Archive for June, 2006
Jun 15 2006
Fred has been updating the growing list of sponsors for BarCampRDU (July 22 and with a waiting list). Helpful and giving group include:
* Red Hat – Red Hat is providing the BarCampRDU venue.
And more to come. Thanks to all these great folks for supporting the RDU community and to Fred for doing a bang up job of organizing.
Jun 14 2006
James Boyle is writing in the Financial Times about the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) plans to extend copyright into webcasting by creating a new right to “protect” material that has been put on the net. Boyle calls the tactic “Constitutional circumvention” in his article in the same name.
Kirk Ross has started a journal about the Cape Fear Basin called the Cape Fear Mercury. Just in time too, Kirk is going a great job on the season’s first hurricane/tropical storm/depression.
Kirk’s Exile on Jones Street blog (also new) surveys the governance and policy being made by State Government.
Jun 13 2006
New Yorker is carrying a long and, as one might expect from New Yorker, complex and detailed article about Stephen Joyce, grandson of James, and his war with scholars. Copyright extension has aided him in his battle against scholarship, but also his battle for his family’s privacy as well as for their profits. On the side of the scholars: Larry Lessig. Lessig’s blog is silent on the topic at the moment. But entries from February 2004 and earlier (buried in comments) show that Larry’s been miffed by Stephen for some years now.
Also on BoingBoing, where I was alerted to the New Yorker article.
Getting the Berkman Center vibe from Jonathan Zittrain. Starting from privacy as he talks about “Open Information: Redaction, Restriction, and Removal.” How DRM infects your computer and reports back etc citing the Sony Rootkit. Funny citing of some of the titles “protected”/infecting your computer including “Healthy in Paranoid Times” bu Our Lady Peace and Van Zant’s “Get Right with the Man.” iPod accessories market is $1 Billion per year! the new British warship comes iPod docks through out. Now on to YouTube as non-institutional contributary work including podcasts. Strong identity projected in the materials. When will things be pulled back? Or under what circumstances would you justify removing materials? 1) national security 2) privacy 3) copyright 4) fairness – jury taint/group insult/defamation 5) repudiation OR source 1) author 2) government 3) third party. — losing track here as JZ is very amusing..
Don Waters convening and describing OAI protocol for metadata harvesting and pointing out the paupacity of Dublin Core for this use.
Tony Hey of Microsoft. Carl Lagose of Cornell. Herbert von de Sompel. Cliff Lynch.
Tony has slides. He says that Microsoft is commited to supporting scientists and engineers via open standards. He ran the equiv of NDIIPP in UK. e-Science (aka data centered science) is the future. Microsoft has to live in the world of open source. by e-Science he means not so much data centered as dataprocessing/IT driven. Contoso virtual science library looks like Amazon for scientists with some Microsoft icons on it. (slide of Bill Gates). e-Science Mash-ups? Interoperability of repositories. Ginsparg(arXiv)/Lipman(NLM)/Harnad (eprints) cited.
Herbert has slides too. He’s at Los Alamos these days. digital objects and repositories and their value chains. Need richer cross-repository services such as discovery — must have digiobject representation and semantics. Scholarly communication workflow for say an overlay journal by recombining and adding value. Too many datamodels and service that do not interoperate.
Carl on the digital objects, data models and surrogates. unbaked says Carl but here goes. He’s presenting findings from the Pathways Project which comes from Herbert and Carl and others. Pathways he says sits above dspace, fedora, eprints, etc.
Cliff now moderates ?s. But he has his own comments first. how far we’ve come with metadata harvesting protocol but it has limits as it doesn’t really get you any objects, says CL. dealing with very messy complex objects to the point that metadata and object are confused and conflicted. basically trees with decorations on them — how to decorate the trees. pretty simplified way of looking at complex problems. How far should harvest be pushed toward search. http://msc.mellon.org/Meetings/Interop/ for notes from the April meeting. if i had it all to do again, i wouldn’t use ’surrogate’ but ‘representations’ says CL.
Many of the questioners recall the failed attempts of the 80s and 90s to do effective data harvesting etc. Still no working models is charged. I too complained to Kunze and to CL at OAI presentations that it was not ready for adoption outside the research community. In some ways it’s like watching Wiley Coyote opening his latest Acme box with the product that will help him finally catch the Roadrunner. This time we’ll be sure to catch him! Rich interoperability is done well within constricted domains but not so well across domains. like not at all.
The difficulty of automatic extraction of named entities from mid-19th century American newspapers discussed in the first paper from Project Perseus.
?s How to deal with new names particularly in modern and expanding universes.
Learning to Deduplicate. from two Brazilian universities. Use of fitness functions discussed as a way to deduplicate.
Why people with common names need ClaimId! Lots of looking at the ACM Digital Library to notice multiple entities for a single author and also listings of common names (especially but from from exclusively Asian names — Jeff Ullman is a recurring example). ClaimId isn’t mentioned but it would help greatly. All of this work is highly mathematical and doesn’t involve humans — hmmmm.
“Also by the Same Author” UK-based project to move to the semantic web called Advanced Knowledge Technology. how to interate Citeseer metadata with ontology. Disambiguation amongst 3000 plus citations. Observation people cite their own work so if they cite an author with a similar name then they asre likely the same person (98% of the time). So you can use that to get at a bunch of varieties of names that way. So self-citation is greatly helpful in increasing precision. Why would it ever fail, the 2 – 8%? Many many co-authored papers are the biggest problem especially if the co-authors are very diverse and the work is “not so coherent as to subject matter.”
Jun 12 2006
Reminding myself (and whoever finds this) that Kathy Sierra of “Creating Passionate Users” has a great article on the differences between Innocation and Progress, Openness and Closedness called “Mosh Pit as Innovation Model”.
Intros by Cathy Marshall of Microsoft
Dan Clancy – Engineering director at Google Books
Dan Clancy starts with an overview of Google Books. only 15% of the books are in print, but how to deal with the 85% that are out of print. The 15% is fine by the publisher since they hope to sell from that 15%. G5 = Harvard, Stanford, Oxford, Michigan and NY Public. Everything — not just that that is “valuable.” Sample pages (from publisher); snippet (Google claims fair use); full text (generally public domain). “Scanning is the easy part.”
David F – about NY Public’s involvement in G5. Non-exclusive agreement to do comprehensive scanning of public domain materials only.
David Greenstein – about Open Content Alliance (note UNC is a member both the Libraries and the School of Information and Library Science). A bit about the formats that come with OCA including JPEG2000 and dejaVu files. Funding is different from Google that is smaller and more diverse and non-profit. More complex entity whose members embrace the “qualities of open.” All scanning of public domain works. 3rd party indexing is allowed by OCA and not by Google.
Cliff Lynch talks about some studies of the collections in G5. 430 different languages. only 49% English. This supported by Clancy and Ferrario.
Differences between working with Google engineers and Google lawyers are discussed at length… Research limitations are bring discussed. What should Google do to facilitate research in digital libraries? Tell Dave Clancy (he says). Greenstein says that public universities can’t possibly make all this available, but he’s mostly wrong says Clancy. Support is always an issue.
Open to audience. post-1923 stuff may be in public domain. what is being done to indentify that stuff? DG says nothing beyond the obvious (that being federal). Orphan works will be especially hard. DC says Google is in legation so they have a very conservative interpretation, but once they are done scanning that there will probably be more work on renewals and orphans. DF says NYPL same as OCA.
Linking, annotation, etc for adding value content? DC speaking as a researcher not as Google mostly restates the question (he admits). DF says NYPL wants to enhance the content. The G contract allows content sharing with places like the Digital Library Federation. DG notices that these mostly open projects are closed because some of the problems are too big to be gotten at. Orphans. etc. Persistance.
I’ll report as best I can. Sometimes being at a conference at home is more difficult than being at one elsewhere…
That’s the special this month, and extra special this weekend, out at Maple View Farms. The flavor is great and surprizing in some very subtle ways. Chocolate lavender who would have thought.
Just back from WCOM (local low power FM), where Tucker and his friend Seon (both 13) took over the station for two hours. Melva came by and showed them a couple of things and Chris Frank showed them how to set up Tucker’s laptop for airplay. They were off. I was limitied adult supervision — very limited since Tucker knows how to run the studio better than I do. Among other treats listeners heard three versions of Bohemian Rhapsody – Queen, Clef Hanger a capella, Dean Grey mashup with Greenday and Queen.
Drove out to lovely Saxapahaw, NC down on the river where the old mill is being turned in to apartments and studios and where there is a little farmer’s market and live music. Tonight the sound was Django Haskins solo. Since Tucker and I are fanboys and had seen Django live, we were glad to get out there when the show was early (before my bedtime) and outside (and so an all ages show). We immediately ran into Marcy Rice Smith (the second time we’ve ever met) who is my poetry editor at News and Observer. Marcy and her family were there to Stitch and B and to cover crafts (with Wimi).
Sally picked up a giant metal flower made by John Amero which looks great in the yard already.
Set list as best I could get:
I’m signed up to do a First Amendment and technology talk at Berry College in Southeast Georgia in mid-October. My topic: “expression/repression/association: what happens when intellectual property laws, social networks and privacy collide”. Dr. Brian Carroll is setting all this up and it’ll be great to catch up with him on some of the things he’s been doing.
Jun 09 2006
We have 150 folks signed up for BarCampRDU (way to go Fred!) — OpenNMS’s Tarus Balog is number 150 (oops one person dropped so Tarus is 149 — YOU can be lucky 150! Go sign up NOW!).
Fred has sent out a call for Organizers (5) and Volunteers (10) on the BarCampRDUBlog. If you are already signed up for BarCamp, read the Call and join the Organizers and/or Volunteers or even consider being a speaker by adding that to the Wiki.
Jun 09 2006
According Declan McCullagh of CNet: