Readings on Open whatever, Culture and Policy

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policy and law organizations

Open Source Initiative (OSI)
OSI is an organization that, among other things, certifies licenses as being Open Source (or not). O
Free Software Foundation (FSF)
Started in 1985 by Richard Stallman, FSF publishes several important licenses, including the most popular license for Open Source Software, the GPL.
Software Freedom Law Center (SFLC)
Among other functions, SFLC provides guidance to businesses and other institutions on compliance with Open Source licenses.

general open source readings

Wikipedia on Open Source

John Naughton's reading list on the Open Source Movement Caveat: UK list last updated May 2004. Good nonetheless.

Samuelson, P. (2006). Open Source Development and Distribution of Digital Information: Economic, Legal, and Social Perspectives. Complete audio lecture series available on iTunes U at iTunes U > UC Berkeley > Information Science > IS 296A-2. Syllabus for earlier version of class at

Gillmor, Dan. We the Media: Grassroots Journalism by the People, for the People. O'Reilly and Associates July 2004.

Rheingold, Howard. Smart Mobs: The Next Social Revolution. Basic Books. Reprint edition October 14, 2003.

Rheingold, Howard. The virtual community : homesteading on the electronic frontier. Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, 2000.

Rheingold, Howard. A Slice of Life in My Virtual Community. 1992. The Well. Available: gopher:// Feb3 2002.

Rheingold, Howard. The Art of Hosting Good Conversations Online. 1998. Rheingold Associates. Available: Feb 3 2002.

Watts, Duncan. Six Degrees: The Science of a Connected Age. W. W. Norton & Company; 1st ed edition (February 2003).

Barabasi, Albert-Laszlo. Linked: How Everything Is Connected to Everything Else and What It Means. Plume Books; Reissue edition (April 29, 2003).

boyd, danah. Personal bibliography of on-line social network research. Very useful resource.

Perens, Bruce. The Open Source Definition. Open Sources. Ed. Chris DiBona. Sebastopol: O'Reilly and Associates, 1999.

Benkler, Yochai. The Wealth of Networks: How Social Production Transforms Markets and Freedom. Yale (April, 2006). Also see Benkler's wiki where the book is free for download or purchase in several formats.

Von Hippel, Eric. Democratizing Innovation. MIT (2005). See von Hippel's website where the book is free for download or purchase

"Two Bits: The Cultural Significance of Free Software" by Christopher M. Kelty (2008, Duke University Press)

"The Cathedral & the Bazaar: Musings on Linux and Open Source by an Accidental Revolutionary" by Eric S. Raymond (2001, O'Reilly)

"Producing Open Source Software: How to Run a Successful Free Software Project" by Karl Fogel (2005, O'Reilly)

"Open Source for the Enterprise: Managing Risks, Reaping Rewards" by Dan Woods and Gautam Guliani (2005, O'Reilly)

"Open Sources: Voices from the Open Source Revolution (O'Reilly Open Source)" by Chris DiBona, Sam Ockman, Mark Stone, and Brian Behlendorf (1999, O'Reilly)

$$$ - why would people produce free software?

Clary, E. G., Snyder, M., Ridge, R. D., Copeland, J., Stukas, A. A., Haugen, J., Miene, P. (1998). Understanding and assessing the motivations of volunteers: A functional approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74(6), 1516-1530.

Hars, A., & Ou, S. (2001). Working for Free? - Motivations of Participating in Open Source Projects. In Proceedings of the 34th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences. (pp. 7014-7022).

Lakhani, K. R. & Wolf, B. (2003). Why Hackers Do What They Do: Understanding Motivation and Effort in Free/Open Source Software Projects.

Luthiger, B. & Jungwirth, C. (2007). Pervasive fun. First Monday, 12(1).

Nov, O. (2007). What motivates Wikipedians? Communications of the ACM, 50(11), 60-64.

Open Access Publishing

Antelman, K. (2004). Do Open-Access Articles Have a Greater Research Impact? College and Research Libraries, 65(5).

Craig, I. D., Plume, A. M., McVeigh, M. E., Pringle, J., & Amin, M. (2007). Do open access articles have greater citation impact? A critical review of the literature. Journal of Informetrics, 1(3), 239-248.

Davis, P. M., & Fromerth, M. J. (2006). Does the arXiv lead to higher citations and reduced publisher downloads for mathematics articles?

Eysenbach, G. (2006). Citation Advantage of Open Access Articles. PLoS Biology, 4(5).

Lawrence, S. (2001). Free online availability substantially increases a paper's impact. Nature, 411(6837), 521.

Open Source in Teaching and Learning

at UNC

at Duke


graduate-level software development class requires participation in an Open Source project.

Open Source Manufacturing

Headlee, C. "Are You Sure You Own Your Stuff?". Day to Day. National Public Radio. accessed July 15, 2008.

Open Source sources

Free Open Source Software Wiki

Source Forge

Open Source Culture for Teens

Marques, Marcelo HackerTeen -- the graphic novel/manga O'Reilly (April 2008)

Hacker Teen site

Doctorow, Cory. Little Brother Tor Teen (April 29, 2008)

How to Think Like a Computer Scientist Books for teen programmers-to-be from the Open Book Project

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