When I'm teaching in a face-2-face setting, the first lesson of the course leads into the alphabet - but each lesson starts with a bit of the Lord's Prayer, until by about half way through the semester we have the whole of it, and the students are beginning to know it by heart. So even before I start on the alphabet I tell the students (with an evil grin) that we're going to learn this terribly, terribly, difficult language - Oo, it's so difficult, with all these funny letters. So let's have a look at what it looks like. Then I write πατηρ on the board, and say it a couple of times, pointing at the letters, then get them to say it. We play around a bit, with me pretending I can't hear, and telling them to say it louder (deals with the fear of speaking a new language). Have them guess the meaning, then I write the English underneath, and point out similar letters - they already know half of those Greek letters, Oh it's so hard. Then we get ἡμῶν which I write with the breathing but not the accent. I don't say anything about the breathing at this point. I tell them that it's the Greek way of saying "of us", and that English says "our", and puts it in front rather than behind the word it goes with (the students generally know no grammatical terms at this point). I explain that it's the way Greek calls out to someone, rather than just talking about them, so we're going to practice hollerin' Greek until the students in the next classroom can hear us. Then we holler "Hey, Dad!" in Greek several times, good and loud, and they've lost the fear of Greek and begin to have fun. By the end of the week they've met the Vocative, Genitive, and Dative - but without knowing those terms yet - and know them in (partial) context. We meet the noun and the cases only a week-or-so later (after the verb), when I give the plain textbook meanings, but by then the students are coping with inflections and the fact that one language can't be translated automatically word for word into another.Stephen Carlson wrote: ↑June 10th, 2021, 2:36 am I'd like to ask the pedagogues, teachers, and self-learners on the forum how you teach what the genitive means.
Do you give a basic meaning of possession or intrinsic relationship and hope the student infers the full usage in their reading, or do you go the full Wallace and give the students a list of 30+ possible meanings to audition?
This was a long answer, but it's fundamental to dealing with the fear of learning a foreign language. You can't just give them a list and say "Learn this by tomorrow. There'll be a test on Monday" One must enjoy a language and start reading and speaking it from the start; the grammar can come later.