Archive for May, 2006

James Boyle is visiting the School of Information and Library Science to speak with the TRLN Doctoral Fellows Program Seminar Series on “Issues and Trends in Academic Librarianship.”
Right now he’s talking about the development of copyright up til 1950 when copyright violation became easier to do than to not do increasingly til today when making copies is a daily if not hourly occurance by each individual in a high tech society.
First sale doctrine. You can do stuff with the books you buy including loaning for reading and even reselling those books, but in cyberspace access and copies and reselling might be in violation. The old rules were based on an idea that the transaction costs are high. Now transaction costs are very very low. Should every act of knowledge acquisition be a market transaction?
At 9/11 two bills started through congress, PATRIOT and a Copy Protection Law that included requiring copy protection on all electronic devices and that content folks could hack citizen’s devices.
Present dangers: abolishing “the analog hole” (see also Cory on this), webcast treaty (50 year ownership of that which is broad or webcast) to harmonize with the Rome Treaty, extensions of DMCA, harmonizing, database treaty, making acts that were civil into criminal, abolishing machine features that allow copying (even “Trusted Computing“).
Now the good news. The public is aware including places like the New York Times and Wash Post etc. And there is a public movement on rights — especially as it concerns consumer electronics.
Now about private solutions. His put a brick in the toilet ecology examples. But first policy and courts. Tell that there is another side of the story. Consumers? No that frame is restictive. A2K Access to Knowledge, information ecology, developing nations arguements, etc and international. The international movement puts pressure on NGOs. Librarians must be involved. Everyone loves librarians.
Librarians need to push for universal readers knowledge rights and fair use. Make fair use a reality. It must be more than “The right to hire a lawyer” (Lessig). Jamie tells the story of trying to copy his own articles at Boston University and being denied.

Every librarian should conduct a copyright audit to see who makes the decisions on fair use.
North Carolina Open Government Alliance
There should be an ALA Hall of Shame – worst general counsels of universities in the US, the worst scholarly press, etc
Is there a market? If not, no market harm. If you don’t use fair use, you will use it.
Librarians are the ones who should educate about copyright policy (not tech folks for example). Funny tale on Duke tech folks sending out an email warning not to copy that contained both a request to copy and an appropriated image.
Use the existing law and use it properly.

Contracts. Universities write their own exemptions for research allusion to Madey v Duke.
Scholars have a right to self-archiving within limits and should use that.
Dspace, Creative Commons and an active community to educate folks is powerful and a good place for librarians to make an impact.
How can medical librarians get participation in PubMed? asks Joanne Marshall. Boyle says that the approach was wrong in that it didn’t use several approaches but instead only one. Boyle thinks that public domain is not enough as authors desire attribution at minimum.
Worm people are big sharers but human geneticists were less sharing so the worm people helped drive the mapping at The Genome Project.

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Kyle (aka Clark) McCabe writes to tell us that his “first of two directorial contributions to the nutrition makeover
series ‘Honey We’re Killing the Kids’” will air tonight on The Learning Channel at 9 pm and 11 pm. There will be two repeats on Friday May 19 at 10 pm and (later that night) at 1 am.

Here’s how Kyle describes the show:

my show focuses on a family in rural texas, who struggle to turn their overweight children on to a healthy lifestyle the good old fashioned way–by choosing fruits and vegetables over sugar and fats, and introducing regular exercise. needless to say, the transition is bumpy… but also makes for a dramatic and inspiring story of a family who makes a tremendous effort to change their unhealthy ways.

And here is how TLC describes it:

Overload

With Dad working a 100-hour workweek the result is two undisciplined kids who are more obese than 95% of kids their age, and a mom at her wits end who copes through smoking. Dr. Hark will transform their bleak lifestyle in just three weeks.

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ibiblio’s Folkstreams.net is featured in this quarter’s Endeavors, the Magazine of Research and Creative Activity at the University of North Carolina, in a full page article “Films of the Folk” by Margarite Nathe.

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Okay, I am not so good at summarizing my notes and the Beyond Broadcast postings prove that if it needed to be proved. Luckily, the folks at Beyond Broadcast are pretty good especially on the wiki and there are some especially good notes including Ethan Zuckerman’s notes on James Boyle’s talk. So unless you are me and can make some sense of my notes, visit Beyond Broadcast and get over to the schedule, the wiki and the blog, Flickr and blip.tv links.

Despite Cambridge’s weather pretending to be Seattle’s, the conference was great. Lots of interaction among the various public broadcasting groups, new media groups, lawyers and policy folks and the rest of us.

Look for a follow up in the fall at American University led by their Center for Social Media.

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Seems like they/we are the most unlikely people. First view this BBC interview with an expert on law and technology about Apple (the computer company) vs Apple (the erstwhile record label), then read the story of the story. [thanks Mail (UK)].

Many times at a conference as a speaker, I’ve felt a bit like this guy. And even more times, I suspected that others were more akin to him ;->

Beware the expert!

Here is the real guy they wanted as the expert’s side of the story.


Here’s a YouTube backup of the video just in case…

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Brewster in a pensive mood
Back in Chapel Hill and on my way to pick up Brewster Kahle who’ll be giving the Commencement speech to the School of Information and Library Science today in a few hours. Brewster’s archive.org and his work with the Open Content Alliance are just two of the many things which we’ll recognize and appreciate.
Nice that the cover article in the New York Times Magazine today is Kevin Kelly’s “Scan this Book!” (a play, chillen, on Abbie Hoffman’s “Steal this Book!”) which has this great quote from Brewster:

“This is our chance to one-up the Greeks!” [Brewster Kahle] shouts. “It is really possible with the technology of today, not tomorrow. We can provide all the works of humankind to all the people of the world. It will be an achievement remembered for all time, like putting a man on the moon.”

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What people in this session want to talk about:
Content management systems (drupal, plone, joomla, etc)
MetaManagement software
Asset Manager
Program Scheduling Systems
Shared Widgets
Metadata Standards
Moving content from air to web
Open Source Framework
In House/Open development
Source Forge for radio/TV support?
Open broadcast
PubForge
Federated ID

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I’m passing on citizen journalism and IP to go to the open source meeting. That means not picking up on what Dan and Wendy have to say, respectively, but I need to be at open source.

Citizen Journalism – dan and rebecca – austin
intellectual property – wendy and pat – austin
Open Source for broadcast? – tom – hauser 105
Interative Media treating your content like code
Gaming as public media
One Billion camera phone
social action
indy media distribution
sustainability for public media

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From the LRW press release:

International academy adopts resolutions on ethics and openness

CHAPEL HILL — International leaders met at the crossroads of culture and tradition in Granada, Spain, on April 27 and 28 to discuss the future oflibrary and information science education, which are facing a crossroads of their own.

Adopting Thomas Jefferson’s pledge of “Eternal hostility against every form of tyranny over the mind of man” as its motto, the Louis Round Wilson Academy approved its first general resolutions (statements) on ethics and openness — two topics of special concern for those responsible for the future stewardship of recorded knowledge.

The academy is the central pillar that supports The Knowledge Trust, a program founded by Dr. Jose-Marie Griffiths, dean of the School ofInformation and Library Science at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, in October 2005.

The statement on ethics includes principles related to personal integrity,honesty and respect for diverse perspectives; maintaining the vital role of public trust; validation of the authenticity of all materials; respect; and a commitment to service.

Academy members also agreed that access to information should be freely and easily available to all, with due regard for safety and human rights. The principles adopted in the statement on openness encourages open access to the world’s knowledge, with a balanced regard and respect for the appropriateness and dangers inherent in archives and other collections withheld from public view, and regard for the necessity of restricted access to certain forms of information.

Representing business, academia, information technology, museums, librarianship and digital era innovators, academy members traveled from all parts of the globe to contribute to their continuing discussion about how to shape the education, professional practice and ethos of future generations of knowledge professionals.

The academy is developing a common vision to prepare the next generation of knowledge professionals — information specialists, librarians, technologists, curators, archivists and other stewards of knowledge — for an ever-changing environment and the challenges it presents.

These professionals will be expected to guide individuals through the masses of information they receive, to validate the authenticity of information and to provide stewardship, preservation and access for a global public.

When Griffiths established The Knowledge TrustSM, she, the school faculty and UNC leaders made a formal commitment to re-define and affirm the essential role and preparation of 21st -century knowledge professionals. The term Knowledge Trust also is used to describe the totality of the world’s recorded knowledge, as well as the professionals who are stewards of this knowledge.

“When we first met less than a year ago at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, we determined that our next meeting should be in a special place,” said Griffiths. “It should be a place symbolic of the highest values of stewardship of the Knowledge Trust and of the benefits and joys derived from the increase and diffusion of knowledge by and among men and women of good will of all races, colors and creeds.

“What better place than Andulusia, what better symbol than Granada and what better example than their great libraries of the high Middle Ages whose patrons and stewards in a culture of tolerance preserved, protected and passed down to the latest generation much of what is known of the ancient cultural heritage of three great traditions: Jewish, Christian and Muslim.”

During the meeting, academy members focused on the principles of ethics, openness and education throughout their discussions. The group touched on topics such as the blurring of access to public and private information; the new and powerful search engines and how they are administered; the preservation of digital images and records in the public domain for all to access; and the importance of understanding new laws.

The group also heard and participated in discussion on topics related to return on investment in libraries, re-balancing access to the world’s wealth of knowledge and shaping a new role and identity for the 21st-century knowledge professionals.

Sixteen new members of the Louis Round Wilson Academy were inducted during a ceremony held in the 15th-century Marble Courtyard of the Hospital Real at the University of Granada.

The newest members of the Louis Round Wilson Academy include:

  • Chris Batt, chief executive, Museums, Libraries and Archives Council, London
  • Dr. Lynne Brindley, chief executive, The British Library
  • Ubaldo Gonzalez, senior representative, Spanish Ministry of Finance, Embassy of Spain, Washington, D.C.
  • Jay Jordan, president and chief executive officer, OCLC Online Computer Library Center Inc.
  • Donald King, visiting scholar at UNC-Chapel Hill; research professor, University of Pittsburgh
  • Paula Le Dieu, director, iCommons
  • Dr. Cathy Norton, director, Marine Biological Library/Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution in Massachusetts
  • Dr. Wayne Pond, director, program in humanities and human values, UNC-Chapel Hill
  • Tom Rabon, executive vice president, Corporate Affairs, Red Hat
  • Dr. Yael Ravin, program director, Learning and Organizational Performance, IBM
  • Dr. Terry Sharrer, health sciences curator, Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of American History
  • Dr. Robert Shelton, executive vice chancellor, provost and physics professor, UNC-Chapel Hill, and president-elect, University of Arizona
  • John Wilkin, associate university librarian for library information technology and technical and access services, University of Michigan
  • Dr. Ian Wilson, librarian and archivist for the Canadian government’s Library and Archives Canada
  • Dr. Ann Wolpert, director, MIT Libraries, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • Nicole Wong, associate general counsel, Google, Inc.
  • The Granada meeting was hosted by the University of Granada, the Spanish Ministry of Education and Science and the Spanish Embassy in Washington D.C. The academy was welcomed to Spain and the city of Granada by University of Granada representatives Rector D. David Aguilar Pe?a; Manuel Diaz Carrillo vice rector for international and institutional relations; Dr. Antonio Sanchez Pozo, vice rector and commissioner for the European higher education area; Josefina Vilchez Pardo, dean of the faculty of information and library science; and Antonio Marin Ruiz, director of communications.

    Representatives of the Spanish Embassy who hosted the academy were Carlos Westendorp, ambassador to the United States; Miguel Martinez, senior representative of the ministry of education and science; and Ubaldo Gonzalez of Washington, D.C., senior representative of the Spanish Ministry of Finance.

    A Web site for the academy and The Knowledge Trust will be available soon.

    For more information about the inaugural meeting of the Louis Round Wilson Academy held in October, 2005.

    For information on the University of Granada.

    For information on the Spanish Embassy.

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    This part is a more or less unconference. About 2/3s the number of attendees as yesterday. Much talk by vlogers about their independence. And talk about what “public” means. There seems to be a bit of tension split three ways between “pubic” broadcasting as in NPR and NPRish folks, and community activists groups, and bloggers and vloggers. Each claims to be responsible to the public whoever that is under their definition.
    How does participatory journalism change the relationship between public media and the public? Some of the tension between the open mike model of public access vs public media as in PBS and NPR comes out here.

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    A while back I was interviewed by Rhod Sharp for the BBC Radio 5 show “Up All Night”. Tonight at the Berkman conference, I met Rhod in person. He was here for the Beyond Broadcast conference too. We had a nice chat about chatting and about the Blooker and about ibiblio and about “Up All Night”. Great fun to meet a voice I’ve chatted with a couple of times across the ether.

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    Charlie Nesson is being introduced by Dan Gillmor. “totally wonderful conference” notes that only vegatarian meals were left when he went down to eat. Berkman will move from a Law Center to a Center for Harvard University as a whole.
    These lawyers can really present. Charlie is quite a performer. Berkman will focus on open knowledge for education. mild rant against publishing enterprise now especially about scholarly publishing. “cyberOne – law in the court of public opinion” will be taught by Charlie this fall in place of evidence which he teaches now.
    closes with the stategic inflection point and global awareness. charlie now rants on the military industrial complex (will he get to the NSA taps). props to downhill battle given. charlie misses the 60s. he sees this as a second chance (if not a second life ;->).
    wild applause.
    off to drinks and demos.

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    Panel IV: Surviving or Thriving: Beta Business Models in the New World

    * What are the sustainability and business implications of these emerging models? What are the opportunities for new resources to support public-service media? Do commercial vs noncommercial distinctions map over to these new spaces of engagement? Is there a case for tax-based support or will a new mix of sponsorship, subscription, listener-support and foundation funding evolve?

    Panelists include: Mark Cooper[1] (Consumer Federation), Diane Mermigas (Hollywood Reporter), Dan Nova (Highland Capital Partners). Moderator: Patricia Aufderheide (Center for Social Media).

    Diane Mermigas. everyone needs to change their orientation she posts her Mermigas on the Media paper New Rules of Play which she says will last about 10 seconds, ha ha, so be ready for change. She is a propertyist on copyright and worrying about fragmentation and tribalism.

    Dan Nova (is that his real name?) us a VC and up for web 2.0 but it’s complex. huge markets, attactive biz models, acquisitions are increasing. myspace chart. 50 unique visitors per month. youtube has 6.5 users per month, technorati took a dip in december but now it’s in space!
    attractive model. if they build it, they will come.
    low cost to acquire a customer
    low cost to retain
    low marketing costs
    low content development
    low tech costs
    (unprecedented sitguation)
    user value props – simple effecgtive, dynamic, participatory.
    old media competes with new media to buy new new media. NYTimes and Google bid for a new company. New Corp vs Yahoo! say
    later stage companies — team, revenue, margins, growth, etc etc

    mark cooper – independent noncommercial video – consumer federation of america. attention vs distribution. but monitarization is the problem. you cannot be a one-way company in a two-way world (cluetrain).
    importance of voluntary memberships like credit unions. how to fill the need for relevant news?

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    High Order Bit: Second Life

    * Second Life is a massively multi-player 3-D world. It is an online world—virtually inhabited, built, and owned by its residents. John Lester from Linden Lab will describe what is Second Life, how it allows for new communities to be built, and he’ll talk about opportunities for collaborative video production.

    Speaker: John Lester. To find out how to participate in this virtual world go here.

    it’s john’s birthday! this is a what is second life talk. my ? is what is the diff between SL and the old Alpha Worlds? more creation by the user. 3 -d modeling at the client side. everyone can do this, he says. scripting language LSL (aka Linden Scripting Language)

    playing wihth my avatar.

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    3:20PM – 3:30 – High Order Bit: Just a Pretty Face(book)? What College Students Actually Do Online

    * Fresh thinking and research about what types of sites and online services college students are using and how their engagement differs by socio-economic background and user attributes.

    Speaker: Eszter Hargittai Assistant Professor Northwestern University

    She starts with digital divide and proposes a second-level digital divide — the less connected. overall framework is that skill might influence how people use digital media. a bit about socio-economic status. who does all this work to change people’s lives.

    differences in web skills was initial reseach including health info, job search and gov docs done in observational studies.

    paper and pencil survye from march 2006 on 1300 college students at UIChicago. skills and uses. mostly first years. “the wired generation”
    blog/journal 60% ever 29% daily

    looking at new services. facebook 78% myspace 50% ebay 46.7%
    google 9.4%; 38.3% wikipedia

    chicago trib 64%
    chicago sun-times 63%

    need to see her papers to keep up. not much facebook specific here tho.

    background and activity. sig differences – web for fewr than others – basically the ones you’d expect but no measures.

    http://www.webuse.org

    now moved to surveys. higher educated folks have higher skills.

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    Tom Gerace (Gather.com), Thomas Kriese (Omidyar Network), Brendan Greeley (Radio Open Source), Rhea Mokund (Listenup.org) Moderator: Ethan Zuckerman (Global Voices, Berkman Center).

    Ethan telling us that networked computers are all about communications. he talks about the IMP, the first listserv, the first BBS which he says is 1978. USEnet 1979. MUDs 1979. 1982 minitel and the chess program with a chat feature which became used for flirting. 1990 www at cern. 1997 weblogs (?). well i’m no sure of all these dates. 1995 wiki. 2001 wikipedia. why are we suddenly concerned about community (shows powercurve).

    gather pitch including value proposition. content creation,. apply editorial oversight and content selection, guide the community engaged in discussion. see question tool.

    Dan Gillmor has links to Flickr etc.

    these computer and community mediated sites are stabbing at understanding social capital theory without having read or considered it as useful. what would happen if before acting on your assumptions independent of theory and research, if you first read and considered the vast existing work on social capital?

    video production. listenup.org pitched. supported by archive.org

    omidyar network. community self-management. 400$ M. omidyar.net community.

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    we ended up with only two of us an one moderator. yikes!

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    3 public broadcasters: David Liroff (WGBH Vice President and Chief Technology Officer), Terry Heaton (President, DONATAâ„¢ Communication), Bill Buzenberg (Senior Vice President of News, American Public Media/ Minnesota Public Radio). Moderator: Chris Lydon (Host, Open Source from PRI).

    demo of stuff from APM and MPR including their MinniWiki and Gather.com, Public Insight Journalism “on any given story, someone in the audience will always know more then we do” bill kling. database of 18,000 people in their database of experts. MPR writes to interested people on each topic during story development. 2 analysts go thru the responses and give to reporters. economic stories as an example (whose recovery is this?). northwest airlines stories. education achievement gap (includes ranking of responses by participants). future of small towns. what towns are growing which are dying. state budget emulator used by 11,000.

    Donata communications. personal media and wkrn-tv (nashville). he tells broadcasters to listen. quotes glenn reyonds from “army of davids” disruption examples kodak and digital models. value props. media is unbundled at the source of creation but also in rebundling for personal consumption. mediated people make their own media. “the deer now have guns” when that happens you get into the ammunition business.
    wkrn. 15 websites including two aggregators and blogs. coming screensaver, local news start page aggregator, branded reader. their aggregator collects over 400 nashville blogs and has a database of bloggers and they manage an ad network for the bloggers. nashville is talking is the aggregator.
    weather blog is a killer.

    WGBH. the power of connecting online and broadcast radio. stuff about podcasting and about their shows being found on google. wghb.org/forum an extension to the 1830s lectures sponsored by the Lowell Foundation. create a more engaged and active citizenry. cell phones to facilitate a story on native americans. public media org. onm.org
    accessiblity issues noted. ncam. national center for accessible media. wraps with andy grove’s “only the paraniod survive” stategic inflection point when change is unavoidable and action is desperately required. “we can’t broadcast our way out of this one” jazz hosts now have a jazz blog at wgbh.org and they are unvetted by the experts (GBH is Great Blue Hill the location of the station).

    ??s nod to craig’s list as the unexpected. business wants risk-free advice. but there is none as yet. is the internet the new public? yes says donata guy.

    if the internet is the new public is it all white (asks a white guy) who is engaged and wants the digital divide addressed. feels uneasy that women have yet to be on the panel. a bit about black involvement and inclusion.

    tv-ontatio guy. on any given story, someone will know more — but not everyone and not everyone who responds. how does the analyst work? minnesota guy responds about how they use their database.

    one to few more likely than many to many or even one to many. broadcasters are just coopting the insurectionists?? donata is not a huge podcasting supporter. local innovation will be the place to work. (low power fm?)

    you now relate to the public instead of an audience. so what is the new financial basis? subscription services? a bit about net neutrality. quote of mtv “it’s coming, it’s here, it’s gone”

    rebecca mckinnon – digital divide including public media helping provide access to the internet. panelists say yes and cite how they used internet to get divided folks involved (tautology here)

    cobert mentioned. flourished on the net. died in the times.

    kennedy school guy pitches for literacy and even phones. lots of stats. and the question of what to be done: provide literacy and a giant wireless cloud by gubermint. macaddict magazine talks about translation. finally a ? what policies should and could lead to universal services. donata says that we need to learn more and to fix society. net is a great hope but is not the problem but a possible solution set.

    changing revenue models, by shawn of npr, how about openning the database and linking back out instead of harvesting stuff and editting it? minnesota person defends.

    michael of dotsub. says that the internet is not just white male americans. most of the net is outside the usa. pitches dotsub as a translation service. missed the ? here if there is one.

    what will the future be for someone born literally yesterday? wgbh guy asks. no one knows. we need to engage kids.

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    Jake welcomes us, the room is completely full, power and wireless at every seat, streaming the conference (see site), second life version as well.
    James Boyle is witty as you might expect. One quote: this is like putting a brink in your toilet to save the internet. Participatory media now. “How not to screw up the emerging participatory mediascape” Two propositions. 1) we are bad at predicting the future of any kind of technological innovation. cell phones were not to become widely used. push media failed. the principal of technological humbleness. 2) individuals are not rational reactors. people are more concerned about risks than about opportunities. rules of thumb are not accurate, but people follow them anyways. over and under estimating risks. proposes a cognative blindness in communications. why commons based production are valuable and good (benkler’s non-market production). why the unowned has value. the english is unowned. but law french was actually owned and controlled. while open is undervalued, it is not the only solution but it is the most underappreciated and misunderstood. whilst the closed or owned is overvalued.
    a bit about the “broadcaster’s right” at WIPO now in the Rome Treaty.
    Net neutrality explained. DRM damned. If folks comment, what will they say? (could be bad! Oh No).
    So what is the brick to put in the cybertoilet? Leave the system design as open as possible for as long as possible. Where ever it is possible, extend openness. Not a religious ? but an emperical one.
    Shava has the first question. Damn there’s a voice from the past. She’s now with TOR/freehaven. What about the current players fearing being at risk? They don’t want to lose.
    Gio a documentary film maker who is doing “who is wearing the emperor’s new clothes?” during the french revolution those in revolt smashed the clocks. during the russian revolution, printers went on strike to be paid for commas (is this real?). what will the future say about us based on our social and legal behaviors? (Perfect grist for Jamie.) Internet is a perfect example of the black swan — evidence that not all swans are white afterall.

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    JJB writes in the dead of the night to say that the special .31 release of Lyceum is up for download. “[T]his is a special release for Lyceum, because beyond this point, all future point releases will include upgrade scripts and documentation. Administrators can now feel confident about designing a Lyceum deployment without having to worry about difficult upgrades in the future.”

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