross Society Bill."...Pyithu Hluttaw: "Nay Pyi Taw, 25 Aug — Myanmar’s financial rules do not allow state-run economic organisations to deposit money in private banks, said the Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Myanmar U Set Aung on Tuesday. The deputy governor was responding to a question raised by U Ohn Ngwe, MP for Myaung. He said that the government’s economic organisations may only open bank accounts at Myanma Economic Banks and added that state-owned banks are permitted to take part in the treasury bill auction and deposit auction as a means of raising revenue to cover expenses. He noted that the Central Bank of Myanmar considers Myanma Economic Bank as a non-competitive bidder in deposit auctions, which is in line with the country’s monetary policies. Meanwhile, U Than Oo of Myawady constituency asked about whether there are plans to reduce toll gate fees for vehicles owned outside Yangon Region. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Kyaw Kyaw Win responded by saying that Yangon City Development Committee currently gives exemptions of toll gate fees to buses, departmental vehicles, government vehicles and cargo trucks. He did not state whether reduced fees for general traffic from outside Yangon is on the cards. The Hluttaw session also approved a bill which amended a 2012 Pyithu Hluttaw Law as well as the Vehicle bill. Secretary of Pyithu Hluttaw Investment and Industrial Development Committee U Kyi Tha read out the industrial bill to members prior to voting."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu and Pyithu Hluttaws via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (406K)
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw sessions for 2015


Title: Cross-border Migration and Revitalization of Shan Buddhist Practices in Myanmar-Thai Border Area
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "This presentation aims to examine how the new Shan migrants help revitalize Shan Buddhist practices in Myanmar-Thai border area in Northern Thailand. This area has a long history of the ceaseless migrations of the Shan and other ethnic groups; the flow of people has continued even after the border demarcation in the early 20th century. Recently, we could find two contradictory processes- a rigid border control by the state administration and a fluid border crossing of people, goods and information. The border crossing of people may be characterized by a one-way flow from Myanmar to Thailand and its steady increase in quantity. By focusing on the flow of Shan lay Buddhist readers/reciters in Mae Hong Son, the northern Thai-Myanmar border area, this presentation analyzes the important role of the border crossing migrations for revitalizing Shan Buddhist practices in Northern Thailand."...Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Tadayoshi Murakami
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (88K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
ML > Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Shan (cultural, political, historical) > Shan (cultural, historical, political) articles
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Burmese Buddhism and Society
Migration > Migration from Burma > Migrant Workers from Burma > Migrant workers from Burma by origin > Migrant workers from Shan State
Foreign Relations > Thailand-Burma relations


Title: Burma as ‘Corridor’: A case of South Asian descendants’ community in northern Thailand
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: "This paper highlights the location of Burma (Myanmar) and reconsiders its geographical territory andits historical position. There were and are a lot of studies of Burma/Myanmar. Most of the studies were on the Burma itself or on those people living in Buma. On the other hand, Burma situated at the meeting point of South Asia and Southeast Asia. In other words, Burma holds a position of the node or corridor which connecting these two regions. This paper tries to focus on Burma as ‘corridor’, by considering a case of South Asian migrant groups in Thailand, a Bangladeshi (or Eastern Bengal) Muslim descendants’ community in northern Thailand.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Takada Mineo
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (60K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
ML > Foreign Relations > Foreign relations, general
Foreign Relations > Burma's relations with its neighbours and the region
Foreign Relations > Thailand-Burma relations


Title: Inequality and way of life of Burmese migrants in Thailand: A case study in Chiang Mai
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "This paper draws on case studies of Burmese migrants in the city of Chiang Mai, Thailand, to explore concepts and theories of migration, uneven development and acculturation in which migrants engages in the new environment of urban societies. It examines the new emergence of push-­pull factors of migration, mainly economic reason and urban attractions, which bring Burmese migrants into the city. Further, the paper pays more attention on the concept of uneven development, which comes along with the process of development in urban areas. It discusses about the cities like Chiang Mai as a place where provides residents to access not only greater opportunities for work, activity and key good as well as services, but the places also emerge alongside rising urban inequality for a certain group of people, particularly Burmese migrant workers are recognized as a local symbol of inequality in Chiang Mai, as well as in Asia region. Lastly, the paper focuses analytical attention on ‘way of life’ of Burmese migrants of varying cultural, social, political and economic backgrounds, which it responds to the narratives a bout urban diversity and development of the city of Chiang Mai where they encounter. Based on acculturation framework, cultural way of life of Burmese migrants living in Chiang Mai is classified into three main areas; assimilation, separation and integration, and each area of way of life would be adapted by different generations of the migrants. Therefore, one can see the social phenomenon of Burmese migrants, especially Shan ethnic group, would emerge through Thai society in the city at different levels of lifestyles.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Tithirat Pripotjanart
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (375K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
ML > Migration > Migration from Burma > Migration from Burma: mixed and general articles and reports
Migration > Migration from Burma > Economics of migration from Burma/Myanmar -
Foreign Relations > Thailand-Burma relations


Title: Three years, zero landmines cleared
Date of publication: 14 July 2014
Description/subject: "Since the Scotland-based HALO Trust started work in Afghanistan in 1988 and Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA) cleared its first mine in Cambodia in 1992, the two NGOs have cleared and destroyed several million landmines and explosive weapons from conflict zones around the world. Their total haul in Myanmar? Zero. “It is very frustrating,” says Henry Leach, HALO Trust representative in Yangon. “We are the biggest operator in the world but have not cleared a single mine in Myanmar in three years of being here.” Aksel Steen-Nilsen, NPA program manager, says he is packing his bags and heading to Cambodia where there is de-mining work still to do. However, NPA will remain in Myanmar, working on all sides in continuing efforts to unblock an impasse built on decades of enmity and distrust. In the meantime, mines keep maiming and killing. No one knows for sure how many because there is no compilation of data by the warring parties. The NPA estimates 300 to 500 people, many of them civilians and children, are blown up each year. The southeast is perhaps the most mine-dense region in the world..."
Author/creator: Guy Dinmore
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times" (English)
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Landmines > Reports and maps covering anti-personnel landmines and Burma/Myanmar


Title: Unravelling the minimum wage
Date of publication: 10 July 2015
Description/subject: "They are hoping to be allowed inside so they can apply for a job. Some already have work nearby, but they have heard the United Knitting Company is offering a relatively high rate for unskilled workers of K90,000 per month, and are hoping to switch. The standard monthly pay for a semi-skilled garment factory worker in Yangon is K95,000, including a base wage of roughly K40,000, a bonus of around the same value, an award and several payments made at the discretion of the factory owner, according to U Thet Hnin Aung, secretary of the Tai Yi Basic Labour Organisation and a member of the Myanmar Trade Unions Federation. “They usually pay the bonus, but there is no security. If we’re absent for one day, they can take some of these payments away,” he said. This is likely to change at the end of next month, when a national tripartite body will finalise details of Myanmar’s first minimum wage. On June 29, the National Minimum Wage Committee announced a provisional base wage of K3600 per day, and opened a two-month window for comment. Since then, factory workers and owners have fervently debated this figure, with owners saying they will pay no more than K2500 and workers saying they will agree to a minimum of K4000. Businesspeople from China and South Korea have threatened to shut their factories in Yangon if the K3600 wage is enacted, saying that costs are already high due to low productivity and poor infrastructure. For the workers, inflation and unstable commodity prices mean they may not be able to survive on less. On the current wage, many workers in Yangon are forced to live outside factory walls in structures built from bamboo and plastic sheeting. Some live beside large pools of stagnant water – breeding grounds for dengue-carrying mosquitoes. Healthcare options are limited and expensive..."
Author/creator: Clare Hammond and Nyan Lynn Aung
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times" (English)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
ML > Labour issues > Labour issues in Burma


Title: International Labour Organisation (ILO)
Description/subject: Link to the main ILO section of OBL
Language: English (some Spanish and French)
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
ML > Labour issues > International labour standards and mechanisms


Title: Ministry reveals CSR history for country’s largest oil and gas firms
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Description/subject: "The corporate social responsibility (CSR) contributions made by international oil companies operating in Myanmar have been made public for the first time, with France’s Total E&P Myanmar at the top of the list. The Ministry of Energy (MoE) has released figures dating back to 1998, on the CSR programs carried out by international oil companies working onshore and offshore in cooperation with the government..."
Author/creator: Aung Shin
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
ML > Human Rights > Various Rights > Business and Human Rights (Burma/Myanmar-related)


Title: Government signs Dawei agreement with ITD – again
Date of publication: 07 August 2015
Description/subject: "The new consortium includes ITD, Japanese-Thai joint venture Rojana Industrial Park Public Company and LNG Plus International Company, also from Thailand, according to a statement by Damien Dujacquier, a partner at consultant Roland Berger. Late last year, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe confirmed he would support the economic zone in Tanintharyi Region which aims to link the Andaman Sea to Bangkok and the Gulf of Thailand. However, there was no mention of Japan’s participation in the August 5 statement. “The agreement marks a significant milestone in Myanmar’s economic development,” said Mr Dujacquier. “The zone is expected to create hundreds of thousands of jobs in the long term and contribute up to 5 percent of Myanmar’s GDP [gross domestic product] by 2045.” The ambitious project has been in the works for many years. The governments of Myanmar and Thailand first signed a memorandum of understanding to develop the area in 2008, then in 2010 Myanmar granted a 60-year concession to ITD to develop a deep sea port, industrial estate, and road and rail link to Thailand..."
Author/creator: Clare Hammond
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times" (English)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
ML > Human Rights > Various Rights > Business and Human Rights (global, regional, thematic)
Activism and Advocacy (groups from Burma, solidarity groups, campaigns, publications)
Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with the region
Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with Japan
Economy > Burma's economic relations with various countries > Burma's economic relations with Thailand
Economy > Economic zones in Myanmar > Special Economic Zones (SEZs) > Dawei (Tavoy) Special Economic Zone


Title: Google site-specific search for "Myanmar" on ipu.org
Description/subject: About 1500 results
Language: English
Source/publisher: IPU via Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Elections (Burma) > The 2015 General Elections in Burma/Myanmar


Title: Inter-Parliamentary Union - search
Description/subject: Search for "Myanmar"- about 1800 results (August 2015)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Inter-Parliamentary Union
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 29 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Elections (Burma) > The 2015 General Elections in Burma/Myanmar


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 28 August, 2015
Date of publication: 28 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Friday 28 August, 2015
Date of publication: 28 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Pyithu Hluttaw Website (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: Hluttaw sessions and laws archives
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw Website
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=laws
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Pyithu Hluttaw (Burmese/ျမန္မာဘာသာ)


Title: Environmental Damage and Poverty Migration among Myanmar and its Neighbors
Date of publication: 28 August 2015
Description/subject: "In recent years migration studies have theorized that 21st-century migration is following patterns that both incorporate and diverge from academic and policymaking explanations of late 20th-century migration. The case of Myanmar, whose out-migration is well-known and well-enumerated, nevertheless shows both a less-known pattern of in-migration in rural areas as well as environmental (and not only economic) factors in both in- and out- migration. James Clifford’s earlier, Asia-Pacific-focused work Routes, published in 1997, was influential in modifying the conventional academic foci on migration. Addressing the “subjectivity” of the ethnographers of peoples and migrations and their subjects as more an issue of shared, though differing, ideas of movement and space, he brought a new awareness of the interplay between semantic webs purportedly possessed by fieldwork subjects and their would-be interpreters among scholars. He followed this work with a particular narrative of Native American migration in Returns, published in 2013. Both of these works open the door for new attempts to study and interview migrants in their own situations and to grasp the diversity of migration beyond push-pull factors. One burgeoning methodology within this new research initiative was that of ethnographic interviews with migrants. Clifford had revealed an extremely human, molecularly detailed side of interviewees and respondents. Newer works began to concentrate almost exclusively on the migrants’ own narratives and to pull slighter, more localized explanations from them in the same mode as Charmaz’s grounded theory. Here were the roots of ‘new migration’ ideas. With the wealth of published data becoming available from migrants worldwide, small and large differences between their experiences and general migration theory became more apparent...".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Lynn Thiesmeyer
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (69K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
ML > Migration > Migration from Burma > Migration from Burma: mixed and general articles and reports
Migration > Migration from Burma > Migrant Workers from Burma > Migrant workers from Burma : general and mixed articles and reports
Foreign Relations > Thailand-Burma relations


Title: Social Exclusion, Livelihoods, and Gender Violence: Burmese Muslim Refugees in Thailand
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "This work seeks to understand gender-­based violence and the connection between violence and livelihoods for refugees living in conditions of social exclusion. Through qualitative research consisting of 40 interviews, a market survey, and observation conducted among Burmese Muslim refugees in Thailand, this work analyzes the connection between livelihoods strategies, social exclusion, and gender-­based violence. Muslims are a marginalized group within Burma and experience ongoing discrimination while living in refugee communities in Thailand, which results in risk for several kinds of violence at multiple levels. The experiences of Muslim refugees living in Thailand offer insight into the conditions that shape violence for refugees more generally. Findings show that several factors contribute to the incidence of gender violence, including structural, community, and interpersonal stressors and constraints. These dynamics also shape violence, whether domestic abuse, harassment and assault within the refugee camp, or experiences with Thai authorities. By showing the complex conditions that shape gender-­based violence for refugees in this context, this work demonstrates the need for consideration of marginalized groups within refugee populations and the layered nature of the conditions that underpin dynamics of gender violence. This pa per concludes with consideration of the implications of these findings for the possibility of refugee return to Myanmar in the context of ongoing ethnic difficulty and livelihoods struggles.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Mollie Pepper
Language: English, Burmese and Karen
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (309K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
ML > Migration > Migration from Burma > Migrant Workers from Burma > Migrant workers from Burma : general and mixed articles and reports
Human Rights > Discrimination > Religion or belief: discrimination based on > Discrimination against Muslims
Foreign Relations > Thailand-Burma relations


Title: From ‘Unidentified Corpse’ To ‘Hometown Association’ : The Standing of Self in The Religious Sphere Among Myanmar Migrant Workers in Ranong, Thailand
Date of publication: 28 August 2015
Description/subject: "This article studies the practice of the standing of self among Myanmar migrant workers in Ranong province, Thailand, which occurs through hometown association constructed within the religious sphere. In the past, Myanmar migrant workers h ave been limited to a socially self-less existence due to their illegal status, the lack of government protection, and the rejection by local people. The lack of self is particularly evident in the “absence” of migrants’ deaths. Even more evident is the way that a deceased migrants’ body has been assigned the status of “the unidentified corpse” and “the object of merit” to be “stored” in the cemetery to await the “cemetery cleansing ceremony” (พิธีล้างป่าช้า), initiated by local people of Chinese descent. Over the past ten years, improved legal status and more flexible state policy has brought about many religious activities and religious gatherings among mig rants. Arising from this phenomenon are “hometown associations” which oversee social welfare and life quality improvements for migrants. In particular, funeral associations assist in proper handling of deceased migrants, by seeking relatives, seeking bodies of the deceased, organizing public processions for the deceased bodies, arranging funeral ceremonies, as well as transporting bodies of the deceased across the border to Myanmar. In effect, these hometown associations are transforming “the unidentified corpse” (ศพไร้ญาติ) into “the identified body” (ศพมีญาติ), entitled to proper religious traditions, social space and dignity akin to the locals. By this implication, the “corpses” of migrants are not only lifeless bodies but a “place” which has been constructed and given social meaning as a site of negotiation of translocal subjects. There is an emerging practice in which migrants effectively stand for the “presence” of self through translocal networks, arising from the rebuilding of neighborhoods and communities in host country through the religious sphere.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Nattchawal Pocapanishwong
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (6.1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
ML > Migration > Migration from Burma > Migrant Workers from Burma > Migrant workers from Burma : general and mixed articles and reports
Migration > Migration from Burma > Migration from Burma: mixed and general articles and reports
Human Rights > Migrants, Rights of > Migrants' rights: reports of violations
Foreign Relations > Thailand-Burma relations


Title: Mon Diaspora and the Relationships with their Homeland
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "This article aims to explain the relations of Mon diaspora at Baan Wang Ka, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand with their homeland. It argues that such relationships are diverse and reflect the complexity of notion of “Bifocality” explaining that homeland is the place of spiritual and cultural roots while host countries are more associated with economic and livelihoods. Mon diaspora has been living in Baan Wang Ka since AD. 1948. The ethnic suppression policies in Myanmar are the major cause of transnational mobility of these people, although, in the later periods, some of them left their homeland to go to Thailand for trading and eventually resettled at the village. Currently, Mon people in the village include four generations who were from Myanmar and heirs of those from Myanmar, however these people associate with their homeland differently. Some relate to their homeland as the place of spiritual and identity of Mon origin. For others, their connections to homeland have to do more with economic than cultural and spiritual dimensions. Such diverse relationships related to not solely generation differences and causes of migration, but also individual’s experience, economic opportunity, legal status, social status in Thailand as well as religious belief. On another score, the diversity of relationships has also associated with their homeland and host country contexts.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Patcharin Lapanu
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (232K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
ML > Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Mon (cultural, political)
Migration > Migration from Burma > Migration from Burma: mixed and general articles and reports
Activism and Advocacy (groups from Burma, solidarity groups, campaigns, publications)


Title: "Voice Up" Volume 6, January 2015
Date of publication: January 2015
Description/subject: Mon youths make a video to promote the Elimination of Violence against Women...Khaw Zar Residents Live in Fear Future Kidnappings by Unknown Armed Group...Border Government School Teachers Dissatisfied with their Salaries...Domestic migration becomes a big challenge for the Mon people...Abduction Victims Secretly Flee Their Native Khaw Zar...A Number of Government School Mon language Teachers Have not Received their Salaries...Four Khawzar Town Residents Remain Held Hostage by Unknown Armed Group...Three-Year-Old Girl Abused and Threatened by Step-Mother...Twelve Hnee Padaw Households Face an Uncertain Future as Fire Destroys Their Homes
Language: English
Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
Format/size: pdf (354K)
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
ML > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Mon > Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP) > "Voice Up"


Title: Law Amending the Law on the Organization of Union Government Positions - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 47/2015 (Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 28 July 2015
Description/subject: Provisional English title.
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw via Myanmar Alin
Format/size: pdf (167K)
Date of entry/update: 28 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 27 August, 2015
Date of publication: 27 August 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:-Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament) Roundup: "Nay Pyi Taw, 26 Aug— The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on Wednesday approved a proposal to take out two loans from international development lenders. The Asian Development Bank’s ASEAN Infrastructure Fund will provide US$260 million while the French Development Agency will provide 40 million euros. Officials have said that the loans will be provided to the Ministry of Construction, the Ministry of Electric Power and the Mandalay Region Government and used to speed up several development projects. U Mahn Kan Nyunt of Kayin State constituency argued in favour of the loans, saying that upgrading the Asian Highway from Eindu to Kawkareik will benefit surrounding regions, including Kayin State and the Greater Mekong Sub-region. He stressed the need for fair compensation to be paid to those who lose farmland located within the project site area. Daw Nan Say Ewa of Hpaan constituency also supported the road improvement project, saying that it will boost trade volumes between Myanmar and India and create jobs. The session also saw MPs express wide support for adopting an optional protocol governing the involvement of children in armed conflicts as per the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CROC). According to Deputy Minister U Tin Oo Lwin, 159 countries have already signed up to the protocol, including eight out of 10 ASEAN members. “The signing of the protocol will serve as convincing evidence of Myanmar’s commitment to protect the rights of its children,” he added. Parliament also approved the broadcasting bill.".....Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) Roundup: "Nay Pyi Taw, 26 Aug—The Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development is using special funds on top of the existing budgetary allocation to prevent water being contaminated by arsenic in 200 villages, said Deputy Minister U Tin Ngwe during the Pyithu Hluttaw session on Wednesday. The deputy minister said that efforts were stepped up to lay deeper tube wells for drinking water after a survey detected arsenic in tube wells less than 400 feet deep. He added that the ministry has allocated K 1.22 billion to laying 123 deep tubewells in 115 villages during 2015-16 financial year. During the same session, parliament approved the blood and blood material bill as well as the organ donation bill. Meanwhile Deputy Minister Dr Daw Thein Thein Htay spoke about the ministry’s determination to address the needs of the most vulnerable, including infants, children and pregnant women. She said that all efforts are geared towards meeting the United Nations’ development goals and that the government has increased health spending year on year since it entered office."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Fisheries eye recovery: Govt gives fingerlings to flood-hit fish farmers...Motorcade tourism on the rise: H&T Ministry...Yedaguntaung Golf Course to be upgraded...Students receive free dental care...Free cattle feed and medicines distributed...Myoma Band to celebrate 90th anniversary...Youth take part in military training and first-aid course...Shopkeepers encouraged to sell iodized salt..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: PSC signed for Mottama M-7 offshore-block...ADB to provide US$3m for flood relief...Japan’s Kirin Co. to put 55% investment in production of Myanmar Brewery Ltd...Australian Gov’t donates technological equipment to Myanmar Police Force...Vice-Senior General Soe Win tours Thailand, discusses military affairs...Union Home Affairs Minister meets UN reps...Myanmar strengthens economic ties at 29th AME meeting...Thai companies donate aid to Myanmar’s flood victims...Aid from China reaches out flood-hit Monyo..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Replanting after the floods" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLE: "Keep Our Mind Pure Be Good to Others" by Htun Tin Htun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 27 August, 2015
Date of publication: 27 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 27 August, 2015
Date of publication: 27 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Pyithu Hluttaw 21 August, 2015
Date of publication: 22 August 2015
Description/subject: "Nay Pyi Taw, 21 Aug—Myanmar has planted over 200 acres of star bean on a trial basis and has plans to export the crop, Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than told the Pyithu Hluttaw on Friday. Responding to a question on cultivation of the crop, the deputy minister told the Lower House that farmers had permission to grow the crop, also known as the winged bean. In other matters, the deputy minister said the ministry was in the process of transferring a plot of land in Mandalay, including a construction site, to the government. Representatives discussed two bills during the session, passing the bill on roads and bridges."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyithu Hluttaw via "The Global New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (420K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=meeting/%E1%80%95%E1%80%91%E1%80%99%E1%80%A1%E1%82%80%E1%80%80%E...
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw sessions for 2015


Title: Law and conflict in Myanmar
Date of publication: 11 August 2015
Description/subject: "...in Myanmar, while law has at times been used to manage and avoid conflict, it can also exacerbate it. This is evident when looking at three areas of legal reform between 2010 and 2015: structural, economic and social reforms. Structural reforms established the country’s new constitutional and legal system. Many of these laws were intended to avoid conflict between institutions, primarily by giving the President and the executive significant control, including over the courts. And while many offices and institutions may sound new, they are rather old institutions or positions that have been rebranded, such as references to the former chairman of the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) being replaced with the President. Further, the new laws passed since 2010 continue to subordinate the courts to executive and parliamentary control. In fact, the courts are the branch of the government that has been least affected by the transition process. Meanwhile, Myanmar’s economic reforms have been geared towards greater foreign investment and the market economy, including the banking sector, the establishment of special economic zones, and potential reform of the Company Law. These economic reforms generally prevent individuals from challenging government decisions in court, and have also generated conflict between local stakeholders and foreign investors. One of the first and most significant laws passed in terms of economic reforms was the Foreign Investment Law. This raised tension between local and foreign interests include rights to land use, tax concessions, and standards in terms of labour requirements for skilled positions..."
Author/creator: Melissa Crouch
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Law and Constitution > Rule of Law - Burma/Myanmar-specific


Title: The threat of Myanmar’s extremist monks
Date of publication: 27 August 2015
Description/subject: "Rhetoric, violence and growing influence could derail the country’s political transition... The Association for the Protection of Race and Religion—a group of nationalist Buddhist monks in Myanmar—has been rapidly gaining political clout in recent months. More commonly known by its Burmese-language acronym Ma Ba Tha, the group has scored several major policy victories, demonstrating the extent to which it has the capacity to influence Burmese politics as the 2015 general election approaches. As Ma Ba Tha has expanded its reach, questions about its connections to the Myanmar government and the ruling Union Solidary and Development Party (USDP) have emerged..."
Author/creator: Oren Samet
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Burmese Buddhism and Society


Title: Pyidaungsu and Pyithu Hluttaws 20 August, 2015
Date of publication: 21 August 2015
Description/subject: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: "Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Aug— The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on Thursday decided to suspend discussion on the recall bill, with members of parliament voting 264 in favour and 235 against the bill. Defence services representative Brig-Gen Tint Hsan called for rapid enactment of the bill, saying the Constitution provided all citizens with the right to recall their representatives considered as dishonest. He also stressed that legislative bodies were responsible for protecting the fundamental rights of the citizens..."...Pyithu Hluttaw: "Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Aug — The government has no plans to extend the pension payment scheme for civil servants who retired as of 1 April 2015 to those who retired before the date, Deputy Minister for Finance Dr Lin Aung told the Pyithu Hluttaw on Thursday. The deputy minister made the statement in response to a question raised by Dr Soe Yin of Kamayut Constituency during the 12th regular session of the Lower House."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu and Pyithu Hluttaw via The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (419K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.pyithuhluttaw.gov.mm/?q=event/day/2015-08-20
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Sessions of all three hluttaws > Hluttaw sessions for 2015


Title: Religious Networks of Tai Buddhists across the China-Myanmar Border
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: INTRODUCTION: "This paper will explore the relationship between the local Buddhist practices of Tăi people who cross the border between China and Myanmar and the religious policy of the two countries, in which these movements are situated. I shall explore the question of how the monks and holu, experts in Buddhist rituals, migrate from Myanmar to revive their local religious practices after the Cultural Revolution in China. The next question is how local people recognise the Buddhist practices which originated from Myanmar. By answering these questions, I will explore the practices of the border area between China and Myanmar, and disclose an aspect of Myanmar Buddhism which is invisible from the viewpoint of national religious institutions...".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Takahiro Kojima
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (89K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Burmese Buddhism outside Burma
Foreign Relations > China-Burma relations


Title: The Rise of Anti-Muslim Hate Speech Shortly Before the Outbreaks of Mass Viol ence Against Muslims in Myanmar
Description/subject: Abstract: "Anti-Muslim sentiment is not a new phenomenon in Myanmar but it is deeply rooted in its pre-­independence history. Throughout the military junta in Myanmar, the escalation of anti-­Muslim hate speech aimed to instigate Buddhist-­Muslim riots in order to deflect the people’s anger and exasperation away from the military regime. Since 1988 when the military ruled Myanmar, anti-­Muslims hate and dangerous speech have been mainly circulating in the print media, and nowadays particularly on social media in Myanmar although most of the people in rural areas cannot access the internet. Anti-­Muslim hate speech and propaganda such as pamphlets, leaflets, DVDs, VCDs, CDs, posters and others have been distributed in some parts of Myanmar right before outbeaks of mass violence against Muslims such as the anti-­Muslim riot in Mandalay (1997), the anti-­Muslim riot in Taungoo (2001), and the anti-­Muslim riot in Meikhtila (2013). Based on interviews and documents such as pamphlets, leaflets, DVDs, VCDs, and CDs, and sermons, as well as interviews given by nationalists and nationalist Buddhist monks, this paper analyses speech acts that promote anti -­‐ Muslim sentiment, which is a precondition for instigating anti-­Muslim violence. This pap er argues that promotion of anti-­Muslim sentiment has always escalated shortly before the outbreaks of mass violence against Muslims in Myanmar. The contribution of this paper is to call attention to a dynamic that could lead to atrocities against Muslims in Myanmar.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Ye Myint Win
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (354K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Ethnic and religious violence and discrimination > Anti-Muslim violence and discrimination - Myanmar - General articles and analysis
Ethnic and religious violence and discrimination > Anti-Muslim violence and discrimination - incidents and the humanitarian situation


Title: The Social Relationship of Myanmar Migrant Workerrs In Malaysia: An Ethnographic Study
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Migration for employment has been a global challenge in today’s world along with the rising figure of world migration population. For that reason, the drawbacks of labour migration need to be managed effectively based on understanding the real context of migrant workers in the country in which they work. Based on the pursuit of this interest, an ethnographic study has been been conducted to explore the social relationship among Myanmar migrant workers in Malaysia since November 2014. The formulated research questions is: what does the social relationship mean among Myanmar migrant workers in Malaysia? More specifically, what difficulties do they face and how do they seek from their social networks in case of difficulties in Malaysia; and what social organizations contribute to meet the needs and difficulties of Myanmar migrant workers in Malaysia?...".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Khin Soe Kyi
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (254K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Migration > Migration from Burma > Migrant Workers from Burma > Migrant workers from Burma : general and mixed articles and reports
Migration > Migration from Burma > Migration from Burma: mixed and general articles and reports


Title: Ethnic Chin People Today: Livelihood, Migration, Internal Displacement and Exile
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "Last summer, I met a young Chin exile who came back from Australia to Yangon. He said he returns home once a year to do development in his village in Tedim Township in northern Chin State. According to this young man, although he experienced challenges in Malaysia as an exile before he reached the safe third country, he has now graduated in Australia and got a good job. So he wants to help his native villagers for their livelihood security. Thus, he set up a women group of weavers in five villages nearby his village to resume traditional textile weaving. He initiated financial support to buy them 10 wooden frame looms and all the required materials for weaving. He added “We Chin people exiles today are now escape from poverty and I am planning to do development program in my region to end the poverty.” He continued, “Currently, vision of many exile Chin people today is supporting any kind of development in their native villages individually or collectively.” In this paper, I will elaborate Chin people today should keep migrating out to escape from the multiple hardships in their native land so that not only for their better life but also they are able to support the remaining family by remittance and do development in their region as well.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Kyin Lam Man
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (186K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
ML > Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Chin (Zo)- economic, social, cultural, political
Administrative areas > Chin State


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 28 August, 2015
Date of publication: 28 August 2015
Description/subject: Exective: Republic of the Union of Myanmar Union Election Commission: Notification No. 51/2015: Daingnet Ethnics Development Party allowed to register as political party..... HLUTTAW SESSIONS: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament) Roundup: "Nay Pyi Taw, 27 Aug—Union Peace-Making Work Committee Vice Chairman Union Minister U Aung Min discussed the government’s ongoing efforts to achieve a nationwide ceasefire agreement at the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw session on Thursday. He said that despite attempts by successive governments to end armed struggles in Myanmar since the country won its independence, the complex political roots of various conflicts has made it difficult to find a solution. Therefore, President U Thein Sein has invited ethnic armed groups to take part in political dialogue with the aim of reaching a consensus for achieving peace. Union Minister U Aung Min also noted that the president Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament) Roundup has formed the Union Peace-Making Central Committee and Union Peace-Making Work Committee to speed up peace efforts. He praised the government for reaching 39 bilateral agreements with 15 ethnic armed groups. He went on to say that the Nationwide Ceasefire Coordination Team of the ethnic armed groups is currently negotiating the terms of a nationwide ceasefire agreement after signing Deed of Commitment for Peace and National Reconciliation..."...Pyithu Hluttaw: "Nay Pyi Taw, 27 Aug— Pyithu Hluttaw approved the amendment for the Industrial Bill at the Thursday’s session. Pyithu Hluttaw’s bill committee read out the salient points in the canal bill for mercantile marine transportation submitted by the Ministry of Transport. The Ministry of Transport also submitted the bill amending Myanmar Lighthouse Act while the Ministry of Rail Transportation presented the bill amending road transport. Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann announced successful completion of the Pyithu Hluttaw session after explaining the tasks of the 12th regular session of the Hluttaw. In the session, union level officials replied to 1,666 questions of 1,793. MPs have discussed 80 bills of 96 while there remain 16 bills in discussion process."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Hanthawaddy airport project completion postponed to 2022...Myanmar to fall short of 2m tonne rice export target...MYANMAR GAZETTE...Myanmar moves to fight poverty through community-based projects...Party political broadcasts to be aired from 8 Sept...Vice-Senior General Soe Win and party arrive back Yangon...Nutritional Promotion Week Campaign held in Yangon...Fujiwork to conduct Forklift Safety Training Program at Thilawa SEZ...MCDC improves sanitation and road conditions in municipal area...Yamethin Township upgrades five basic education schools...Masonry and Steel-making course delivered to 20 rural youth trainees...Hsedawgyi Dam delivers..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Appointment of Ambassador agreed on...Thai medical team arrives in flood-hit delta region...Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann meets Indian Ambassador...Commander-in-Chief meets with Thailand’s PM...Daw Maw Maw presents Credentials to King of Norway...Union FM receives UNDP official..... "PERSPECTIVES: "When silence is no longer golden" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Communicating Parliament" by Tobias Flessenkemper..."A Day’s Visit to Thanlyin" by Dr. Saw Mra Aung
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 27 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 26 August, 2015
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Roundup: "Nay Pyi Taw, 25 Aug — Pyidaungsu Hluttaw representatives approved a US$400 million loan from the World Bank on Tuesday. The loan will be split between the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development and the Ministry of Electric Power. U Maung Toe of Minhla constituency supported the loan and said that although parliament has already approved over US$ 1.4 billion in foreign loans, low interest rates on the loans make further ones vi-able. Daw Tin Nwe Oo MP disagreed. She said that any spending on unnecessary projects should be cut and stressed that taking another loan while the US dollar prices is rising against the kyat is unwise. The loan was approved by the majority of members during a vote that followed discussions. Meanwhile, the newly appointed Union Minister for Defence Lt-Gen Sein Win and Union Minister for Border Affairs Lt-Gen Kyaw Swe gave an oath before the Hluttaw speaker. Representatives also passed a bill amending the constitutional law as well as the Myanmar Red Cross Society Bill." ...Pyithu Hluttaw (Lower House) Roundup: "Nay Pyi Taw, 25 Aug — Myanmar’s financial rules do not allow state-run economic organisations to deposit money in private banks, said the Deputy Governor of the Central Bank of Myanmar U Set Aung on Tuesday. The deputy governor was responding to a question raised by U Ohn Ngwe, MP for Myaung. He said that the government’s economic organisations may only open bank accounts at Myanma Economic Banks and added that state-owned banks are permitted to take part in the treasury bill auction and deposit auction as a means of raising revenue to cover expenses. He noted that the Central Bank of Myanmar considers Myanma Economic Bank as a non-competitive bidder in deposit auctions, which is in line with the country’s monetary policies. Meanwhile, U Than Oo of Myawady constituency asked about whether there are plans to reduce toll gate fees for vehicles owned outside Yangon Region. Deputy Minister at the President Office U Kyaw Kyaw Win responded by saying that Yangon City Development Committee currently gives exemptions of toll gate fees to buses, departmental vehicles, government vehicles and cargo trucks. He did not state whether reduced fees for general traffic from outside Yangon is on the cards. The Hluttaw session also approved a bill which amended a 2012 Pyithu Hluttaw Law as well as the Vehicle bill. Secretary of Pyithu Hluttaw Investment and Industrial Development Committee U Kyi Tha read out the industrial bill to members prior to voting."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS:Two chief ministers to retire...Six elephants being shooed back to Bago forest...50 bills left with a week to go...Chaungshay villagers call for lake to be dredged - Than Tin Aung...Seed program aims to revive paddy cultivation...Students given textbooks and stationery after floods...Flood-hit bridge to be repaired by the end of the month..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: US, Canada back minimum wage - North America keen to see minimum wage adopted with ‘no exemptions’ in Myanmar - By Aye Min Soe...Meeting held to discuss USD-kyat exchange rates...New batch of ministry tour guides begin training...Vice-Senior General Soe Win visits Thailand after Japan visit...ICRC calls on Commander-in-Chief...Myanmar hands over 125 boat people to Bangladesh...Thai clubs eye striker Aung Thu...Yadanarbon FC to go head-to-head with Ayeyawady United in grand final..... "PERSPECTIVES": "What don’t journalists and historians have in common?" - By Myint Win Thein.....ARTICLE: "Keep Our Mind Pure Be Good to Others" - By Htun Tin Htun.....POEM: "Success of the Peace Process"- Lokethar
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: Armed conflict: The beginning of the end
Date of publication: 25 August 2015
Description/subject: "Myanmar took a huge step forward on August 7. The government concluded its negotiations with ethnic armed groups over a nationwide ceasefire to end more than 60 years of civil war...Without doubt, it will be yet another test for all parties whether they are truly committed to peaceful political dialogue to resolve the nation’s long-running armed conflict. As the political negotiations will focus on power-sharing, resource-sharing and many other pressing issues, the process is likely to test the endurance of all stakeholders, as well as their ability to compromise and think of the bigger picture. Despite the hurdles ahead, Myanmar seems determined to move forward. The signing of the nationwide ceasefire agreement will help the election environment, which will in turn reinforce the notion of inclusive democracy that friends of Myanmar hope to see flourish here..."
Author/creator: Aung Naing Oo
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 26 August, 2015
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (13MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 26 August, 2015
Date of publication: 26 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 25 August, 2015
Date of publication: 25 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (10MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 25 August, 2015
Date of publication: 25 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Urbanization: The Structures of Sustainable Urban Landscape of Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "With the major economic system changes, many new developments are observed in every sector of Myanmar. Urban landscaping is an integral part of modern urban construction and also presents the development of economic conditions. One of the most important factors of urbanization is population size. Urbanization is developed rapidly, based on rural-­‐urban migration and natural growth of cities and towns. As urban area develops changes occur in the landscape such as buildings, roads, recreational sites. etc. Although the country’s population remains largely rural because of Myanmar economy is based on agriculture, urban population growth was faster than spatial growth. Yangon is Myanmar’s largest urban area. However, spatially it grew between 2000 and 2010, increasing at a rate of 0.5% a year, from 370 square kilometers to 390. This paper studies many social (traffic congestion, waste disposal, water problems) and environmental issues (pollution) in urbanization and concludes that long-­‐term solutions to these problems. Therefore this paper presents the structure of urban landscape of some significant features within Myanmar and the controlling factors to this urban landscape. If population growth and urbanization are given sufficient attention in economic policies which must seek to manage for the sustainable future urban landscape of Myanmar.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Thin Thin Khaing
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (2.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
ML > Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Urban development
Environment (being reorganised and extended) > The global environment > Law and policy related to the global environment > Environmental and social impact assessments
Economy > Development > Sustainable development
Economy > Rural economy
Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Rural development in Burma/Myanmar


Title: The Value of Life in Myanmar Theravada Buddhist Thought
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "...The first question mainly concerns with the characteristic of human life. The answer for this question is that which characteristic and quality are involved in human life. The second question chiefly regards with the cause or the origin of human life. Regarding this, there are some alternative questions such as 'How did life get here'?' Why are we here'?' How did life start'? etc. The third quest ion is very clear that it investigates the meaning of human life. The last question is also clear that it is searching for the value and purpose of human life. It is making assessment of the value and purpose of life in various philosophical systems. This paper mainly concerns with the last question. Many ordinary men may think that the value and purpose of life lies in the concept of fame, status, power, wealth etc. However, most philosophers never regard fame, status, power, wealth as the true value and purpose of life. Instead, they advocates happiness, harmony, knowledge etc are the true value of life.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Tun Shwe
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (216K)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Buddhism and society, Buddhist Ethics
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Burmese Buddhism and Society
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism in Burma - general


Title: A Religious Study on the Construction of Oo-­‐Pwar Pagoda and Its Sculptures
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "This paper is written with the purpose of knowing why Buddhist people worship pagoda and Buddhism is not symbolism. Myanmar culture is an integral part of Buddhism. While there is an abundance of artistic material throughout Myanmar, many people do not know that these artistic pagodas and their sculptures are related with the meaningful background. Therefore, this paper is presented based on Oo-­‐Pwar pagoda in Mandalay. Initially, it is presented which one is worthy to be a pagoda and how many kinds of pagoda are there. And then, the history of Oo-­‐Pwar pagoda and the standard of Myanmar art and architecture of that period are presented. And the construction of pagoda and its sculptures are also expressed. In which, each part of pagoda related with the teaching of Buddha is discussed. This topic is divided into three main parts, namely: meaning of pagoda, the construction of Oo-­‐Pwar pagoda and sculptures in the surrounding of the pagoda. This paper shows the background history, religious and traditional customs of the sculptures. And the fact can be seen that although Myanmar people are Theravāda Buddhists, they also do some of the practice of Mahāyana Buddhism and Hinduism as their own tradition. By doing this research, in the compound of pagoda, the tradition of ancient Myanmar are found evidently. The pagodas can be assumed as the religious things and the invaluable cultural heritages. Therefore, conservation of pagoda is beneficial to develop Buddhist religion and to conserve Myanmar cultural heritage.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Hnin Moe Hlaing
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (811K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism in Burma - general
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Buddhism and society, Buddhist Ethics
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Burmese pagodas and other religious buildings


Title: A Study of the Buddha Image Made of Bamboo-strips at the Myathabeik Foothill in Thaton, Mon State
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "After the lord Buddha Parinibbāna (pass away), the Buddhists have worshipped with devotion (1) Sarīrika Cetiya (Relics) (2) Dhamma Cetiya (Teachings) (3) Uddissa Cetiya (Images) (4) Paribhoga Cetiya (Bodhi tree and utensils) (5) Pāda Cetiya (foot-­‐prints of the Buddha) in memory of the Lord Buddha. Among these five different kinds of Cetiyas where there are images of the Lord Buddha on it, are called as Uddissa Cetiya. In traditions, the Lord Buddha Images are made of gold, silver, copper, iron, stone, wood and bamboo-­strips. Just as there are many differences with the materials used in carving sacred images there are also differences in shape, size and style. One image different from another in gesture (mudrā), sitting posture (āsana) and sacred throne (pallaṅka). A wonderful Hneephayargyi made of bamboo-­strips exists at the Myathabeit foothill in Thaton, Mon state. A group of six young craftsmen who made the image was led by Sayar Myint Naing Oo. Unlike other images, there are interesting and wonderful features in the creating of this particular Hneephayargyi. Therefore, this monograph on the brief history of statues and images and the creating of Hneephayargyi are compiled and presented so that Buddhists may not only revere and strengthen their faith, but it may also, be of partial help to those who want to find out and study Buddhists arts. Key words: the impressive capability of the Myanmar’s handicraft."......Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Myint Myint Than
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (233K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Burmese pagodas and other religious buildings
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism in Burma - general
Archaeology > Archaelogy-artifacts


Title: “The Encased Buddhist Monuments and Buddha Statues found in Myanmar”
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "Myanmar is the richest Buddhist monuments with the Buddha Statues in the world. There are a large number of Buddhist monuments inventoried by the Department of Archaeology and National Museum in Myanmar. All these monuments for the restoration and conservation works have been undertaken by the Department of Archaeology and National Museum, the Pagoda Trustees, and the Associations of Local Heritage Trust. A number of Buddhist Monuments have been conserved and preserved while a few of them need to be conserved and preserved in Myanmar. Among the Buddhist monuments found in Myanmar, some of them are the encased Buddhist monuments. Most encased Buddhist monuments were recovered at Bagan, located in the central part of Myanmar. Bagan is the richest Buddhist monuments and the richest archaeological sites in Myanmar. There are over three thousand Buddhist monuments still standing at Bagan.1 Among those monuments, there are around sixty encased Buddhist monuments at Bagan2. Some of them were found at Tamote Region and the Ancient City of Myin Saing in Kyaukse District, Aebya Region in Sint Kaing Township, Tagaung Region in Thabeik Kyin Township, Shwe Intein Pagoda to the west of Inle Lake, Ahlotaw Pauk Pagoda in the Inle Lake, Mwedaw Kakku Region in Shan State, Pakhangyi and Ma Oo Region in Yesagyo Township, Anaint Region in Monywa District, the Ancient City of Mrauk Oo in Rakhine State, and Yangon in Myanmar. Sometimes not only the encased Buddhist monument s have been found in Myanmar but also the encased Buddha Statues that were recovered at Ba gan and in the vicinity of Tamote Region. Most of them were the double encased monuments but a few of them were the third encased monuments recovered in the various p arts of Myanmar. Basically the encased Buddhist monuments may be classified into four types. They are the encased Buddhist Stupas, the encased Buddhist Temples, the Moathtaw Zedis (Stupas) with a circumambulatory corridor, and two or three small Stupas encased by a bigger Stupa on the same plinth 3. According to the architectural typologies of the encased monuments found in Myanmar, some of the inner Stupas were built in Pyu period 4 (1st to 9thCentury AD) while the outer Stupas were built in Bagan period and post Bagan periods such as Pinya, Inwa, Nyaung Yan, and Konbaung period. In Myanmar, the earliest encased Buddhist monuments were found in Pyu period while some of the encased Buddhist monumen ts in Myanmar have been found till to 17th and 18th centuries AD. In Myanmar, most encased Buddhist monuments can not be found easily. When the outer stupas were collapsed by the natural disasters such as earthquake, rain water, flood, wind, and vandalism, the inner stupas can be seen from the outside. Norm ally we can not say exactly that is an encased monument or not. Traditionally it was noted that it was an encased stupa and it was an encased temple for some encased monuments in Myanmar but some monuments had the strong inscriptional evidences although the inner stupa can not be viewed from the outside.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Ko Myo
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (811K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Burmese pagodas and other religious buildings


Title: Documents on statelessness related to Burma/Maynamr
Description/subject: Reports and articles by various sources - from 2008
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNHCR (Refword)
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2015
ML > Statelessness > Statelessness in Burma/Myanmar


Title: IRIN - Myanmar articles
Description/subject: 200 or so articles related to Burma/Myanmar....."IRIN's principal role is to provide news and analysis about sub-Saharan Africa, the Middle East and parts of Asia for the humanitarian community. The networks target decision-makers in relief agencies, host and donor governments, human-rights organisations, humanitarian advocacy groups, academic institutions and the media. Website: www.irinnews.org
Language: English
Source/publisher: Integrated Regional Information Networks (IRIN)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.irinnews.org
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2015
RR > News - Commentary/analysis about Burma/Myanmar


Title: Solidarity and resilience emerge in Myanmar
Date of publication: 21 August 2015
Description/subject: "How ordinary citizens stepped into the breach and responded to the nation’s worst disaster since Cyclone Nargis. A shirtless farmer trudges up to a semi-circle of singing volunteers. Without a word, he offs his military-issue motorbike helmet and pulls a 1000 kyat (US$ 1) note from the inner-rim, placing it gently on the loungyi (a wrap that often replaces trousers) laid out on the ground in front of a printed vinyl sign: “Taungoo Artists Group – Flood Victims Appeal”. He nods at the guitarist and shuffles back to the crowd, gathered to listen intently to songs honouring the victims of the flood written by local musicians and poets. Meanwhile, nine hours southeast a group of 15 students from an English language centre walk through the heavy rain in a small ethnic Karen, Buddhist town outside Karen State’s capital, Hpa-an. They hold a banner urging local residents to come out and donate to support Myanmar’s flood victims, although no insistence is needed..."
Author/creator: Justine Chambers & Gerard McCarthy
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2015
ML > Natural disasters in Burma/Myanmar > Flooding > Floods of 2015 > Floods of 2015 - UN and other reports
Civil Society


Title: 10-Year Campaign to End Statelessness - UNHCR
Description/subject: Large collection of legal and other documents on statelessness from UNHCR and other sources.
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNHCR
Format/size: html, pdf (70K)
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2015
ML > Statelessness > The statelessness conventions and UNHCR readings on statelessness


Title: Making knowledge count
Date of publication: 17 August 2015
Description/subject: "Academic discussions sometimes get a bad rap. They are deemed tedious, even irrelevant, with unfocussed rambling on topics of only minor concern... The Myanmar people will want to see how academic ideas can be made useful in their lives. Such research is often best when it focuses on long-term considerations and the types of problems, like natural disasters, that cannot fit into daily news coverage. With good planning, Myanmar could create for itself an enviable array of knowledge that helps to secure its future. After the next election, making decisions about research priorities for the years ahead should be high on the agenda for Myanmar’s new government."
Author/creator: Nicholas Farrelly
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 25 August 2015
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar - general
Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by levels of education > Tertiary (higher) education, training and capacity-building


Title: Myanmar's Smart Farmers - How low-cost solutions are keeping farmers in Myanmar one step ahead of climate change. (video)
Date of publication: 04 May 2015
Description/subject: "Practically isolated from the global market for 50 years, Myanmar is still largely dependent on agriculture. But the country is one of the most at risk from climate change and no one feels these pressures more than the rural smallholder farmers who make up the backbone of its food system and rural economy. Shorter monsoons and rising temperatures mean severe droughts have become more frequent in recent decades. This has led to higher levels of saltwater intrusion in important rice growing territories and an increase in the risk of complete crop failure. Proximity Designs is a social enterprise which was founded to provide farmers with low-cost, low-tech equipment to help them adapt and thrive in their changing environment. They ensure their products are both affordable and suitable by employing a team of data-gatherers to conduct thorough research within the farming communities. And thanks to a network of some 900 scooter-driving "field agents", their products can even find their way to the most remote parts of the country. Russell Beard travels to Myanmar to meet the innovators behind Proximity Designs and to see how their products and expertise are helping farmers stay one step ahead in a changing world."
Author/creator: Russell Beard
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Al Jazeera (Earthrise)
Format/size: Adobe Flash (15 minutes)
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2015
ML > Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Sustainable/alternative development > Sustainable/alternative development in and for Burma
Sustainable and Endogenous Development > Sustainable/alternative development > Roots and Resources - global and regional experience and analysis
Agriculture > Smallholder farming


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Monday 24 August, 2015
Date of publication: 24 August 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: 32 mil eligible voters - Nationwide electoral registers to be publicized in September...President meets locals in Kalay...Typhoons Goni, Atsani show signs of abating...National library law aims to ensure permanent preservation of country’s literary heritage - By Khaing Thanda Lwin...Experts discuss Myanmar’s environment...Engineers reopen Kanbalu- Htangon railroad section with repairing derailment of train...Flash flooding in Kyaukme returns to normalcy...Talks focus on preservation of Myanmar traditional culture...New school building under construction in Ngazun Tsp...Notification No. (48/2015), Union Election Commission Nay Pyi Taw. Five Defence Services Personnel representatives substituted...Union Election Commission Nay Pyi Taw Notification No. (49/2015), Three Defence Services Personnel representatives substituted...Main canal of Taungtha diversion weir under maintenance..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar, China showcase books in various subjects...President U Thein Sein sends messages of felicitations to Ukraine...Dy C-in-C visits places of interest in Tokyo...Myanmar, Indonesian artists perform entertainments at joint cultural show...ASEAN to “upgrade” FTAs with Japan, China and S. Korea by year-end...Union FM arrives back home after FEALAC’s 7th Foreign Ministers’ Meeting...Substitute Chit Naing nails winner for Myanmar...Myanmar national squad formed with 23 players..... "PERSPECTIVES": "The end justifies the means" - By Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "Getting down to the real nitty-gritty or crux related to the drug trafficking issue" - Tommy Pauk.
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 24 August, 2015
Date of publication: 24 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Monday 24 August, 2015
Date of publication: 24 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Burma’s Transition to “Disciplined Democracy”: Abdication or Institutionalization of Military Rule?
Date of publication: August 2011
Description/subject: Abstract: "Direct military rule has become rare in world politics. Today, most military regimes have either given way to some form of democracy or been trans formed into another form of authoritarianism. This article formulates an analytical framework for the detachment of militaries from politics and identifies positive and negative factors for a withdrawal. It then applies this framework to the case of Burma/ Myanmar, which is an example of deeply entrenched military rule. It is argued that the retreat from direct rule has brought with it a further institutionalization of military rule in politics, since the military was able to safeguard its interests and desi gn the new electoral authoritarian regime according to its own purposes. The article identifies the internal dynamics within the military regime as a prime motive for a reform of the military regime. Although the external environment has completely changed over the last two decades, this had only a minor impact on military politics. The opposition could not profit from the regime’s factionalization and external sanctions and pressure have been undermined by Asian engagement."... Keywords: military regime, civilian control, external influences, internal influences, competitive authoritarianism, Burma/Myanma
Author/creator: Marco Bünte
Language: English
Source/publisher: GIGA - German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA WP 177 /2011)
Format/size: pdf (916K-original; 867K-reduced version)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/Buente-2011-GIGA-wp177-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2015
ML > Dialogue/reform/transition - from military to civilian rule? > Dialogue/reform/transition in Burma/Myanmar - analyses and statements


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 23 August, 2015
Date of publication: 23 August 2015
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: President fulfils needs in Sagaing Region...Third hydropower station opened on Belu Creek...Comedians from Yangon donate household utensils to flood victims...One Stop Shop service for Pathein residents...Tatkon Tsp to spend K100 million on rural development...Defence family plant trees...Singapore donates books to Myanmar’s National Library - By Khaing Thanda Lwin...Myanmar Has Fought a good Fight [infrastructure]...REHABILITATION...Myanmar Cricket Federation to conduct training in Mon State - By Ko Moe..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar to share puppetry with Singaporean students - By Khaing Thanda Lwin...UNESCO initiates Training...People-centred project meets success in Tatkon township...American Centre, Asia Foundation donate books in Mandalay...Singapore donates books to Myanmar’s National Library - By Khaing Thanda Lwin...Myanmar’s Champ Tun Tun Min Vs Brazilian Jackson in All Star Big Fights - By Ko Moe...Myanmar secures two best awards at AFF Awards Night 2015..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Let’s kindle a ray of hope in flood victims" - By Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLE: "May The Dhamma Be With You" - By Htun Tin Htun .....LETTER TO THE EDITOR.
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 23 August, 2015
Date of publication: 23 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (12MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 23 August, 2015
Date of publication: 23 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 23 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Tourist Sites and Socio-­‐Cultural Changes: A Case Study in Taungtham Village
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "The aim of this thesis research is to explore the socio-­‐cultural changes due to tourism and how tourism related to local development. Tourism is one of the activities of human for pleasure. As more and more foreign tourists and domestic travelers have been visiting to Thaungthaman village’s tourist sites, impacts of tourism influence on the local business. The growth in tourism-­‐based industries, including sightseeing by boat, selling souvenirs and other local products to visitors has presented local residents with new options and alternative source of income. Besides, the financial returns from tourism activity are having an effect on the society. KII (Key informant interview), participant observation, FGI (Focus Group interview) were employed to get the data. As a result, this paper indicated that tourism is one of the opportunities to meet the peoples, who have not seen each other before, and to show and see the culture or places and to find the adventure.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Thida
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > Economy > Industry > Tourism
Tourism > Tourism in Burma - articles
Tourism > Tourism in Burma - critical


Title: "Voice Up" Volume 7, June 2015
Date of publication: June 2015
Description/subject: Parents asked to supplement Mon language teacher salaries in Mon State government schools...WCRP releases “Inaccessible and Under-Resourced: Concerns Over Education in "Rural Mon Communities”... ...Cholera outbreak in Three Pagodas Pass village ... Mon Women’s Party to compete in 2015 elections ... Koe-Mile village needs Women’s group and Women empowerment Training ...Financial woes for Mon State parents due to High School “tuition” fees ...10th Mon Women Day celebrated on Mawlamyine ...Dropout due to poor MNEC Secondary Education coverage in Thanbyuzayat and Mudon Townships, says education chairwoman ... Parents asked to supplement Mon language teacher salaries in Mon State government schools ...Three Pagodas Pass students face outbreaks of food poisoning and dengue fever ... Mon Youth Progressive Organization begins two-month Women’s Empowerment Training in Sangkhlaburi
Language: English
Source/publisher: Woman and Child Rights Project (WCRP)
Format/size: pdf (550K-reduced version; 1.6MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.rehmonnya.org/upload/Voice%20Up%20June%202015.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Mon > Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP) > "Voice Up"


Title: A Glance At The Dynamics Of The Traditional Social Networks Of Simihtun Village, Amarapura Township, Mandalay Region
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "The government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar is trying to upgrade all the sectors of society such as the economy, health, the environment and welfare in this transition period. Most of the researchers concerned with community development take into consideration material resources. It is necessary to take the social network into consideration in order to carry out the development of the society. This research aims to examine the dynamics of the Traditional Social Network of a village in Myanmar and to point out the various possibilities of traditional social networks in the context of community development. The study site is Simihtun village, Amarapura Township, Mandalay Region. It is situated in the suburban area of Mandalay. In this study, interviewing methods (KII, FGI) and observation methods were used. Research subjects are the leaders and members of the society. In the research area, there are social groups based on gender, tasks and age such as social groups of bachelors, an unmarried women’s group, a pagoda-­‐trusteeship group, an administration group, cooking groups and so on. The relationships among individuals or groups are shown through their social activities, and this study focuses on the traditional social networks based on these activities. What are the changes in traditional social networks? How does the social networks provide for the development of society? What are the hindrances encountered by social networks? The foregoing questions are examined in this research.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Thidar Htwe Win
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (3.4MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > Anthropology > Anthropological literature on development and social and cultural change
Politics and Government > Village and urban resistance
Civil Society


Title: The Role of Civil Society in Myanmar’s Democratization
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Myanmar is in the process of transition to democracy. Therefore, Promoting the culture of democracy and National harmony is of upmost importance. Democratic Culture is a culture in which all citizens can participate and feel that they have a stake. Civil society moved quickly to Democracy. The promotion of democratizing in Myanmar has become the main dominant theme in current situation. Myanmar's democratization efforts have encountered many pitfalls contradictions and dilemmas that have forced the government to alter its approach. Social capital serves as intermediaries between the state and private citizens and sometimes exercises delegated authority in specific areas (such as education, development and resource management). Civil society actors are non-­‐profit and non-­‐government. Civil actors build social capital. The civil society organization of horizontal accountability can help respecting law and exercised properly state authority.eg. President respected public opinion and suspended the construction of the Myitsone dam (Ayeyarwaddy river). The government openly invited International Organization for promotion and protection of human rights, cooperation with UN agencies and partners already held a number of workshops and seminars since 2000, so as to promote public awareness on Human Rights problems and promotion. The most prominent one is a vibrant and developed civil society is the bedrock of democracy. In accordance with the above mentioned factors, several research questions have been raised. How does civil society support Myanmar Democratization process? How much democracy can we legitimately and realistically expect from civil society? How does Myanmar government get political pact from civil society? This paper will be used qualitative research method based on case study. The government has em barked upon a series of reforms such as expansion of civil and political space allowing civil society to function freely.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Thin Thin Aye
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (2.2MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > Civil Society


Title: Burma’s Rohingya Stuck in Refugee Limbo in India
Date of publication: 15 September 2014
Description/subject: "When Kohinoor, a stateless Rohingya Muslim, fled her home in Burma after a wave of attacks by majority Buddhists, she hoped for a chance to rebuild her life in a new country. She knew she would have to trek for days with little food and water and risk her life being smuggled across borders by traffickers. But she and her family did not imagine their present life of destitution and discrimination in India, the country they had chosen as their refuge. “We were chased out of Burma. We were chased out of Bangladesh. Now we are in India, the people here tell us that India is not our country. So where will we go?” asked Kohinoor, 20, sitting in a makeshift tent on a patch of wasteland in southern Delhi..."
Author/creator: Nita Balla
Language: English
Source/publisher: Reuters via "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > Refugees > Burmese refugees in India


Title: End of Mission Statement by Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, 7 August 2015
Date of publication: 07 August 2015
Description/subject: Conclusion: "...Let me conclude by reaffirming my commitment to engage constructively and openly with the Government and all other stakeholders. While I am fully aware of the complexities of the situation in Myanmar and the reform process, I cannot hold Myanmar to a lower standard. I must continue to objectively assess the situation against the country’s own international human rights obligations. Ahead of the elections, one key recommendation I can make to the Government of Myanmar is to reconsider its fear and opposition to critical and independent voices. Civil society actors, journalists and ordinary citizens exercising their rights to freedom of expression, assembly and association are not threats; instead they are the voice of different communities and interests in Myanmar – in all its wonderful and rich diversity – and they play a vital role in contributing to and sustaining a robust democracy, and in advocating for the promotion and protection of human rights. They should be seen as partners and their actions and voices should not be restricted, but rather heard, facilitated and supported. I stand with you, the people of Myanmar, as you chart your way forward in this historic moment..."
Author/creator: Yanghee Lee
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: pdf, 236K; html
Alternate URLs: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=16309&LangID=E
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > The UN System and Burma/Myanmar > Other UN entities working on Burma (Myanmar) > Human Rights Council > Special Procedures > Country Mandates > UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar


Title: Myanmar: “Critical and independent voices are vital partners not threats” – UN rights expert
Date of publication: 11 August 2015
Description/subject: "... As Myanmar looks ahead to the upcoming elections in November – a milestone in the country’s transition to democracy – the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, Yanghee Lee, urged the Government to reconsider its fear and opposition to critical and independent voices. “Civil society actors, journalists and ordinary citizens exercising their rights to freedom of expression, assembly and association are not threats, but should be seen as partners in contributing to a robust democracy,” Ms. Lee stressed at the end of her five-day official visit* to the country. During her visit, the human rights expert noted the continuing arrests and convictions of civil society actors including students, political activists, workers, union leaders, farmers, community organisers and journalists, and met with several of these individuals detained in Insein and Tharawaddy prisons. “Many emphasized that they were not against the Government and simply wanted to bring about positive changes in the country,” she said. Given their vital role in any democratic society, prior to, during and after elections, the expert called for the immediate release of all such political prisoners, including those detained in connection with the Letpadan incident on 10 March 2015, during a police operation against student demonstrators and their supporters..."
Author/creator: Yanghee Lee
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015
ML > The UN System and Burma/Myanmar > Other UN entities working on Burma (Myanmar) > Human Rights Council > Special Procedures > Country Mandates > UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar


Title: Gender Equality and Cultural Norms in Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "Myanmar is giving increasing attention to gender inequality as an impediment to the development and attainment of human rights especially women’s rights. Realizing the close inter-­‐relationship between gender equality and cultural norms, a qualitative research study, “Raising the Curtain: Cultural Norms, Social Practices and Gender Equality in Myanmar" was undertaken with the objective of furthering the understanding of social and cultural norms in Myanmar and their impact for men and women in relation to family and community life, work, health and education. The study was implemented in May 2014 covering 543 women and men participants covering seven States and four Regions in Myanmar. This study illustrates that cultural norms and related social practices impact men and women throughout their lifespan, from the most deeply personal–the sense of self, body, confidence, love and marriage-­‐ to the practical organization and valuing of paid and unpaid work; education opportunities; health status and services; participation in community development and the affairs of the nation. Furthermore, it shows how social and cultural norms carry ideas of different functions and worth for men and women, impacting on their life opportunities. Women, regarded as ‘bearers and protectors of culture’, are often blamed for what are seen as disappearing cultural values and this can be a barrier to the realization of women’s rights and gender equality. Some salient recommendations from the study include i) using gendered lens on all developmental issues; ii) re-­‐framing gender equality from being seen as a ‘women’s issue’ to an issue of political advancement, human rights and democracy; iii) broaden the base in gender equality work from the circles of current activists, and engage people of different sexes, socioeconomic backgrounds, education levels, ethnicities, locations and abilities; iv) focus on gender inequality around concrete issues in peoples’ lives that have impact at both individual, collective levels.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Pansy Tun
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (177K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
ML > Women > Women's rights
Women > Articles, reports and sites relating to women of Burma
Society and Culture > Society and Culture, Burma/Myanmar - general studies
Anthropology > General anthropological literature: politics, society and culture
Anthropology > Anthropological literature on sex, marriage and kinship
Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Mon > Women and Child Rights Project (WCRP) > Women and Child Rights Project, home page, articles and reports


Title: Nat and Nat Kadaw : The Existence of the Local Cult in Myanmar Tradition
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "Myanmar has had the prosperous religion, traditional, and other forms of culture in their ways of life. Regarding of the religion, the long-­‐standing and extensive belief in holy and tutelary spirits (Nat) among Myanmese could be generally cited as the Myanmar’s tradition prior the Theravada. Then Buddhism has become to the official faith since King Anawrahta of Bagan dynasty instituted Theravada– a school of Buddhism– to be the principal religion in 11th century. Like Myanmar, other societies in Southeast-­‐Asia and all where the ancient belief and religion is respected and followed by those local people. Among the several Myanmar primitive cults, this article would like to raise the topic of the existence of colorful ritual which fully contains of high respect; Nat and Nat Kadaw (spirit and spirit medium). Actually, this traditional belief has been gradually illustrated by the scholars in different aspects, the classic one was written by the American anthropologist; Melford E. Spiro (1967). Three decades later, the specifically ritual book about the well-­‐known Myanmar local festival was completed by Yves Rodrigue (1995) and other views such as the intensive of this ritual, spirit and spirit medium have been still described by Bénédicte Brac de la Perrière (2009) and the other authors. This attractive cult, however, has still remained interesting phenomenon because the existence of the local be lief and rite has closely been in Myanmese ways of life from Buddhism belief, strict Buddhists and non-­‐Buddhist alliances. In addition, some interesting aspects are that how the Myanmar’s socio-­‐economic changing into the modern society effects to their local belief and spirit worship, how their social transition would affect to the people appealing, and how the Nat Kadaws play their roles and have relations under this context.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Patchareepan Ravangban
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (184K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Animism > The Nats
Society and Culture > Religion > Religion in Burma - general
Anthropology > Anthropological literature on religion and magic


Title: "Conservation of Cultural Heritage Buildings in Bagan Area"
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "This research paper would be conducted to integrate with cultural heritage buildings and new public buildings within the whole area of Bagan harmoniously. New public buildings such as hotels, motels, guest houses, inns, museum and viewing tower are constructed within old Bagan area, new Bagan area, area of inside city wall and Nyaung Oo area. The authority demarcated laws an d regulations, and building control plans within archaeological zone, monumental zone and preservation zone for constructing of new public buildings and then new public buildings must not construct within their demarcated areas. In present, new public buildings are influencing within the area of Bagan according to their site and setting, form and height. Bagan archaeological museum is influencing not only the environment of Gawdawpalin temple but also the whole Bagan area according to its massive form. And, viewing tower is also influencing with the height of building. Construction of new public buildings such as Bagan archaeological museum and viewing tower which can be compared in relation to their height and massiveness such as the height and form of Bagan monuments can lose the essence of Bagan from visual aspects. While taking every respect of old cultural heritage buildings, it is very important to consider ( i ) not to lose the value of cultural heritage buildings ( ii ) not to influence with site and setting ( iii ) not to influence with the form of building and ( iv ) not to obstruct with the height of building. Therefore, in depth research work should be conducted for the emergence of new public buildings in Bagan environment.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: San Nan Shwe
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (1.9MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
ML > Society and Culture > Cultural Heritage
Society and Culture > Society and Culture, Burma/Myanmar - general studies
Anthropology > Anthropological literature on material culture
Administrative areas > Cities
Archaeology > Archaeology - Pagan
Archaeology > Archaeology - current


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 21 August, 2015
Date of publication: 21 August 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw suspends discussion on recall bill: "Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Aug— The Pyidaungsu Hluttaw on Thursday decided to suspend discussion on the recall bill, with members of parliament voting 264 in favour and 235 against the bill. Defence services representative Brig-Gen Tint Hsan called for rapid enactment of the bill, saying the Constitution provided all citizens with the right to recall their representatives considered as dishonest. He also stressed that legislative bodies were responsible for protecting the fundamental rights of the citizens. U Aung Kyi Nyunt of the Magway Region constituency suggested a broader discussion of the differences between the Amyotha Hluttaw and the Pyithu Hluttaw in line with the remarks proposed by the Joint Bill Committee, warning that prompt approval of the bill would affect national reconciliation. U Nay Win Tun of the Shan State constituency and Daw Khin San Hlaing of Pale constituency argued in favour of further discussion. During the session, the parliament put on record the monogamy bill and the religious conversion bill, with Deputy Minister Daw Lei Lei Thein expounding the possibility of Myanmar signing the third protocol to amend the Agreement on Trade in Goods under the Framework Agreement on Comprehensive Economic Cooperation between ASEAN and South Korea."...Pyithu Hluttaw: No extension of pension scheme planned: Ministry of Finance: "Nay Pyi Taw, 20 Aug — The government has no plans to extend the pension payment scheme for civil servants who retired as of 1 April 2015 to those who retired before the date, Deputy Minister for Finance Dr Lin Aung told the Pyithu Hluttaw on Thursday. The deputy minister made the statement in response to a question raised by Dr Soe Yin of Kamayut Constituency during the 12th regular session of the Lower House. Pyithu Hluttaw Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann announced that the Hluttaw received the bill amending the Law Relating to the Election of the President and Vice Presidents and the bill amending the 2012 Pyithu Hluttaw Law sent back from the Amyotha Hluttaw. Deputy Minister for Construction U Soe Tint submitted bills amending the Road Law and Highway Law."..... DOMESTIC NEWS: UEC announces preliminary candidate lists...Irrawaddy dolphin spotted outside normal habitat range...MP criticizes suspension of recall bill...Money Expo 2015 commences at Tatmadaw Convention Hall...Workshop teaches techniques for counselling flood victims...Irrawaddy dolphin spotted outside normal habitat range...Vice president encourages int’l educational ties...CBM staff, foreign banks donate cash, rice for flood victims...Vice-Senior General Soe Win and party arrive in Tokyo...Chin State government gives shelter to landslide victims...River embankment under repair in KhinU Township...Flood-affected villages receive cattle vaccines...Ceramic merchants prepare for toy pot festival...Farmers learn monsoon paddy growing techniques..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar to hand over 126 more verified Bangladesh nationals to country of origin...Spouses of ASEAN Navy Chiefs observe maternal, child development act...U Myint Naung concurrently accredited as Ambassador to Romania...Senior General meets ASEAN naval chiefs ahead of 9th ANCM..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Stable policies before stable politics" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Foundation for the Future Force" by Tekathou Maung Myo Min
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 21 August, 2015
Date of publication: 21 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Friday 21 August, 2015
Date of publication: 21 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") archive > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2015


Title: Myanmar : Floods Emergency Situation Report No. 4 (as of 14 August 2015
Date of publication: 14 August 2015
Description/subject: Highlights: * More than 1.3 million people have been critically affected by monsoonal floods and landslides during July and August. A cumulative number of almost 300,000 households have been or remain displaced. * To date, 161 locations have been covered by Multi-sectoral Initial Rapid Assessments (MIRA), and 594 locations have been covered by rapid needs assessments in Ayeyarwady, Bago, Chin, Kachin, Magway, Rakhine and Sagaing. * The National Disaster Management Council (NDMC) has developed a draft rehabilitation plan for the states and regions affected by floods and Cyclone Komen. The plan focuses on early recovery efforts needed to remedy the impact on livelihoods and markets, as well as protection services.
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNOCHA
Format/size: pdf (243K)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
ML > Natural disasters in Burma/Myanmar > Flooding > Floods of 2015 > Floods of 2015 - UN and other reports


Title: ReliefWeb - Myanmar page
Description/subject: Reports of the 2015 floods plus other disasters as well as other political and economic events
Language: English
Source/publisher: ReliefWeb
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
ML > Natural disasters in Burma/Myanmar > Flooding > Floods of 2015 > Floods of 2015 - UN and other reports


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 22 August, 2015
Date of publication: 22 August 2015
Description/subject: HLUTTAW SESSIONS:- Pyithu Hluttaw: Agriculture and Irrigation Ministry outlines bean cultivation trial: "Nay Pyi Taw, 21 Aug—Myanmar has planted over 200 acres of star bean on a trial basis and has plans to export the crop, Deputy Minister for Agriculture and Irrigation U Ohn Than told the Pyithu Hluttaw on Friday. Responding to a question on cultivation of the crop, the deputy minister told the Lower House that farmers had permission to grow the crop, also known as the winged bean. In other matters, the deputy minister said the ministry was in the process of transferring a plot of land in Mandalay, including a construction site, to the government. Representatives discussed two bills during the session, passing the bill on roads and bridges."..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: Narrowing the gap Official dollar exhange rate moves closer to market price...NGO seeks support for children of leprosy patients...Cinema reopens in Hlinethaya Tsp...Public Health Dept lends a hand to flood victims in Sagaing...UEC postpones scrutiny of candidature...Dredging targets dengue mosquitoes in Mandalay...President U Thein Sein inspects post-flood rehabilitation progress in Sagaing Region...Democracy cannot thrive without peace: Senior General...Teenagers attend talks on health, development...Social assoc. hosts disaster management talk...Construction begins on Mandalay Region Hluttaw...Tram, train carriages arrive at Thilawa terminal...Non-formal education programme starts in Zalun Tsp..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: EU, Myanmar sign agreement on deployment of EU mission to observe elections...Speaker and EU Ambassador discuss general election..... "PERSPECTIVES": "SME development can lift living standards" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Reforestation made easy" by Khin Maung Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Global New Light of Myanmar" 2015


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 22 August, 2015
Date of publication: 22 August 2015
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar (archive from June 2003) > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2015


Title: UNOCHA Myanmar page
Description/subject: Links to various documents..."Since 2011, more than 240,000 people in total have been displaced in Myanmar. Two years on from significant outbreaks of inter-communal violence in Rakhine State, over 416,000 people remain in need of humanitarian assistance, including 140,000 in IDP camps and many others in isolated villages living in dire conditions with limited freedom of movement. In Kachin and northern Shan States over 119,000 people remain in need of humanitarian assistance, including over 98,000 people still displaced as a result of the conflict that erupted in June 2011. Some 50 per cent of them are staying in areas beyond Government control where humanitarian access is limited. Disaster preparedness also remains a major challenge as Myanmar is considered to be one of the countries at highest risk of natural disasters in South East Asia. There is a continued need for disaster risk reduction and activities aimed at strengthening national capacity to prepare for and respond to natural disasters..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2015
ML > Natural disasters in Burma/Myanmar > Flooding > Floods of 2015 > Floods of 2015 - UN and other reports