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Title: Magway Region
Description/subject: "Administration: Magway Region is made up of the districts of Magwe, Minbu, Thayet, Pakokku and Gangaw comprising 25 townships and 1,696 ward village-tracts. The capital is the city of Magwe (1994 population estimated at 300,000). Other major towns are Pakokku and Minbu..... Demographics: The population of Magway Region is 3,912,711 in 2014. Over 95% the people are Bamar, with very small numbers of minorities such as Chin, Rakhine, Karen, Shan, and others, including a tiny Anglo-Burmese population. During colonial times, this part of Burma had a large Anglo-Burmese population, descended from Western oil workers and their Burmese partners. Approximately 98% of the population is Buddhist."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipeida
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014
ML > Administrative areas > Magwe (Magway) Division


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 18 December, 2014
Date of publication: 18 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 18 December, 2014
Date of publication: 18 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 18 December, 2014
Date of publication: 18 December 2014
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: President U Thein Sein inspects multipurpose dam projects...Myanmar textile industry to mass produce quality cotton wear at fair price in future...Myanmar population increases by more than 230,000 in seven months...Union Religious Affairs Minister attends paper reading session of Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence...Skilled workers harvest rice crop by agricultural machinery...Writers lecture raising reading skills in Mohnyin...Specialists give free healthcare services to locals...Mdy High Court presents uniforms to staff...Nay Pyi Taw Council Area gets small- and medium-scale industrial zone...ADB officials conduct survey on traffic safety in Mandalay...Social organization members get knowledge about rights of child...Medical staff vaccinate people against elephantiasis disease..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President U Thein Sein sends messages of felicitations to Qatar...Vice-Senior General Soe Win meets Thai General...UEC, the Elders discuss arrangements for 2015 election...Union FM sends message of felicitations to Qatar...Myanmar, Chinese vice presidents attend closing ceremony of ASEAN-China Cultural Exchange Year...Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker meets Vice President of PRC...Commander-in-Chief receives Thai military delegation, The Elders...Myanmar, China show off better trade relations..... "PERSPECTIVES":"Speed limits for a safe society" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLE: "FIHSERIES CO-MANAGEMENT IN THE AYEYAWADY REGION" by Giuseppe Romalli
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.3MB0
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: Universal Declaration of Human Rights - Chin (Matu)
Date of publication: 10 December 1948
Language: Chin Matu (Nga La)
Source/publisher: Chin Human Rights Organization (trans)
Format/size: pdf (34K)
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014
ML > Human Rights > Various Rights > Human rights: international standards


Title: Black Gold Rush
Date of publication: 30 June 2014
Description/subject: "Magway Region — It’s been more than a year since the farmers of Htankai and Dahatpin, two villages in southern Magway Region, regained control of land that was taken away from them nearly two decades ago, but so far, their fields are still far from green. In April of last year, in a rare reversal of the rampant land-grabbing that marked Myanmar’s era of military rule, the government instructed the state-owned Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise (MOGE) to return land that it had seized in 1996 to form a joint venture with private firms. Since then, however, the only thing that has been growing in the affected 25-mile (40-km) wide tract of land is the number of oil wells run by small-scale operators looking to soak up some of the black gold that MOGE left behind. “There were two oil fields, Htankai and Dahatpin, under our supervision, but now the joint venture is gone and we’re not working there anymore,” said an MOGE engineer who asked not to be identified. “Now it’s being explored illegally.” By some counts, there are now more than 55,000 wells covering the bleak, blackened stretch of ground that the government wants turned back into productive farmland. Of those, more than 20,000 appeared after the MOGE decided last June to abandon its efforts to enforce an end to drilling in the area—one of the conditions under which it agreed to return the land..."
Author/creator: SANAY LIN
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014
ML > Administrative areas > Magwe (Magway) Division
Natural Resource Governance > Natural Resource Governance - Burma/Myanmar > Natural Resource Governance, Burma/Myanmar - reports, articles etc.


Title: In Central Burma, a Lawless Rush for Oil
Date of publication: 29 May 2013
Description/subject: "Oil fields abandoned by Burma’s state-owned oil company in Magway Division have turned into a lawless arena for local drillers and smugglers looking for a profit—with knife fights settling scores between rival drillers, company officials and local residents say. The Dahatpin oil fields, on a highway about 20 miles outside Minhla Township, was once controlled by the Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise (MOGE) in a joint venture, but has recently become a magnet for illegal drillers and crude oil sellers..."
Author/creator: Sanay Lin
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014
ML > Administrative areas > Magwe (Magway) Division


Title: FOOD SECURITY ASSESSMENT IN MAGWAY DIVISION
Date of publication: December 2009
Description/subject: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: The food security situation in the Magway Division has not changed significantly following the drought conditions that affected the area in mid 2009. Levels of food insecurity are similar to those pre-drought. The assessment shows that food consumption of approximately 65% of the sample can be classified as ‘Inadequate” and 35% as ‘Adequate’. The 2008 November WFP Food Security Profile states that 71% of the sample was either moderately (39%) and / or severely (32%) food insecure. This is more-or- less a similar situation today, post-drought. What is striking is that both surveys identify the same Zones (B & A) as being the most vulnerable..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Food Program (WFP)
Format/size: html, pdf (568K)
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014
ML > Administrative areas > Magwe (Magway) Division
Food Security > Food security by State and Division > Food Security in Magwe Region


Title: Food Security Profile
Date of publication: November 2008
Description/subject: "This Report summarizes the findings of the Food Security Profiling assessment carried out across the Dry Zone, especially in Magway Division in August 2008. This is the first time a Food Security Prof iling exercises has been conducted in the Dry Zone by the WFP and its Cooperating Partne rs, including OISCA, TDH, REAM, ADRA, and World Vision and the line department for Dryzone Department of Development Affairs. This profile attempts to present a sn apshot of household food security in the Dry Zone; 463 households in 59 villages under WFP project area of 6 townships: Pakokku, Pauk, Yesagyo, Natmauk, Chauk & Yenanchaung were covered under this assessment. It should be noted that the sample size has statistical limitations. However care was taken to ensure that the geographic coverage of the sample was considerable. The Dry Zone area is one of the more critical areas in the Union where the fragile ecosystem (a result of natural and human behaviour) has had adverse effects on household food security. Magway Division includes a vast semi-arid lowland surrounded by Mandalay Division the East and the Rahine Yoma and Chin hills on the West, Bago Division on the South and Sagaing Division in the north. The region also includes two major rivers, Ayeyarwady and Chindwin that flow through the Dry Zone from North to South towards the Delta. Average annual rainfall is low (500 to 1000 mm) compared to 5000 mm in other parts of the country..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Food Program (WFP)
Format/size: html, pdf (461K)
Alternate URLs: http://documents.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/ena/wfp194986.pdf
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014
ML > Administrative areas > Magwe (Magway) Division
Food Security > Food security by State and Division > Food Security in Magwe Region


Title: Myanmar - An Analysis of Markets Across Magway Division, May 2010
Date of publication: May 2010
Description/subject: "...From the data collected, it is clear that markets in Magway sell a variety of food and that most of this food is available / sold in most markets across all townships. A t the current time very few items depict show low availability and do so due to seasonality of the crop. The only exception being petrol. The transport costs incurred in obtaining and selling petrol in markets would drive the costs up thus limiting 2 access and demand for the same. This could be a reason for the lack of availability of petrol in 50% of the sampled markets..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Food Program (WFP)
Format/size: html, pdf(385K)
Alternate URLs: http://documents.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/ena/wfp221540.pdf
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014
ML > Administrative areas > Magwe (Magway) Division
Food Security > Food security by State and Division > Food Security in Magwe Region


Title: A Nutrition and Food Security A ssessment of the Dry Zone of Myanmar in June and July 2013
Date of publication: July 2013
Description/subject: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "This assessment of the rural Dry Zone reveals the nutrition situation to be a concern, with high rates of wasting and medium rates of stunting, high rates of low birth weight and high rates of undernutrition among mothers; particularly those who are pregnant and/or lactating. The pattern of indicators suggests that flood plains and irrigated areas are best off, and the highlands may be worst, but the situation is far from acceptable in the Dry Zone as a whole. A wide range of likely causes of undernutrition needs addressing. Acute and chronic malnutrition have shared determinants and there is a need to tackle one to tackle the other. Children’s and mother’s nutrition status are associated, and a child’s birth weight is an important determinant of their later nutrition status. This reminds us of the imortance of the 1000 day window of opportunity between a child’s conception and their second birthday, and the need to take a life-cycle approach; paying p articular attention to pregnant and breastfeeding mothers. Dietary factors and their determinants seem likely to be particularly important drivers of undernutrition as do deficiencies in water, sanitation, hygiene and the public health environment. An absence of consistent associations between household economic status and nutrition indicators is likely in part because of widespread poverty as well as the focus on data from the current situation. However, analysis of associations revealed only small contributions of any specific explanatory variable to the variance of any of the nutrition outcomes (including indicators of food security) which together with analysis of risk factors reinforces that there is not just two or three important causes of undernutrition in the Dry Zone. Rather,a multi-sector approach is required for malnutrition prevention and nutrition status improvement."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Save the Children, WFP and the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development
Format/size: pdf(1.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014
ML > Administrative areas > Magwe (Magway) Division
Food Security > Food security by State and Division > Food Security in Magwe Region


Title: National Education Law - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Law No. 41/2014 (English)
Date of publication: 30 September 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: Pyidaungsu Hluttaw
Format/size: pdf (153K)
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014
ML > Politics and Government > Burma/Myanmar's Legislature > Parliament > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Union Parliament): - legislation and other proceedings > Pyidaungsu Hluttaw: Laws and bylaws/rules/regulations proposed (bills) and/or adopted in 2014


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 17 December, 2014
Date of publication: 17 December 2014
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Participation in 50 MW gas-fired generation project in Myanmar...Myanmar looks to full coverage of birth registration, comprehensive civil registration system...Democratic reform needs cooperation of people: Thura U Shwe Mann...Ethnic youths attend vocational courses in Dawei...Victorious athletes from SPEIs win medals, cash awards...Rural Development Department funds construction of rural road, bridges...Two roads under construction in Hpa-an Tsp for rural development...People get vaccinated against elephantiasis disease...Shadaw Township to get new bridge across Pun Creek...Sports Ministry donates three airconditioners to Dagon University...Union government, region government allot funds for prevention of landslides...People enjoy artistic works at Mandalay Hill Art Gallery...Nanmyo Youth to play against SPEI (Mandalay) in final...Advancing Justice Together: The Supreme Court of the Union announces Judiciary Strategic Plan to upgrade the services of the courts...Prevention committee for recruitment of child soldiers meets...Rakhine athletes take part in traditional wrestling contest...Invitation to donation of documents on grand military review ceremony..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar, China to cooperate in Kyaukpyu deep sea port project...President U Thein Sein sends messages of felicitations to Bhutan...Myanmar, Australia agree to strengthen intergovernmental and military ties...Myanmar strives for accountable governance of ASEAN Community and anti-corruption in ASEAN region...Vice President U Nyan Tun holds talks with Chinese counterpart...Union FM sends message of felicitation to Bhutan’s counterpart...Myanmar, Thai businessmen discuss economic opportunities in Myanmar...Thinn Wai Khaing wins first prize in US Kids Golf World Championship Malaysia...Vice President of PRC visits Gems Museum in Nay Pyi Taw...Opening of Art Gallery 10-2014.—MNA marks closing ceremony of ASEAN-China Cultural Exchange...Asian Development Bank grants to provide US$100 million loan to Yoma Strategic Holdings in two phases..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Preventing violence against women and children" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLES: "Local producers need raw material brokers to fully manufacture low-chemical cosmetics on commercial scale" by Khaing Thanda Lwin..."ENLIGHTENMENT" by Kyi Mun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 16 December, 2014
Date of publication: 16 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 16 December, 2014
Date of publication: 16 December 2014
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Ceremony to mark 40th Anniversary Rakhine State Day and distribution of electricity in Rakhine State...Information for media to attend 67th Anniversary Independence Day, Grand Military Review ceremonies...Urbanites join mass walk activity in Myingyan...Three asphalt streets ready for use in Ottarathiri Township...Electricians carry out electric safety for people...Former students to pay respects to former faculty members..Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker delivers speech at farmers’ affairs public conference...Flying Display demonstrated at 67th Anniversary of Air Force Day...UEC meets political parties for electoral procedures...International Relations Department marks 30th anniversary celebration...Chin State Chief Minister welcomes fresh medical officers...Local women attend vocational courses in Myeik...Township authorities discuss development of Myawady Township...Myanmar Provident Fund (MPF) to grant life of service personnel...Union LFRD minister opens rural development training course...Ponnagyun power station, centre of electrification to townships in Rakhine State...Asphalt road, Paunglaung Bridge under construction in Nay Pyi Taw...Artistes practise songs and music entertainments...Information Ministry says official spellings required in renewing publication licenses..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President U Thein Sein to attend 5th Greater Mekong Sub-region Summit...Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham receives Co-Founder of Kellogg Innovation Network (KIN)...BIDV sponsors SEA Caravan Programme..... "PERSPECTIVES": "No side can go it alone" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLE: "Save water, don’t waste!" by Khin Maung Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 17 December, 2014
Date of publication: 17 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (10MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 16 December, 2014
Date of publication: 16 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 17 December, 2014
Date of publication: 17 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 17 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: Rhododendron News - Volume XVII, Issue I - January-February 2014
Date of publication: February 2014
Description/subject: Table of Contents: Arbitrary Taxation & Extortion: • Govt department officials extort money from locals in Thantlang ... Freedom of Religion Page: • Govt urged to end violations against Chin Christian s • Chin pastor ordered to stop church building constru ction in Magwe • Chin pastor in Yesagyo summonsed to court • Court date postponed for Yesagyo Chin pastor • Court date rescheduled for Chin pastor in Yesagyo • Questions over plan to construct pagoda in Sami... Other Human Rights Violations: • Suu Kyi disappointed over ban on public rallies in Chin State • Complaint over errors in Chin category for Burma ce nsus • Farmers’ land destroyed to make way for Paletwa to Matupi road • Human rights violations unabated in Burma • 12 Asho Chin farmers jailed in Pegu Region • Ethnic groups concern about govt's census taking pl an... Humanitarian & Development Situation: • India, Burma to complete first phase of Kaladan Pro ject in June • Poppy fields destroyed in Chin State by govt insuff icient • Landslide-hit Chin villagers in urgent need • Govt to sign resource sharing agreement with compan ies in Chin State • Students to use computers at schools in Chin State... Event & Protest Page: • Chin village in Sagaing Region celebrates golden ju bilees • Training provided to help Chin farmers in Paletwa • State govt to hold Chin National Day in Mindat • Tachileik Chin National Day celebration renews unit y • CNF requests to re-designate Feb 20 as public holid ay • Protest against govt-changed road construction plan Situation of Refugees Page 16-19 • Chin refugee woman mugged in Delhi • Malaysia to crack down on illegal immigrants next w eek • Hundreds arrested in Malaysian major crackdown • Chin refugee, 22, beaten to death in Malaysia • 2-yr-old boy and uncle fall to death from 14th floo r in Malaysia • 10-yr-old Chin refugee girl hit by bicycle in Delhi • Chin refugee family move out in fear after attacks in Delhi • Chin refugee father injured in unprovoked attack in Delhi... Opinion Page: • Chin Affairs Minister of Sagaing Region on 'Chin' • Poverty a pressing human rights issue for the Chin... Cartoon Page: • Democracy in Burma 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: Chin Human Rights Organization (CHRO)
Format/size: html, pdf (3.76MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.chro.ca/images/Rhododendron-News-January-February-2014.pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 December 2014
ML > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Chin (Zo) > Discrimination agains the Chin (Zo) magazines > "Rhododendron News" ("Rhododendron" or "Rhododendron publication") -- magazine of the Chin Human Rights Organization.


Title: Rhododendron News - Vol XVIII, Issue II - March-April 2014
Date of publication: April 2014
Description/subject: Table of Contents: Arbitrary Taxation & Extortion Page: • Govt admin head demands money to release detainee i n Matupi • Complaint against senior govt staff over corruption • Township police threatens, extorts money from logge rs Freedom of Religion Page 05-06 • Yesagyo Chin pastor's court date set after repeated postponement • Chin Chief Minister urged to move pagoda constructi on site • Magwe authorities behind court case against Yesagyo Chin pastor... Other Human Rights Violation: • Chin farmers face difficulties after land confiscat ion... Humanitarian & Development Situation: • CNF to provide rice in poppy-eradicated areas in Ch in State • Food shortages hit villages in Chin State • Airport construction site surveyed near Hakha • Western Union to open in Chin State's Hakha • Telenor surveys Chin State for cell towers • Over 60 percent of land unusable for agriculture in Chin State • Commodity prices increase as govt to give pay rise • Chin State's Mt. Victoria nominated for World Herit age status Event & Protest Page 11 • Chin media agencies to attend ethnic media conferen ce in Taunggyi Situation of Refugees Page 11 • Burmese refugee women demand protection in India... Other News: • New Burma UN HRs envoy appointed • CNF vows to protect children and combat sexual viol ence • Time-bomb explodes in Tedim, no casualties reported • Ahead of by-elections, commission offices to open l ocally... Press Release & Opinion: • Women from Burma delegation speak in British Parlia ment • "A constant state of fear": Chin refugee women and children in New Delhi
Language: English
Source/publisher: Chin Human Rights Organization (CHRO)
Format/size: html, pdf (3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.chro.ca/images/Rhododendron_March-April_2014.pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 December 2014
ML > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Chin (Zo) > Discrimination agains the Chin (Zo) magazines > "Rhododendron News" ("Rhododendron" or "Rhododendron publication") -- magazine of the Chin Human Rights Organization.


Title: Rhododendron News - Volume XVI, Issue II - March-April 2013
Date of publication: April 2013
Description/subject: Table of Contents: News: • 88 Generation students visit Chin State • 'Bullied' Chin refugee boys scared to go to school in New Delhi • Chin refugee boy severely injured by truck in Delhi • Chin revolution is for the Chin people: CNF • CHRO to meet with US officials on religious freedom • CNF celebrates 25th anniversary of Chin revolution day • Ethnic rights vital to Burma's democratic transitio n • Govt eyes Chin State as tourist destination • Number of 'homeless' Chin refugees rises in Malaysi a • Rights violations persist despite positive changes in Burma... Article: • My observation of the Union-level peace talk between CNF and Government... Statement: • CHRO statement on the human rights situation of the Chin to the European Parliament Subcommittee on Human Rights • CSW, CHRO in major push for ethnic rights in Burma
Language: English
Source/publisher: Chin Human Rights Organization (CHRO)
Format/size: html, pdf (3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.chro.ca/images/stories/files/PDF/Rhododendron/RhododendronNews_Mar-Apr_2013.pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 December 2014
ML > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Chin (Zo) > Discrimination agains the Chin (Zo) magazines > "Rhododendron News" ("Rhododendron" or "Rhododendron publication") -- magazine of the Chin Human Rights Organization.


Title: Rhododendron News - Volume XVI, Issue III - May-June 2013
Date of publication: June 2013
Description/subject: Table of Contents: News: • 120 Chin families from Burma driven out of Mizoram • Appeals to regain property confiscated by army sold iers ignored • Army forcibly collect money from timber traders • Army soldiers forcibly collect tax for timber expor ted to Mizoram • CNF holds public consultation in southern Chin State • Development workshop held with communities in Tedim • Local authorities exploit fund for construction of reservoir in Matupi • Mizoram authorities burn down 40 houses of Chin peo ple • Mizoram to repatriate more Chin refugees • Salai Tin Maung Oo's memorial service held in Delhi • YMA issue order to evict Chin refugees from villages... Interview: • Hlawn Kip Thluai Speaks: "Chin women need to take t heir destiny into their own hands"... Press Release: • The Kaladan Project in India and Burma: Transparenc y and local benefits essential, say activists
Language: English
Source/publisher: Chin Human Rights Organization (CHRO)
Format/size: html, pdf (1.6MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.chro.ca/images/stories/files/PDF/Rhododendron/RhododendronNews_May-Jun_2013.pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 December 2014
ML > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Chin (Zo) > Discrimination agains the Chin (Zo) magazines > "Rhododendron News" ("Rhododendron" or "Rhododendron publication") -- magazine of the Chin Human Rights Organization.


Title: List of Customary Rules of International Humanitarian Law (Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ )
Date of publication: March 2005
Description/subject: Annex to Henckaerts' "Study on customary international humanitarian law: A contribution to the understanding and respect for the rule of law in armed conflict" (see Alternate URL for the text and Annex in English. Only the list of rules has been translated into Burmese)..... "This list is based on the conclusions set out in Volume I of the study on customary international humanitarian law. As the study did not seek to determine the customary nature of each treaty rule of international humanitarian law, it does not necessarily follow the structure of existing treaties. The scope of application of the rules is indicated in square brackets. The abbreviation IAC refers to customary rules applicable in international armed conflicts and the abbreviation NIAC to customary rules applicable in non-international armed conflicts. In the latter case, some rules are indicated as being “arguably” applicable because practice generally pointed in that direction but was less extensive."
Author/creator: J.- M. Henckaerts
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: "International Review of the Red Cross" (Vol. 87 No. 857, March 2005)
Format/size: pdf (74K)
Alternate URLs: https://www.icrc.org/eng/assets/files/other/icrc_002_0860.pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 December 2014
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict: international standards, mechanisms and commentary


Title: Myanmar Chin education and the cycle of poverty
Date of publication: December 2013
Description/subject: "For the past three weeks, every morning before the primary school starts in Ngon Laung village in Myanmar’s northwestern Chin State, Ba Thein, the principal, looks for a teenage student who has been absent for nearly one month. Because of the late start to their education, some 17 percent of the primary school population is up to 13 years old, which is beyond the usual age of nine when most pupils finish primary school, said Bertrand Bainvel, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) representative in Myanmar. He noted that older students are often at high risk of having to abandon their studies due to pressure to earn money. “We wish she [would] come back to school,” said Ba Thein, looking out the window of his one-room wooden school in the valley where Ngon Laung is located – home to 184 inhabitants and a two-hour motorbike trip over rough terrain from Kanpetlet, a township in a mountainous area near the border with Bangladesh. Chin is the poorest state in Myanmar and also one of the most remote. Around 52 percent of the students leave school before the age of 10, in part because they are called to help with housework or traditional hillside farming, said Ba Thein..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "IRN - humanitarian news and analysis"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 December 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by administrative area > Education by State > Education in Chin State


Title: BBC News - results of a site-specific Google search for Burma OR Myanmar on bbc.co.uk
Description/subject: 63,000 results, 17 December, 2014
Language: English
Source/publisher: BBC via Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 16 December 2014
RR > News - Burma news sources (current sites)


Title: "Voice Up"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Women and Child Rights Project
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 16 December 2014
ML > Women > Newsletters by women of Burma > "Voice Up"


Title: The protective scope of Common Article 3: more than meets the eye
Date of publication: March 2011
Description/subject: Abstract: "Non-international armed conflicts are not only prevalent today, but are also evolving in terms of the types that have been observed in practice. The article sets out a possible typology and argues that Common Article 3 to the Geneva Conventions may be given an expanded geographical reading as a matter of treaty law. It also suggests that there is a far wider range of rules – primarily of a binding nature, but also policy- based – that apply in Common Article 3 armed conflicts with regard to the treatment of persons in enemy hands and the conduct of hostilities"
Author/creator: Jelena Pejic
Language: English
Source/publisher: "International Review of the Red Cross" (Vol. 93 Number 881. March 2011)
Format/size: pdf (526K)
Date of entry/update: 16 December 2014
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict: international standards, mechanisms and commentary


Title: Study on customary international humanitarian law: A contribution to the understanding and respect for the rule of law in armed conflict
Date of publication: March 2005
Description/subject: Abstract: This article explains the rationale behind a study on customary international humanitarian law recently undertaken by the ICRC at the request of the International Conference of the Red Cross and Red Crescent. It describes the methodology used and how the study was organized and summarizes some major fi ndings. It does not, however, purport to provide a complete overview or analysis of these findings".....Annex: List of rules.
Author/creator: Jean-Marie Henckaerts
Language: English
Source/publisher: "International Review of the Red Cross" (Vol. 87 No. 857, March 2005)
Format/size: pdf (388K)
Date of entry/update: 16 December 2014
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict: international standards, mechanisms and commentary


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Monday 15 December, 2014
Date of publication: 15 December 2014
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: All national races coming together to turn Myanmar into a peaceful, modern and prosperous democracy, are a matter of utmost importance...MFF donates 1,000 footballs to Shan State...Horizon School organizes Streetball Tournament in Mandalay...Myawady dwellers join mass walk activity...Kyemon, Myanma Alinn dailies to publish Mandalay’s pages in 2015...Tourist arrival in Mandalay in 2014 higher than 2013 tourism season...Region minister views around productions of factories and industries in Mandalay industrial zones...Better public-private partnership critical for success of national economic goals...Union A&I Minister views round thriving plantations in Nay Pyi Taw...SWRR provides financial assistance to philanthropic organizations in Shan State...Remnant Kokang insurgents ambush Tatmadaw columns...Region officials view progress of library renovation...Youth Development School accepts donations from Nay Pyi Taw Development Committee...Nay Pyi Taw Council member oversees development tasks in Zabuthiri Tsp..Basic education students get citizenship scrutiny cards in Myawady...Firefighters, shop family members join fire drill...2nd Housing and Living Exhibition 2014 attracts city dwellers...Temporary Myanmar Scout Committee chairman presents medals to scouts..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Tourist arrival in Mandalay in 2014 higher than 2013 tourism season...Japanese Ambassador hosts reception to mark 60th Anniversary of establishment of Japan-Myanmar ties..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Laws are to protect every citizen" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLES: "Myanmar attempts to find new markets for its handicrafts and hand-woven textiles" by Khaing Thanda Lwin..."STRUGGLE" by Kyi Mun.."Jumping the Queue" by Khin Maung Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 15 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 15 December, 2014
Date of publication: 15 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 15 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Monday 15 December, 2014
Date of publication: 15 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 15 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: No education for persecuted Chin Children
Description/subject: "Burma, a former British colony of around 59 million people, is ruled by fear. 'A military machine of 400,000 soldiers denies a whole nation its most basic rights,' according to the Burma Campaign UK. Despite recent elections, much of Burma today lies ravaged by civil war, its brutal military regime responsible for rape, slavery, mass killings and disappearances..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Children on the Edge"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 15 December 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by administrative area > Education by State > Education in Chin State


Title: Overview of the Right to Education for the Chins in Burma
Date of publication: 21 December 2010
Description/subject: "According to 2008 figures from the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC), there are 109,334 students in Chin State, making up a fifth of the total population of 533,047 in the State.[1] The same statistics show that there are 4,777 teaching staff in Chin State. This means that in theory there is an average of one teacher for every 22 students. However, this is generally not the case especially in rural areas where up to 200 students share a single teacher.[2] Understaffing is a major impediment to access to quality education in the rural areas, which comprise the larger portion of Chin State. In many areas, one school is shared by up to four to five villages in the area. With only 49 high schools, there is no higher learning institution such as college or university in Chin State. High school graduates must continue their higher education outside of Chin State, an added barrier to educational access for Chin students, as well as, a financial burden for parents with one or more students studying in colleges or universities."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Chin Human Rights Organization (CHRO)
Format/size: html, pdf (103K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.chro.ca/images/stories/files/Overview_of_the_Right_to_Education_for_the_Chins_in_Burma_C...
Date of entry/update: 15 December 2014
ML > Education > Education in Burma/Myanmar > Education in Burma/Myanmar by administrative area > Education by State > Education in Chin State


Title: Where Next in Burma’s Peace Process? (English, Karen, Burmese)
Date of publication: 08 December 2014
Description/subject: "Over the past few weeks, government, parliamentary and opposition leaders have presented various proposals for high-level political dialogue, possibly leading to constitutional change in Myanmar, also known as Burma. Although significant differences remain between the different proposals, one thing they share is the exclusion of ethnic armed groups. This indicates that the window of opportunity to achieve political dialogue shaped by Ethnic armed groups as part of the peace process is rapidly closing. There may well be political dialogue in Myanmar—probably after the elections—but it seems unlikely that ethnic armed groups will play a leading role. Before the window of opportunity closes, ethnic leaders should focus on securing a comprehensive ceasefire agreement with the government, and above all with the Myanmar Army..."
Author/creator: Ashley South
Language: English, Karen, Burmese
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html, pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/South-2014-Where_Next_in_Myanmars_Peace_Process-bu.pdf
http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs20/South-2014-Where_Next_in_Myanmars_Peace_Process-karen.pdf
Date of entry/update: 15 December 2014
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: Women and peace (video)
Description/subject: A collection of videos, most relating to women's role in peacemaking in Burma/Myanmar
Language: English, Burmese, Karen
Source/publisher: Various organisations via Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash
Date of entry/update: 15 December 2014
ML > Women > Articles, reports and sites relating to women of Burma


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 14 December, 2014
Date of publication: 14 December 2014
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Photography exhibit showcases Yangon’s past, present and future...Dr Hset Aung to give talks on Financial Policy for SMEs...New school building under construction in Myanaung Township...Companies, farmers must apply for GAP certificates...Local farmers get quality crops for poppy-substitute cultivation...Pobbathiri Township gets new asphalt road in rural area...Vice President calls sanitation arrangements at Thilawa SEZ the first of its kind in the country...Speaker Thura U Shwe Mann meets employees, employers of Hlinethaya Industrial Zone...Union Ministers coordinate regional development matters in Shwebo district...Union Border Affairs Minister inspects development of Mon State...Subcommittee discusses successful holding of grand military review ceremony...Yangon, a city of 5 million inhabitants, thronged by tourists..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: ASEAN-ROK Summit targets bilateral trade volume at $200 billion by 2020...Photography exhibit showcases Yangon’s past, present and future...IFC plans to boost Myanmar investment to $1 Billion over next three years...Myanmar detainees in Malaysia pack for journey home...Deputy Minister attends 2014 ASEAN-ROK Ministerial Meeting on Forestry...M.V Azamara Quest cruise ship made second port of call to Myanmar...Yangon, a city of 5 million inhabitants, thronged by tourists..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Employment opportunity is a core to reduce poverty" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLES: "POVERTY AND SLUMS" by Tommy Pauk..."Towards pleasanter cities, towns, and villages" by Myo Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 14 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 14 December, 2014
Date of publication: 14 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 14 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 14 December, 2014
Date of publication: 14 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 14 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: Big agenda for ethnic groups in Myanmar
Date of publication: 14 November 2014
Description/subject: "After enduring decades of brutal military dictatorship, the people of multi-ethnic Myanmar finally got their chance to try democracy. In November 2010, the people of Myanmar voted for the first time in twenty years. While the election was an important step toward peace, Myanmar’s military maintains a tight hold on political power, making progress difficult. The international community has supported the democratic transition, but has focused too narrowly on governmental reforms and economic development, while the demands of Myanmar’s ethnic minorities are marginalized. The fact remains that disenfranchising ethnic minorities will prolong armed conflict and possibly derail the democratization process. Thus, for Myanmar’s democracy to succeed, the international community must actively promote ethnic minorities. The ethnic dimension of Myanmar is extremely complex, but the major anti-government players consist of seven groups, each possessing armed rebel forces. Among these dominant groups, the Kachin Independence Organization is yet to sign a ceasefire agreement with the government, and is a member of the United Nationalities Federal Council, the political alliance of ethnic rebel groups. While each ethnic group is distinct from the others, most find common ground in their mutual resistance to centralized rule. The political demands of Myanmar’s ethnic groups revolve around this issue of autonomy and the internal sovereignty they were promised by the Panglong Agreement of 1947, a treaty unifying Burma with several neighboring territories also under British control. The Panglong Agreement was signed in order to more effectively push for independence, but only under the condition of retaining autonomy. Without this agreement, minorities argue, there would be no unification in the first place and minority regions of Myanmar might today be separate and independent states..."
Author/creator: Yaw Bawm Mangshang
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 December 2014
ML > Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma: general studies and articles
Dialogue/reform/transition - from military to civilian rule? > Dialogue/reform/transition in Burma/Myanmar - analyses and statements


Title: Myanmar: The calm before the storm?
Date of publication: 16 November 2014
Description/subject: "How should we interpret the current state of anti-Muslim Buddhist nationalism in Myanmar that has emerged as one of the greatest threats to the country’s still-uncertain political transition? Compared with previous moments, the last few months have been relatively quiet, with no riots or bloodshed. U Wirathu’s summit meeting with Bodu Bala Sena leaders in Sri Lanka was cause for concern, but it is still unclear what cooperation might actually materialize between Buddhist partisans in the two countries. Large demonstrations in several cities in favor of four pieces of religious legislation proposed by monks that unfavorably target Muslims have kept the issue in the headlines, but given other pressing constitutional and legislative concerns, there seems to be no rush in Parliament to pass them.
Author/creator: Matthew J. Walton
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 December 2014
ML > Religious violence and discrimination > Anti-Muslim violence and discrimination - General articles and analysis
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Burmese Buddhism and Society


Title: Reality check on Islam, Buddhism in Myanmar
Date of publication: 17 November 2014
Description/subject: "The West has been wondering what has gone wrong with Buddhism in Myanmar since 2012 and the violence primarily by Buddhists against Muslims. Yet I want to suggest that this is the wrong question, and that the West needs to take a look in the mirror. The West’s skewed view of Buddhism as a ‘peaceful’ religion, combined with the stereotypical view of Islam as inherently ‘violent’, are a core part of the problem. Over the past month several reports and a barrage of media reports have surfaced in an attempt to explain the violence against Muslims in Myanmar. Yet implicitly such reports often promote the ‘real’ teachings of Buddhism as a ‘peaceful’ religion, and this adds to the Western stereotype of Islam as somehow ‘violent’. Let me illustrate this by taking a different perspective to some of the issued raised by Contesting Buddhist Narratives. This report prioritises understanding Buddhist fears and concerns, represented in the irrational ranting of the monk (and former convicted criminal) U Wirathu, who is mentioned or quoted from at least 25 times in the report. Yes, we need to understand all aspects of the conflict, but we have paid so little attention to Muslim communities in Myanmar, and this lack of information continues to fuel stereotypes about both Buddhism and Islam. This obscures Muslims’ concerns and fails to acknowledge that Muslims have serious fears too..."
Author/creator: Melissa Crouch
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 December 2014
ML > Religious violence and discrimination > Anti-Muslim violence and discrimination - General articles and analysis
Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Burmese Buddhism and Society


Title: In the shoes of reporters in Naypyitaw
Date of publication: 24 November 2014
Description/subject: "There were plenty of hours leaning against walls, sitting on step-ladders or standing on steps at the recent Assocaition of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit in Naypyitaw. With the limited information reporters were getting from ASEAN leaders in the Summit rooms, I turned to the reporters to ask them of their impressions of the Summit, and more broadly, Naypyitaw..."
Author/creator: Olivia Cable
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 December 2014
ML > Dialogue/reform/transition - from military to civilian rule? > Dialogue/reform/transition in Burma/Myanmar - analyses and statements
Foreign Relations > Australia-Burma relations


Title: Myanmar Update 2015: Making Sense of Conflict
Date of publication: 01 December 2014
Description/subject: 5 – 6 June 2015, Australian National University, Canberra: "As rapid political, economic and social change in Myanmar continues, the next Myanmar (Burma) Update conference at the Australian National University will occur on Friday, 5 June, and Saturday, 6 June, 2015, ahead of the general elections anticipated for later in the year. Hosted by the Department of Political and Social Change, in the School of International, Political and Strategic Studies, ANU College of Asia and the Pacific, the conference has as the theme “Making Sense of Conflict”..."...Paper Proposals: "The Myanmar (Burma) Update conference conveners invite paper proposals from interested academics, analysts, researchers, and professionals for presentation in one of six sessions: (1) Borderland conflicts and peace negotiations; (2) Communal violence; (3) Resource-based disputes; (4) Contentious politics; (5) Cultural and historical dimensions of conflict; and, (6) a Burmese-language panel, for which proposals can be submitted in Burmese on any one of the preceding themes, following the same format as for English-language papers. The organisers are particularly interested to receive proposals that explore the nuances and intersections between different types of conflict and efforts to resolve them..."...Student Travel Grants...About the Update Series...For further information please contact the convenors: Dr Nick Cheesman, Research Fellow, Department of Political and Social Change, ANU, nick.cheesman@anu.edu.au, (+612) 6125 0181 Dr Nicholas Farrelly, Research Fellow, School of International, Political and Strategic Studies, ANU, nicholas.farrelly@anu.edu.au (+612) 6125 8220
Author/creator: Nicholas Farrelly
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 December 2014
ML > Dialogue/reform/transition - from military to civilian rule? > Dialogue/reform/transition in Burma/Myanmar - analyses and statements
Conferences/seminars etc.


Title: Securitisation of Australian Aid
Date of publication: 05 December 2014
Description/subject: "...In Myanmar, just five days ago, The Department of Immigration announced it was giving an unspecified amount to the country over a five year period to strengthen ‘capacity for stronger border management’. Indeed Scott Morrison, at the beginning of the year, strangely referred to borders as ‘Australia’s greatest asset’ and since that time has channeled millions in aid and Department of Immigration and border security funding to export border technologies throughout the region under the rhetoric of ‘anti-people smuggling’, including in Cambodia. In the Myanmar case, it is clear that this is a blatant attempt to deal with the hundreds of thousands of Rohingya asylum seekers trying to make their way to Australia. There are currently 140,000 Rohingya in displacement camps and an unknown number who have already tried to make the perilous trip southwards..."
Author/creator: Tim Frewer
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 December 2014
ML > Foreign Relations > Australia-Burma relations


Title: Koh Tao trial another litmus test
Date of publication: 04 December 2014
Description/subject: "...Whatever the outcome of the trial, it is highly unlikely that National Police Chief Somyot Pumpunmuang or Police Major General Suwat Jaengyodsuk, the two with overall responsibility for the blighted Koh Tao investigation, will follow with their own apologies. The Koh Tao investigation is yet another example of institutional discrimination against the Burmese underclass in Thailand, who live on half the minimum wage. Such discrimination is practically government policy. The outcome and integrity of the trial will prove just how far this discrimination reaches in post-coup Thailand, 2015."
Author/creator: Luke Corbin
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 December 2014
ML > Foreign Relations > Thailand-Burma relations


Title: Rhododendron News - Volume XVI, Issue VI - November-December 2013
Date of publication: December 2013
Description/subject: Table of Contents : Freedom of Religion: • Questions over State budget to build Buddhist infrastructure in Chin State • Religious rights raised to Chin Affairs Minister • Thura Shwe Mann to arrive in Chin State on Sunday • Chin pastor slapped in face by govt officer in Arakan • Persecution of Chin Christians stressed in British House of Commons...Humanitarian & Development Situation: • Electric supply reduced in Chin State amidst govt's promises • Shwe Mann promises to ensure development in Chin State • Assistance provided to Chin villages hit by food shortages • Landslides force village in Falam Township to relocate • Govt fails to keep promises on drug eradication in Chin State...Event & Protest: • CNF concludes public consultations • Over 500 attended Chin National Conference • Public rally to protest against KTVs in Kalaymyo • World disability day observed in Hakha • Paletwa campaign against plan to construct police station...Situation of Refugees: • Chin refugee stabbed by Indians in Delhi • Delhi Chin refugees worried as court deals with attempted sexual assault case • 21-yr-old Chin killed in car accident in Malaysia...Other Human Rights Violations: • Disappointment over Shwe Mann's meeting schedules in Chin State • Chin USDP members forced to wear uniform • Chin athletes disappointed over selection process for SEA Games • Another Chin athlete excluded for SEA Games • Chin bodybuilder deselected for SEA Games...Statement: • Statement of the Chin National Conference • CHRO at UN forum on Minority Issues
Language: English
Source/publisher: Chin Human Rights Organization (CHRO)
Format/size: html, pdf (1.78MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.chro.ca/images/stories/files/PDF/Rhododendron/RhododendronNews_Nov-Dec_2013.pdf
Date of entry/update: 14 December 2014
ML > Human Rights > Discrimination > Race or Ethnicity: Discrimination based on > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations > Racial or ethnic discrimination in Burma: reports of violations against specific groups > Discrimination against the Chin (Zo) > Discrimination agains the Chin (Zo) magazines > "Rhododendron News" ("Rhododendron" or "Rhododendron publication") -- magazine of the Chin Human Rights Organization.


Title: Remembering the work of Professor Andrew Huxley
Date of publication: 08 December 2014
Description/subject: "It is with sadness I heard this week of the passing of Professor Andrew Huxley of the School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS), London...Professor Huxley spent part of his academic career expanding our understanding of Burmese Buddhist law and locating it in the context of the literature on Buddhist law in Southeast Asia. For readers looking for a concise overview of the literature on Burmese Buddhist law published from the 1980s to 2001, his review offers an excellent introduction. Professor Huxley highlighted the way in which the dhammathats are evidence of the important role that law played under the kings, and that it was not the British who first introduced the rule of law in Burma. He argued that Burmese Buddhist law is relevant and needs to be understood by historians, Pali scholars and lawyers, because it remains the source of personal law for most Buddhists in Myanmar. His work has advocated for the view that the legal system that existed in Burma prior to colonialism was well-developed..."
Author/creator: Melissa Crouch
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 December 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal sources and literature > Legal history and philosophy of Burma (texts and commentary)


Title: Kawtholei Forestry Acts (Karen language)
Description/subject: သစ္ေတာ၊ ေရ၊ ေျမ၊ ႏွင့္အျခားေသာသက္ရွိမ်ိဳးစိတ္မ်ားအပါအဝင္ ေဒသအတြင္းရွိသဘာဝအရင္းအျမစ္မ်ား ကို ေက်းလက္ေဒသရွိ ဌာေနကရင္တုိင္းရင္းသားမ်ာႏွင့္ ေဒသခံျပည္သူလူထုမ်ားမွ ပိုမိုစီမံအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ အသံုးျပဳ ႏိုင္ရန္၊ ၎တို႕၏အသက္ေမြးဝမ္းေၾကာင္းလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား လံုၿခံဳမႈရွိေစရန္၊ ဆင္းရဲႏြမ္းပန္းမႈကို ေလ်ာ့ခ်ႏိုင္ရန္ ရည္ရြယ္ၿပီး ဤေကာ္သူးေလသစ္ေတာဥပေဒ(ကရင္ဘာသာ)ကို ေကအဲန္ယူ(ဗဟုိ)သစ္ေတာဌာနမွ ျပဳစုျပ ဌာန္းျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ ....."The forestry act (Karen language) aims to educate indigenous and local communities to gain greater control of, and access to, natural resources that are significant to livelihood security and poverty reduction in the rural areas, including land, forests, water, and agricultural biodiversity "
Language: Karen
Source/publisher: KESAN
Format/size: pdf (787K-reduced version; 855K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.kesan.asia/index.php/resources/publications-media/policy-laws/viewdownload/7-policy-laws...
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal sources and literature > Legal codes developed by non-Burman nationalities


Title: Kawtholei Forestry Acts (Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: သစ္ေတာ၊ ေရ၊ ေျမ၊ ႏွင့္အျခားေသာသက္ရွိမ်ိဳးစိတ္မ်ားအပါအဝင္ ေဒသအတြင္းရွိသဘာဝအရင္းအျမစ္မ်ား ကို ေက်းလက္ေဒသရွိ ဌာေနကရင္တုိင္းရင္းသားမ်ာႏွင့္ ေဒသခံျပည္သူလူထုမ်ားမွ ပိုမိုစီမံအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ အသံုးျပဳ ႏိုင္ရန္၊ ၎တို႕၏အသက္ေမြးဝမ္းေၾကာင္းလုပ္ငန္းမ်ားလံုၿခံဳမႈရွိေစရန္၊ ဆင္းရဲႏြမ္းပန္းမႈကိုေလ်ာ့ခ်ႏိုင္ရန္ ရည္ရြယ္ၿပီး ဤေကာ္သူးေလသစ္ေတာဥပေဒ(ျမန္မာဘာသာ)ကို ေကအဲန္ယူ(ဗဟုိ)သစ္ေတာဌာနမွ ျပဳစုျပ ဌာန္းျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ ....."The forestry act (Burmese vision) aims to educate indigenous and local communities to gain greater control of, and access to, natural resources that are significant to livelihood security and poverty reduction in the rural areas, including land, forests, water, and agricultural biodiversity"
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: KESAN
Format/size: pdf (876K-reduced version; 999K-original) )
Alternate URLs: http://www.kesan.asia/index.php/resources/publications-media/policy-laws/viewdownload/7/50
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Legal sources and literature > Legal codes developed by non-Burman nationalities


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Saturday 13 December, 2014
Date of publication: 13 December 2014
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Health insurance set to begin next year with premium rate of K50,000 per unit...Honorary doctorate conferred on President U Thein Sein...Media to register for news coverage of 67th Anniversary Independence Day and Grand Military Review...Plans under way to return grabbed land to owners in Taninthayi...Myanmar People’s Forum 2014 begins...Senior General Min Aung Hlaing attends graduation ceremony of DSTA...Cooperation needs in prevention of measles, German measles...Aungpinle power station supplies electricity to three townships in Mandalay District...Township WAO lectures on preventing gender discrimination...Dimawhso Township opens village library...Proposal submitted on participation of region Hluttaw MPs, ethnic affairs ministers in six-party talks...Village BEMS to get new building...MLF donates K1 million to construction of village library in Myeik Tsp...Thingangyun Township gets new transformer for power supply...Residents of Myaungmya Township to participate in sports meet...Letter to the Editor...Public announcement for remonstration..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President U Thein Sein delighted with success, growth of ASEAN-ROK cooperation...KOICA Myanmar Office hosts 2014 alumni meeting for fellows...UEC Chairman meets former chairman of Nepal Election Commission...Tourists from 43 countries to take tourist visa on arrival to India through online...Information Ministry, Asia Foundation organize talks...Myanmar, China launch border trade fair 2014 in Muse...Myanmar, Chinese officials focus on cooperation in border trade...EU launches European Chamber of Commerce in Myanmar...Myanmar delegation attends workshop on Distribution Policy for Myanmar...Israeli experts share expertise in beekeeping project in Shan State..... "PERSPECTIVES": "The chicken or the egg" by Myint Win Thein..... ARTICLE: "Weights and Measures" by Win Sein
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4MB)
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Saturday 13 December, 2014
Date of publication: 13 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Saturday 13 December, 2014
Date of publication: 13 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: Rohingya and national identities in Burma
Date of publication: 22 September 2014
Description/subject: "The most controversial aspect of the census recently held in Burma has been the denial of the large Muslim population in Arakan to identify themselves as Rohingya, the term of their choice. The government ban means as many as one million people remain uncounted in Arakan. That is scarcely surprising, as the Burmese government, Rakhine ultra-nationalists and seemingly a majority of the Burmese population have denied for years the existence of the Rohingya identity. According to them, the Rohingya ethnicity is an invention devised by immigrants from Bangladesh to take over the land in Arakan. Few people have made more effort to deny the claims of ethnicity by the Rohingya than Derek Tonkin, former British ambassador to Thailand and editor of the website Network Myanmar. Mr. Tonkin has reached his conclusions after digging deeply in colonial British archives, where he has not found a single use of the term Rohingya. His command of the British colonial records is nothing less than impressive, but by relying almost solely on these sources he only offers a partial picture, from which I think he draws incorrect conclusions..."
Author/creator: Carlos Sardiña Galache
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
ML > Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Rohingya (cultural, political etc.)
Administrative areas > Arakan (Rakhine) State > Arakan (Rakhine) State - reports etc.


Title: Burgers and social responsibility in Myanmar
Date of publication: 13 October 2014
Description/subject: "There is a report today that Myanmar will soon have its first KFC store. It follows the first Swensen’s, Pizza Company and Lotteria outlets: all have opened in recent years. And they are all wildly popular. Long-time New Mandala readers know that I have offered occasional musings on the topic of fast food in Southeast Asia for many years, going right back to when downtown Yangon had its own “fake” McDonalds. As I suggested back then, in August 2006, the fakes were on borrowed time: "I assume that when the Golden Arches finally makes its Burma push (which would be one obvious outcome of lifting US sanctions) these restaurants will go the way of the fake cognac and agricultural fungicide. They will get better, get legal or disappear." History shows that they struggled to survive and in recent years the imitation fast food joints of Yangon have run out of steam. Unless I’m mistaken, they are all gone now..."
Author/creator: Nicholas Farrelly
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
ML > Society and Culture > Food/Cooking


Title: Myanmar Special Economic Zones, Part I
Date of publication: 23 October 2014
Description/subject: "Since the first sod was turned in 2008, the Dawei Special Economic Zone has been mired in controversy. Reports of corruption, land grabs and environmental degradation have turned public opinion against the scheme, and, since the withdrawal of the Italian Thai Development Company in 2012, financial backing has yet to be secured. Until a new private investor can be found to continue the zone’s construction, the project survives on life-support from the Thai and Myanmar governments. It remains unclear whether the project will ever be completed. Considering the controversy, it’s surprising that the flimsy economic credentials of the Dawei SEZ have yet to enter the conversation. Debate has generally centred upon the social and environmental costs of the project outweighing the economic benefits, as if such benefits were somehow assured. Yet SEZs often end up costing governments more in infrastructure spending than can ever be recouped through foreign investment. The small number of successful SEZs, such as Malaysia’s Penang and China’s Shenzhen, are exceptions to the rule..."
Author/creator: Josh Wood
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
ML > Economy > Economic zones in Myanmar > Special Economic Zones (SEZs) > Dawei (Tavoy) Special Economic Zone


Title: Myanmar Special Economic Zones, Part II
Date of publication: 24 October 2014
Description/subject: "On a little-known island in Myanmar’s Rakhine State, construction is soon set to begin on a deep-sea port, dozens of factories, roads, reservoirs and a power plant to support large-scale industrial activity. Alongside similar projects in Dawei and Thilawa, the Kyaukphyu Special Economic Zone is one of Myanmar’s most ambitious and expensive development strategies. Despite repeated assurances from policy-makers in Naypyidaw and Beijing, the economic justification of the Kyuakphyu SEZ is coming under increased scrutiny. Located in Rakhine State, one of the poorest and least developed regions in Myanmar, Kyaukphyu Township is a sleepy provincial centre. Home to only 60,000 people, many of which rely on fishing and agriculture for their livelihoods, there is, as of yet, no industrial infrastructure of note. Yet a tract of land several miles from the town centre is set to receive unique legal status, billions in infrastructure spending and, if all goes according to plan, large flows of job-creating investment. While the area has some notable natural assets such as large gas deposits and a well-protected harbour, the zone’s prospects of success are poor..."
Author/creator: Josh Wood
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
ML > Economy > Economic zones in Myanmar > Special Economic Zones (SEZs) > Dawei (Tavoy) Special Economic Zone


Title: Myanmar Special Economic Zones, Part III
Date of publication: 25 October 2014
Description/subject: "Special economic zones have been highly successful in several East Asian economies, kick-starting new waves of foreign direct investment, employment and growth. Yet despite the success of Shenzhen and a handful of others, most SEZs throughout Asia have cost governments a fortune to build and brought little economic benefit. Given their poor track record, it’s refreshing to see that Myanmar’s most developed SEZ, Thilawa, bears strong resemblance to some of the region’s more successful schemes. Indeed, with finance secured, construction begun, and a dozen foreign investors already signed up, there is every reason to believe that Thilawa can provide a substantial boost to Myanmar’s economic development. In contrast to Dawei and Kyuakphyu, the Thilawa SEZ benefits from its proximity to an urban centre. Located only 20km south of downtown Yangon, Myanmar’s largest city, the site feels worlds apart, with only a smattering of industry breaking up the wide expanse of agricultural plots and untilled grasslands. It’s thus perfectly placed to build and expand whilst simultaneously taking advantage of the goods and services available in the country’s commercial capital..."
Author/creator: Josh Wood
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
ML > Economy > Economic zones in Myanmar > Special Economic Zones (SEZs) > Dawei (Tavoy) Special Economic Zone


Title: Will Myanmar’s reforms continue after 2015?
Date of publication: 03 November 2014
Description/subject: "As Myanmar prepares for its first general election since its political reforms began under President Thein Sein in 2011, observers are wondering about the prospects for continued political, social and economic policies after 2015. Whatever the actual results of the elections, domestically, the impacts on political and social change beyond 2015 should be extensive, and the institutional and psychological effects on Myanmar will be equally profound. Not surprisingly, the extent of uncertainty about the near-term future, and especially about the political complexion of a post-2015 government worries some people. Nothing about the elections is yet decided, for example: the date (possibly November 2015); the parties (with amalgamations and realignments still occurring); the candidates (Aung San Suu Kyi will stand for the elections, but under the present constitution cannot be a candidate for president; President Thein Sein originally said he would not re-contest, but may be having second thoughts); and the policies (official campaigning will not commence until just before the elections). It cannot be assumed that many more details about policies will emerge before the elections as parties and candidates concentrate on their electoral preparations..."
Author/creator: Trevor Wilson
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
ML > Dialogue/reform/transition - from military to civilian rule? > Dialogue/reform/transition in Burma/Myanmar - analyses and statements


Title: Myanmar’s Muslim mosaic and the politics of belonging
Date of publication: 04 November 2014
Description/subject: "...We need to see this diversity inherent in Myanmar’s population, and this includes within the Muslim communities. How do we begin to capture the diversity and richness of Myanmar’s Muslim mosaic? Central to the politics of belonging is how Muslims define themselves. Let me take the 2014 census as an example of how Muslims are seeking to redefine their identity. International commentary on the census primarily focused on the categories the government would use to mark religion and ethnicity, and specifically whether it would allow individuals to identify as ‘Rohingya’. But there was an absence of coverage of broader Muslim responses to the census. Observers failed to see the fierce discussion and debate within Muslim communities about what categories they wanted to use to define their religious and ethnic status in the census. Many in the Burmese Muslim community were confused: they did not want to list their ethnicity as ‘Burman’, even if they identified as part Burman. This was because they felt that the ethnic category ‘Burman’ may be conflated by the government with ‘Buddhists’, and therefore overestimated the numbers of Buddhists. On the other hand, as Muslims who take pride in their ‘Burmeseness’ – both in terms of their ancestry as well as the use of Burmese language, clothing and culture – wanted recognition that they belong to Myanmar too..."
Author/creator: Melissa Crouch
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
ML > Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Ethnic groups in Burma (cultural, political) > Single Groups > Rohingya (cultural, political etc.)
Administrative areas > Arakan (Rakhine) State > Arakan (Rakhine) State - reports etc.


Title: The 25th ASEAN Summit in Naypyitaw
Date of publication: 11 November 2014
Description/subject: "This week the 25th ASEAN Summit descends on Myanmar’s capital, Naypyitaw. Chairing the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) this year, Myanmar has already host a plethora of regional meetings. This week is particularly significant—it is Myanmar’s grand finale until the chair rotates back to Myanmar in the next ten years or so. From 11 to 13 November 2014, heads of state from ASEAN’s ten-member states and ASEAN’s dialogue partners will take their seats around the tables at the Myanmar International Convention Centre-I..."
Author/creator: Olivia Cable
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
ML > Foreign Relations > ASEAN-Burma relations


Title: What Tony Abbott said in Naypyitaw
Date of publication: 13 November 2014
Description/subject: "In his speech, Australian Prime Minister Tony Abbott highlighted the fact that trade between ASEAN countries and Australia today is eighty times larger than it was forty years ago. Furthermore, two-way investment is $155 billion dollars. Today, one million people visit Australia every year from ASEAN countries, and 2.5 million Australian’s visit ASEAN countries every year. More than 100,000 students from ASEAN countries study in Australia every year. According to Abbot this is a sign of the strength of the relationship between Australia and the nations of ASEAN. Abbott observed the weight ASEAN countries now have. For example, Malaysia is on the verge of becoming a high-income country. Indonesia is on its way to being a democratic superpower of Asia and Singapore’s GDP per head is higher than Australia’s. These ‘indisputable facts’ are a tribute to the work which ASEAN countries have done. Abbott sees Australia as having played its part to advance the region. Abbott made mention that Australia will set up an ASEAN-Australia Council, which seeks to work on people-to-people, institution-to-institution and business-to-business links in Asia. Furthermore, Australia will establish a Mekong business initiative, which seeks to develop small businesses in Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. Abbott hopes ASEAN countries are now aware of the New Colombo Plan, where students from Australia are going to the region to compliment the flow of students from Southeast Asia to Australia..."
Author/creator: Olivia Cable
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
ML > Foreign Relations > Australia-Burma relations


Title: Pre-game in Naypyitaw
Date of publication: 13 November 2014
Description/subject: "This year’s ASEAN Summit isn’t just for convention junkies. Naypyitaw, not yet officially a decade old, has expanded this week with states-people and their respective entourages flying in from the APEC Summit in Beijing. Watching Naypyitaw prepare for the Summit earlier in the week could prove to be more exciting than the waiting we’re now doing for consensus around the ASEAN table. This week, the Myanmar Police Force are in full swing. Blowing whistles, whirling sirens and flashing blinkers, they’re securing Naypyitaw and its peripheries every hour of the day. While the police force has previously been overshadowed by the armed forces in Myanmar’s turbulent history, the police has evolved as a key instrument of control by the current civilian-military hybrid government. In their blue combat helmets, ankle-high black polished boots, waist belts fastened with state-of-the-art wooden sling-shots and distinctive insignia on their uniforms, the police look the part and are working to prevent criminal activity and terrorist attacks. Stationed throughout Naypyitaw—they are blocking traffic from entering the twelve-lane highway that runs past Myanmar’s National Assembly until Saturday. At intersections, hotels, makeshift gates and even the entrance of the Gem Museum, in all their glory, the police dominate Naypyitaw’s streetscapes this week..."
Author/creator: Olivia Cable
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
ML > Foreign Relations > ASEAN-Burma relations


Title: Female faces at the ASEAN Summit in Naypyitaw
Date of publication: 14 November 2014
Description/subject: "Most photo coverage of the 25th ASEAN Summit in Naypyitaw this week concentrates on men. It’s likely the only female faces to appear in the Summit’s headlines will be Indonesia’s newly appointed Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi, South Korea’s President Park Guen-hye, and US National Security Adviser Susan Rice, Over the last two days, New Mandala shifted its camera lens to capture but a handful of the female faces at the Summit..."
Author/creator: Olivia Cable
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 December 2014
ML > Foreign Relations > ASEAN-Burma relations
Women > Women's rights


Title: Causes of intolerance and prejudice in Buddhism
Date of publication: 21 July 2014
Description/subject: "A sense of bewilderment is often apparent when news of violence appears with regard to Sri Lanka and Burma. The incredulity could be summarized in two ways. For the Asian Buddhist the idea is dismissed that the teachings of the Buddha could ever lead to hostility. ‘Buddhism’ is airbrushed from the scenes of violence and in its place the only thing seen is the threat to the nation, a threat to the culture and a threBuddhismat to the religion. For the Western observer there is the idea that those committing these acts are not ‘real’ Buddhists. The original teachings have mingled with culture to such an extent as to become unrecognizable – dig beneath the culture, to the text, and there the ‘real’ message of the Buddha will be found. For the West (and I use the term ‘West’ not in a geographic sense but to imply those societies irrevocably influenced by modernity), Buddhism has to be separated from its cultural environment. This is out of necessity – for it is assumed that Buddhism is not a ‘religion’ at all. It is a pristine ‘other’, standing alone and somewhat aloof from the messiness of the masses. The notion that Buddhism is not a ‘religion is often a shared idea of the modern West and modern Asia..."
Author/creator: Paul Fuller
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 December 2014
ML > Society and Culture > Religion > Buddhism > Buddhism and Society > Buddhism and society, Buddhist Ethics
Religious violence and discrimination > Religious violence and discrimination - global


Title: No protection for taungya farmers in bylaws: experts
Date of publication: 22 October 2012
Description/subject: "A network of land-focused civil society organisations has raised concerns that bylaws for two new pieces of land legislation fail to offer proper protection for upland farmers who use shifting cultivation, leaving millions at risk of losing their land tenure rights. Land Core Group chairman U Shwe Thein said that the recently introduced bylaw for the Farmland Law interprets taungya, or upland farming, as only fields under permanent cultivation. This leaves farmers who practise upland shifting cultivation with little protection from losing their lands..."
Author/creator: Thomas Kean
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 December 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Administration > Land, property and planning > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to land, property and planning (commentary)


Title: Game over for Aung San Suu Kyi?
Date of publication: 16 September 2014
Description/subject: "Despite a constitutional roadblock, there is still a chance that Aung San Suu Kyi can become Myanmar’s next leader, reports Belinda Cranston. Aung San Suu Kyi’s dream of becoming Myanmar’s next president is not necessarily over, despite an article in the country’s constitution preventing her from standing for the presidency. A committee charged with reviewing Myanmar’s 2008 Constitution is submitting its recommended changes during the next session of parliament, which began on 11 September. Of particular interest to Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy, (NLD) is a military drafted clause that bars her from standing for presidency ahead of the 2015 national elections, because her late husband and children are foreigners. The main disagreement within the Joint Committee to Review the Constitution is whether to propose changing section 436, which gives the military a veto over constitutional change. Committee members have told The Myanmar Times only three military representatives were opposed to reducing the threshold for constitutional change from 75 per cent to a two-thirds majority. “That is the normal majority that you would expect in most democracies around the world,” said Trevor Wilson, a visiting fellow at the ANU College of Asia and the Pacific, who served as Australia’s ambassador to Myanmar from 2000 to 2003. “So that would bring their constitution more in line with other, so-called democratic constitutions.” A concerted campaign organised earlier this year by the NLD and Aung San Suu Kyi collected five million signatures petitioning change to certain clauses of the constitution. Even if the NLD is disappointed with recommendations the committee hands down, Mr Wilson doesn’t believe the party will replace Suu Kyi with someone who can legally run for president. “There will be no change in NLD leadership unless Suu Kyi decides she wants to go,” he said. Health reasons could decide that for her, he added. Given her popularity and nation-wide profile, it’s unlikely the NLD would want to replace Suu Kyi with someone who can legally contest the leadership. “The NLD has never had any plan for someone to deputise for Suu Kyi or be ready to succeed her,” Wilson said. “They respect her. They would never think of challenging her leadership or her position. “Because she has such authority and respect, to have her as the leader of the party is still incredibly important in an election.”.....Read the full article at the ANU College of Asia and the Pacific website. Watch a video of Trevor Wilson discussing Aung San Suu Kyi’s chances of becoming Myanmar’s next president.
Author/creator: Belinda Cranston
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Date of entry/update: 12 December 2014
ML > Politics and Government > Prominent Figures > Daw Aung San Suu Kyi


Title: ‘Ancestral’ lands to be protected under draft policy
Date of publication: 05 December 2014
Description/subject: "Unregistered ancestral lands and those under shifting cultivation will be protected under draft policy and protected from confiscation under under a draft land use policy, a change land rights groups say would be a major step forward for tenure security."
Author/creator: Sandar Lwin
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 December 2014
ML > Law and Constitution > Administration > Land, property and planning > Laws, decrees, bills and regulations relating to land, property and planning (commentary)


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Friday 12 December, 2014
Date of publication: 12 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pf (3.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 12 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Friday 12 December, 2014
Date of publication: 12 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 12 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Friday 12 December, 2014
Date of publication: 12 December 2014
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Real estate market in industrial zones cools after Ygn Gov’t suggests unutilized plots, warehouses could be seized...UEC Chairman, US diplomats hold talks on preparations for 2015-elections...Forestry students undertake practical works in camps...Migratory water birds arrive at Inlay Lake Sanctuary...Lewe Township gets self-reliant rural village...Local people attend literacy course in Mahlaing...Stone inscriptions to get chamber in precinct of Shwesaryan Pagoda...New lecture hall ready to admit students...YCDC spends K5.9 billion on Mingala Taungnyunt-Dawbon Bridge...Tourist transport vehicles to take work licence..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar President urges ASEAN, S. Korean businesspeople to cooperate for more growth...FDA to educate pharmacy owners nationwide on counterfeit drugs...Philippines recognizes Myanmar’s reform and reconciliation efforts...Myanmar to overcome challenges in transition to democracy, reaffirming “no backsliding” in the process...Myanmar hosts 40th ASEAN Ports Association Meeting...U Myint Naung presents Credentials to Italian President...ROK, Myanmar to cooperate in sectorwise development...Dawei SEZ Project to win trust of people with regional development results...Korean bank grants stipends for MUFL students..... "PERSPECTIVES":"The quality of teachers is more crucial than the system of education" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "Family Farming for Food Security and Prosperity in the Mountains" by Tashi Dorji and Surendra Raj Joshi
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.3MB)
Date of entry/update: 12 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: Child rights in Myanmar: preventing recruitment and use of children by the Myanmar armed forces
Date of publication: December 2014
Description/subject: "From 17-31 October 2014, Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict conducted a field mission to Myanmar. In partnership with UNICEF, Watchlist trained staff of UN agencies, as well as international and national NGOs, on the UN-led 1612 Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM). The mission took place amidst ongoing negotiations between the 1612 Country Taskforce on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR), and the Government of Myanmar, on a work plan on the implementation of the June 2012 Action Plan to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children by the Myanmar Armed Forces, also known as the Tatmadaw, including the Border Guard Forces (BGF)..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Watchlist on Children and Armed Conflict
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 December 2014
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Children and armed conflict


Title: AAPPB Monthly Chronology
Description/subject: Monthly report of the number of political prisoners in Burma - releases, new detentions, those awaiting trial...Archive from September 2008
Language: English
Source/publisher: Assistance Association for Political Prisoners (Burma) - AAPPB
Format/size: pdf, html,
Date of entry/update: 11 December 2014
ML > Human Rights > Detentions, Trials, Independence of the Judiciary > Political prisoners and other violations in Burma - reports


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Thursday 11 December, 2014
Date of publication: 11 December 2014
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Myanmar National Airlines begins corporatized operation...Union I&P Minister supervises issuance of citizenship cards to people...Public announcement for remonstration...Two privates from KIA (Kachin) and RCSS/SSA return to legal fold...Anti-human trafficking task force discuss sub-regional action plan...Senior General Min Aung Hlaing visits ancient Pyu city...Rural youth attend capacity enhancement course...Eye specialists give free eye care services to locals in Mahlaing Tsp...Natogyi Township opens Election Sub-commission office...MRCCI elects new executives for 2014-17 fiscal years term...Departmental personnel check thriving vegetable plantations...Rural area gets repaved road in Pobbathiri Tsp...Children join physical skills contest...Departmental officials share knowledge about uneatable foods to students...Union Minister opens new school buildings funded by Indonesian government...People in Aungmyathazan Tsp get new asphalt road...YUE opens master’s degree course affiliated with Chiang Mai University..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President U Thein Sein leaves for Republic of Korea to attend 25th ASEAN-ROK Commemorative Summit...H.E. Park Geun-hye, President of ROK, sends letters to ASEAN countries...UEC, International IDEA hold workshop on process of political finance...Pyidaungsu Hluttaw Speaker visits Philippines...Workshop on international policing standards kicks off in Mandalay...Korean, Myanmar artistes perform entertainments...Cruise liner M.V. Manerva moors at Bo Aung Kyaw Port..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Mountains are crucial to life" by Aung Khin..... ARTICLE: "PROBITY" by Kyi Mun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 11 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Thursday 11 December, 2014
Date of publication: 11 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (11MB)
Date of entry/update: 11 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Thursday 11 December, 2014
Date of publication: 11 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 11 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Wednesday 10 December, 2014
Date of publication: 10 December 2014
Description/subject: EXECUTIVE ORDERS: Republic of the Union of Myanmar President Office (Order No. 27/2014) 3rd Waning Day of Nadaw, 1376 ME (9 December, 2014) Appointment of Chief Justice of Sagaing Region High Court...ASEA Shared Vision for the Future of Korea and ASEAN—Partnership for Trust and Happiness.....OTHER ANNOUNCEMENTS: Republic of the Union of Myanmar Union Election Commission Nay Pyi Taw Announcement No. (43/2014) 3rd Waning Day of Nadaw, 1376 ME (9 December, 2014) Myanmar Peasant, Worker, People’s Party allowed to register as political party..... OTHER DOMESTIC NEWS: National land resource management committee holds first collaboration meeting...More training schools planned to satisfy demand...Yangon region Hluttaw to debate proposal for 12-party talks...Sri Kestra inscribed on World Heritage List...Voter list computerization course kicks off in Mandalay...Chin damsels attend midwifery course...Enthusiasts attend fruit-based foodstuff production course...Natmauk to get one more private bank branch...People in Kyaunggon to get rural gravel road...Information Ministry’s MCWA provides assistance to pregnant women...Students take part in school library development and reading skill activities...Buddhist cultural instructor course wraps up in Mohnyin...Thriving tobacco plantations contribute to livelihoods of local farmers..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar, 3 other GMS countries to get assistance from ADB-Australia fund of USD10.5 million for private sector development...Union FM attends high-level roundtable for Myanmar’s graduation from LDC category...Israeli Orto-Da Theatre Group: Stones...U Soe Nwe presents credentials to Estonian President...Parliamentary delegation headed by speaker heads for the Philippines...Delegates participate in ASEAN-SEAFDEC Regional Technical Consultation..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Envy and pride blind us to reality" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLE: "European Union to provide USD 900 million to Myanmar over 7 years" by Ye Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.6MB)
Date of entry/update: 10 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Wednesday 10 December, 2014
Date of publication: 10 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (8.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 10 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Wednesday 10 December, 2014
Date of publication: 10 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 10 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: How Blaming ‘Slash and Burn’ Farmers is Deforesting Mainland Southeast Asia
Date of publication: December 2000
Description/subject: Summary: "For decades, international lenders, agencies, and foundations as well as national and local governments have spent millions of dollars trying to “modernize” the traditional practices of farmers in many mountainous areas of Southeast Asia—an agenda driven by the belief that their age-old shifting cultivation practices (known pejoratively as “slash and burn”) are deforesting Asia. But a new look at how forests fare under shifting cultivation (as opposed to under permanent agriculture) clearly demonstrates that efforts to eliminate the ancient practice have actually contributed to deforestation, loss of biodiversity, and reduction in carbon storage.1 In fact, shifting cultivation, rather than being the hobgoblin of tropical forest conservation, may be ecologically appropriate, culturally suitable, and under certain circumstances the best means for preserving biodiversity in the region. The real threat to these tropical forests is posed by the steady advance of large-scale permanent and commercial agriculture."
Author/creator: Jefferson M. Fox
Language: English
Source/publisher: East-West Centre
Format/size: pdf (254K)
Date of entry/update: 10 December 2014
ML > Agriculture > Global resources on agriculture
Agriculture > Sustainable agriculture


Title: The Political Ecology of Rubber Production in Myanmar: An Overview
Date of publication: December 2012
Description/subject: "Myanmar central government and military authorities have long supported rubber production as a strategic industrial agricultural crop for export to earn foreign exchange. The history of rubber cultivation is important to consider in order to better understand the newly emerging political economy of rubber in the country during the current transition period. Rubber has been cultivated in Myanmar since the British colonial period in the early 20th century, mostly in Mon State. These ‘traditional’ rubber growing areas in Mon State mostly comprise smallholder rubber plantations that have greatly contributed to the livelihoods of Mon households. Since the past decade, however, a new ‘untraditional’ frontier area has been targeted for rubber plantation development. In northern Myanmar in Kachin State, northern Shan State, and eastern Shan State, especially including the Wa Self - Administered Region, rubber concessions have swept across the hills in areas that were formerly swidden fields. While rubber in Mon State, Kayin State, and Tanintharyi Region follows more of a smallholder model approach but which is mostly embedded in Chinese rubber markets with Chinese middlemen, rubber development in northern Myanmar follows a private large-scale concessionary model mostly financed by Chinese investment from China’s national opium substitution programme. In the past few years new areas yet again in Myanmar are being targeted by large-scale rubber concessions, this time where smallholder rubber farms already exist, such as in Rakhine State, Mon State, Kayin State, and northern Tanintharyi Region. Local government officials, regional military commanders, and non-state armed groups have allocated rubber concessions through rubber-growing areas in Myanmar over the past decade. These concessions are located in what the government labels ‘wastelands’, often in the uplands, which in fact are farmed by local households as ‘taungya’ (shifting cultivation) plots. Therefore, rubber development in Myanmar that follows the agro-industrial model, are causing serious impacts on local farmers’ subsistence livelihoods, as is the case with other industrial agricultural | concessions. Rubber concessions in former customary swidden fields seriously impact local food security and resource access to forests and agro-fields, while rarely providing adequate alternative livelihoods through wage labour employment for local populations. New agricultural wage labour migration for large-sca le rubber concessions, especially in the new production areas in northern Myanmar, is introducing new socio-economic and political tensions to farming communities..."
Author/creator: Kevin Woods
Language: English
Source/publisher: Global Witness
Format/size: pdf (964K)
Alternate URLs: https://www.globalwitness.org/sites/default/files/The%20Political%20Ecology%20of%20Rubber%20Product...
Date of entry/update: 10 December 2014
ML > Agriculture > Crops > Plantations > Rubber plantations


Title: An Unseen Crisis
Date of publication: 25 February 2014
Description/subject: Summary: "Increased troop deployment, attacks and abuses by the Burma Army in northern Shan State during the past year have caused large-scale new displacement of Palaung villagers, calling into question the Burmese government’s claims to be seeking a peaceful settlement to the ethnic conflict. The number of Burmese government troops in Palaung areas of northern Shan State has doubled from 16 to over 30 battalions during 2013. Attacks and abuses by these troops have caused the fresh displacement of over 3,000 mostly Palaung villagers in the past year, who are now sheltering in four new camps in Namtu, Tangyan and Kutkhai townships. This is a fourfold in crease since late 2012, when PWO documented about 1,000 IDPs sheltering in three camps in Namkham and Manton town- ships. The military build-up is clearly linked to the government’s attempts to secure its large-scale investment projects in the area, including the Shwe oil and gas pipelines, which started sending gas to China in June 2013. Offensives have been ongoing against local ethnic resistance groups, in cluding the Shan State Army North (SSA-N), the Kachin Independence Army (KIA), and the Ta’ang National Liberation Army (TNLA). Burma Army shelling of villages, burning of homes and property, forced portering, torture and sexual violence have caused new displacement of over 20 villages during the past year. The offensives have continued despite ongoing ceasefire negotiations between the Burmese government and the ethnic armed groups. The TNLA met with the Myanmar Peace Center, led by U Aung Min on July 31, 2013, in Muse, northern Shan State, but the Burma Army launched new attacks against TNLA in Kutkhai and Kyaukmae only eleven days afterwards. There is insufficient humanitarian aid reaching the IDP camps. Aid agencies provided basic assistance to IDPs in Kutkhai an d Tangyan when they first fled, but since then there has been no regular support of rice or other food. The IDPs are forced to find work as daily labourers to feed their families, but there is little work available. Shortages of food have exacerbated health problems in the camps, but there has been almost no medical aid..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Ta’ang Women’s Organization (TWO)
Format/size: pdf (1.8MB)
Date of entry/update: 09 December 2014
ML > Internal Displacement/Forced Migration > Burma: Internal displacement/forced migration of individual ethnic groups > Internal displacement/forced migration of Shan. Palaung and Wa villagers


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Tuesday 9 December, 2014
Date of publication: 09 December 2014
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham attends prize-giving for wooden carving competitions...Education Ministry reopens historic hostels at YIE, YU, which allow about 400 students for 2014-15 academic year...Universities of Medicines, medical universities to open first year courses on 22 December...Union minister visits relief camps in Rakhine State...Amyotha Hluttaw speaker visits cultural training centres, comforts patients in Pyawbwe, Yamethin Tsps...Deputy Speaker meets faculty members, students...Training course turns out tailors in Sittway...MEHL introduces MEC CDMA800 MHz into the market...Dahatgon Sugar Mill in Tatkon to crushes 66,000 tons of sugarcane in 2014-15 FY...Mandalarians join mass sports activities on 6 December...Letter to the Editor..FMI sees record profits with total revenue of K 3648 million...Ancient Buddha images emerge from pagoda construction site...Urbanites of Nyaunglebin donate provisions to Buddhist monks...Students join inter-private school concert in Mandalay...Agriculturists explain export and packaging system for Seintalon mango...Rural area to get access to Natogyi through earthen road...Solo art show attracts Mandalarians, tourists..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Last Stop of Coca-Cola Happiness Journey– Mandalay...Labour ministry, overseas job agencies discuss welfare of migrant workers...Workshop on structural design and management of EOC held...Union FM receives Under Secretary-General of UN-OHRLLS, Brazilian Ambassador...Performers present traditional dances, songs to tourists..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Don’t lose sight of public interest" Myint Win Thein.....
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 09 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Tuesday 9 December, 2014
Date of publication: 09 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 09 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Tuesday 9 December, 2014
Date of publication: 09 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (7.7MB)
Date of entry/update: 09 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: Where are the Women? - Negotiations for Peace in Burma
Date of publication: May 2013
Description/subject: Introduction: "Since the unanimous adoption of the United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security in 2000, international consensus has been built around the need to involve women in peace processes in order for peace building to be sustainable, democratic and inclusive. This policy framework now includes five resolutions adopted by the Security Council to promote and protect the rights of women in conflict and post-conflict situations. The recent 7-point action plan released by the United Nation’s Secretary General in 2010 reafirmed the importance of mainstreaming a gender perspective throughout all aspects of the peace building process, and identiied several substantive points of action to increase gender responsiveness... Despite this, women in Burma are effectively excluded from participating in the negotiations for peace. Less than a handful of women have been part of the offcial talks held between the State and the armed groups, and none of the 12 preliminary ceasefire agreements reviewed for this report includes any references to gender or women. The expertise of local women’s groups in peacemaking and trust building efforts has gone unnoticed, and concerns raised by women are being sidelined. The interest by the dominant funders of the Burmese peace building initiatives, the international community, in advocating for the increased participation of women or for the mainstreaming of gender responsiveness has been, at best, inadequate. This is a worrisome development which requires action from both international and local actors as the continued exclusion of women risks undermining the legitimacy of the entire process."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Swedish Burma Committee
Format/size: pdf (132K-reduced version; 220K-original)
Alternate URLs: https://dl.dropboxusercontent.com/u/53174387/Where%20are%20the%20Women.pdf
Date of entry/update: 09 December 2014
ML > Women > Articles, reports and sites relating to women of Burma
Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: Burma Link (English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: Active group with lots of reports and activities..."Burma Link is a non-profit non-governmental organisation that was set up to address vital unmet needs affecting the people of Burma. Burma Link was founded by foreign specialists in the field of ethnic relations and international development together with refugees and migrants from Burma in August 2012 in Mae La refugee camp, Thailand. The initial idea of creating a website gradually developed into establishing a non-profit organisation that seeks to connect the world with the people of Burma through the use of social media and also through various projects such as interviews, documentaries and events that help the people of Burma have their voices heard in effective and creative ways. We now conduct interviews with people of Burma from all walks of life and have been publishing their stories on our English website since April 2013 and Burmese website since January 2014..."
Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Burma Link
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 09 December 2014
ML > Non-Burman and non-Buddhist groups > Support groups for non-burman peoples


Title: The main authors of the documents in this collection - biographies
Description/subject: Col. Ba Shin... U Lu Pe Win... Daw Kyan... U Pe Maung Tin... Dr. Than Tun... Dr Yi Yi... Saya Zawgyi (U Thein Han)
Language: English
Source/publisher: University of Washington
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
RR > Burma/Myanmar material on academic websites > Washington University


Title: Dooplaya Situation Update: Kyainseikgyi, Kawkareik and Kyonedoe townships, October 2013 to January 2014
Date of publication: 08 July 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Kyainseikgyi, Kawkareik and Kyonedoe townships, Dooplaya District during the period between October 2013 and January 2014, and includes information regarding ongoing militarisation and forced labour; the environmental and other impacts of mining and rubber tree cultivation; education; and drug-related sexual violence: Beginning on November 11th 2013, during a troop rotation, Tatmadaw Light Infantry Battalion #545 ordered S--- villagers to transport materials using their own tractors; villagers were forced to do this work without pay or the provision of food, but money for gasoline was provided... Coal and stone mining projects led to deforestation, the pollution of water sources used for drinking and bathing and to skin and lung problems... Villagers raised concerns regarding drug problems leading to killings, rape and sexual harassment. A disabled girl in W--- was raped by a man under the influence of drugs and subsequently became pregnant. A court case was filed and ended with a decision from the court sentencing the perpetrator to a jail term.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (807K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/14-20-s1_pdf.pdf
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Conflict in particular States > Armed conflict in Karen State > Armed conflict in Karen State - military activities and their impact on village life, including livelihood, health, education and land tenure security


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Sunday 7 December, 2014
Date of publication: 07 December 2014
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham inspects renovation works at Yangon General Hospital...Environmentalists urge government to adopt policy on peatland management...Union Minister visits Hepatitis-B vaccine factory...Union Minister acknowledges women can help with nation building...Wellwishers donate cash and books to Myanmar Libraries Foundation...Exams for Presidential Scholarship Programme held in six major cities...Labour Department, ILO sign contract for statistical services for labour...Rural people get health care services in Zabuthiri Tsp...Natogyi-Myotha asphalt road to contribute to regional development...Mobile team seizes illegal sawn timber in Tachilek...Enthusiasts join Regional and Institutional Development Conference in Mandalay...People join mass walk activities of December..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: President U Thein Sein to pay visit to ROK, attend 25th ASEAN-Korea Commemorative Summit...Japan-Myanmar Pwe Taw kicks off with food, activities and stage performances...Vice-Senior General Soe Win back from Malaysia...Myanmar, Japan focus on cooperation in map production...US Ambassador’s visit to the Shae Thot 2000th Village ceremony...Myanmar loses to Chongburi U-12 of Thailand in quarterfinal...Globetrotters enjoy panoramic sunset views in Bagan...Toungoo Education College marks International Volunteer Day...Thai expert gives training on skin care in Mandalay...MOGE, oil companies sign production sharing contract for M-8 Mottama offshore block...Myanmar, Japan discuss land utilization, technological assistance..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Time to change our approach to change" by Kyaw Thura..... ARTICLES: "SCG committed to enhancing the quality of all communities where it operates" by Kyaw The-ein..."RESPONSIBILITY" by Kyi Mun
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (4.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Sunday 7 December, 2014
Date of publication: 07 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (9MB)
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014


Title: "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") Sunday 7 December, 2014
Date of publication: 07 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") > "The Mirror" ("Kyemon") 2014


Title: COMMUNAL TENURE AND THE GOVERNANCE OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES IN ASIA
Date of publication: April 2011
Description/subject: Summary: "This paper presents an overview of the distinctive features of communal tenure in different community-based land and natural resource management systems. Communal tenure refers to situations where groups, communities, or one or more villages have well defined, exclusive rights to jointly own and/or manage particular areas of natural resources such as land, forest and water. These are often referred to as common pool resources: many rural communities are dependent on these resources for their livelihood. In communal tenure, both the boundaries of the resource owned in common and group membership are clearly defined. These are necessary conditions to exclude outsiders and to secure the rights of group members so that these rights cannot be taken away or changed unilaterally. Two models of communal tenure are presented in the paper; these models differ in terms of the function of the state, the length of tenure and the characteristics of the resource system concerned. In the first model, the permanent title model, the state fully and permanently hands the land over to local indigenous communities for private collective ownership. In this situation, the resource system is often multi-facetted, comprising agricultural lands as well as forest, water and pasture land. Permanent title for indigenous peoples’ communal land is a special claim supported by national legislation and by international conventions, coven ants and declarations that many countries have endorsed. Examples of permanent title in Asia include the Philippines and Cambodia, where legislation provides for collective rights of indigenous communities. In many instances such as Cambodia, Philippines or, for instance, Papua New Guinea, the indigenous groups or communities that are eligible by law for private and permanent communal tenure need to become a legal entity to be recognized as a communal right-holder by the state. This may require community incorporation. However, the process of incorporation can be cumbersome for people who are not necessarily literate in the national language or in the demands of state bureaucracy. In the second model, the delegated management model, the state maintains ownership of the resources and delegates management to local groups, most often villages, for a specific period of time, with the possibility of renewal. Such agreements are generally subject to national legislation only. In this case, the resources are often uniform and relate to, for example, community forestry, community fishery, pasture or irrigation group tenure that all come in many different forms with different bundles of rights. This model is far more common than the first, with Nepal, India, Thailand, Cambodia or Mongolia providing examples. In addition to these two general models, one may still find traditional customary communal tenure in remote communities. Here the state does not actually regulate or intervene in the management of resources, but all local communities in the area would know of the local rules of harvesting and withdrawal rights. Both the permanent title in communal land and the d elegated management model may originate from an existing customary arrangement, where the rules are known and have been adhered to by right-holders – and their neighbors – for generations. The state can acknowledge these existing communal systems through formalization of existing rules and rights. In a different situation, where customary arrangements are no longer present and the resource is degraded and under open access, the formalization of Communal tenure and the governance of common property resources in Asia delegated management of, for example, a new community forest, may imply setting up or inducing communal tenure institutions, where they did not previously exist. Inducing institutions is a major exercise in social engineering; the resulting induced institution must be carefully aligned with the physical and natural characteristics of the resources or resource system and, ideally, should build on an existing set of norms in the community. Where governments and/or donor projects have a pro-poor approach in inducing communal tenure for natural resource management, the pro-poor targeting mechanisms must be mainstreamed in the institution building. In all communal tenure systems, the physical and biological characteristics of the resource system factor decisively into the regulatory frameworks that communities establish. One must match with the other. In situations where both subsistence and market value products can be withdrawn from the resource system there are also many kinds of interlinked and embedded rights: the communal tenure is usually embedded within a larger nested hierarchy of institutions." Nowadays the communities will often need support an d recognition by the state in order to manage effectively their common pool resou rces. As a consequence, communities will need to establish two sets of rule s: (i) those rules that constitute the community as an entity in the eyes of the state and (ii) those that define internal rules of benefit sharing. Whereas constitutional rules de fine the community as a legal entity, internal community rules establish the management r ights in the resources and the fair appropriation of benefits. Interest in communal tenure and common property res ource management has risen since the 1980s among academics, governments and internat ional development organizations working on land and natural resources management. D ebates on communal tenure are still ongoing in many countries in Asia, in the con text of market pressures and dynamics, which call for privatization to increase productivity, and in the context of big business vying for a stake in valuable land and other natural resources, in some instances leading to land grabbing. The current mar ket driven pressures on natural resources create both challenges and opportunities for communities and governments. Overall, policies and institutions that promote acc ountability and good governance over these resources, both by the government at nat ional and local level and by communities, are required. Some specific approaches , such as communities’ mapping of their territories, are proving useful tools to s afeguard their lands, although they are not sufficient conditions: the wider political and regulatory environment must be supportive too. Communal tenure will very likely play a significant role in the policies and actions for climate change mitigation. With the emergence of in itiatives for Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD and REDD+) , governance and benefit sharing of carbon finance become critical questions in defining who owns the carbon stocked in forest. Marketable community rights to t his special resource unit (stocked carbon) must be supported by national legislation t hat favors communal tenure of some of the carbon properties. This may lead to a separa tion of rights to carbon from the broader rights to the forest and land, an aspect no t yet addressed by theoretical work on communal tenure..."
Author/creator: Kirsten Ewers Andersen
Language: English
Source/publisher: Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
Format/size: pdf (464K-reduced version; 3.12MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.fao.org/docrep/014/am658e/am658e00.pdf
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
ML > Natural Resource Governance > Natural Resource Governance - international theory, standards, mechanisms, guidelines and analysis
Natural Resource Governance > Natural Resource Governance: global and regional
Land > International standards, mechanisms and guidelines relating to land


Title: Hatgyi Dam update and consultation concerns, December 2011 to May 2013
Date of publication: 27 June 2014
Description/subject: This News Bulletin provides an update on the Hatgyi Dam{Utgyi Dam}project in Bu Tho Township, Hpapun District between December 2011 and May 2013. During this period, the company in charge of the dam’s construction held consultation meetings with the affected community to explain the benefits of the project, such as the provision of electricity generated by hydro-power, but also explained that approximately 300 or 400 villagers in certain areas would need to be relocated due to the flooding that would occur during construction. This bulletin highlights local concerns related to the consultation process carried out by the company. In one meeting that had been facilitated by a local Border Guard Force commander, a presentation about the project was delivered by representatives from the dam construction company in Burmese, which could not be fully understood by the Karen-speaking attendees. One villager also stated that, if necessary, they would relocate downriver of the dam in Hpa-an District, while the company designated a different area in Bago town for relocation. Villagers reported that they felt they could not oppose the KNU’s approval of the project, while the BGF commander informed KHRG that the consent of the local community is necessary.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (690K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/13-7-nb1_pdf.pdf
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
ML > Water, including dams > Water bodies (global. regional) > Human activities in, on and around Burma's water bodies > Threats to Burma's water bodies and their communities > Dams and other hydropower projects (constructed and planned) in Burma/Myanmar > Dams and other hydropower projects on the Salween


Title: Hpapun District Situation Update: Dwe Lo Township, January to February 2013
Date of publication: 01 July 2014
Description/subject: This Situation Update describes events occurring in Dwe Lo Township, Hpapun District during January and February 2013, including forced labour, arbitrary taxation, land confiscation, negative impacts of gold mining and an overall update on access to healthcare, education and livelihoods:- Tatmadaw IB #96 soldiers continue to force villagers to work; four villagers are required to carry materials for the soldiers each month... Villagers were coerced, including by a member of the Federal Trade Union of Kawthoolei (FTUK), to sell their land to be used in gold mining projects. Villagers reported environmental destruction and health concerns related to the impacts of gold mining... Increasing presence of KNLA checkpoints around gold mining sites has led to an increase in taxes for area villagers, but also to a decrease in the presence of Tatmadaw forces... Fewer human rights violations and a general improvement in access to land and freedom of movement were reported.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (627K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/13-19-s1_pdf.pdf
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Conflict in particular States > Armed conflict in Karen State > Armed conflict in Karen State - military activities and their impact on village life, including livelihood, health, education and land tenure security


Title: Commons
Description/subject: "The commons is a general term referring to the cultural and natural resources accessible to all members of a society, including natural materials such as air, water, and a habitable earth. These resources are held in common, not owned privately..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
ML > Natural Resource Governance > Natural Resource Governance - international theory, standards, mechanisms, guidelines and analysis


Title: Complaint Letter to the Mergui-Tavoy District administrator concerning land damage from mining
Date of publication: 25 June 2014
Description/subject: The Complaint Letter below was written by a villager from Kyauk Me Taung village tract and sent to the Myanmar Pongpipat Company Limited (MPC) and the Mergui-Tavoy District administrator, as well as other local offices. Ma A--- explains that, in 2004, the MPC’s mining project led to the flooding of her father’s agricultural land and destruction of crops, for which her family was compensated. The letter explains, however, that the flooding expanded beyond the original area, causing additional damage for which the family was not compensated. Consequently, Ma A--- has been unable to send her children to school due to the loss of income. This Complaint Letter was initially published in May 2014 in the Appendix of KHRG’s in-depth report, Truce or Transition? Trends in human rights abuse and local response in Southeast Myanmar since the 2012 ceasefire.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (488K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/12-79-cl4_pdf.pdf
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
ML > Land > Land in Burma > Human activity on land in Burma/Myanmar > Mine Clearance in Burma/Myanmar


Title: Elinor Ormstrom
Description/subject: Elinor "Lin" Ostrom (born Elinor Claire Awan; August 7, 1933 – June 12, 2012) was an American political economist whose work was associated with the New Institutional Economics and the resurgence of political economy. In 2009, she shared the Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences with Oliver E. Williamson for "her analysis of economic governance, especially the commons". To date, she remains the only woman to win The Prize in Economics. ...She was a lead researcher for the Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resource Management Collaborative Research Support Program (SANREM CRSP)..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
ML > Natural Resource Governance > Natural Resource Governance - international theory, standards, mechanisms, guidelines and analysis


Title: Truce or Transition? Trends in human rights abuse and local response in Southeast Myanmar since the 2012 ceasefire
Date of publication: 13 May 2014
Description/subject: Human rights conditions have been transformed on the ground in rural Southeast Myanmar since the signing of a preliminary ceasefire agreement between the Myanmar government and the Karen National Union in January 2012. While some forms of human rights abuse documented by KHRG since 1992 remain of serious concern, others have almost disappeared. At the same time, new forms of abuse and local concerns are emerging in the evolving security environment. In this new context, there is speculation at the local level over whether the January 2012 agreement marks only a temporary truce, or a viable transition to peace and stability for local communities. Drawing on a dataset of 388 oral testimonies and pieces of documentation from a total of 1,404 collected over the past two years by villagers trained to monitor human rights conditions in their own communities, this report presents analysis of 16 categories of human rights abuse or related issues. This analysis places recent testimony in the context of 20 years of abusive practices, quantifies occurrence across KHRG’s seven research areas and identifies common perpetrators of abuse or related actors. Since the ceasefire, changes in the prevalence of human rights abuse and local responses to such abuse have not been systematically documented. Local perceptions of threats to the ceasefire process remain similarly unknown. This report therefore aims to provide an update from the ground in rural Karen areas of Southeast Myanmar that will allow local, national and international actors to base programming and policy decisions related to this post-conflict region more closely around the experiences of local people, and better support villagers by understanding their concerns and priorities..... Table of Contents: II. Trends in human rights abuse and local response:- A. Attacks on civilians and extrajudicial killing ...B. Arbitrary arrest and detention... C. Torture and violent abuse... D. Rape and sexual assault... E. Forced labour... F. Forced recruitment... G. Anti-personnel and other mines... Map 3: Mine accidents and contamination, 2012-2013... H. Restrictions on freedom of movement or trade.. I. Arbitrary taxation and demands..... III. Emerging issues: Resource management:- A. Land confiscation B. Impact of infrastructure and commercial development..... IV. Emerging issues: Security, peacebuilding and social cohesion:- A. Ongoing militarisation and villagers’ perceptions of insecurity...Map 4: Army camps and activity, 2012-2013... B. Peacebuilding efforts...C. Access to health and education... D. Religious and ethnic discrimination... E. Drug production, use and social impacts
Language: English and Burmese
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (13.1MB-English version; 30.6MB-Burmese version)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg_-_truce_or_transition_-_english.pdf

http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/khrg_-_truce_or_transition_-_full_report_-_burmese.pdf
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
ML > Internal armed conflict > Internal armed conflict in Burma > Peace processes, ceasefires and ceasefire talks (websites, documents, reports and studies)


Title: "The Global New Light of Myanmar" Monday 8 December, 2014
Date of publication: 08 December 2014
Description/subject: DOMESTIC NEWS: Vice President Dr Sai Mauk Kham presents prizes to lifelong national literary award winners...Tenders invited to establish fruit & vegetable wholesale market in Yangon...SPSU confers degrees on student monks...Model plot of paddy plantation yields over 100 baskets of paddy...Electricians substitute power lines with new ones in Chanayethazan Tsp...Tatkon Township inaugurates newly repaved road...ChaungU residents join mass walk activities...Thura U Shwe Mann discusses regional development with locals in Daik-U...RBE trains launched along Strand Road...Locals speak of KIA’s acts..... EXTERNAL RELATIONS: Myanmar becomes 171st State Party to BWC...Ten traffic lights with Japanese technology to be on test run in Dec. 2nd week...KBZ boss named Asian banker for 2014..... "PERSPECTIVES": "Agriculture has potential to spur growth and reduce poverty" by Kyaw Thura.....ARTICLES: "The Noise Pollution Control" by Khin Maung Myint..."Building social skills" by Myo Myint
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Global New Light of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (3.4MB)
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar" 2014


Title: "Myanmar Alin" Monday 8 December, 2014
Date of publication: 08 December 2014
Language: Burmese
Source/publisher: News and Periodicals Enterprise, Ministry of Information, Union of Myanmar
Format/size: pdf (6.9MB)
Date of entry/update: 08 December 2014
RR > News - Daily newspapers produced by the Government of Burma/Myanmar > "The [Global] New Light of Myanmar", "Kyemon" and "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" > "Myanmar Alin" 2014